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Compilation  ©  1993  University  Publications  of  America 
All  rights  reserved. 

Cl  £difcoru 



Thomas  E.  Jeffrey 
Microfilm  Editor 

Gregory  Field 
Theresa  M.  Collins 
David  W.  Hutchings 
Elsa  Gltclman 
Leonard  DeGraaf 
Dennis  D.  Madden 

Mary  Ann  Hellrigel 
Paul  B.  Israel 
Robert  A.  Rosenberg 
Karen  A.  Detig 
Gregory  Jankunls 
Douglas  G.  Tarr 

Reese  V.  Jenkins 
Director  and  Editor 


Rutgers,  The  State  University  of  New  Jersey 
National  Park  Service,  Edison  National  Historic  Site 
New  Jersey  Historical  Commission 
Smithsonian  Institution 

University  Publications  of  America 
Bethesda,  Maryland 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Papers 

Rutgers,  The  State  University 
endorsed  by 

National  Historical  Publications  and  Records  Commission 
18  June  1981 

Copynglu  ©  1993  by  Rutgers,  The  State  University 

beAlnraduced,VsetorlH0  fn  "  °f ' ^  pl|blieation  includin8  any  portion  of  the  guide  and  index  or  of  the  microfilm  may 
^reproduced,  i  >  ftneval  »  transmitted  in  any  form  by  any  means-graphic,  electronic 
chem,cal-  lncluding  Photocopying,  recording  or  taping,  or  information  Storage  and  retrieval 
systems  -without  wntten  permission  of  Rutgers,  The  State  Univetsity,  New  Brunswick,  New  Jersey. 

New  Jemey"3’  d°CUmentS  this  edi,ion  are  from  the  archives  at  the  Edison  National  Historic  Site  at  West  Orange, 

ISBN  0-89093-702-8. 


Reese  V.  Jenkins 
Director  and  Editor 

Thomas  E.  Jeffrey 

Associate  Director  and  Microfilm  Editor 

Robert  A.  Rosenberg 
Managing  Editor,  Book  Edition 

Helen  Endlck 

Assistant  Director  for  Administration 

Associate  Editor 

Paul  B.  Israel 

Research  Associates 

Theresa  M.  Collins 
David  W.  Hutchings 
Karen  A.  Detlg 


Gregory  Jankunls 

Assistant  Editors 

Keith  A.  Nier 
Gregory  Field 
Lisa  Gitehnan 
Martha  J.  King 

Grace  Kurkowskl 

Student  Assistant 
Bethany  Jankunls 


Rutgers,  The  State  University  of 
New  Jersey 

Francis  L.  Lawrence 
Joseph  J.  Seneca 
Richard  F.  Foley 
Rudolph  M.  Bel! 

New  Jersey  Historical  Commission 
Howard  L.  Green 

National  Park  Service 
John  Maounis 
Maryanne  Gerbauckas 
Nancy  Waters 
George  Tselos 
Smithsonian  Institution 
Bernard  Finn 
Arthur  P.  Molella 


James  Brittain,  Georgia  Institute  of  Technology 
Alfred  D.  Chandler,  Jr.,  Harvard  University 
Neil  Harris,  University  of  Chicago 
Thomas  Parke  Hughes,  University  of  Pennsylvania 
Arthur  Link,  Princeton  University 
Nathan  Reingold,  Smithsonian  Institution 
Robert  E.  Schofield,  Iowa  State  Univeisity 


William  C.  Hittinger  (Chairman),  RCA  Corporation 
Edward  J.  Bloustein,  Rutgers,  The  State  Univeisity  of  Newjeisey  • 
Cees  Bruynes,  North  American  Philips  Corporation 
Paul  J.  Christiansen,  Charles  Edison  Fund 
Philip  F.  Dietz,  Wcstinghouse  Electric  Corporation 
Roland  W.  Schmitt,  General  Electric  Corporation 
Harold  W.  Sonn,  Public  Service  Electric  and  Gas  Company 
Morris  Tanenbaum,  AT&T 



The  Alfred  P.  Sloan  Foundation 
Charles  Edison  Fund 
The  Hyde  and  Watson  Foundation 
Geraldine  R.  Dodge  Foundation 


National  Science  Foundation 
National  Endowment  for  the  Humanities 
National  Historical  Publications  and 
Records  Commission 


Alabama  Power  Company 
Amerada  Hess  Corporation 

Atlantic  Electric 

Association  of  Edison  Illuminating 
Companies,  Inc. 

Battelle  Memorial  Institute 
The  Boston  Edison  Foundation 
Cabot  Corporation  Foundation,  Inc. 
Carolina  Power  &  Light  Company 
Consolidated  Edison  Company  of 
New  York,  Inc. 

Consumers  Power  Company 
Coming  Glass  Works  Foundation 
Duke  Power  Company 
Entergy  Corporation  (Middle  South 
Electric  Systems) 

Exxon  Corporation 
Florida  Power  &  Light  Company 
General  Electric  Foundation 
Gould  Inc.  Foundation 
Gulf  States  Utilities  Company 
Idaho  Power  Company 
International  Brotherhood  of  Electrical 

Iowa  Power  and  Light  Company 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  Stanley  H.  Katz 
Matsushita  Electric  Industrial  Co.,  Ltd. 
McGraw-Edison  Company 
Minnesota  Power 
New  Jersey  Bell 
New  York  State  Electric  &  Gas 

North  American  Philips  Corporation 
Philadelphia  Electric  Company 
Philips  International  B.V. 

Public  Service  Electric  and  Gas 
RCA  Corporation 
Robert  Bosch  GmbH 
Rochester  Gas  and  Electric 

San  Diego  Gas  &  Electric 
Savannah  Electric  and  Power  Company 
Schering-Plough  Foundation 
Texas  Utilities  Company 
Thomas  &  Betts  Corporation 
Thomson  Grand  Public 
Transamerica  Delaval  Inc. 
Westinghouse  Educational  Foundation 
Wisconsin  Public  Service 

A  Note  on  the  Sources 

The  pages  which  have  been 
filmed  are  the  best  copies 
available.  Every  technical 
effort  possible  has  been 
made  to  ensure  legibility. 


Reel  duplication  of  the  whole  or  of 
any  part  of  this  film  is  prohibited. 
In  lieu  of  transcripts,  however, 
enlarged  photocopies  of  selected' 
items  contained  on  these  reels 
may  be  made  in  order  to  facilitate 

1889.  Electric  Light  -  General  (D-89-33) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
electric  lighting  and  power.  Included  are  letters  pertaining  to  the  incandescent 
lamp,  the  alternating  current  controversy,  and  electrocution  experiments 
conducted  by  Harold  P.  Brown,  a  New  York  electrical  engineer.  There  are 
also  documents  concerning  lamp  tests  conducted  by  the  Chicago,  Burlington 
&  Quincy  Railroad  and  by  the  Niagara  River  Hydraulic  Tunnel  Co.,  which  was 
established  to  develop  a  hydroelectric  power  system  in  Buffalo,  N.Y.  Edison 
advised  the  company  about  the  construction  of  central  stations  and  about  a 
direct-current  distribution  system.  A  series  of  lengthy  memoranda  written  by 
Edison  on  this  subject  can  be  found  near  the  end  of  the  folder.  There  is  also 
a  satiric  pamphlet  relating  to  the  patent  litigation  of  the  Edison  Electric  Light 
Co.  Among  the  correspondents  are  H.  Ward  Leonard,  an  electrical  engineer 
involved  in  lamp  tests,  and  Edward  D.  Adams,  president  of  the  Cataract 
Construction  Co.  and  a  promoter  of  the  Niagara  Falls  project. 

Approximately  80  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine  requests  for 
information  about  electric  lighting,  electrocution,  and  Edison’s  fiber  search; 
letters  of  transmittal;  other  routine  business  correspondence;  duplicate  copies 
of  selected  documents.  ' 

/ic*  by  H.W.L.  LEONARD  &  JZARp/^  .1  I 

Consulting  ant)  Contracting  Electrical  Engineers,  (Up  .1  ’ 

ROOM  42S,  -THE  RO^mf,.  .  (til  \\ 

Mr.  Thoms  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  N.J. 

B*  &  “•  ^-oad  Co.  you  will  remember  made  a  test 
upon  the:Edison  new:  lamps  not  lons.sinoe.  A  life  test  upon  Edison 
lamps,  Sawyer-uann,  United  States  &  Perkins  lamps  took  place  a  day 
or  two  since  ,and  thinking  you  my  be  interested  in  the  various  meas¬ 
urements  of  tie  best  lamps  made  by  tie  various  oompanies  to-day, 1 
send  you  herewith  data  of  this  eharaeter.  All  this  data  applies  to 
the  condition  of  the  lamps  as  they  started  out  upon  the  life  test. 
This  life  test  will  be  continued  until  the  positive  position  of  the 
various  u*.  as  regards  superiorly  , is  is  arrived  at.,  if -there  are 
any  points  in  connection  with  the  lamps  „f  various  .ahers  which  y„a 
would  lib.  ,o  have  iuvestipated.l  win  tab.  pleasure  in  sivins  such 
mattor.  attention.  Ea.b  ^  bas  entered  .It  or  more  lamps. 

Yours  very  truly, 

Leonard  &  Izard. 



*  Lif0  --St  by  C.  L.  &  Cl.  IV.’  Co.  u 
roty-rding  at  beginning  of  •’ 




Hated  C.  P. 



Average  Horinontal  C,p, 



Average  Waits  per  C. "p. 



Highest  C.  P. 



Lowest  C.  P. 



Least  watts  per  C.  P. 



Greatest  watts  per  C.  P. 

3.  go 


Highest  average  reading 
at  one  point 

:  10,3 


Lowest  average  reading 
at  one.  point.  . 



Averagei  reduction 





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Mr.  Brown's  circular  regarding  the  danger  of 
alternating  currents,  which  includes  a  copy  of  the  Medico-Legal 
Society's  report  has  been  sent  to  the  Mayors,  members  of  city 
Governments,  Insurance  men  and  principle  business  men  in  every 
city  and  town  of  over  5,000  inhabitants  in  the  United  States.  -- 

As  a  result,  every  mail  brings  him  a  pile  of  letters  from 
all  over  the  country  asking  for  all  sorts  of  information  and  ad¬ 
vice.  These  enquiries  are  followed  up  and  in  two  or  three  dif¬ 
ferent  towns  he  has  been  requested  by  the  Mayor  to  visit  them  and 
make  an  examination  of  the  existing  plants,  take  electrical  mea¬ 
surements  with  a  view  to  determining  leakage  &c.  and  generally  ad¬ 
vise  them,  in  regard  to  the  danger  &c.  He  will  of  course  accept 
these  invitations,  and  he  has  all  the  instruments  necessary  ex-— 
cepting  a  Photometer  to'  me asure<a*&  lights.  '  He  tel  ls  mo  that  you 
have-  such  an  instrument  and  wants  to  know  if  you  could  spare  it-- 
for  a  short  time.  I  know  that  you  will  recognize  the  importance 
of  this  and  if  you  cannot  spare  the  apparatus  which  you  have,  can 
you  advise  iae  where  to  go  to  get  one? 

ToT.  A.  Edison,  Esq. 

Orange ,  U.  J. ' 


Consulting  and  Contracting  Electrical  Engineers, 

L-R«O0Kt"Il?^'^.G0,  bi6‘  by  lumber  exchange,  m.nneapouI 

. Chicago, Jan.23rd. , . /SS 


ter.  Thomas  A.  fedison, 

Orange,  te.J. 

Dear  Sir1:  —  - 

Am  pleased  to  be  able  io  report  that  our  lamps,  in  the  lif« 
test  our  malting  much  better  showing  than  they  have  up  to  this  date-. 
The  drop  in  candle  power  seems  to  have  stopped,  we  learn  informally 
from- the  expert  conducing  the  test.  Will  give  you  positive  informa¬ 
tion  in  the  course  Of  a  few  days. 

0-, OO-Z^y O 



.  ^O0  (!<•«.->  »•  v.  ..•/m...^.../ 

w.  _ _ ^  Y  '  7  ,, 

V '  LEONARD  &  IZAKD,  $ 

k^HHSa*k,  *  Consulting  and  Contracting  Electrical  Engineers.  JsSSE,,. ' '  ■ 

'  THn^o»°«K^ 7"™^™°°'  EiC.  by  H.W.L.  LUMBER  EXCHANGE,  MINNEAPOLIS. 

reply  to :::::  Y  -Y  Chicago ,  Jan.29  th*. ,/88  9. 

<&***-  S~/^ jo, 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison,. 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:  — 

Beg  to  submit  the  following  tabulated  data  regarding 
the  condition  of  the  life  test  being  made  by  the  C.  B.  &  Q..iRy«Cp!r 
y  Yours  very  truly, 


YY^Y||  YY 



Lamp  Life  Test,  C.  B.  &  a.  Ry.  Co. 

Jan. 28  th. ,1889- 







No. of  Lps 
at  beginn¬ 



200  hrs. 

Edison  (110) 








1  st.  lot 




T76 - 


Edison  (100) 

C.  P. 







2  nd.  lot 




T92 - 


United  States 

C.  P. 





-  lfc 


1  st. lot  (110) 






U.  S.  (108) 

C.  P. 

_ 14LJL 





2  nd.  lot 







C.  P. 












Perkins  (110) 

C.  P. 






l  — 

1  st.  lot 




182  . 


Perkins  ( no?.' 
2  nd.  lot 

slot  Oj 

15  ju 

t  rec’a. 


from  t 


ifr.  Upton  has  given  me  the  batch  of  lamps  which  you  sent 
out, and  1  shall  endeavor  to  get  them  entered  in  the  test  at  the 
C.  B.  &  a.  Mr.  Upton  suggests  operating  them  at  about’ 320  candles 
per  electrical  horse  power.  I  will  endeavor  to  place  them  in  this  way 
•unless  you  have  some  other  desire.  Mr.  Pierce, the  expert  who  is  con¬ 
ducting  the  test,  is  thinking  of  making  microscopical  examination  of 
the  filaments  of  the  various  lamps, new  and  old.  I  told  him- X  thought 
a  good  deal  of  work  had  been  done  in  this  line, hut  that  I  would  find 
out  from  you  in  regard  to  the  nutter  and  learn  whether  TO  weul<£ he 
likely  to  lead  to  interesting  Results.  V/ill  you  kindly  let- me  know 
what  has  been  done  in  this  line, and  what  the  p^eVis  of:  learning 
.anything  thereby? 

Yours  very  truly,  . 


*‘  '^*7 

A - y  <& e^L^ 

•  — t^<- —  /z^? . 

C!e~^-^Ot£>  &T>C<^  yC^Wx  e. 

^ A-t^t^,  W^ — rx-^L^Lc**.^  ~Atca^t;- 
°U^  r£z  /<Wy^,  /  . 

^^><-<2-zCtT,  /y^y  <tc- ux^-S^} 


th&t  I  have  awulf  witnessed  the  reduction  in  accordance  woth  one' 
oi  the  patents  examined  by  Mr.  Kennelly  of  a  potential  of  1000 

volts  down  to  less  than  50  volts,  and  the  lighting  of  incandescent 
lamps  by  the  induced  c undent  which  apparently  was  as  steady  as  the 
usual  alternating  currents  used  for  lighting. 

Mr.  Kennelly1^  assertion  that  1, he  ihvention  has  no  basis  in 
theory  of  practice  served  to  demonstrate  the  complete  novelty  of 
the  invention. 

Orange,  N.  J.  .! 

My  Dear  Mr •  Edison,  J  have  frequent  occasion 
to  test  arc  lights  in  behalf  of  city  authorities  who  hayfe 
contracted  for  them  as  Itghts  of  2,000  candle  power j  and  -j 
these  are  not  always  satisfied  wtth  measurements  of  the  f 
volts  and  amperes  of  the  curre?it.  As  l  always  leave  the. 
mayor  and  coundl  pledged  to  a&  ordinance  prohibiting  the  i 
alternating  current  at  higher  E.  M .  F.  than  *300  volts ,  /' 
trust  you  will  pardon  my  addressing  you  concerning  the 


practicability  of  a  photometer  for  getting  merely  approx¬ 
imate  measurements  from  the  lamps  as  they  appear  in  ser¬ 
vice.  The  only  feature  of  novelty  is  that  a  pane  of  col¬ 
ored  glass  is  setjfaii  attgle  midway  between  the  angles  Of 
Itght  rays  received  from  both  sources;  parallel  with  this  \ 
is  a  sheet  of  ground  glass,  one  half  of  Which  is  illumina¬ 
ted  from  each  source .  As  the  Itghts  are  thert  of  the  same 
color,  the  distance  of  the  standard  light  can  be  varied 
until  the  line  of  demarcation  between  the  halves  is  lost. 

By  setting  the  bottom  “c d«  level  and  arranging  the  aper¬ 
tures  so  that  angle  "bfaXKmust  be  of  soy,  45  degrees  {.for 
uiong  arc«  lamps)  in  order  that  the  Itght  from  a  shall 
strike  the  screen  "fj1  the  length  of  "hf  may  of  course  be 

determined  by  measuring  t7ie  base  of  the  triangle,  I  do 
not  know  whether  the  color  £z tithe  glass  "e'will  have  unva¬ 

rying  effect  Upon  the  Hgfyt  from; t7tm:ity^p^^r^S^6ur» 
ces  and ,  if  so,  what  the  variation  would  be.  It  will 

add  greatly  to  my  obligations  to  you  if  you  can  see  that 

.  .  (vi it  i 

i  am  set  right  tn  the  mattert  and  ^indicate  some  candle 

or  portable  lamp  to  be  used  as  a  standard.  ■ 

Sincere  ly  fours , 

Sketch  inclosed, 





This  list  comprises  Central  Stations  only,  and  does  not  include  any  isolated  plant 

74  Albany,  N.  7".  - 
■'  A  20'  Allegheny  City,  Pa. 

'■  00  Alloohdi  Pit. 

100  Annapolis,  MU,,  - 
'■  78'  'Aspen,  Col'.  ‘  - 

04  Aurora,  'Ills'. 

1  738  \  Austin)  'Tex'. 

■  ■70  * Baltimore ,  Mil. 
'-44'  Bath, Me.'  - 

120  “•  xBcei/ficcl  Neb;  - 

7110 '  'Beaver  Falls,  Pa. 
■21'  Beaver  liaih,  Wis. 

40  Bennington,  VI.  - 

104  Black  Hawk  ,  Co  l. 
120'  BinghnmtbufN.  7'. 

105  ‘Bboueville:  Mo:, 

71  Brailtlock,  Pa.  - 

121  Bristol.  Pa,  - 

73  Buffalo,  I  i'i/o.  Ter. 
128  Burlington',  > I  7. 

'2'  'Gdrbinuldl'c,  Pa. 

■'SO  ‘Cedar  Bit, pids,  la. 
•“27'  ’>'CJUirlesiodfW.  Va. 
37  Chattanooga,  Tenn. 

A. 02  ''Clncagoinis.  '■ 
7120  'Clinton,  Hi;  " 
'■'31  ‘  Colorado  tS/irlr, 

■84  ’  ColitniliusfOhio,  - 
'■'■’35  Conshohocken,  Pa.  • 

'■MO ' '  Cbuiieil  Bluffs,  Iowa, 
32  Weaver  .  Col;  - 

111  Wd'iiihmgtoivh,  Pa.  ' 
'■08  Waliitli,  Minn.  - 
'■:'12  \mi'std)i,  Md.  :  '- 
\"90  'lidri  Claire,  Wis.  -• 

05  Elizabeth,  N.  J.  - 
98  Englewood,  Ills. 

113  ''Evansville find.  - 
V$2  XFtmi  vMdtiE'  -  - 

Fort  Edward,  N:  T. 

Mtbm)-Neby\'  - 

i won;  Tex.  - 



1st  increase,  '1300 



1st  increase,  "050 

'  050 

'1st  increase,  '  050 

•  '  ''  400 

1st  iiicredse, 
2d  increase, 

The  Albany  Electric  Illuminating  Co. 
Allegheny  County  Light  (Jo.  ' 

Mountain  City  'Electric  Lights  Heat  ,j-'Power  Co. 
Annapolis  Electric.  Light  Co. 

Boaring  Fork  E/celne  Light  $■  Power  Co. 
Aurora  Electric  Light  ,7  Power  Co. 

'  Ansliti  Water,  Light'  %  Power  Co. 

'The  'Brush,  Electric  Co.)  of  Ballnnore  City,  Mil. 

'■  'Bath  Electric  Light- ',j-  Power  Co.  ' 

'  •  mill  rice  'FJitefri6-TJ(tht\'C6.  '• 

■  Braver  Valley  HleeMe  Light  $  Power  Co. 

''  Beaver  Bdni  JBeetrfd'IJg'hF  Co.  '  '  •  ' 

Bennington  Electric  Light  ,?•  Power  Co. 

Stearns,  Bogcr  <)'■  Co. 

Binghamton '  (las  ff: Electric  Co.  1 
Bonneville  ElerMe  '.  Light  ,7  'Power  Co. 

Citizens  Electric  Light  Co. 

The  Bristol  Electric  Light  ,7  Bower  Co. 

■Buffalo  Electric  Light' $''PoweryCa. 

Geo.  T.  Beck. 

'■Burlington 'Gas  Light  Co.  ■'"'■■■  1  \ \P' 
}  Electric  Light,  Heal  #■  Power  Co. 

'  Cedar  Bapids  Mccbi'-ic  Light  $  Power  Co. 

'‘  •Kanawha  Electric  'Light'  Co:  ’ 

Chattanooga  Electric  Light  Co. 

'Consiimers  Elect  fie  Light  Cor  v.*>- 
The  Clinton, Electric  Light;  Heck'#' Power  Co 
El \Paso  'Electric  Co.  '  .  V.  .  .  v  > 

‘Columbus  Gas  Light  .j-'Coke  Co. 
'Conshiihoekch  Meet  rid  Li <gld"ff  'Power  Co. 

Stormont  Electric  Light  $  Power  Co. 

'Electric  Light  VJV  Power  Co.  of  Council  Bluffs. 
Denver  Light,-  Heat  <j-  Power  'Co."  •  ' 

II.  3.  .McFavldhf  •■  '■  '■  ' 

' Duluth  Electric  Light:  Power  Co. 

Edsion  Electric  Light  Co. 

Erin-  Clidr  Electric  Light  ff  Poiver  'Co.y 

Elizabeth  Electric  Light,  Heat  $■  Power  Co. 
Englewood  Electric  Light  Co. 

'Evansville  Gas  'and  Electric  Light  Co. 

■Peoples  Electric  'Light' >7 \Powcr *Co.  '  V'  • 
Et,  Edward- Electric  Light  7  Power  Co.,  Eintite 
WlPW5rlhElebtri6>LightvCo'.'\  ; ; 

\F>-emont'GasyanH:El4kt?-ic  light  Co.  V  . 
^GhihEHoille  Eight'.'#  'Etl'dl  Ob'.  °  •  “i'S 

Brush  Electric  Light  g  Power  Co.  ,,.  J 

1  Greensburg,  Pa. 
117  Hagerstown,  Md. 
46  Halifax,  JV.  S.  - 

132  Hamilton,  Ou  t. 

S  Hartford,  Conn. 

132  Havana,  Cuba, 

14'1  Haywards,  Cal., 

51  Hillsdale,  Mich.  - 
72  Hoboken,  JV.  J.  - 
106  Hoosae  Falls,  JV.  T. 
61  Hot  Springs,  Ark. 

77  Houston,  Tex. 

114  Joilet,  Ills.  ■  -  ' 

181  Juiz  de  Fora,  Brazil , 
47  Junction  City,  Kan. 
137  Kansas  City,  Mo.,  - 
63  Kingston,  Ont. 

40  Lincoln,  JVcb. 

97  Little  Book,  Ark. 

30  Littleton,  JV.  H.  - 
142  London,  England.,  - 
109  Mansfield,  Ohio 
105  Maquoketa,  Iowa. 

80  Marshall,  Tex.  - 
99  Mendola,  Ills. 

36  Minneapolis,  Minn. 
116  Montgomery,  Ala. 

33  Morristown,  JV.  J. 

39  JVashville,  Tenn.  - 

85  JVewark,  Ohio,  - 
79  JVew  Bedford,  Mass.  - 

57  JVew  London,  Conn.  ■ 
7  JVew  Orleans,  La. 

139  JVew  York,  JV.  Y., 
110  JVorwieh,  JV.  Y. 

91  Oakland,  Cal.  - 
88  Olean,  JV.  Y. 

58  Oneonta,  JV.  Y. 

20  Ouray,  Col. 

115  Paducah,  Ky.  -  -  ■ 
87  Palmer,  Mass. 

19  Parkersburg,  W.  Va. 

92  Passaic,  JV.  J. 

42  Peekskill,  JV.  2". 

18  Philadelphia,  Pa. 

108  Pine  Bluff ,  Ark. 

11  Pittsfield,  Mass.  - 

9  Pittsburgh,  Pa. 

1st  ii 


62  Pittsburgh,  (.East  End.) 



1st  increase,  650 
■  2d  “  1300 

Sd  “  650 


S.  A.  1500 


1st  increase,  650 

1st  increase,  250 

1st  increase,  650 

1st  increase,  650 
2d  increase,  750 

1st  increase,  650 
2d  “  650 


1st  increase,  1300 
2d  "  2600 

Sd  “  1300 


1st  increase,  650 

1st  increase,  650 
2d  “  ,  650  ... 


1st  increase,  1800 
.  2d  “  1800 

3d  “  1300 

4th  “  1300 

5th  1300 

6th  “  2600 

7th  "  2600 

8th  “.  2600 


1st  increase,  2600 
2d.  “  .  200 

3d  2850 

The  Peoples  Electric  Light  Co. 
Hagerstown  Electric  Co. 
Cha.nd.ler  Electric  Co.,  Limited.. 

Hamilton  Electric  Light  Co. 
Hartford  Light  <j-  Power  Co. 

Spanish, -American  Light  and.  Power  Co. 

S.  L.  Ingram. 

Hillsdale  Electric  Light  Co. 

Hudson  Electric  Light  Co. 

Hoosae  Falls  Electric  Light  Co. 

Hot  Springs  Electric  Light  Co. 

The  Houston  Electric  Light  §•  Power  Co.,  of  1887 
Joliet  Electric  Light  Co. 

Junction  City  Electric  Light  Co. 

The  Sperry  Associate  Electric  Co. 

Kingston  Electric  Light  Co.,  Limited. 

Lincoln  'Electric  Light  Co. 

Little  Hock  Electric  Light  Co. 

Littleton  Water  $■  Electrie  Light  Co. 

The  Metropolitan  Electrie  Supply  Co.,  Limited. 
Richland  Electric  Light  $  Power  Co. 

Barnes  Brothers. 

Phoenix  Electric  Light  §■  Power  Co. 

Menclota  Electric  Light  Co. 

Minneapolis  Electric  Light  Co. 

Brush.  Electric  Light  8-  Power  Co. 

Morristown  Electric  Light,  Heat  $■  Power  Co. 

JVashville  Lighting  8'  Poiver  Co. 

JVewark  Electric  Light  §■  Power  Co. 
JVew  Bedford  Gas  Light  Co. 

JVew  London  Electrie  Light  Co. 
Louisiana  Electrie  Light  §■  Power  Co. 

The  Mt.  Morris  Electric  Light  (j-  Power  Co. 
JVorwieh  Light  8'  Poiver  Co. 

Oakland  Gas  Light-  $■  Heat  Co. 

Olean  Electric  Light  $■  Power  Co. 

Oneonta  Electrie  Light  8'  Bower  Co. 

Ouray  Electrie  Light  8'  Poiver  Co. 

Paducah  Gas  Light  Co. 

Palmer  Electrie  Co. 

Parkersburg  Electric  Light  8  Power  Co. 

Passaic  Electric  Light,  Heat  8'  Power  Co. 
Peekskill  Electric.  Light,  8'  Power  Co. 
Keystone  Light  8'  Power  Co. 

Pine  Bluff  Water  8‘  Light  Co. 

The  Pittsfield  Illuminating  Co. 

Allegheny  County  Light  Co. 

East  End,  Electric  Light  Co. 

S!)  Piltslon.  Pa,. 

15  Plainfield,  JY.  ,). 

129  Plallsburg,  JY.  )'. 

4$  Port  Huron,  Mich. 
SI  Pork  Jervis,  JY.  Y. 

1-4  Portland,  Me.  - 
184  Portland,  Ore.,  - 
118  Providence,  It.  1. 

107  Pueblo,  Col. 

112  Red,  Cloud,  Neb. 

124  lied  Wing,  Minn. 

S3  Riehft.eld  Springs,  A'. 
22  Richmond,  fa.  - 

127  Salem,  A'\  J.  - 
70  Salem,  Ohio. 

52  Salina,  Ran.  - 
54  Sail  Antonio,  Tex. 

95  San  Bernardino,  Cal. 

96  San  Diego,  Cal.  - 
75  Sandusky,  Ohio. 

10  Savannah,  Ga.  - 

16  Schenectady,  JY.  Y. 
59  Seivard,  JYeb.  - 
18  Sheffield,  Ala. 

82  Shreveport,  La. 

98  Sing  Sing,  JY.  T: 
86  Sioux  City,  Iowa. 
185  Slcowhegan,  Me.,  - 
24  Springfield,  Mass. 

50  Springfield,  Ohio. 
35  Stapleton,  JY.  Y. 

34  Steubenville,  Ohio. 

60  Stillwater,  Minn. 
4S  St.  Cloud,  Minn. 
23  St.  Louis,  Mo. 

66  St.  Paul,  Minn. 

4  Tampa,  Fla.. 

6  Torrington,  Conn. 

28  Trenton,  A'.  J. 

133  Toronto,  Ont.  - 
100  Troy,  A'.  2". 

67  Tyler,  Tex. 

125  Washington,  Pa. 
101  Wcyers  Cave,  Ya.  - 
5  Wheeling,  T Y.  Ya. 



1st  increase,  1300 







1st  increase,  750 

1'.  650 


1st  increase,  1300 

-  2d  “  5000 


1st  increase,  650 

1st  increase,  650 

■  2d  “  650 

3d  “  650 




1st  increase,  750 

1st  increase,  650 


1st  increase,  650 

2nd  “  650 

■  3d  “  1300 

4th  “  1300 


1st  increase,  1300 

1st  increase,  1500 

■  1st  increase,  650 


1st  increase,  650 

1st  increase,  650 

1st  increase,  650 

1st  increase,  650 

2d  “  650 


Citizens  Electric  Illuminating  Co. 

The  Plainfield  Fieri ric  Light  Co. 

P/al/sbnrg  Electric  Co. 

Excelsior  Electric.  Co.,  of  Port.  Huron. 

The  Deer  Park  Electric.  Light  Co. 
Consolidated  Electric  Light  Co.  Falls  Electric  Co. 

The  A'drra  Electric  Lighting  Co. 

The  Pueblo  Light,  Heat  $  Power  Co. 

Red  Cloud.  Electric  Light  Co. 

Red  Wing  Gas  ,j-  Electric  Co. 

Richfield  Springs  Electric  Light  $  Power  Co. 
The.  Virginia,  Electric  Light.  $  Power  Co. 

Salem  Electric  Light  Co. 

Salem  Electric  Light  %■  Power  Co. 

Electric  Light  <j-  Power  Co. 

The  Electric  Light.  Power  Co.,  of  San  Bernardino. 
Geo.  D.  Copeland. 

Sandusky  Electric  Light,  Fuel-Gas  $  Supply  Co. 
Brush,  Electric  Light  #  Power  Co. 

Wcsti.ngh.ousc  Illuminating  Co. 

Seward  Electric  Light  cj-  Power  Co. 

Sheffield.  Electric  Light.  Works. 

The  Shreveport  Incandescent  Electric  LUht  Co 
Sing  Sing  Electric  Light  Co. 

Sioux  City  Electric  Co. 

Weston  cj  Bigelow. 

United  Electric  Light  Co. 

Champion  Electric  Light.  Co. 

Richmond  Light,  Heat  §•  Power  Co.,  Limited. 

Electric  Light  <j-  Power  Co. 

Stillwater  Gas  $  Electric  Light  Co. 

The  St.  Cloud  Gas  <j'  Electric  Co. 

The  .Missouri  Electric  Light  <j-  Power  Co. 
St.  Paul  Gas  Light  Co. 

Tampa  Electric.  Light  8'  Power  Co. 

The  Torrington  Electric  Light  Co. 

Peoples  Electric  Light  Co. 

Consumers  Gas  Co. 

Troy  Electric  Light  Co. 

Tyler  Electric  Light  <j-  Power  Co. 

Home  Electric  Light  4-  Steam  Heating  Co. 

Washington  Electric  Light  4  Power  Co. 
'Die  Grottoes  of  the  Shenandoah. 

The  W  heeling  Electrical  Co. 

York  Electric  Co. 

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Consulting  and  Contracting  Electrical  Engineers. 



. Chicago,  Peb...-05 


Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.J.  .  ^  t  < 

Dear  Sir: — 

Enclosed  are  facts  as  to  the  life  test  at  the  C.  B.  &  a. 
up  to  a  few  days  since.  Six  of  the  special  lamps  which  you  sent  to 
us  by  Mr.  .Upton  were  put  in  service  at  normal  pressure  as  marked  upon 
the  lamp, and  the  average  candles  per  electrical  horse  power^rei  sW.  1 
At  the  end  of  about  fifty  hours  they  hhd  fallen  off about  ^cajidlW^^' 
none  had  broken  and  the  economy  was  still  higher  than  the  initial, 
economy  of  the  previously  entered  Edison  lamps.  Rush  of  very  im-  ,  '  . 
portant  business  has  made  it  impossible  for  me  to  get  very  definite 
information  for  the  last  few' days,  but  will  take  an  early  opportunity  . 
to  furnish  you  more  exact  information.  1  enclose  a  pamphlet  .which  oc- '  : 
casioned  considerable  amusement  at  the  M^tion^L  Convention  a  few'  days 
since  and  which  emanates  from  Freeman.  A  take-off  on  the  Edison  ied  ! 
book  was  also  circulated,  Johnson, being  the  subject  of  attack  5? that ■  1 

Yours  very  tr 

1  enclosure. 


%M  I 



My  dear  Mr.  Kcnnally;- 

•I  enclose  herewith  copy  of  a  letter  which 
is  self-explanatory.  Hr.  Brown  thinks  it  possible  that  these  gen- 
t lemon  might,  like  to  see  one  ok  two  animals  killed  on  Wednesday 
°f  this  week  and  wants  to  know  whether  it  would  be  convenient  for 
you  to  allow  him  to  conduct  the  experiments  in  the  Laboratory,  as 
heretofore,  in  case  %h  find  it  necessary.  Mr.  Brown  will  tele¬ 
graph  you  early  Wednesday  morning  if  it  is  necessary  to  make  the 
experiment ,  and  the  bearer  of  this  note. will  arrange  in  Orange 

tV'°  animal3  in  r0adinoss-  I  regret  very  much  to 


'  '  '!  . ~"'”V . 


Office  of  the  Superintendent,  of  State  Prisons,  / 

ALBANY.  ■  i 

Dictated  C.  K.  B.  •  to  F.  D.  •  j 

Feb'y  20,  1889.-  ! 

Mr.  ■  Harold  P.  -  Brown,  i 

SOI  West  54th  St,; 

New  York.- 

Dear  Sir:-' 

Superintendent.  Lathro p  directs  me  to'  say  that,  he  and  Dr.  MacDonald, 
Warden  Brush  and  myself  will,  he  at.  the  Gils ey  House  New  York,  Wednesday  morning, 
the  27th  ins*t*  to  meet,  you  as  agreed  in  his  optimisation'  with  you  yesterday.- 
He  will,  esteem  it  a  favor  if  you  will,  notify  such  other  parties  as 
you  deem,  it,  advisable  for  him  to  see.  It  is  his  pre’.jent.  intention  to  spend 
Wednesday  and  Thursday  in  looking  into  the  matter  o/  machinery  and  appliances 
for  executing  criminals  by  elec.trio.ity.  A/ter  having'  in/ormed  himself  /tally 
he  desires  to;  make  a  opntrao.t  for  the  furnishing  of  these  appliances  with  the 
guarantee  on-  the  part,  of  thb  party  uiho-  furnishes  that  the  plant,  shall,  perfect^  j 
ly  per/orm.  its  work,  ■  Will,  you  kindly  in/  here  where  and  at  what  hour  j 
Wednesday  morning’ we  oatr  mpet.  you.  •  j 

Yours  respectfully, 

[Signed]  Charles  K.  •  Baker,  j 

Private  Secretary. 

The  Superintendent  of  States. Prisons  has  asked 
Mr.  Brown  to  make  some  experiments  for  him  at  the  expense  of  the 
State,  next  Tuesday,  the  12th  inst.  I  have  been  trying  for  the 
past  week  to  buy,  borrow  or  steal  a  Westinghouse  dynamo  but  have 
been  unsuccessful.  I  am  afraid  therefore  that  we  shall  have  to 
trespass  again  upon  your  good  nature,  but  the  question  is  whether 
it  would  be  possible  to  remind  your  Siemens  alternating  dynamo 
so  -that  we  can  get  at  least  1000  volts?  Wo  will  of  course  pay 
any  expense  connected  with  the  reminding  of  the  dynamo  but  I  would 
like  very  much  to  know  by  telephone  tomorrow  whether  it  can  be  done 
without  causing  anyone  serious  inconvenience? 


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^AROLD  P.  *91 


|  L,™p»oTrcT,™Am»»A».b0„rD™.-oA  M  CtTCh  17 ,  I38Q.  ~~~^/- 

My  Dear  Mr.  Edison , 

Early  last  month  I  visited  Scranton  as  an  expert  for 
the  city  to  determine  whether  the  arc  lights  were  up  to 
contract  requirements  and  to  formulate  means  of  making 
their  many  overhead  wires  safe.  I  inclose  a  copy  of  my 
report  and  have  marked  my  recommendations.  I  found  that 
the  Brush  local  company  were  preparing  to  put  in  an  alter¬ 
nating  current  system  and  therefore  have  laid  great 
stress  upon  the  necessity  of  adopting  an  ordinance  pro¬ 
hibiting  this  current  at  a  higher  pressure  than  >3oo  voitst 
Of  course  they  have  raised  a  great  outcry  and  -^zre  attack - 
ing  me,  endeavoring  to  discredit  my  ab  i  li’t^H^^^nc  l  osd 
letter  from  Mayor  Ripple  will  explain  its^^^^^you  can. 
conscientiously  send  me  a  line  or  two  which  I  can  show  to 
Mayor  Ripple,  I  shd,  l  be  able  to  add  Scranton  to  the  list 
of  cities  whicbt  have  shut  out  the  high  tension  alterna¬ 
ting  current  which  is  unsuiied  for  commercial  lighting. 

Ihe  local  Edison  manager ,  the  telephone  and  telgraph 
supts.,  and  the  Sprague  R.R.  people  have  approved  my  rec¬ 
ommendations,  but  the  Brush  people  have  set  their  hearts 
upon  getting  in  the  executioner's  current. 

Sincerely  Yours, 

LvUttr  ^ - 

_ (f  Xr«/  U«Auiv(  tz^zl 

.  ^*<4'  u“~*i 

\  ^  l*>«3'U'TC|luO,ie. 


As  the  Westinghouse  Electric  Co.  are  making  strenuous  efforts  to 
introduce  their  apparatus,  and  are  urging  in  its  favor  its  1 'economy1 1 
as  well  as  its  •' 'safety, *  1  and  &s  I  am  frequently  consulted  on  the  sub¬ 
ject,  I  felt  authorized  to  address  to  Mr.  Westinghouse,  on  the  4th  of 
April,  a  registered  letter,  a  copy  of  which  I  enclose,  giving  him  a  fair  . 
opportunity  to  have  his  remarkable  claims  demonstrated  at  my  expense. 

The  official  receipt  for  the  letter  has  long  since  reached  me,  but  there 
has  been  no  reply.  You  will  remember  that  Mr.  Westinghouse  and  his 
experts  pronounced  this  current  "safe11  and  “harmless,”  and  that 
they  have  violenty  attacked  the  writer  for  maintaining  and  proving  that 
it  was  dangerous.  As  a  result  of  my  work,  the  New  York  State  author¬ 
ities,  after  a  long  and  thorough  investigation,  have  purchased  foj- 
electrical  execution  three  Westinghouse  alternating  current  dynamos, 
built  for  electric  lighting.  Having  thus  proved  my  point  as  far  as  the 
danger  of  the  apparatus  is  concerned,  I  am  anxious  to  have  its  commer¬ 
cial  value  definitely  settled  by  the  proposed  test.  I  would  therefore 
be  glad  to  receive  from  you  any  suggestions  concerning  methods,  or  any 
results  of  your  experience  with  the  alternating  current  that  you  may 
care  to  place  at  my  disposal.  In  return  I  shall  take  pleasure  in 
sending  you  copy  of  report  of  the  tests  when  completed. 


Geo.  Westinghouse,  Jr.  , 

President  Westinghouse  Electric  Co. ,  Pittsburgh  Pa 

Dear  Sir:  The  public  admission  made  at  Harailton  by  Mr.  Stlu_ 

Z  W  y°Ur;hleCtriCian'  that  he  *  —  of  at  least  three  men  killed  by 
the  Westinghouse  alternating  current  which  you  have  pronounced  safe 
and  the  adoption  of  the  same  current  by  the  State  of  New  York  for 
electrical  executions,  are  sufficient  reasons  for  your  failure  to  accept 

ZZTn  fnge  r  °eC'  18>  1888-'  1  then°ffe-d  *«■  ta'ce  the.  continuous 
current  from  hand  to  hand  to  prove  whafyou  deny,  if  you  would  take  the 
alternating  current  at  the  same  pressure  and  for  the  same  number  of' 
seconds.  You  did  not  dare  to  risk  your  life  to  prove  the  sincerity  of 
your  statements  concerning  the  safety  of  the  Westinghouse  alternating 
current.  Will  you  now  dare  to  risk  your  money  to  substantiate  your 
claims  as  to  the  efficiency  of  the  Westinghouse  alternating  current 
■  system  ? 

If  so,  I  hereby  give  you  an  opportunity  to  sell  another  electric- 
*  Statl°n  (With  650  lan)Ps  of  16-candla  Power  each),  and  obtain  an 
extensive  advertisement  at  my  expense. 

You  have  asserted  for  many  months,  both  by  representations  of 
yourself  and  agents  and  by  authorized  advertisements  in  electrical  and 
other  papers  (see  enclosed  from  the  Electrical  World),  thaK  '  '  50  per 

r:  TVT  fr°m  a  filVen  eXpendltUre  °f  P°wr  is' guaranteed 

by  the  Westinghouse  Electric  Company  than  can  be  obtained  by  any  con¬ 
tinuous  (‘‘direct* ’)  current  system. 

If  it  is  possible  to  convert  force  from  one  form  into  another  and*.-,, 
ga  n  50  per  cent,  in  the  operation,  your  company  has  made  the  most  won®  ‘i 
fu  discovery  of  modern  times,  which,  carried  to  its  logical  conclufe^ 
will  give  us  perpetual  motion  by  a  series  of  coymn^fcns  from  high  To' 
low  tension  or  the  reverse* 

To  substantiate  this  remarkable  claim,  I  challenge  you  to  send  a 
complete  650-light  Westinghouse  alternating-current  plant  with  not  less 
than  thirty  converters,  to  the. Electrical  Testing  Bureau  of  the  Johns 
Hopkins  University,  to  be  there  installed  by  your  own  experts  and  left 


for  a  three-months '  'test.  I  „1U  send  .  pl^^I^h.lL,  oapaclt.'of^  _ 
8ChUJ1"'  J*™'  »  continuous-current  > 

cr  Tu  ““  “■,  and  lit,  of  lmp,  ^  <“'“•‘•'1  the 

load  u-n ip  .  „  p  •  nd  ef fluency  of  converters  under  full 

open’  The"  ^  &  S1”file  ^  °"  ^  ConV6rter  and  with  secondaries 

ou  lanps  „Tt  T TS  STled  t0  ^  Standard  and  burned- 

Zo  “  to 7  "6  IePlaCed-  At  the  end  0f  the  tests  the  Bureau's 

reports^  be  published,  and  if  the  Westinghcuse  alternating  system 
per  cent,  more  light  from  the  same  expenditure  of  power  or 
roves  to  e  that  much  more  economical  in  running  expenses,,  then’ I  will 

at  list  —  pf  t6StS  °f  b°th  aPParat,is  and  wil1  Purchase  your  plant 
list  price  to  present  to  the  University. 

If  your  apparatus. fails  to  give  50  per  cent,  more  light  from  the 

nor6  UrS  °f  P°Wer'  ^  y°U  are  tQ  P£*  a11  °f  the  Its 

D  ,7aratUS'  ^  tQ  pUrcha^  the  continuous-current  apparatus 
supplied  by  me  at  list  price  and  present  same  to  the  University. 

system  ardue  tT  th^  ^  advantages . o f  the  Westinghouse 

sive  a  sale  and  ZlV  ^  «*«.  ^ich  has  so  exten- 

and  is  so  highly  recommended  by  y0Ur  company,  you  can  use  it 

7  r  d\St’uand  1  WlU  arrange  t0  °Perate  some  one  of  the 
standard  high-speed,  automatic  cut-off  engines. 

If  my  challenge  is  accepted  each  apparatus  is  to  have  one  expert  in 
attendance,  but  he;  is  not  to  be  permitted  to  interfere  with  machine  " 
in  any  way  or  t^tgke  part  in  any  of  the  tests.  machinery 

are  d ^  **  *  rea-nable  time,  and 

lar'  ‘°  haVe  thS  ValUe  °f  the  Westinghouse  Electric  Company's 

jrantees  publicly  established,  I  shall  feel  at  liberty  to  personally 
"Y /°ur  apparatus  to  the  Bureau  for  an  efficiency  test  and  shall 
fch  their  report. 

Electrical  Engineer, 

45  &  47  Wall  St. 


0Ec^PPARATUB  r°” 

°Ww  I  •  Kc-*-‘  "" 1 


hr"  ~S 

May  13,  1889.4^  ^  n^' 

My  Dear  Mr.  Edison, 

y-t>""/\  iX-0 —  a  o* 

Thanks  to  your  note  to  Mr.  Johnson  iSiave  ho e i^sCWe  to 

6s*  U 



satisfactorily;  have  supplied,.tdig^&ifS/te  with 

LJ-^r  maA-  ■" 

tion  dynamos  and  arranged  for  a  te&lt  of  the 
For  a  long  time^  I  have  fej^t  surejthat 

arrange  the  matte 
V/e s t inghou se  execution 
system  at  Johns  Hopki; 

there  was  a  "condenser  action"  between  the  conductors  of  ajaJ&.l- 
ternating  current  system  and  the  moisiMre  or  conductive  cover¬ 
ing  on  the  outside  of  the  insulation  of  same,  that  would  con¬ 
stantly  tend  to  discharge  to  the  ground  when  possible  and  might 
draw  the  current  in  its  path;  that  it  would  also  result  in  aJir_ 
loss  of  energy  in  an  extended  system.  Dr.  Duncan  did  not  at 
first  agree  vvith  me  but  he  has  come  around  to  my  position  and 
the  two  deaths  recorded  in  inclosed  dipping  are  frightful  ver¬ 
ifications  of  my  theory.  I  wish  in  the  Baltimore  test  to  es¬ 
tablish  at  least  approximately,  what  this  loss  of  energy  will 
be  and  would  be  glad  to  have  you  suggest  the  best  method  of  dor 
ing  so.  I  have  known  of  a  series  of  five  50  volt  lamps  being 
run  up  to  c.p.  when  placed  between  one  terminal  of  a  Y/.  dynamo 
and  the  lead  covering  of  an  insulated  cable  attached  to  the 
other  terminal;  also  of  two  men  being  unable  to  release  them¬ 
selves  after  taking  hold  of  two  lead  covered  cables  (2,500  volt 
alt.  current)  until  dynamo  was  stopped 
Sincerely  Yours 



'  ■yl/ClV  _ $B*M’  Sat, _ /JcfM* 

*  mm $**&%&* 

J-  ******  Hitttr  *r  imniryfre*  *he-*&*tor  «f  ’Hatet  «nft 


« thin*  *w  sm  mmtmmm  m  m&n  «?&«•*•,  n«.«a7> 

%*!Ǥǣ$##,.  HSpWM*4RMt  *11 open  to  the  me 

'  3  *y****rn  ■•»  «$**«*  wot**  te  *fgnify  the  act  of  ehecutlqn  hy 
ele«tri»*ty#  4&ft  t*mh**#ith  th*  lit*  inth*  tewdtthtion,  The 
thnhfefttttf*  **#i*  flfle**  ■**  fiftt*  '*!Sih:'telth*  Oeming  from  the  Katin 
*g*&  hht  it  tUfte*  **#■  it  the  *$gf£fie*tian  «f  death  dnly>  that 
11  *ith  m  «*e«  involved  to  it  ot 

i-thinh  thetowajnotlen  of  «  ewqWnnd  word, 
««*»«*  tith  the  funpoie  of  atgnifying  the  idea  $»  mmtm,  efaouid 
pi*pe*i*  «»  *****  f*|*  *  *  eSfc,  «n  «ctir«  aorh*  .  ■ 

;  Ztt***ia  Wynm&t*  t*  objectionable  upon  the  additional 
tie  drthmde,  rtrht,  that  ******* **  partly  «f  Greek  end  pertly 
or  Mtin,  danelde  being  the  8reeh  for  ‘paper*  »r  •fore#*,  mt. 

**ort*  being,  ee  I  here  laid,  frme  the  Satin  for  death;  end  aeeond- 
ly,  that  there  la  no  auggeetlon  in  it,  of  death  from  any  particular 

**  f6roe’  btat  ***?  t*0*  for«e*  *iyh#fcrt*  *ptq,d  ejfehejj* 
dQiith  fro*  nhy  violent  &£££« 

tlo-se  condition*  in  vifir,  $&$$$>  tfprmed  <g;>f$gjg 

**m  m  mm  mmm  m  the  mm  *m  **  m  mm 

mm&  mmmmmmm  mwm*^  itmmmm- 

ne***y  $th*  #b;t  0$  teiHing  by  'igflitiiBlM  it  *»*  it* 

m  mp  •$»  m»  nm$#  ,  mm* 

******  mm  -mm  mmmw&mrnm «*  mm 

mmmm  th*t  m  «*. 

j99t  tf*  m+rm>  *14**  in  the  <propp*ed  wprjt  the  y«*b  dbes not  bare 
to  ®xpi'*bried  6bJ  e6<  W**  th«  precise  represents.-  the  means  *f  **«*!*. 
pliahing  the  reiult. 

•  She  *1***- #bf®**t  ioh*v.  bofeter,  end  I  otter 
them 'only  fan  yea*  consideration,  . .  . A 

******  is  gne  other  *ora  *t*eh  I  thin*.  ia*a#r  the  eiren*. 
stances,  might  be  used  *ith  Borne  propriety,  .  ,j*  c«n  be  u**d  as  «’ 
verb  dhd  m  *  nbnn  t*  egress  kindred  ideas,  ■  She  m$  if  ****** 
inShonee^.  *a  »estlhgh«*e>  4yh***  4s.  going  *#  be  u#id  far  the 
purposed-  executing  *rimift*le,  «ir  not  g*ye  him- the  benefit  of 
this  feet  in  the  minds  of  the  pbblic,  and  apeak  hereafter  of  * 
eriminel  as  being  •weetinghouaed*.  or  as  being  "-condemned  to  be 

westinghouaed":  or,  to  use  the  now,  am**  Say  that  *uch  *nd 
such  a  **n  ns  condoled  .  wcBtinahdute..  it  he  a  subtle 
compliment  tq  the  public  aervi?es  of  thie  distlnguiahfd  man. 

There  ia  a  precedent  for  It,  too,  one  that  eould  not  be  rffre  apt 
or  author4tatlve:.  fe  speajc  of  a  criminal  in  .Trance  m  hefh^  guil*. 
lotined,.  or  condemned  to  the  guillotine.  -Bach  time,  that  wo„*  i.  ' 
used  it  .tends,  to  perpetuate  the  memory  and  services;  df| 
tine,  m  afterwards  died  by  the  aa#e  machine,  that  he  had  invented. 
The  adoption  Of  the  *pW.  Weft  for  «  li*e  furp«a^^l  go 
far  towards  rebutting  the  clfdm  that  Hepubiie*  are  leaf ‘grateful  - 

than  Bmpirea . 

Tours  very 

near  Mr.  Tate: 

''  «„+„  ^  „  .  Closed  pleaae  find  the  letter  frcm  "American 

el ec t r ie i t v U er  1  t S>!  ^  the  neff  word  for  lotting  to  dfath  by 
forth  in  Mn'  T  •  f V®  SOne  lnt0  the  matter  more  fully  than  set 
forth  in  Mr.  lewis1  recent.*!  y  let  ter.  The  Greek  a 

exact  equivalent  is  "electrothanatos", or  "eleetrothanasia".  S  6 
Their  precise- moaning  is,  death  by  electricity. 

,  „  T  +-  °n  t^e  whole  "electricide"  is  the  best  word.  There 

Putt  i  tLTd  "el  ectrum"  derived  .from  the  Greek  word  "elektron". 
Putting  the  two  Latin  .words  together. to  wit  net t  n  .  ’ 

+h  JCl+i’We<S'et  ,electrioide» death  by  electricity.  It  *eems  to°me 
that  this  is  the  word  most  likely  to  go  into  popular  use. 

X  have  suggested  to  Mr.  Lewis  to  put  a  men.  in  ?rmo 

La%eLa"s2"tritMnTOfdS;ynorP;:oS.ibly  **  may  “  *»*""*« 

June  Gth.,1889. 

Very  truly  yours, 

S.B. Eaton  per  C« 

. . JtZiI 

Jo  1 

^  JU^J"  ft^OCA Co  la^U<^C  fly?  t,  <2 <  <*++. 

/'f-MLtft-l. j4tjW  £>oc-<-  tstJZc&ji 

"l..L  .  ..p— *  ,  *  »  "  ’  V  ~ . '  i 

.  Jujd~.  usin-P&sy.  t^-^^ic^e-^t--«  {_  t 

— bpl-  ■ ,  _ _ ,: _ _ 

. ^T^yy  {^?  |]~/  ^  ^  ^  ^7^  | 

. ..  P*C^^VVW/VVV.  .  .  /W\jpL* _ jv^VVWvy _ _ _  _ 

Brewster,  H.  Y.  Aur .  is,  lggg 

V/m.  B.  Rankino,  Esq., 

D*ar  sir:- 

I  respectfully  submit  to  you  an  estimate  specifi¬ 
cation  and  a  cross-section  for  the  main  tunnel,  also  approximate 
estimates  for  one  hundred  feet  of  canal  cross  tunnels  &c  .  with 
assumed  plans  for  same  . 

I  have  given  more  att  aition  to  the  tunnel  specification 
than  anything  else,  and  think  you  will  find  that  they  cover  any 
and  every  thing  that  is  likely  to  happen  in  constructing  the  tunnel. 
Upon  consideration  of  the  trouble  which  might  be  caused,  owing  to  a 
lack  of  items  and  prices  in  the  specifications,  I  have  made  them 
so  as  to  include  masonry  and  timbering.  Of  course  in  the  rock  at 
Niagara  it  ib  highly  improbable  that  any  place  in  the  tunnel  will 
be  found  which  will  require  permanent  supports,  but  if  such  should 
be  the  case  the  specifications  will  cover  everything,  and  as  I 
have  given  the  Engineer  the  whole  power  to  order  such  timber  and 
masonry,  as  he  may  deem  necessary  to  furnish  all  plans  and  t o  di- 
roct  the  construction  of  the  same,  should  any  bed  ground  be  found 
the  Company  will  have  the  entire  control. 

The  prices  I  have  given  in  the  estimate  for  the  tunnel  1 
consider  after  careful  investigation  to  be  very  fair,  and  have  no 
doubt  that. the  contract  could  be  let  for  much  less . 

Tho  area  of  the  cross- section  for  the  tunnel  corresponds 
practically  with  tho  area  of  a  circle  twenty-four  feet  in  diameter 
and  I  consider  it.  to  have  many  advantages  over  a  circular  section 
m  regard  to  the  construction,  and  flail  of  water. 

The  estimates  and  plans  for  the  canal  cross  tunnels  &o. 
are  simply  approximations,  and  nothing  definite  can  be  arrived  at 
until  the  Company  has  in  its  possession,  first,  a  complete  ground 
Plan  showing  the  land,  the  bott  an  of  the  river  to  a  depth  of  nine 
feet  below  the  surface  of  the  water,  the  location  of  the  main  tun¬ 
nel  with  reference  to  the  original  surface,  and  the  boundaries  of 
the  land  taken  by  the  Company,  also,  some  idea  of  how  far  the 
rock  lies  below  the  surface  of  the  ground  and  water;  and,  second, 
a  definite  plan  of  the  manner  in  which  the  Company  wish  the  power 
developed  and  distributed,  the  number  of  wheel  pits  and  the  depth 
fdr  the  wheels. 

I  would  say  further  that  it  is  with  groat  hesitation 
that  I  make  any  estimates  or  plans  for  the  Canal,  cross  tunnels 
and  work  connected  therewith,  owing  to  a  lack  of  the  information  I 
have  stated  above.  The  canal  shown  on  the  plan,  is  sufficiently 
large  to  adwit  of  vessels  and  canal  boats,  and  to  furnish  the  ten 
thousand  horse  power  required  under  ordinary  circumstances,  and  I 

have  planned  the  same  as  to  dimensions  and  strength  of  sides  si 
to  admit  of  shipping  facilities. 

I  am, 

Very  truly  yours , 


Approximate  estimate  for  canal  cross  tunnel  &c. 

Joo  tr  Yoe-'O  Yr-f 

Earth  excavation  for  canal  per  100  feet 


Rock  «  »  u 

Earth  fill inn,  "  »• 

Side  walls ,  .  »  » 

Cpping  on  3ide  walls,  M.„ 

Excavation  of  cross  tunnel,  " 

Estimated  cost  of  coffer  dam, 
Estimated  cost  of  bulkheads 
Approximate  cost  for  one  wheel  pit. 
Approximate  "  of  inlet 

*  ■  *  outlet 

1,200  .00 
1,000 .00 
3,000  .00 
7,000  .00 
1,000  .00 
300 .00 


Estimate  for  one  and  one-tenth  miles  of  main  tunnel  . 


Excavation  in  open  trench 
Tunn  el  e  xc  a  vat  i  on 


Shaft  excavation 

Estimated  allowance  for  over-haul 

Estimated  allowance  for  masonry 
at  portal  and  shafts 


20000  cu  .yds  7-?100  15,000 
97422  »  $55o(oo  585821 

450  linear 

ft.  100.  45000 




NOTE:  All  quantities  and  dimensions 

vation,  are  merely  approximate. 

ept  for  tunnel  exca- 



Main  Tunnel ,  Cross  Tunnel,  Outlets,  Wheel  pits 
Canals  et*.,  for  supplying  36000  Horse  Power. 


&  Dimensions  length  Cu.Tt.  Cu.Yds.  Price  Amount  Tota] 

Main  Tunnel  Portal  Shafts  etc 
Excavation  Open  Trench 

72  x  E 

)  150  540000  20000  $  .75 

Main  Tunnel 

24’  Diam  452.4  6605  2988102  110670  5.50 

Tto  Shafts  10  x  20 

300  linear  feet  a. $100  pr.ft. 

Estimated  allowance  for  overhaul 

Estimated  allowance  for  masonry 
portal  and  shafts. 

Cross  Tunnel 

17'  Diam  227  100  22700  841  6.00 
10'to  17'-152.7  380  58026  2149  6.00 

Outlet  from  Pits  to  Cross  Tunnel 
8'  Diqan  50.3  25  1257  46  6.00 

Total  .??  276  x  18  - 
Wheel  Pits 

113  Lineal  ft .a. $125  per  lineal  ft. 
Total  -  14125  x  18  - 

Walls  at  Wheel  PitB 

5  x  14  70  110  7700  285  8.00 

Total  -  2280  x  18  - 



10000  $ 





Excavation  for  Inlet  Pipes 

18  x  17  -  806  12  3672  136  1.00 

Total  -  136  x  18 

Canal  Excavation 

70  x  20  1400  600  840000  31111  1.00 

Excavation  in  River  .Estimated 
700  200  140000  5185  4.00 

Masonry  Walla 

7  x  18  126  1240  156240  5787  8.00 

Estimated  Cost  of  Masonry  at  River 
Estimated  Cost  of  Coffee  dam 
Earth  Refilling 

18  x  13  -  234  600  140400  5200  .25 

Total  Cost  Canal 
Cost  of  second  Canal 

Total  cost  of  36000  H.P.  without  wheels, 








$1, 237, 525 


^fKtfsion  No.  6. 

Brewster,  N.  Y .  .  ...3. .*/*/... 188.^ 

'T*'  .  <j3  .  , 

<~iT  J7 


,  <S^<?  ^L,  Jt*o~*~teCuQ**+,/p4.40a. 

¥/0  n  f  ^  7^0. 

*  ^  7rZ^(?vti -.  Uoa 

£>  oju/ 

6  TrXiJs  ^ /too o /6n^  J-?O  0O. 

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c7  ^  . .  .  .  . 

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M-uU  Co^^yC  oui^  rdio-wi-s-^  m^u  V-P  0  0€>. 

^A7 ' 


D/nPOM  FuR  Ca/vaJt  ^UNHELS  Ercr- 

/ 0  0  0  0  Horse  Po  wer - 

StALGM'Tor.  auiu  //  CPtnJZ^. 

T  V  CTLAjesi,. 


/.  30  "w 
3  ■To  a  h-A 



— - 1 

1  1 

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Canal  „ 

—  51  4o== 

C /\OSS_l~UpJ/^E\_ 

AA ain  Tunnel 

F  F  ■  t-F  v 

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■)  2-/-£  tC^Djrect Communication  with  the  United  States  of  America 
by  Eight  Cables. 

,  /  ■  7  ■  ,  V.i  ....  — :  OFFICE  STAMP  &  DATE. 

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-  Compliments  of  the  Author. 

one  hundred  volts  when  you  were  challenged  to.” 

“That’s  enough!  That's  enough,  sir !  Don’t  you  say 
another  word  on  that  subject !  It’s  perfectly  unchristian 
to  doubt  another  man’s  word,  especially  when  that  other 
man's  ME.  And  its  simply  heathenish  to  challenge  him 
to  prove  what  he  says!  Why,  if  I  had  to  prove  every¬ 
thing  I  said,  I  would  have  to  go  out  of  business.  Those 
Edison  people  need  not  brag.  They  killed  a  man  this 

“What!  I  had  not  heard  of  that." 


The  Westringhouse  Electric.  Co., 


Manufacturers  under  Patents  and  Applications  for  Patents  control- 
ratns  aSdDUwiniuSI SystM™aU“S  Currc,,t  Electric  lighting  Appu- 
is demonstrated bcvoiid  uVcstion  C""'e”t  syslcul  of  Electric  Lighting 

.  acting  u"total  gencuatitnt 'cariaeity  Sr^oX^xte^SS 



Jf b£J!^  iUi thC  rVanrSCtU*' 

exclusive  benefit  of  the  m  rs  01  apparatus 
furnished  by  the  Westnughouse  Electric  Company,  this  company  will 
'  fro'J',  ,ta  “PWmt'is  and  lamps  50  par  cent,  more 
light  from  a  given  expenditure  of  power  (fuel)  than  ran 
he  obtained  with  any  direct  current  system: 


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O^Ce-Z^-  ^-<u~y>e-  OPAZas 



New  York,  16th.  October,  1889. 


Dear  Mr.  Edison?- 

Jersey.  ’  '  _ ^ 

|>A  <*-**"' 

end  you  by  this  mail  copy  of  a  map  of  the  City  of 

Buffal^that  may  be  of  use  in  connection  with  your  study  of  the 
i  Falls  project.  ^ 

I  learn  from  the  local  agent  of  the  Hartford  Boiler  In¬ 
surance  Company  in  Buffalo  that  they  estimate  the  total  horse  power 
used  daily  in  that  city  as  between  60,000  and  75,000.  Jfearly 
accurate  figures  can  be  procured  in  about  a  week’s  time  and  at  some 
expense  if  the  estimated  statement  is  not  sufficient.  Coming 
from  this  authority  and  based  upon  the  business  that  they  do  and 
ythat  which  they  would  like  to  do,  I  think  we  may  assume  it  is  fair- 
r  correct . 

In  the  town  of  Tonawanda,  I  am  reliably  informed,  that 

3,000  horse  power  is  used  by  the  wood-working  establishments  alone, 
250  for  the  lighting  of  the  town  and  not  less  than  35,000  up  to  a 
maximum  of  50,000  for  all  the  manufacturing  purposes.  The  gen¬ 
tlemen  in  control  of  the  wood-working  establishments  are  those  who 
have  offered  to  take  power  for  themselves  and  light  and  power  for 
their  electric  Company. 

The  following  distances  are  furnished  me  by  those  who 
know,  as  those  which  would  be  available  as  av.rdute  .^or  rright  of 

Thomas  A.  Edison, 2: 

way  between  Niagara  Palls  and  Buffalo: 

Tunnel  lands  at  Niagara  Palls  to  center  of  the  town  of 

Tonawanda,  9  l-s.miiles 

Tunnel  lands  to  northern  city  limits  of  Buffalo  13  2-3  miles 
Tunnel  lands  to  City  Hall,  Buffalo,  19  1-6  miles. 

The  City  Hall  is  located  one  mile  beyond  the  manufacturing  center 
of  the  City. 

I  telegraphed  you  a  few  days  since  that  the  engineers, 
Messrs  Evershed  and  Porter,  are  within  call  and  I  can  arrange  for 
them  to  meet  you  at  any  time  and  place  you  may  select,  for  such  ex¬ 
planations  as  you  may  wish  from  them  as  to  the  details  of  their 
proj  ect. 

In  considering  this  business,  I  do  not  know  that  I  suf¬ 
ficiently  expressed  my  idea  upon  it  in  our  brief  interview  the 
other  day,  and  therefore  recur  to  it  now.  I  look  upon  the  enter¬ 
prise  first  as  a  project  to  furnish  power  by  electrical  means  in 
the  iirmediate  vicinity  of  the  town  of  Niagara  Palls.  A  compar¬ 
atively  small  amount  of  light  would  also  be  consumed  there.  That 
if  the  project  upon  this  basis  will  return  a  fair  rate  of  interest 
upon  the  capital  invested,  we  can  safely  engage  in  the  business, 
trusting  to  development  under  good  management  for  the  larger  re¬ 
sults  to  be  expected.  As  one  of  the  means  of  obtaining  large 

profits,  we.. look,  ’ first:  to  the  supply  of  light  to  Tonawanda  and 
Buffalo;  second:  to  the  supply  of  power  to  those  places. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  3! 

Professor  Rowland  writes  me  that  he  has,  in  the  prepara¬ 
tion  of  his  report,  written  to  each  of  the  various  electric  light 
companies  for  special  information  upon  the  subject.  If  there  is 
any  information  that  I  can  gather  for  you  through  my  assistants^ 
shall  be  happy  to  do  so,  and  if  you  think  best  at  any  time  I  will 
make  an  appointment  v/ith  you  some  evening  for  further  discussion  of 

Sincerely  yours. 

the  matter, 

— 0-n^' 

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Qv-  IrufoA 

GLsirck.  & 

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,  ^k>^Lj  ,  Ay^yATyyMC^Cvv^  Tf^nJ 

/In -n\iJi^tCtr  i  ^ Jkjk 

My  D$ar  Mr.  Edison,  As  requested  I  send  you  herewith  a  list  of 
the  deaths  from  electric  lighting  which  have  been  brought  to  my 
notice  through  newspapers,  correspondence  etc.  As  such  accidents 
in  the  past  have  been  hushed  up  I  feel  that  my  list  represents 
little  more  than  haLf  the  total  number.  I  have  enough,  however, 
to  show  that  the  advent  of  the  alternating  curront  during  the  past 
two  years  has  greatly  increased  the  death  rate.  The  total  deaths 
in  1886  were  but  10;  in  1887,  19;  in  1888,  42  and  the  rate  so 
far  this  year  will  shove  a  corresponding  increase.  I  have  se¬ 
cured  a  list  of  all  the  building  lighted  with  the  alternating  cur¬ 
rent  apparatus  in  this  city  and  will  be  able^as  soon  as  the  sta¬ 
tions  start  up  after  the  injunction  matter  is  decided,  to  indicate 
just  where  interesting  tests  for  leakage  can  be  made  on  a  wet 


"  “T“!,'“A,"'*R"",ro“A",,Lj“HT0'"«“*-  o  /yyJL 

Deaths  from  Electric  Lighting  since  July  I,  1883. 


Columbus ,  0,  Wm.  Fraas,  cleric  ktlled  by  touching  a 

grounded  pulsating  circuit  while  on  side¬ 
walk ,  July  a ,  1883. 

Buffalo ,  N.  Y.  Lemuel  W.  Smith ,  killed  by  touching  the 
brushes  at  Brush  station ,  Aug.  8 ,  1881. 

"  «  Hugh  P.  Ferry ,  lineman ,  killed  by  alter¬ 

nating  current  ,  Sept,  s,  1883. 

Phtla.  ,  Pa.  Lineman  T.  &  H.  Co.  by  touching  grounded 
circuit  while  standing  in  street. 

San  Francisco ,  Workman  in  iron  worksuho  touched  grounded 
Brush  circuit.  ( These  two  from  Hr.  El  - 
brtdge  T.  Gerry's  report.) 

New  Orleans,  La.Jas.  Dixon ,  employee  Loutsana  E.L.Co. 

killed  by  alternating  current  July  17,  83 

Wichita,  Kan.  Ernest  Condwick ,  child  killed  by  dangling 
wire  over  T.  &  H.  street  car  Itne  on 
Julyss,  1883. 

Pueblo,  Col .  Jacob  Kurmnerle ,  fruit  dealer ,  killed  on 

sidewalk  by  touching  incandescent  lamp  of 
Heisler  alternating  current  system ,  on 
Aug.  S3,  1333. 

St.  Louts ,  Ho.  Henry  Goodyear,  telephone  itneman,  ktlled 
by  Wes tinghouse  alternating  current  on 
Aug.  31,  1883. 

Houston,  Tex.  Wm.  Hanson,  clerk,  ktlled  on  sidewalk  by 
alternating  current  wtre ,  Sept.  £,  1883. 

Wes  tfteld,  Hass.  Jas.  Nelson,  ftreman ,  ktlled  by  pulsa¬ 
ting  current  vhtle  standing  on  ground 
Sept.  4,  1888.  '  s 

Washington,  D.C.  John  P.  Martn,  telephone  employee, 
ktlled  by  pulsating  or  alternating  on 
Sept.  Is,  1883. 

New  York  Ctty.  V.  A. Henry,  Supt.  East  Rtver  Co.  ktlled  by 
alternating  current  Sept.  3,  1883. 

"  *  Gutseppe  Uazza,  fruit  dealer,  killed  by 

alternating  current  from  V.S.  station  on 
Sept.  1 4,  1888. 

*  “  "  John  Lineman  V.S.  Co.  ktlled  by  al - 

ternmtng  currentSept .  si,  1 8 as. 

"Hu  jas.  Powers,  Itneman  Brush  Co.  ktlled  on 
Sept.  Is,  1833. 

1,1,11  Chas.  Erdmann,  ktlled  by  alt.  cr.  Oct.  8  H 

”  John  s'  Peeks,  ktlled  by  alt.  cr.  Oct.y  IS  ft, 

QML&/T m  fictyji  $2  ^ -  t 

New  York,  32nd.  October,  1880. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. 

Orange,  New  Jersey, 

Sty  -dear  iMr. Edison: - 

X  send  you  tonigit,  by  express,  a  statement  from  the  New 
York  World  of  Sunday  last  respecting  the  two  Tonawandas;  reports 
^on  the  Water  Power  of  the  U.S.,  being  statistics  of  power  and  ma¬ 
chinery  employed  in  manufactures,  by  Professor  W.P. Trowbridge,  pre¬ 
pared  under  the  direction  of  Supt. Francis  A.  Walker;  statistics  of 
the  Trade  and  Comneroe  of  Buffalo  comprised  in  the  annual  report 
of  the  Buffalo  Merchants  Exchange, and  Sketch  of  the  Commerce,  In¬ 
dustries  and  Resources  of  Buffalo* 

X  shall  move  as  rapidly  as  possible  to  furnish  you  with 
all  the  information  you  ask  for.  The  Engineers  have  been  in¬ 
structed  to  prepare  whatever  you  require  with  the  least  possible 

Very  truly  yours. 

'-s^j-zzL'-n _ _ , 

rod?  " 

'“the  western  union  telegraph  company. 

Oct.  23rd,  1339. 

Hon.  Don.H.  Dickinson, 

Esteemed  Friend 

*  *  y  r  ~r  ^  -y 

Tho  facts  are  as  follows 

. We“ba vb  several  circuits  of  over  twenty  five  (25)  miles  in 

length  and  at  times  in  fact,  run  over  frequently.  We  have  coupl- 
-^ed,Ntwo:;{2)  circuits  together,  thus  carrying  the  current  through 
, fifty  (50)  to  sixty  (30 )  miles  of  wire.  None  of  this  wire  was 
^dVe^number  six  (3)  in  size  and  much  of  it  was  number  eight  (8). 
fe:JlB*  nin  eleotrio  m^ors,  arc  lights  and  incandescent  lights 
all;on|ebe  same  circuit  and  do  so  regularly.  As  to  loss  of  lights 
of  long  lines,  we  have  many  long  circuits  and  on  some  of  the  long¬ 
est  of  them  we  frequently  run  full  sixty  five  (35)  two  thousand 
(2000 )  candle  power  lights.  That  is  the  full  quota  of  lanps  for 
the  machine. 

This  is  the  substance  of  what  Hr.  Leggett,  President  of  the 
Hrush  Electric  Light  Oo.  said  to  Mr.  Ely  recently  and  which  is 
doubtless  the  foundation  of  the  inquiry,  aB  Mr.  Leggett  informs  me. 
Very  truly  yours, 

James.  L.  Edson 

Francis  Lynde  Stetson,  Esq., 
New  York  City. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Niagara  Falls,  JJ.  Y. 

October  24,  1880. 

Your  letter  of  22d  received  and  the  data  desired  will  be 
irrmediately  procured  and  forwarded  to  Mr.  Adams. 

It  may  be  of  interest  to  state  that  at  an  interview  to¬ 
day  in  Buffalo  with  Mr.  Adams,  Vice  Prest.  of  the  Brush  Electric 
Go.,  he  gave  me  the  following  info  relation 

1st.  The  present  use  of  power  by  the  several  Electric  Co's, 
is  as  follows 

BruBh  Co.,  900  to  1000  h.p. 

Thomson-Houston  Co.,  500  " 

United  States  Co.,  250  " 

2d.  He  estimates  SriOOO  to  50,000  h.p.  as  the  total  in  gener- 
eral  use  in  the  City  of  Buffalo. 

!i.  He  states  that  they  have  one  circuit  of  20  miles  upon 
which  a  30  arc  lamp  dynamo  supplies  00  full  limits  of 
2000  c.p.  each.  This  line  has  been  in  successful  op¬ 
eration  about  two  years. 

>  4th-  He  fixes  the  loss  of  their  motors  for  power  at  15j5 . 

They  deliver  85ji  of  net  power  from  their  stations  and 
collect  pay  for  it. 


He  states  that  the  growth  of  their  business  is  restricted 
owing  to  insufficient  aoconmodations  at  their  stations. 

They  supply  lanps  and  power  off  the  same  wire,  but  re- 
coirmends  separate  lines,  within  the  city  or  town,  to 
avoid  annoyance  to  both  classes  of  consumers  as  they 
frequently  demand  both  light  and  power  in  excess  of 
the  line  capacity. 

Ab  to  cost  of  power  to  the  Brush  Co.  in  answer  to  the 
question  he  gave  the  cost  of  coal  only,  stating  that  to 
obtain  the  cost  of  power  we  must;  figure  the  usual  ex¬ 
pense  of  handling,  attendance  of.iergine,  stokers 
wages  &o.  This,  using  the  lowest  estimates  and  under 
the  very  best  conditions  he  gave, ''.figures  out  $80.00 
per  h.p.  per  a  mum. 

Remark,  that  he  stated  that  their  largest  and  best 
engine  (working  under  300  h.p.)  bnly  gave  theBe  results 

The  enclosed  clipping  from  to-day’s  Buffalo  Courier  shows 
trial  balance  of  the  Brush  Co.  which  Mr.  Adana  stated 
was  furnished  from  their  books. 

Please  observe  that  their  stock  of  One  Million  dol¬ 
lars  is  one  half  water;  .80  that  the  return  of  3 %  he 


figures  out  Tor-  the  public  equals  really  13$  upon 
actual  capital. 

Mr.  Adams  further  stated  that  he  considered  the  electri¬ 
cal  business  as  good  for  8  to  10$  safe  earnings  upon 
the  investment  which  would  seem  to  be  in  line  with  the 
showing  of  his  Company. 

Very  Re spy.. 

Chas.  B.  Gaskill 


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!."  no;  t,! 
!  lot:;  j 


Niagara  Falls,  H.  Y.  October  27,1380. 

jj  My  dear  Mr.  Rankine, 

Yours  of  the  '  just,  received. 

A  few  days  since  a  gentleman  came  here  from 
Toronto  fresh  from  a  conference  with  Canadian  parties  who 
had  asked  him  to  take  hold  of  the  Canada  schema  and  take  It 
to  England  to  be  capitalized.  He  stated  to  me  that  the 
terms  which  the  Canadian  authorities  exacted  for  permission 
to  use  their  reservation  lands  and  for  access  to  the  run 
and  use  of  its  waters,  were 

1st:  A  payment  of  $r>0,0»0  cash,  for  the  two  first 

jj  years  of  occupancy  and  use,  i.e.  02!i,onn  per  annum  rental, 
jj  Thereafter  an  annual  rental  of  $30, 000  up  to  and  indudinc 
20  years,  and  then  the  Canadian  authorities  would  fix  the 
future  charge  at  such  sum  as  the  worth  of  the  plant,  its 
|  usos  would  warrant.  Or  that  they  would  a^ree  upon 

jj  $30,000  annual  rental  if  satisfactory  to  the  parties  who 
were  interested. 

My  informant  stated  that  much  effort  was  made  to 
jj  soften  these  terns,  but  without  avail  and  that,  he,  person- 
j  ally,  preferred  the  Hiafjara  Falls  (Tunnel)  plan  and  wished 
to  secure  it  for  London  partios  who  would  at  once  take  hold 
J  and  build  it  Ac.  Ac.  He  further  stated  that  the  authori- 
j  ties  at  Washington  had  been  asked  about,  duties  upon  the 
j  power  to  be  transmitted  to  the  American  side  and  that  no 
j  favorable  decision  of  freedom  from  taxation  or  duties  could 
||  be  obtained  which  was  another  obstacle  Ac. 


2  ! 

Ha  visited  Lockport .looked  over  their  plans  and  re- 
||  tunning  here  informed  me  that  they  were  not  worth  consider- 

j|  inn,  and  finally  said:  "The  fact  is,  your  Niagara  Falls  j 
|i  I 

!i  "Tunnel  scheme  is  the  only  one  worth  my  time  to  engage  in  j 

!'  "and  if  60  days'  time,  with  control,  can  be  given  me  I  will  | 

!;•  "raise  the  capital  and  commence  work." 

i!  Assuring  him  of  our  inability  to  entertain  any  prop 

j|  osition,-  the  interview  ended. 

From  another  source  I  learn  that  the  terms  of  the 
!!  Canadian  government  are  sub  start  ially  those  given  me  by  this  i 

party.  j 

It  would  seem  to  be  unnecessary  to  call  attention  ! 

to  the  difference  existing  between  the  two  regions  and 
people  separated  by  the  Niagara  Kiver.  upon  the  American 
side,  within  30  miles  of  Niagara  Falls;  we  have  400,000 
population,  15  great  trunk  railway  lines,  and  with  every 
||  pound  of  available  water  power  in  full  use  and  probably  30 
to  75,000  hotise  power  made  from  coal  in  full  and  active  j 

!|  employment .  j 

Upon  the  Canadian  side  within  30  miles,  they  have  a 
I  population  of  less  than  75,000,  two  lines  of  railway,  with 
several  thousand  unused  house  power  (water)  along  the  Welland 
Canal  and  with  a  class  of  people  50  years  behind  the  Ameri¬ 
cans  in  energy  and  ability  to  thrive  and  prosper. 

That  their  power  can  be  transmitted  I  do  not  doubt. 
That  it  can  be  of  any  local  value  for  millB,  factories  Ac. 

|  fbr  many  years  to  come,  I  can  safely  deny,  and  any  engineer 


3  i 

of  ability  who  will  carefully  examine  the  physical  features 
of  the  Canadian  side  of  the  river  also  welch  the  fact  that 
all  inlets  for  water  to  pro  pal  hia  wheels  must  have  thoir 
commencement  alone  the  Qd':e  of  and  within  the  rapids  loatlinc  i 

to  the  “liorse-shoo"  Palls,  subject  to  interruptions  from  j 


fields  of  ice  tumbling  and  irresistibly  forcing  its  way  to  | 
the  river  below  -  must  pronounce  against  th.e  desirability  of  \ 
a  power  subject  to  such  interruptions  and  which  would  bo  fa-  | 
tal  to  any  investment  where  eamin-s  are  expected  to  bo  de¬ 
rived  from  transmitted  x>owor.  Prom  long  experience  with  i 
power  I  insist  that  only  that  which  is  continuous  and  always 

reliable  should  receive  consideration. 

«  * 

Truly  yours, 

Chas.  B.  Oaskiil. 

V/.  B.  Rank in c ,  Rsq.  , 

New  York. 


!  %'  ! 

i  IHGP  I 



The  hydraulic  canal  now  at  Niagara  Palls  is  an  open 
cut  about  23  of  ^ajriile^  in  length,  7  feet_deep  and  60  feet  wide, 
cost  over  §300,000Aand  has  an  average  capacity  of  about  6,000  h.p . 
novf  fully  used.  In  Jan.,  Peby.  and  first  half  of  March  there  is 
some  trouble  with  slush  or  an c tor  ice  which  reduces  its  average  ca¬ 
pacity  20  to  40)<  according  to  the  severity  of  the  winter.  It 
should  be  understood  that  the  character  of  ice  referred  to  is  not 
that  which  comes  in  solidform  from  the  lakes  .and  down  the  river  but 
forms  in  the  river  and  open  canal  and  frequently  for  several  Ipurs 
closes  all  the  wheels  in  use  upon  the  Canal.  This  difficulty  be¬ 
comes  serious  in  proportion  to  the  length  of  the  open  canal  or  con¬ 
duit  and  is  lessened  and  removed  when  the  water  wheels  are  placed 
near  the  source  of  supply.  The  plans  of  the  Tunnel  Co.  locate  the 
wheel  pits  within  3  to  400  feet  of  the  deep  waters  of  the  Niagara 
River  which  will  insure  continuous  power. 

It  is  of  very  great  importance  in  planning  ft>r  the  use  of 
Niagara  power  for  electric  light  and  power  purposes  in  Tonawanda  & 
Buffalo  that  the  public  understand  that  it  can  be  made  reliable  and 
always  available.  Particularly  is  this  the  case  with  reference  to 
electric  light  the  revenue  from  which  can  be  made  to  exceed  one 
half  million  of  dollars  annually.  Were  the  City  of  Buffalo  sup- 



plied  with  light  by  transmission  from  Niagara  and  the  power  prove 
to  be  eccentric  during  several  weeks  in  the  winter  it  would  give 
rise  to  difficulties  of  a  very  grave  nature.  The  only  safe. plan 
is,  to  have  as  little  open  Canal  as  possible,  place  the  water 
wheels  as  near  the  river  as  practicable,  with  liberal  connections 
with  the  Channel  and  the  power  will  then  be  continuous  and  reliable. 
This  condition  of  location  the  Tunnel  plan  can  only  supply. 

The  writer  has  had  fifteen  years  experience  as  a  manu¬ 
facturer  upon  the  hydraulic  canal  here  and  during  some  of  the  se¬ 
vere  winters  has-  suffered  a  loss  during  the  months  above  named  of 
from  25  to  50J*  in  the  output  of  his  mills.  This  could  not  have 
occurred  under  the  Tunnel  plan  of  water  supply. 

The  construction  of  a  24  foot  Tunnel  1$  miles  permits  of 
the  discharge  of  water  sufficient  to  produce  120,000  horse  power. 
This  result  cannot  be  secured  by  any  other  plan  without  at  least 
doubling  the  cost,  and  when  once  constructed  the  cost  of  maintain¬ 
ing  is  reduced  to  the  minimum  sinde  an  underground  tunnel  in  rock 
once  built  needs  no  repair  thereafter. 

The  advantages  of  the  Tunnel  project  may  be  summarized 
as  follows: 

1st.  The  production  of  the  greatest  amount  of  power  for 

the  sum  to  be  expended. 



2nd.  The  location  of  the  wheel  pits  adjacent  to  the 
river  will  furnish  continuous  power  not  obtainable  by  any  other 

3rd.  Cost  of  maintaining  reduced  to  the  minimum.  All 
work  to  be  done  is  in  rock  and.  of  the  most  durable  character. 

4th.  As  part  of  our  plan  is  to  absorb  the  Niagara  Falls 
water  supply  system  which  will  yield  a  revenue  of  12  to  $15,000  per 
annum,  location  must  be  had  upon  the  river  to  secure  pure  water 
for  domestic  uses. 

5th.  The  location  of  Pulp  and  Paper  mills  should  be 
such  as  to  permit  the  use  of  fairly  clean  water  which  should  also 
come  directly  from  the  river.  This  industry  will  be  largely  rep¬ 
resented  here.  Our  offers  from  this  source  exceed  an  annual  rent¬ 
al  of  $42,000  conditioned  upon  location  of  the  mills  upon  the  riv¬ 
er  (lands  adjacent). 

6th.  lake  and  Erie  Canal  transportation  available  with¬ 
out  added  expense. 

7th.  Continuous  power  for  Electric  transmission  to  Buf¬ 
falo  which  will  yield  an  immense  revenue.  The  tunnel  plan  pre¬ 
sents  the  onljr  sure  method  of  using  the  waters  of  the  Niagara  with¬ 
out  danger  of  stoppage  during  extreme  winter  weather. 



8th.  The  Tunnel  Co.  will  acquire  about  two  hundred 
acres  of  lands  under  water,  the  title  to  which  follows  that  cohered 
by  our  contracts. 

Respectfully  submitted, 
Chas.  B.  Gaskill. 


The  objections  to  the  Lewiston  or  Suspension  Bridge 
scheme,  are  as  follows: 

1st.  An  equal  sum  expended  on  the  Lewiston  Co.  plan 
will  produce  less  than  one-half  the  power  obtained  by  the  Tunnel  ! 


otf-  fkat't' 

2nd.  Requires  a  surface  Canal  of  s»inw*  two  miles  in 
length  which  is  objectionable  as  its  capacity  is  liable  to  be  re¬ 
duced  one-half  at  times  during  w inter  months. 

3rd.  Extra  cost  to  maintain.  Passes  under  railroads 
and  streets  requiring  bridges,  excludes  vessels  unless  the  Canal 
is  of  large  size  adding  to  its  cost  and  requiring  draw- bridges, &o. 

4th.  Presents  upon  the  surface  a  large  property  subject 
to  taxation. 

5th.  Will  not  supply  a  power  under  all  conditions  suit¬ 
able  for  electrical  transmission  to  Buffalo.  jj 

6th.  Its  location  away  from  the  river  does  not  present 
the  advantages  for  location  of  mills  and  factories  which  a  front¬ 
age  along  the  river  gives.  This  has  special  reference  to  sewerage 
the  uses  of  clear  water  for  domestic  and  manufacturing  purposes, 
easy  access  by  lake  and  canal  vessels  laden  with  heavy  freight  both  i 
raw  and  manufactured  material.  These  and  other  special  advantages  j 
cannot  be  had  where  an  inland  power  is  located  two  or  three  miles  [ 


away  from  the  Niagara  River  with  which  it  is  only  connected  by  a 
slender  Canal . . 

7th.  Finally  it  is  not  understood  that  this  c omp sn-y 
have  acquired  any  lands  upon  which  to  locate  mills  and  factories  , 
nor  right  of  way,  nor  have  they  in  hand  any  discernable  revenues 
as  an  inducement  to  capitalists  to  carry  out  the  project. 

r  o  >• 
Hi  i 


w;.  v 

//  V/,,.,.,,,,,  f/A,,/. 

'  <VU-yr  J2  y. 

C*Or~rsrvSLs** t-isutji^C&Z>-yi*j  ^ls-mS 

^^L0-j£e*4SS-ts  sC-iS^tils^S  s^Ajl  w£eS 

'/ClW  *?6sL-l^~  ~-rf^&*-3stS-itLs&L/ 

a  2T 


the  meantime  if  there  are  any  questions  that  I  can  answer  at  once, 
I  would  be  glad  to  do  so . 

The  whole  question  is  one  of  cost.  So  far  the  answers 
"I  have  obtained  from  the  electric  companies  have  been,  to  say  the 
least,  foolish.  They  are  perfectly  willing  to  help  spend  the 
money  but  the  schemes  submitted  are  either  vague  or  impractical. 

So  far  I  believe  that  the  City  of  Buffalo  might  be  lighted  from 
Niagara  Palls  and  even  small  powers  of  10  to  20  horse  power  furn¬ 
ished  but  even  in  these  cases  the  cost  would  be  very  little  short 
if  any,  of  erecting  a  large  central  station  with  a  steam  engine  at 
Buffalo.  I  believe  it  would  cost  from  $60.  to  $70.  per  year  per 
horse  power  in  Buffalo  for  large  powers  and  1  suppose  this  iB  bey¬ 
ond  the  cost  of  steam  power  there.  Have  you  any  data  as  to  the 
cost  of  steam  power  in  large  mills  at  Buffalo  or  Tonawanda? 

Hitherto  electric  transmission  of  power  has  come  in  com¬ 
petition  with  small  steam  engines  only,  in  which  the  cost  of  power 
is  often  $200.  per  h.p.  per  year  for  a  10  hour. (.service;.  But  when 

it  has  to  compete  with  large  steam  engines, it  must  furnish  power 
for  about  $50. 


Page  2! 

Have  you  any  data  as  to  the  cost  of  water  power  jis  delivered  from 
the  turbines  at  Niagara  Palls  .  To  the  $5.  for  water  privileges 
must  be  added  the  cost  of  attendance  and  the  interest  and  deprecia¬ 
tion  on  the  cost  of  turbines,  turbine  pitts,  water  ways  etc.  I 
suppose  this  would  make  the  figures  $10.  or  even  $15.  per  year. 

I  propose  to  take  the  figures  at  $10.  if  you  have  no  other  data  for 
an  estimate. 

As  to  local  distribution  of  power  within  the  limits  two 
miles,  I  believe  power  can  be  furnished  in  large  mills  for  from 
$30.  to  $40.  per  year  per  h.p.  but  I  will  give  better  estimates  as 
soon  as  I  can  collect  the  data. 

As  to  Tonawanda,  lighting  can  be  carried  on  there  with 
economy, I  think,  and  small  power  furnished.  As  to  large  powers, all 
depends  on  the  cost  of  steam  power  there.  I  believe  that,  with 
proper  business  and  electrical  management, it  might  pay. 

In  case  of  both  lighting  and  power, however, currents  of 
high  tension  (death-dealing  currents)  must  be  used  in  case  of 
distance  transmission. 

The  proper  method  of  lighting  Tonawanda  would  be  by  al¬ 
ternating  currents, in  the  use  of  which  the  Westinghouse  Company 
stands  preeminent.  Their  system  is  eminently  practical  and  car¬ 
ried  out  with  regard  to  theoretical  as  well  as  comnercial  efficien¬ 
cy.  At  the  same  time  the  high  potential  wires  in  the  street  are 

highly  dangerouse.  I  will  consider  the  case  more  fully  in  my  report 
Yours  sincerely, 

(signed)  Henry  A.  Rowland. 

PS!  This  is  for  incandescent  lighting.  For  arc  lights  I  believe 
the  Brush  system  is  the  best.  This  company  now  belongs  to  the 
Thomso  n-Houst  on . 



Baltimore,  Md.,  Nov.  1,  1889. 

Edward  D.  Adams,  Esq. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Since  writing  my  last  letter  I  have  received  a  letter 
from  the  Westinghouse  Company  about  the  lighting  of  Buffalo  and 
Tonawanda  in  which  they  think  that  neither  would  pay  commercially. 

I  agree  with  them  with  respect  to  Buffalo  but  not  with  respect  to 
Tonawanda.  The  latter  can  be  accomplished  by  the  use  of  a  higher 
potential  than  the  Westinghouse  Company  use.  The  Brush  Company 
have  both  an  arc  and  incandescent  system  of  very  high  potential  and 
the  Company  make  a  success  of  anything  they  undertake.  So  far  as 
I  have  been  able  to  calculate,  the  lighting  of  Tonawanda  would  pay 
a  little  better  than  to  use  a  steam  plant  there  but  even  that  is 

As  to  local  distribution  of  power,  my  figures  are  now 
running  from  $35.  to  $45.  for  a  radius  of  2  miles.  It  seems  more 
and  more  certain  that  electric  transmission  cannot  compete  with 
large  steam  engines  beyond  five  miles. 

Yours  sincerely, 

(signed)  Henry  A.  Rowland. 

iUrt  5  <h,w  fejkls- 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq • 

Orange,  New  Jersey. 

My  dear  Sir 

Supplementing  my  letter  of  November  2nd.,  enclosing  some 
conmunications  from  Professor  Rowland,  I  now  send  herewith  copy  Of 
a  letter  from  Prof.Henry  Morton  and  one  from  Prof. Coleman  Sellers, 
both  upon  the  same  subject. 

Permit  me  to  suggest  for  your  consideration,  the  advisa¬ 
bility  of  inviting  Prof. Rowland  t*o  accompany  you  when  you  visit 
Niagara  Palls.  Should  you  not  be  personally  acquainted  with  him 
and  prefer  that  1  should  extend  the  invitation,  1  shall  be  happy 
t  o  do  so  .  * 

Sincerely  yours. 


Hobokon,  T!..T.  September  27,1830. 

K .  I),  A  darna,  ICaqr. 

Dear  51  i v :  — 

In  reply  to  your  question  respecting  the  practicability 
anil  economy  of  transmit  tin;;  power  in  large  amounts  through  long 
distances  (say  in  units  of  1000  horse  power  for  ten  or  twenty 
miles)  by  means  of  electric  currents,  I  would  say  that  the  problem 
is  not  one  which  has  ::ts  yet  received  anywhere  its  practical  solu¬ 
tion,  and  therefore  we  cannot  say  it  is  certainly  feasible  because 
it  has  already  been  done  in  such  and  such  a  ease. 

barge  amounts  of  power  have  been  transmitted  to  distances 
of  ons  or  tv;o  miles  and  small  amounts  of  power  have  been  transmit¬ 
ted  for  lonr;  distances,  such  as  JJO  miles,  but  the  combination  of 
largo  amounts  of  power  and  Ion?;  distances  has  not  yet  beer,  realized 
in  practice,  and  without  doubt  something  now  in  the  dimensions  and 
proportions  of  electrical  machinery  must  be  developed  in  order  to 
meet  the  requirements  of  such  a  problem  you  propose. 

Enough  however  has  boon  done  to  furnish  a  sound  basis  for 
general  calculations  and  estimates,  and  having  gone  over  these  with 
great  care  in  a  variety  of  cusoa,  I  feel  entirely  satisfied  that 
a  plant  could  bo  constructed  for  the  transmission  of  1000  horse 
power,  through  a  distance  of  10  or  twenty  milos,  at  si;ch  a  coot  as 
would  make  each  horse  power, available  at  the  end  of  the  lino,cout 
from  §10  to  §20  pr. year J  this  including  all  interest  on  the  cost 
of  electrical  machinery,  line  wires,  buildings  and  other  structure^ 
and  the  .expenso  of  icaintenanco  as  expressed  in  wages  of  attendants 
and  cost  of  repairs.  This  does  not  include  the  cost  of  producing 



tha  power  by  turbine  a  or  otherwise  at  Niagara,  which  X  have  not 
examined  or  attempted  to  estimate. 

In  my  estimation  the  difficulties,  exponaivono as  and 
wastefulness  of  any  pneumatic  method  of  transmitting  power  for  such 
distances  render  it  unv/orthy  of  consideration  in  this  connection. 

As  1.o  the  various  methods  in  detail  by  which  power  may 
be  conveyed  by  the  use  of  electric  currents,  a  full  discussion 
would  involve  the  writing  of  a  tcoatiso,  and  I  would  su^ost  that 
the  most  complete  and  satisfactory  method  to  secure  the  best  of 
these,  would  be  to  as!:  for  propositions  from  the  principal  electric 
companies  and  submit  those  to  competent  Klectric  and  .Mechanical 
Engineers  for  selection. 

Very  truly  yours, 

(signed)  Henry  Morton. 

PS:  For  larger  emounts  than  1000  H.P.  it  would  simply  be  necessary 
to  duplicate  the  1000  H.P.  plant. 


HK01  Earing  St. Philadelphia, Oct' r  5th  laDQ, 

E.  D.  Adams,  Esq.,  * 

Hot/  York. 

Hoar  Sir:- 

r°P1Jr  to  your  recent  favor  asking  me  to  report  to 
joa,  this  woek,  cm  tlm  practicability .roliab ility  and  cost,  as  can- 
parec.  „o  steam  power  of  largo  amounts  of  power  transmitted  toy  elec- 
icioy  from  the  falls  of  Niagara  to  Cities  distant  ten  or  twenty 
_  loo,l  would  say  tint  the  subject  is  one  demanding  more  time, but 
i  _ia\e  labored  diligently  to  secure  for  you  such  in Formation  os 
11  enable  you  to  judge  of  the  value  of  the  proposed  method  of 
ut.l-zjnf!  -no  power  of  Niagara  River  near  the  Palls,  and  the  cost  S 
Of  the  power  there  generated  when  carried  to  the  distant  places. 

The  cost  of  steam  power, per  horse  power  per  annum, has  not 
?  rlx™  vn*  ono«Sh  certainty  to  place  it  among  t  e  known  nua.n- 
los.  I  am  clearly  of  opinion,  that  with  coal  at  $5  00  v'r  ton 
cost  of  steam  power  is  not  less  than  $4.5.  per  horse  power  per 
l!n»  ^!0  best  boilers  and  the  inost  improved  engines.  Very 

manufacturers, who  hare  given  much  thought  to  the  cost  of  their 
,  1  *  ai'°  t°  let  it  as  low  as  this  price,  those  who  do 

ta-s  loss,  do  so  under  the  false  impression  that  they  have  an 
excess  of  power  to  dispose  of  costing  thorn  nothing  in  getting, 
oncers  arguing  that  any  price  for  the  surplus  is  botW  mar  ' 
noth  ing . 

The  problem  of  transmission  of  power  to  any  considerable 
.ance,  with  tho  object  in  view  of  renting  that  power,  at  a  low 
,  ib  only  worth  considering  in  conjunction  w*  th  p  po-yor 

remarkable  for  its  quantity,  reliability,  and  its  cheapness  5? -  1 

production,  Such  seems  to  bo  the  cano  under  consideration. 

Having  carefully  considered  the  prospectus  of  the  Niagara 
River  Hydraulic  Tunnel  "«  Sower  Co.,  X  am  impressed  with  th  e  fo  as  - 
ability  of  the  proposed  plan  of  using  this  great  water  power*  which 
always  attracted  the  attention  of  manufacturers.  I  have  no* 
sufficient  data  to  enable  me  to  fully  verify  all  the  estimates  of 
.he  Engineer  of  the  Company,  but  I  can  detect  no  flaw  in  the  ar¬ 
gument,  as  to  practicability,  and  economy,  and  feel  sure,  the  en¬ 
terprise,  if  carried  out  judiciously,  will  be  t]s  means  of  pre¬ 
sent  ing  manufacturers,  wit’n  nn  ab ’undent,  and  cheap  power,  <n  th  a 
reasonable  certainty,  that  tho  power  can  bo  carried  twenty  miles 
cost  that  should  leave  a  fair  margin  of  profit  to  tie  Com¬ 
pany  when  offered  at  less  cost  than  that  c 
at  the  spot,  or  point  of  delivery* 

V/hilc  asked  to  report  on  tho  cost  or  transmitting  by  elootri- ii 
ity  only,  I  ib  el  it  my  duty  to  call  your  attention  to  other  modes 
if  transmitting  motion,  for  the  reason  that  each  may  have  its 
place  in  certain  cases.  If  the  power  of  the  water  is  to  be  used  in ^ 
lighting,  then  the  transmission  of  the  electricity  from  the  Dynamo 
lose  to  the  water  wheel  directly  to  the  distant  city,  will  bo  bet¬ 
ter  than  the  transmission  of  the  required  power  to  Dynamos  at  tho 
distant  placo .  The  question  of  uses  of  the  power  such  as  driving 
machinery  or  hoisting  goods  in  warehouses,  as  well  as  the  distance 
spanned  in  each  case  will  point  to  th o  most  economic  mode  of  trans- 
miss  ion. 

n  power  generated 




Foi-  limited  distances,  say  five  miles,  and  with  rin-ht  of 

the  telodvnam?0t+°n  ”*?  b°  fiiven  to  mnchinery  in  largo  amounts  by 
1  IL^TT  'r  transmission  of  power  that  obtains  in  practice  in 

Svitzeriana  from  sane  of  their  great-water  falls,  and  may  be  worth 
b°S  In  snail  wire. ropes  made  into  endless 

;  can-led  from  large  shioves  over  other  light  easy  running 
shieves  to  and  from  the  place  where  the  power  is  needed.  CUmatiS 
conditions  of  the  Lake  district  may  preclude  the  use  of  this  system 
^  RJiould  it  be  deemed  applicable  to  ary  case,  the  data  of  cost 
0a“  \°  OJ‘ain°d  tr,m  reliable  published  reports  on  the  system. 

in  the  case  of  operating  hoisting  machines  in  warehouses 
nr  "ITf Ul"i'  Sl°W  mov:uip  machines,  hydraulic  transmission  by  means 
under  considerable  pressure  regulated  by  accumulators 
lias  been  used  to  great  advantage. 

.Jr*™**9  tr‘an:imi!1;;i°-5  or  compressed  air  carried  in  pipes 
°  diota m.  engines,  has  been  used  in  many  places,  perehans  *o  a 
gr^at  entent  at  the  Falls  of  St.  Anthony,  and  L  so4  minSg  op¬ 
era. ions.  It  has  the  advantage  of  giving  to  the  consumer  an  elas¬ 
tic  gas  .hat  can  be  used  like  steam  in  the:’ 
use  of  this  system  lias  many  defects, such  a- 


r  engines.  The  extended 

power,  from  the  loss  of  heat  driven/ off  by  compression!'  from'^  ^ 
SomnS^t  and  from  the  cold  manifested  in  expansion  Ac. 

donod^n  ^  P  f*'  Pnouniatic  transmission  arc  now  being  aban- 

donod  m  mining  operations  for  electricity,  but  the  subject  4 

involS  tL0”0 iDn *  ln  a°  ™Ch  as  8®»  °P  the  difficulties 
4  I3e0t  may  be  overcane.  Had  I  personal  control 
a  .  Problem  of  transmission  as  now  presented,  I  should  certainly 
coot  °n  t!“  SUbjCCt  as  he  got  without  m4h 

Zo  Li  valuablG  knowledge  on  the  subject  can  bo  obtained  fron 
tr" an sm i o s  1  on f  CQnpressta^  machines,  who  have  studied  the  cost  of 

In  regard  to  the  problem  of  transmitting  power  by  moans  of 
ricit?;  wo  are  unfortunate  in  having  no  good  examples  to  use 
a™!  ’  rP°n  '  Wn  °an  ba8e  calculations  as  to  cost,  largo 
amounts  of  power  have  been  cheaply  sent  short  distances  say  two  o" 

f^Mrr  thm’  simn*mimtB  or  PO"or  have  boon  sent  very  much 
i ai  . re r  than  is  now  under  consideration.  Y/o  cannot  base  our 
calculations  on  the  latter  cases  for  the  reason  that  with  electri¬ 
cal  machinery  extension  in  volume  or  size  on  any  given  plan  does 
-L!Uh  col\ta*nty  ?ive  Proportional  good  results/  Sr  tan  iatSxx- 
in  *”  aaK*3oHClx  Each  case  has  to  be  considered 

moot  ti  O  ^°+aU  lts  conditions  and  the  machinery  designed  to 
thodr-  nS*  v?  hav°  inf0 nation  enough  to  point  to  me¬ 

thods  that  will  accomplish  the  result  with  economy  even  when  we  " 
assume  a  largo  margin  for  errors. 

su'ljoc  t  H£  Giving  all  the  arguments  would  in- 

In  the  li„ M  of  ?  a  reP°f-  1  haV°  °arUl',Jlly  Gohc  over  the  subject 
in  .no  light  oi  the  experience  aof  competent  elodtrical  Engineers 
ns  t^Vf  seloctod  Jh0  systera  H»oly  to  be  the  most  satisfactory 

choavos^in'rir  T  V°  "T  C°St-  ^  SyStem  Seomin*  to  be  tii 

S  in  nil  f  :+,  °+°at  evolves  so  many  difficulties  in  keeping 

7."^  weathers  that  I  hare  not  confidence  in  its  seeming  price. 
1  !  f/1  co"?lderatl-°n  of  the  safest  mode  of  transmission  has  lead 

to  oelief  that  Power  in  quantities  of  1,000  Horse  Powers  can 


t0  tV/0nty  mil06  at  a  ««>*  Of  from  ton  to  twenty 
all  mnXi.  ?  0  r‘°We1’’  aconrdln«  to  distance.  This  price  to  cover 

,/hool  tha-^drivosStiS  f;nGqVt  t!D  Cost  0T  the  P°wer  from  the  water 
1?/,  *  ,  rS  t  Ke  crating  machine.  I  do  not  think 

power  nvo  v,  aZ  T  °f  cheai,ly  sencUnr;  larger  quantities  of 
wir.i  '  ^  Plant,  to  increase  the  amount  transmitted  the 

r^l0‘  1Tlano  Wl11  be  d’T;lioat°d  or  multiplied  to  the  extent  called 

n  piacuCo.  iho  use  „o  which  the  electricity  will  bo  art  lied  -/-m 
influence  its  final  cost.  To  make  this  clear  I  must  cSl  vour 
,  ,  tf  onst  °f  steam  power.  In  any  large-  factory  it  has 

0  -wmd  m0S!'  economical  to  centralize  the  power.'  One  la^e 
ooeam  en-ao  will  in  spite  of  the  known  loss  in  transmitting 
power  by  line  shafting,  give  a  better  result  than  mr-'  snail  en- 

-S5«S*  "“**  cll'ivinr.  machines  moi-e  dii-cotly 

r,%:  ~ 

au  one  place  giving  motion  to  shafting  after  the  manner  of  the 
L^LS:r  en,^llia'  ■n‘IG  ri na  1  cost  of  the  power  will  depenl  par- 
f/J*  f  the  terminal  buildings  and  the  care  of  the  plant 

I,  ,  . ]  0"G1  can  bG  delivered  by  conductors  and  d istributod  in 
buildings  owned  by  tie  manufacturer,  and  if  too  he  is  the  owi»"  of 
P  *****  hiS  nia°hine  ^  C°St  o'  *1° livery 

I  mention  this  matter  of  distribution  mainly  to  show  how 
n  care  must  be  given  to  tie  su.jcct  and  how  much  can  bo  saved 
wise  engineering.  Hoping  that  what  I  have  given  you  will  be 
pier*0-1  iaiiId  m'K°  yalr  SGekinf5  estimates  from  loading  makers  of 
pSctr-Can  ?lamB  aml  th°  the  .plans  and  estimates  to 

Srionrr  H  anV°  Hao?»nioal  ^gineors  who  have  had  ex- 

|  pen  once  m  t!;e  tram  sniss  ion  of  power. 

Yours  truly, 

(Signed)  Coleman  Sellers. 

_ Oi^riK.  ft 

^LjU*.-*^.*.^  ^ZZT  <-**- 

Otltl,  M-*ujl\j^  I,  .  ^cx<^4.  o^ 

^  P~*^jLu*Z( 

<£*-■'  -u^.  •  c£^pc-,^iir‘ 

— ^uL.  ^  ' 

.  \^r  -<^^r<a\ 


jl  Niagara  Palls,  m,  y. ,  liovr.  5th,  1889,' 

|  William  B,  Rankin©,  Esq., 
jj  New  York  City, 

My  dear  Mr,  Rankin© : 

j|  1  have  your  letter  with  copy  of  one  from  Prof- 

ji  essor  Rov/land. 

let  us  consider  some  of  his  statements.  He  put3 
[;  the  COQt  of  delivery  of  Electric  power  from  Niagara  Palls 
I  t0  Buffalo  at  §60  to  §70  per  h.p.  "for  large  powers."  Is 
i;  this  true? 

The  Tunnel  Co.  will  develop  100,000  h.p.  at  Niagara 
|  Palls  at  a  cost  of  §8,000,000,  including  a  large  amount  of 
|  real  estate  the  revenue  from  which  we  will  not  consider. 

The  fixed  charges  upon  the  whole  investment  will  be,  say  5# 
interest  -  equal  to  §100,000,  or  §1.00  per  h.p.  for  crude  or 
|  undeveloped  power. 

A  plant  of  10  Water  Wheels  of  1000  h.p.  each  equal 
jj  t0  10»000  h.p.  can  be  placed  in  a  wheel  pit  and  power 
brought  to. the  surface  for  §60,000, 
ji  The  fixed  annual  charges  on  this  outlay  are: 

on  the  Capital  ($60,000)  §3,000 
S#  for  repairs,  *c. ,  3,000 
Attendance  &c.  4,000. 

Total,  §10,000. 

or  §1.00  per  h.p.  per  annum,  and  a  total  cost  of  §2.00  per 
h.p.  on  Shaft  at  Niagara. 

let  us  consider  the  plant  for  transmission  of  5000 
h.p.  to  Buffalo  to  equal  a  cost  of  $1,000, OOo  and  we  find. 

Fixed  charges  of  5#  on  capital 


Attendance  &c,  (estimated)  . 



Add  $2.  per  h.p.  for  8000  h.p. 

allow  ing 

loss  of  40X  in  transmission 




I  V/hich  Gives  us  about  $18.85  per  li.p.  per  annum  at  Buffalo. 
It  must  not  bo  forgotten  that  this  sum  pays  l>%  on  all  tho 
capital  diroctly  invested  in  the  line  and  covers  operating 
expenses  of  the  same.  This  estimate  includes  the  entire 
cost  of  right  of  way  to  Buffalo,  and  it  follows  that'  tho 
;  second  5000  h.p.  necessarily  would  cost  loss  than  the  first. 
;  These  figures  Beem  to  show  that  Prof.  Rowland's  estimate  of 
$80  to  $70  is  entirely!  erroneous. 

Prom  careful  investigation  wo  find  that  the  most 

i'  favorable  showing  that  can  bo  made  in  Buffalo  of  minimum 

|i  - 

j;  of  Gteam  P°wer  ia  $30  lup.  This  is  only  attained 

jj  by  larG®  Plants  working  under  the  most  favorable  conditions, 
j!  1131(1  th0  average  steam  power  oosts  anywhere  from  §50  to  $100 
|  per  h.p, 

|  Briefly  the  conclusions  must  be  as  follows: 

FIRST:  That  steam  power  in  Buffalo  costs  from 

$80  to  $100  per  h.p, 

SECOND:  That  the  Niagara  power  trahsnitted  to  Buf¬ 

falo  will  cost  $17  to  $20  per  h.p.  delivered  at  one  or  more 
central  stations. 


Prof,  Rowland  refers  to  the  ability  of  the  Brush 
Company  to  carry  out  anything  they  may  undertake  arxi  we  are 


:  pleased  to  refer  you  to  an  offer  signed  by  the  President  of 
ji  thG  Bru8h  °°*>  *Ir-  Stockley,  a  copy  of  which  you  have,  stat- 
j;  inc  th0  r  willingness  to  supply  the  plait  to  transmit  this 
jj  power  t0  and  guaranteeing  results  such  as  I  have 

I;  outlined  above. 

{:  Prof.  Rowland’s  statement  as  to  cost  of  local  trans- 

j;  mlsBion  to  points  within  3  miles  of  the  initial  power  here 
I  iB  ^togethei-  erroneous.  Starting  at  the  Company’s  works 
[  hSre  with  a  net  ooat  of  *2.  h.p.  the  added  expense  of 

I  tranallls3ion  is  simply  the  cost  of  wires,  and  poles  or  con- 
|  duits. 

In  fact  the  transmission  of  power  for  two  or  three 
||  miles  on  or  near  our  lands  is  hardly  worth  considering,  as 
i  the  cost  cannot  in  any  manner  affect  our  enterprise.  The 
;  Power  may  bo  cheaply  transmitted  one  to  three  miles  by  cable 
I  and  ovr  Rlvor  frontage  is  so  extensive  that  300  Manufactur- 
|i  in®  establisliments  can  be  located  upon  our-  lands,  receive 
I  wator  frcm  th0  Niagara  River,  and  have  their  Water  Wheels 
|  within  a  few  feet  of  their  doors. 

Finally  do  not  let  our  friends  commit  the  error  of 
determining  the  value  of  tho  Niagara  power  solely  by  its 
possible  uses  in  Buffalo.  Such  U3e  must  and  will  be  largo 
in  amount  and  remunerative,  but  I  make  the  prodiction  that 
there  will  be  a  demand  for  it  from  all  parts  of  the  Country 
from  individuals  and  firms  seeking  reliable  and  lasting  pow¬ 
er  that  will  build  up  a  rovonuo  which  will  fully  care  for 
the  fixed  charges  upon  the  capital  invested. 

I  Th0  ability  of  our  Company  to  supply  cheap  power, 

||  centrally  located,  with  unrivalled  shipping  facilitios, 
muBt  and  will  produce  satisfactory  results. 

It  may  be  presumption  on  my  part  to  criticise  the 
j  opinions  of  a  Professor  of  Johns  Hopkins  University,  yet 

^when  one  seeks  the  opinion  and  advice  of  a  person  supposed 

I  '%s 

rto  possess  superior  and  authoritative  knowledge  upon  a  sub¬ 
ject  and  finds  that  person  engaged  in  accumulating  the  opin¬ 
ions  of  other  people  upon  which  to  base  his  ovm,  it  would 
;J  ,'8e em  to  be  a  plain  confession  of  structural  weakness;  at 
if  least  in  the  direction  of  the  subject  matter  under  consider¬ 
ation,  and  any  opinion  so  formed  ought  not  to  be  valued,  as 
|  against  those  of  Edison,  Brush  and  others  who  have  made 
j  great  discoveries  in  electrical  matters  and  who  know  from 
|  their  ovm  practical  experience  what  theoretical  men  have  had 
no  opportunity  of  learning. 

Yours  truly, 

Charles  B.  Gaskill, 
per  A.  J.  P. 

Niagara.  falls. N.  Y. 

bear  ~ir 

heferrlng  to  the  prices  of  coal  for  steam/, vs  can  not  give  you  such  figures 
now  Cfor  reasons  before  mentioned:  as  we  think  you  will  want,  to  contract  atjin  fact, 
at  this  time  can  not  make  you  price  beyond  Kay. 1st. on  soft  coal.  On  hard  coal, price  « 
at,  mines  subject  to  the  conting  encies  of  transportation  and  mining  [iej  strikes  and 
fluctuations  in  rreigftt  from  mines  to  buffalo  and  Niagara  falls, which  are  always  the 
same  in  these. days. 

rAe  sill  make  you  Anthracite  Pea  coal  at  the  breaker., and  Grate  at 

$1.90  per  gross  ton.  Present  rate  of  freight  to  Niagara  falls  is  $2.00  per  gross 
ton., making  Pea  $£.95  and  Grate  $3. 90, equal  to  Ss.sS  &  $3.48  respectively  per  net  ton 

of  2000  Its.,  i'hls  price  13  for  one  year., subject  to  above  named  conditions.  ive  , 

do  not  look  for  any  material  advance  in  freight  from  mines  to  Niagara  falls. 

On  Soft  coal, we  will  make  you  price  of  $1.80  per  nit  ton  at  Buffalo, up  to 
May.  13 1. ; this  is  as  long  as  we  can  make  you  a  price  on  soft  coal  at  present., but  as 
before  stated/ve  think  later  on^-ln  the  winterise  can  fit  you  out  on  that  eoal^f  you 
prefer -Soft. coal)for  a  year.  ibl'S  price  is  based  on  about  the  quantity  you  mentioned 
We  would  like  to  figure  with  you  when  you  get  down  to  business.and  want  to  contract, as 
we  feel  satisfied  that  we  can  give  yousatisfactior.ras  regards  quality  &.  price. 

,0»r»  truly,  1 

Harold  p.  brown. 

Nov.  7,  1883. 

? -  /S/fe 

_ _  /  o  / 

My  Dear  Mr.  Edison, 

The  London  Daily  News  published  on  Tuesday  an  ac¬ 
count  of  the  Tcilltng  of  a  horse  tn  this  city  Monday  A.M. 
Yesterday  the  Westtnghouse  people  opened  fire  upon  them, 
claiming  that  the  report  was  all  wrong.  They  cabled  for 
confirmation  and  1  was  able  to  send  the  tnclosed  tn  con- 
dens  ed  form  over  my  own  signature.  Is  this  worth  while 
to  follow  up  in  that  benighted  land?  I  also  inclose 
some  other  matters  whtch  may  be  of  interest. 

Sincerely  Yours, 


Cable  Dispatch  sent  by  request  to  The  London  Daily  News. 

Referring  to  the  accident  last  Monday  morning  where¬ 
by  a  horse  was  killed  on  Fourth  Avenue  and  a  police  ser 
geant  injured ,  will  say  that  such  occurrences  have  be¬ 
come  very  common  since  the  introduction  of  the  hig7i-ten- 
sion  alternating  current.  The  explanation  is  simple  to 
anyone  having  experience  with  the  peculiarities  of  that 
deadly  current.  In  the  first  place  although  it  was  not 
at  the  time  raining ,  everything  was  still  saturated  wi  Si. 
water;  a  rusted  telephone  wire  had  fallen  tnto  the  street 
and  trailed  against  an  « insulated//  wire  carrying  the  al¬ 
ternating  current.  The  earth  connection  thus  formed  was 
but  a  partial  one  and  vhen  the  horse  shod  with  iron, 
struck  the  wire  and  pulled  it  taut,  his  body  being  more 
completely  connected  to  earth,  shunted  sufficient  cur¬ 
rent  through  '  tt  to  produce  death. 

He  fell  upon  the  wire  and  it  is  not  at  all  unlikely 
that  the  contact  of  the  rusted  wire  against  the  street 
car  rail  may  have  allowed  sufficient  current  to  &ufficin'rtt 
current  to  pass  to  heat  the  point  of  contact  and  finally 
produce  an  arc. 

The  body -of  the  horse  vhen  lying  on-the  paving 
stones,  no  longer  formed  so  complete  aground  connection , 
and  when  the  driver  touched  tt  he  received  a  portion  of 
the  current,  but  not  sufficient  to  produce  serious  inju¬ 
ry.  The  police  sergeant  then  came  in  contact  with  the 
wire  between  the  horse  and  the  pole  and  deflected  suf¬ 
ficient  current  to  knock  him  down  and  burn  him.  The  ac¬ 
counts  indicate  that  he  too  fell  upon  the  wire  and  his 
assistant  tn  pulling  him  off  received  his  quota. 

This  may  seem  improbable  to  English  readers;  it  did 
to  us  at  first  but  there  have  been  so  many  similar  acci¬ 
dents  tn  vhich  the  alternating  current  divided  among  sev 
erai  living  beings  from  a  partially  grounded  wire,  that 
we  know  tt  is  only  too  true.  One  case  out  of  a  dozen 
wtll  suffice. 

On  the  A.M.  of  Feb.  6,  1888,  before  dayltght,  the 
driver  of  a  grocery  wagon  on  a  prominent  street  tn  Buf¬ 
falo,  N.Y. ,  saw  his  horse  fall.  He  tried  to  pull  hts 
antmal  up  but  fa  tied  and  struck  tt  with  hts  wet  vJhtp,  re 
hetvtng  sufficient  shock  to  throw  htm  backwards  tnto  hts 
wagon.  The  ground  was  covered  with  snow  and  wet  snow 
was  falltng.  Hts  cries  brought  to  hts  assistance  Isaac 
Morton,  a  porter  for  the  Wagner  Palace  car  Co.,  who 
seized  the  horse  by  the  bridle  and  was  instantly  killed 


Harold  p.  brown, 

Subsequent  examination  showed  that  a  telephone  wire 
had  uroken,  one  end  falling  into  the  street,  resttng  a- 
gainst  an  « insulat  ed«  wire  carrying  the  Westtnghouse  al¬ 
ternating  current  at  1,000  volts  pressure .  Had  it  been 
c'urrent  ln  either  of  these  cases  the  grounding  of 
the  wire  would  have  short-circuited  some  of  the  lamps 
a?id  thus  indicated  to  the  station  attendant  that  some¬ 
thing  was  wrong;  or  if  an  automatic  regulator  was  used, 
mSP/fl,tgJ^ner,aZJy  lhB  caae>  the  voltage  would  have  been  tm 
mediately  reduced  and  such  accidents  would  have  been  im¬ 
possible.  With  the  alternating  current,  however,  there 
is  no  means  of  detecting  at  the  station  whether  the  cur¬ 
rent  Passes  through  converters  and  lamps  or  leaks  to  the 
ground  and  returns  through  a  human  body  and  a  stray  wtre 
C07nPZaint  the  experts  of  the  New  York  Health 
Department  made  an  examination  on  the  night  of  Oct.  I4  » 
Iff®*  °/  the  ci™uits  leading  from  the  best  equipped  al¬ 
ternating  current  station  in  this  city.  One  end  of  a 
v.0Zlmeterl  was  connected  to  earth  and  the  other 
applied  in  turn  to  each  terminal  of  nine  different  cir- 
onltV  FtIU71  °/  these  were  in  subways  and  the  others  on 
ry  case  Previous  tests  of  insulation  re- 
shovjed  very  high  insulation.  But  with  the 
rVZn  r «n  ^ Tnnt  testS  a  difference  of  potential  of 
from  leo  to.  S00  volts  was  found  to  extst  upon  every  cir¬ 
cuit,  tne  average  betng  450  volts. 

This  is  of  course  an  Induced  current  but  it  is  more 
than  sufficient  to  produce  death  tn  a  human  being  touch - 
i7f  ®  vjtre  whtle.  making  a  ground  connect  ton.  The  armor 
of  the  underground  cables  and  the  moisture  surrounding 
rnt  *?s'uZ*tion  °f  overhead  wires  farmed  a  conducting  pa*h 
for  this  induced  current.  This  seems  incredible  and  it 
■would  of  course  be  impossible  in  a  short  laboratory  cir¬ 
cuit.  But  when  the  wtres  extend  for  miles  the  static 
capacity  may  easily,  become  very  large.  Ur.  Hopktnson 
long  ago  pointed  out  the  fact  that  converters  were  at 
the  same  time  condensers  and  might  be  a  source  of  danger 
out*  think  I  was  the  first  to  show  that  the  conductors 
themselves  might  be  so  regarded.  In  concluding  the 
report  of  their  tests  the  Health  Dept,  recommended  that 
the  pressure  of  the  alternating  current  be  limited  to 
2S0  volts.  It  is  hoped  that  this  limitation  win  be  ad¬ 
opted  since  the  high  tension  alternating  current  has  al- 
ready  claimed  40  victims ,  II  of  whom  were  killed  in  the 
oVrrthAr"  Vkrl»hrr-'  fie  tyndon  Electrical  Review  of  Oct. 

An"  (r, 

lZjO^i-6 - 

cLrt~*+~  «-,  C'  t^£. 

y/c^ir t- 

■A  - 

//*_  £~~jf  SJ~ 

yw«,  - - 

A.„  <£^A  ✓ 

firr-fZC-  ffcvU.  Zuiy/~<- 

/t<z~-  wo  /  «-,'  y  •»«-  HsAy-  ■ 

xju.  ‘&'*^ .  J2ny^‘-~ 

/tacja  Y‘~-''  £*Y^~  Co^-^~ 

>/v /%cf-^ 

New  York,8th.  November,  1889. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.  V^, 

Orange,  New  Jersey.  ' 

My  dear  Mr. Edison: - 

The  duty  on  imported  cables  is  45*.  Having  had  some 
experience  in  the  importation  of  cables  in  this  country,  I  think  I 
can  say  positively  that  it  would  be  impossible  to  get  a  cable  in 
free  of  duty  for  inland  use. 

Should  you  desire,  giving  me  the  necessary  specifica¬ 
tions,  I  can  procure,  through  an  engineer  in  London  who  has  acted 
for  some  Companies  that  I  am  connected  with,  positive  proposals 
from  the  various  constructors  of  electrical  cables  in  England,  so 
that  we  may  know  exactly  what  time  and  money  would  be  required  for 
this  branch  of  the  business.  In  contracts  involving  several 
millions  of  dollars  this  gentleman  acted  as  our  inspector  located 
at  the  works,  and  being  a  practical  electrician  having  a  personal 
acquaintance  with  all  the  manufacturers,  his  services  would  be  use¬ 
ful  and  I  can  have  them  promptly. 

As  to  jurisdiction  in  the  Niagai-a  River,  it  has  been  de¬ 
clared  by  the  Government  to  be  a  navigable  stream.  It  would  be 
necessary  to  obtain  the  consent  from  the  United  States  Government 


to  lay  a  cable,  and  also  from  the  towns  along  the  line  of  the  river 
-the  latter  necessity  being  in  lieu  of  the  State  authority,  by 
reason  of  the  amendment  to  the  Niagara  Palls  Company's  charter,  un¬ 
der  which  the  necessary  power  has  been  conferred  for  our  action, 
subject  only  to  the  approval  of  the  townships.  This  latter  can 

readily  be  obtained  at  short  notice. 

Very  truly  yours, 

k  ■  A  /.  /'?/?/ '/».  , 

£>  Cx^  jl,  *w/  4-^0  *~c- 

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O'/s#??  rs7ayy 

/SS  J2  “&tA 


We  are  attorneys  in  a  suit  in  this  city  which  involves 
first,  the  danger  to  life  and  property  from  the  single  trolley 
wire  overhead  electric  railway  system,  pressure  five  hundred 
volts.  Second,  the  practicability  and  possibilities  of  the 
conduit  or  underground  and  the  storage  battery  electric  railway 
system.  Would  you  be  willing  to  give  us  your  deposition  as  a 
s.-  ientist  on  the  subject,  which  will  involve  many  of  the  points 
touched  by  you  in  your  November  Article  published  in  the  North 
American  Review  as  the  electric  lights  are  in  use  in  this  city 
with  their  wires  crossing  and  recrossing  the  trolley  wire  of  the 
railroad,  the  electric  wires  having  a  pressure  of  from  one  to  two 
thousand  volts.  The  telephone  wires  also  cross  the  trolley  wire 
of  the  railroad  and  run  parallel  with  it  in  many  places.  The 
electric  light  wires  and  telephone  wires  were  put  up  first  am! 
have  p rocedenML-in  point,  of  t ime  over  the  trolley  wire  railroads  of 
this  city.  If  you  will  agree  to  give  us  your  deposition  in  the 
case  we  will  at  once  send  forward  the  interrogatories  to  an  attorny 
(tfen.Prjror)  so  that  wo  can  have  your  answers.  A  brief  answer  to 
this  letter  indicating  your  views  on  the  above  questions,  especially 
that  of  danger  to  life  and  property  frcm  the  overhead  trolley  wire 

Hew  York,  19th.  December,  1889. 

Dear  Mr .Edison! - 

I  send  you  herewith  the  latest  report,  that  of  Dr. Coleman 
Sellers,  upon  the  Niagara  project,  for  your  information. 

Sincerely  yours. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq 


3301  Baring  St . , 

Philadelphia,  Deo,  17th  1889, 

!  2d.  D.  Adame,  Esq . , 

17  Nassau  Stroot, 

I  How  York, 

|:  3irs~ 

Having  viewed,  in  oompany  with  Mr.  Albert.  H.Portor, 
the  lands  at  the  option  of  tho  Niagara  River  Hydraulic 
Tunnel,  Power  and  Sower  Company,  incorporated  by  att  of  tha 
How  York  legislature ,  passed  March  31st,  1880,  and  consid¬ 
ered  tho  proposed  tunnel  as  designed  by  Mr.  Thomas  Ever- 
shod,  C.E.,  X  offor  tho  following  report  as  to  practicabil¬ 
ity  and  cost  of  tho  enterprise. 

Tho  plan  of  -utilising  tho  power  of  Niagara  river,  in 
buildings  to  bo  erootod  on  tho  property  of  the  Company  • 
above  the  uppor  RapidB,  by  meana  of  a  tunnel  or  tail  raoo 
from  the  property  to  tho  bank  of  the  river  below  tho  falls, 
ns  explained  in  the- panphlot  issued  by  tho  Company  in  1886 
end  fully  described  by  the  then  Division  Engineer  of  the 
State  of  How  York  Mr.  Thomas  Evorshod ,  C.E.,  and  indorsed 
by  Mr.  Elnathan  Sweet,  tho  State  Engineer  and  Surveyor, 
is  one  that  oontnends  itself  as  feasible  ,  end  no  exception 
can  bo  taken  to  tho  general  plan  of  tho  project  as  proaont- 
od  by  tho  proposer  of  the  ochomo.  The  question  as  before 
me  is  one  of  mechanical  engineering,  and  finding  no  ac¬ 
curate  surveys  upon  which  to  base  an  OBtiraato  of  cost  or 
any  details  showing  distribution  of  powers,  I  look  upon 
lb*.  Evorshod* a  presontution  of  the  case  as  expressive  of 
an  idea  and  not  as  the  perfection  of  the  engineering  ochomo 



after  the  project  should  have  boon  aoooptod  by  capitalists  ! 
and  tho  work  put  in  hand. 

In  tho  abaonco  of  a  porfect  topographical  survey  of 
I  looation,  I  have  been  obliged  to  seek  such  information 
{  bo  oon  bo  obtained,  opart  from  my  personal  observation  of 
!  tho  land  and  the  geological  formation  of  tho  rooks  undor-  | 
;  lying  tho  surface  of  the  ground,  as  exposed  in  the  vast  j 
;  cut  mado  by  tho  fells  during  many  past  egos; 

!  1st.  To  the  reports  of  the  geologists  who  have  conoid-  I 
!  ered  the  interesting  problem  of  tho  reoedence  of  the  Palls 
j.  to  the  present-  site: 

|  aid.  To  tho  testimony  of  persons  who  have  boon  engaged 
!'  in  tunneling  or  making  hydraulic  canal  a  in  tho  immediate 
|  neighborhood: 

|  3rd.  On  the  re  Cords  of  tho  Hydraulic  Oanal  Company ,moro 
particularly  as  thoy  relate  to  the  fluctuations  of  the  sur- 
i  faco  height  of  the  rivor  at  the  mouth  of  their  oanal  at 
|  Port  Day,  for  which  information  I  am  indebted  to  Mr.  W. 0. 

!  Johnson  C,  B. ,  engineer  of  tho  Hydraulic  Oanal  Company, 

;  4th .  To  Mr,  David  Philips,  who  has  furnished  mo  with 


|  the  aooount  of  tho  rocks  passed  through  in  boring  a  gas 
|  well  on  the  property  of  tho  Company,  and  who  is  at  present 
lj  engaged  in  building  a  canal  on  the  Canadian  side  of  tho 
rivor  for  tho  Water  Works;  who  has  had  to  do  with  the 
jl  tunnel  at  Lookport  and  who  has  noted  its  durability  undor 
I  similar  conditions  as  will  obtain  hero;  who  has  had  con- 
l  stant  employment  about  the  falls,  making  him  a  valuable 
|i  and  reliable  authority  on  matters  connected  with  tho  riso 


!  pnd  fal1  or  tho  river  both  above  and  below  the  falls.  j 

5th.  On  the  corroborative  testimony  of  the  residents  ofj 
tho  looality.  Among  those  I  may  montionoMr. H.S. Ware,  fa_ 

|:  miliar  '7ith  wolls  071  «>o  site  of  tho  proposed  work;  also  Mr 
j  J*  Kofiran  who  ha3  knowlodgo  or  tho  wells  Bvmk  in  hia  ttoo. 

[  6th.  To  Oeptcin  Charles  B.  Deskill  for  tho  oonditiona 
\  staining  in  the  mill  alien  foci  by  the  hydraulic  Canal. With 
!  0oPtain  Q "skill  visit  was  itado  to  tho  whool  pit  of  Messrs.  ! 

:  Showilkoph  &  Mathews  mill  built  in  1870,  taking  power  from  j 

;  tho  Hydraulic  Canal  Co.  Also  to  the  base  of  the  cliff  at  I 

|  the  head  of  the  lower  rapids,  whoro  tho  "shalo"  can  bo  I 

j  seen  and  examined.  J 

j  7th.  To  Mr.  A.  C.  R*ce,  Consulting  Engineer  for  ifbssrs. 

|  Stilwell  &  Biox-co  Mfg.  Oo.,  for  much  valuable  information 
;  in  regard  to  tho  action  of  turbine  water  -wheals  under  high 
;  heeds. 

8th.  To  Mr.  Alexander  J.  Portor  for  survey  and  sound- 
ingp  of  the  river. 

j  To  1!r •  Albert  H.  Portor  who  showed  me  tho  lands 

|  and  who  hoa  rendered  mo  valuable  assistance  in  tho  prosofi 
[  outiQn  of  investigation,  and' who  imp r oases  mo  very 

j  favorably  as  to  his  knowledge  of  tunneling,  from  his  oon- 
j  nootion  with  the  Tfork  on  tho  How  York  acquoduet. 

!|  Starting  with  tho  idea  that  the  first  outlay  should 

|  economically  open  up  proporty  capable  of  giving  space  for 
j:  tho  wildings  that  could  uso  to  advantage  say  SO  ,000  horse 
i  poW3r  of  tho  120,000  H.P.  assumed  as  available,  X  have 
located  the  first  canal  on  the  property  of  lb*.  J,  Binkley 
the  line  running  south  10°  IS#  west  magnetic  meridian,  and 
S.  '  - 


i  passing  12  1/&  foot  weBt  of  K r.  Binkley's  house,  the  pro-  j 

I  s 

file  of  which  locality  hua  boon  furnished  by  Mr.VT.O. Johnson  | 

!  C.E.,  and  herewith  given,  marked  A. 

Jiaps  of  the  location  furnished  mo  unon  which  tho 


i  many  oroas  omiala  have  boon  plaaod,  aro  irdoloading  an  tbey  1 

aro  predicated  on  a  great  amount  of  filling,  for  tfhioh 
■■  filling  I  Oan  see  no  mats  rial  available  at  the  presont  j 
moment,  I  sloo  object  to  tho  extent  of  filling  as  not  j 
;■  conducive  to  free  water  supply  to  the  canal,  without  danger 
:  of  cutting  off  from  the  Hydraulic  Canal  Company,  Finding 
1  tho  land  between  Buffalo  Street  and  tho  river  bank  too  ! 
contracted  for  the  purpose,  .1  have  askod  for  optional  prico 
of  tho  land  between  that  street  end  the  line  of  tho  rail¬ 
road,  Papers  marked  B,  will  cover  the  plan  of  the  propos- 
|  od  additional  ground  and  the  prices  asked  for  the  property, 
i  In  my  estimate  of  total  cost  I  include  the  cost  of  this 
;  land.  Tho  proposed  canal  will  lie  about  6,020  feet  above 
|  tho  mouth  of  tho  tunnel  and  the  property  at  tho  option  of 
j  the  Company  extends  so  for  up  the  river  as  to  enable  five 
othor  canals  to  bo  located,  the  last  one  being  6,600  foot 
|  above  tho  one  under  consideration. 

j  Assuming  90  foot  head  to  be  tho  most  economical,  but 

!:  leaving  room  for  tho  use  of  96  feet  head  if  wheels  can  be 
|  obtained  to  work  economically  at  the  pressure  and  velocity 
j  due  to  that  head  or  fall,  1  hiare  changed  the  grade  of  the 
;  main  tunnel  from  a  fall  of  one  foot  per  hundred  as  laid 
:  down  by  Hr.  Evorshsd  to  1/LO  of  a  foot  to  the  hundred,  nom- 
|  inally  to  a  slope  of  .007.  I  maintain  this  grade  or  slope 
j  up  to  tho  canal  under  which  lisa  tho  first  cross  tunnel. 


and  having  found  "that  this  constant  decrease  of  water  war— 

;  mats  the  change,  I  have  adopted  a  slopo  of  .005  as  tho 
bottom  grade  of  tho  rotnaininc  G,C00  foot  of  tho  main  tunnel 
By  this  means  I  obtain  a  uniform  90*  to  95*  ho ad  ovor  tho 
jj  whole  land.  Prom  tho  first  cross  tumsl,  that  is  to  say 
!|  from  a  point  6,020  foot  from  tho  mouth  of  tho  main  tunnel, 
the  saiso  size  of  cross  section  will  bo  maintained  up  stream 
for  a  distance  of  about  1,350  foot,  to  tho  second  oros3 
tunnel,  which  tunnel. will  aocontnodate  24,000  horso  powox', 
and  after  thi3  amount  has  beon  disposed  of,  the  main  tunnel 
:j  will  dooroaaa  in  siae  in  sections  of  1,350  feet  until  tho 
last  sootion  is  reacted,  when  the  area  of  tho  tunnel, will 
;j  bo  decreased  from  572  feet  to  201  feot  area  or  from  a  27 
!  foot  tunnol  to  one  of  16  foot  diameter,  the  cost  of  each 
!,  3oction  being  loss  than  its  predoooasor,  while  tho  value 
|  of  the  building  si too  will,  bo  uniform,  so  far  as  head  of 
water  is  o<*icornad  and  mere  valuable  as  boing  near  to  Buf¬ 
falo  and  farther  f rom  tho  dangorous  part  of  tho  stream. 

In  ny  treatment  of  thia  subject,  I  have  had  to  take 
j:  into  consideration  tho  nature  of  tho  rod?  through  which  the 
j:  water  will  pass  ,  and  in  considering  the  use  of  watui*  under 
i  a  hood  of  90  feot  at  least,  I  have  based  ny  calculations  of 
i:  volurao  on  tho  loss  in  transmission  from  tho  wheel  to  the 
j1  surfaoe  and  aim  to  deliver  oaoh  1,000  horse  poppr  blooJc  in 
such  manner  as  to  givo  that  poror  at  the  first  Jack  shaft 
I;  in  each  mill.  In  diminishing  the  slope  from  that  proposed 

i'  in  tho  estimate  of  tho  designers  of  tho  scheme  I  have  en- 

j;  ' 

jj  denvorod  to  koop  down  tho  cost  of  const  ruction  by  adopting 
||  a  now  system  of  surface  canal  that  will  so  much  lessen  tho 



I  00 construction  as  to  make  the  larger  section  of  tun- 
'  retired  for  the  system,  taken  in  conjunction  with  the 
I  canal  and  cross  tunnols,  no  more  costly  than  the  smaller 
|  section  on  the  maps  furnished  me  in  connection  with  the 
|;  system  of  cross'  tunnels  end  canols  there  given, 
f  A  careful  examination  of  tho  location  has  foroed 

upon  me  the  conviction  that  the  main  tunnel  will  pass  r. 

:  through  the  shale  that  underlies  the  hard  limestone  rock, 
and  which,  while  worked,  with  more  oaso  may  he  considered 
|  less  able  to  stand  without  lining.  Frcm  an  examination  of 
f  this  shale  and  the  concurrent  testimony  of  thoso  who  have 
i  worked  it  I  find  that  its  name  is  misleading.  It  is,  in 
|  situ,  a  hard  rook  capable  of  standing  a  moderate  velocity 
|  of  currant  and  yielding  only  to  tho  operation  of  frost  in 
|  conjunction  with  moisture.  If,  as  I  suppose  will  be  the 
S  case,  the  mouth  of  the  tunnel  will  be  wholly  or  in  part  in 
;  this  shale  I  propose  to  protect  it  by  masonry  at  the  portal 
|  and  to  keep  out  frost  by  closing  the  portal  by  gates  that 
|  shall  extend  as  low  as  tho  water  line  of  the  outflowing 
|  water.  By  this  means  the  tunnel  will  bo  subjected  to  the 
action  of  water  only,  and  that  at  such  velocity,  as  haw 
:  been  found  not  destructive  to  the  "Shale*. 

Hie  rook  formation  through  which  it  is  proposed  to 
carry  -the  tunnel  is  the'  same  as  ha3  been  laid  bare  by  the 
;  gradual  reoedonce  of  tho  falls  to  their  present  site.  We 
;  know  that  this  rock  does  yield  to  the  action  of  the  ele¬ 
ments,  but  the  mind  is  staggered  in  contemplating  the  ages 
:  required  to  carve  the  river  bod  out  of  such  material. 

Thoso  who  live  close  to  the  mighty  torrent  and  have 

X  A 


I  b°0n  m0d  t0  wotol'i«e  1*u  aation  or  the  water,  can  coo  but  , 
little  change  from  year  to  year.  Careful  Stu-voys  made  j 
■  3t  inteTV<?io  havo  demonstrated,  that  in  the  wont  conoen-  j 

;  t rated  current  of  the  Horae  Shoo  Pulls,  the  wear  h*  been  I 

j  30  much  aa  to  carry  the  odeo  or  tho  fall  book  100  foot  in  I 

i!  °b0ut  83  yosra  *  but  the  raced  once  of  the  breast  of  the 

American  Pall  has  been  less  marked,  and  what  is  to  bo  par*  I 
;  ticularly  noted,  the  racodonce  of  the  bluff  of  Goat  Island  ! 

ia  finite  as  err  oat  as  that  of  tho  bluff  of  the  American  Pall  j 
;  Proto  this  v/e  must  infer,  that  frost  and  moisture  have  had  ! 
j  raoro  to  do  with  the  destruction  of  tho  rock  then  the  f ca-co  ! 
of  the  water  clone,  as  tho  front ago  of  Goat  I3lend  is  not 
subject  to  water  v/e  or. 

f  The  more  than  4,000,000  horse  power  representing  tho 

j  P°wr  of  tha  fell  in  water  as  it  passes  from  the  3ito 
i  chosen  for  tho  prooont  enterprise  to  the  rivor  below  tho 
;  fells,  have  with  the  water,  carried  roel?a  and  ice,  to  help 
|  111  mai'  of  natural  dam,  but  tho  cold  of  tlie  north¬ 
ern  winter  has  dono  tho  most  damage  in  following  tho  no ie- 
:  ture  as  it  ponotrates  tho  curfaoe  of  tho  softer  rocks  and 
;  «!iol«.  It  is  this  frost  action  that  is  now  at  work  dis¬ 
integrating  tho  exposed  shale  so  slov/ly  as  to  be  little 
:  noticed, 

'  In  talcing  the  water  frean  the  rivor  to  each  whoel 

;  P**  by  oanal  I  have  assumed  a  volodty  of  only  1  x/i>  foot 
I  per  Beoond  and  givon  a  section  to  tho  canal  at  its  mouth 
sufficient  to  deliver  tho  amount  of  water  neodod  to  dcvolop 
20,000  horso  powor  along  tho  longth  of  tho  canal.  To  dim¬ 
inish  tho  coot  of  construction  of  thia  canal  I  diminish  its 


f  Cr0SS  200110,1  20  **  ^ancos  into  the  land,  B0  that  from  | 
!  a  nu,uth  120  1,001  lrMo»  «»a  loot  mill  aito  ifl  reached  with  j 
|  a  Widlh  °f  oano1  of  only  24  fe°t.  This  plan  being  carried 
;  out  with  ell  the  oonalo  will  moke  tho  mill  sites  between 
I  th°  a“1Ulu  *v«il«ib-lo  B1  conrtruotion  great  or  in 

10  hf^th  os  they  recede  from  tho  rivor. 

|  The  water  carried  to  tho  wheel  pita  at  a  moderate 

velocity  ia  carried  to  each  pair  of  wheel a  in  flumes  of 
ample  also,  ao  that  velocity  of  current  exists  only  whore 
!;  11  “f,n  do  wor3:»  naisoly,  in  tho  motel  cose  of  eaeh  turbine  | 
f  whoal*  ~rom  the  whoela  the  current  is  lessened  to  tho  I 
j  maln  tl-lrul01  v,hortl  it  pas  son  at  a  moan  velocity  of  S3  feet  j 
ji  por  aaoond  through  tho  noma  kind  of  rooks,  that  stew  so  I 

|  littlQ  WGer  at.  too  falls,  where  to  enormous  velocity  is 
|  added  the  action  of  frost.  Bi o  water  passing:  through  this 
|  tunnel  ia  freed  from  all  the  rough  matter  that  helps  to 
slowly  pound  the  rooks  of  the  fella  to  pieces  and  is  also 
j  protected  from  the  frost  of  tho  cold  winters . 

I  have  spared  no  pain3  to  assure  myeolf  of  tho  last- 
j  ing  qualities  of  the  roek  and  shtile  when  protected  from 
|  frost  end  refer  to  tho  authorities  quoted  at  the  beginning 
!  °f  ^is  report.  I  do  not  give  detail  of  tho  statements 
mado  by  tho  persons  who  have  tho  broadest  experience  on  tho 
subject,  who  have  noted  the  action  of  water  under  tho  con¬ 
ditions  that  obtain  in  the  present  enterprise,  but  feel 
certain  that  the  shalo  win  wear  well  end  need  no  lining. 

Tho  section  of  tunnel  proposed  is  that  oannionly 
adopted  on  railroad  work.  The  shape  being  that  of  a  horse 
shoo,  tho  top  aroh  being  oomi -circular  of  10  foot  radius; 

8.  '  j  , 



width  at  btso  of  the  Gj-ch  80  foot  •  the  aide*;  will  slope 
fj-or.i  a  width  of  SC  feet  at  floor  to  80  at  tl:u  spring  of 
tho  arch  and  height  of  the  sides  about  7  foot  0  In  oh  os, 
while  the  floor  will  bo  curvod  to  a  control  depth  of  l.s  ! 
foot.  Sas  drawings  C,  accompanying  report.  Tho 
total  height  of  the  tunnel  Trill  ho  84  foot,  tho  aroo.  being  ' 
eprsal  to  that  of  t:  circular  tunnol  87  foot  in  diameter. 

All  tho  tunnels  will  bo  of  similar  form,  but  will  bo  men¬ 
tioned  (in  ope  eking  of  size)  by  tho  diameter  of  circular 
tunnels  of  oquc.1  area. 

The  first  areas  tunnel  '.Till  begin  with  13  feet  dic- 
(hotor  and  ond  with  10  foot  diameter  ,  whi^o  ell  tho  Inlets 
Trem  tho  vdiool  pits  will  bo  equal  to  G  feet  diemotor  circu¬ 
lar  tunnels.  The  G  foot  openings  from  wheel  aits  have 
boon  lengthened  to  tho  mcnif ont  saving  of  the  voluro  of  tho 
0  2* ecs  tunnel  us  is  shown  in  tho  drewijig  accompanying  this 
paper  marked  D,  showing  sections  through  wheal  pits.  It 
is  proposed  to  work  this  main  tunnol  with  ibur  b roasts 
requiring  two  vei-iical  shafts  ono  at  tho  upper  end  0,020 
foot  from  the  mouth,  and  tlio  other  on  tho  property  of  the 
vailrotd  any  2,040  foot  from  tho  mouth;  1,320  running  foot 
of  the  excavation  will  bo  thrown  into  the  Niagara  river 
below  tho  falls  ,  about  8,010  running: foot  will  be  taken 
frem  the  first  shaft  end  by  overhaul  coating  say, $22, 000. 
will  be  carriod  to  the  property  of  the  Company  and  bo 
used  in  making  lend,  so  will  -die  remaining  1,090  foot 
delivered  from  the  upper  ahnffc,  the  latter  without  cost  of 
oyo ihaul.  If  it  ic  found  dod.  ruble  to  shorten  the  timo  of 
tunneling  a  third  shaft  can  bo  driven  and  two  moro  breasts 


worked  the  cost  being  perhaps  §15,000,  for  such  shaft. 
Bila,  however,  will  somewhat  reduce  the  ovoihaul  cost. 

I  adviso  the  too  shafts  only. 

For  the  tunnel  proper  below  the  first  oanal,  whioh 
l  mvaii  bo  moda  Inrce  enough  to  dovalop  the  Whoio  power  «- 
:  quirod,  the  cost  will  be  as  follows:  — 

Opon  cut  at  the  mouth. 


Driving  tunnel. 


First  shaft. 


Second  Bhaft , 


Ovo  ihou^  , 


Masonry  at  portal  Sxj., 



Goat  of  1st.  orosa  tunnel. 


Outlet  tunnels  8  feet  eeoh. 



Ooat  of  first  oanal  ISO  feet 

wide  at  mouth  20 

foot  deep 

the  water  at  ordinary  height  being  15  feet  deep 
at  spead  of  1,5  per  second. 

and  fi  owing 

Rook  excavate  d  from  f  oanal , 


Rorth  cut. 


Cut  in  river. 


Rook  outs  to  pita. 


Stone  work  bn  oanal. 


Dressed  stone  at  gates, 


Coffer  dam  at  mouth. 

10 .000 .00  Si 42, 500 .00 

In  sinking  one  pit  to  each  two  mills  and  bringing  the 

iropes  from  the  wheel  drums  up  into  eaoh  mill  site  the  opera 
;tion  of  each  mill  will  be  separate  from  the  otfior  but  oocn- 



oroy  of  o on st motion  will  be  reached. 

10  pits  will  cost,  $157,500,00 

Brick  lining  of  pits,  85,000.00 

Stone  at  top,  fa,. 


!  BldB  hWlRC  b90n  “ked  ^«.l3  to  give  the  power 

in  blocks  of  say  1,000  horse  power  to  each  wheel  under  a 

|  W  01  C°  feet*  1  h-e  the  cost  of  placing  10  pairs 

of  wheels  in  the  10  pits,  selecting  data  from  what  I  con- 
;  aider  a  high  cost.  io  wheels  to  deliver  1,000  horse  power 
frcni  oa oh  shaft  20,000  in  all: 

10  double  wheals,  .  $150,050.00 

Oablos  to  surface  to  first 

Jackshaft,  .  .  14,550.00 

{  10  cover  the  whole  cost  say, 
land  at  option,  rights,  &c. 
i  s-o  given  to  me  by 

i  Estimate  of  proposed  additional 
land  to  give  sufficient 
length  to  the  first  canal. 

Interact  during  construction, 
and  incidental  expense.1; , 

Main  tunnel ,  .  .  .  ,  . . 

first  crons  tunnol,  . 

Canal  and  masonry,  ... 

10  pits,  .....  , 

■flhael3  end  cables . ' 

Total  cost. 



30.000.00  $551,000.00 


165.000 .00 


This  sum  which  covers  the  whole  cost  of  developing 
the  first  80,000  horse  power  that  can  bo  rented,  also  cover* 
the  cost  of  all  tho  land  and  the  most  oostiy  part  of  the 

11.  i 


main  tunnel  and  applies  to  the  reduction  of  the  coot  of 
power  of  all  other  mill  sites  on  the  land  of  the  Company, 
'fho  total  cost  divided  by  the  horse  power  developed  now, 
i  say  by  20,000,  shows  that  each  horse  power  will  coat  the 
j  *****  only  $08.30  power  to  the  amount  of  20,000  H.P. 
i  rented  at  §S-  per  H-?-  Per  ^11  pay  the  intorost  on 

the  whole  investment  and  all  .receipts  beyond  that  price 
|  Wil1  b°  ?rofU*  ®1e  yal«a  of  the  investment,  i8  however, 

;  bettor  shown  by  the  still  further  development  of  tho  scheme 
!  lf  C  Beeond  cenEl  be  b"U*  and  the  main  canal  carried  t0  | 

it,  the  coot  of  such  construction  on  the  basis  of  the  first 
[  QstiE,st0*  is*  not  count! ne  the  gain  to  be  made  by  the 
|  C0rJp£my  UOlnE  «»  power  to  drive  tho  work  which  use 

of  their  own 

resources  I  feel  suro  will  : 

>  the  cost  of 

tho  const. ructions  at. 

leest  1/0, 

we  have , 

Main  tunnel,  .  .  . 

.  $165,000.00 

Orosc  tunnel,  .  .  . 


Outlet  tunnels,  .  . 


31,500.00  j 

?  Canal ,  .... 

.  150,000,00  | 

12  pits,  .  .  ,  , 

:  250,000.00 

|:  12  sots  of  wheels. 

.  .  .  . 


I  Oablea,  &o.,  .  . 


|:  Incidentals,  .  . 

‘  *  •  * 

• - 5,000.00  $889,400.00 

Shis  sum  divided  by  the  24,000  horse  power  it  re¬ 
presents  makes  each  H.  P.  B  $38.00  or  reduced  one-sixth  by 
reason  of  the  use  of  tho  power  at  contend  of  the  Company, 
wo  have  a  cost  per  horse  power  of  about  $32.66  as  $1.63 
por  H.P.  for  24,000  H.P.  will  pay  the  interest  on  this,  all 


j  j 

I  rental  ebovo  that  prioo  will  bo  profit. 

In  estimating  the  cost  of  thin  work,  I  have  taken 
figures  that  will  cover  advorao  conditions  not  likely  to  bo  j 
mot  with  in  the  proseoution  of  the  enterprise.  Prom  those  j 
|  familiar  with  the  cround  about  Hiagara  I  find  the  water  is 
obtained  at  A* as  £0  to  35  foot,  and  that  below  30  foot  tho  J 
rock  is  tight.  She  water  found  in  digging  wells  on  the 
property  of  tho  Company  has  been  reached  at  or  before  the  j 
depths  named,  and  the  record  of  the, boring  of  the  gaa  well  ' 

I  ahwed  the  solidity  of  the  rook  bolow  30  feet.  She  nature  ! 
of  the  rock  formation  is  favorable  to  tho  construction  of 
an  tuilined  tunnel.  Olio  atone  lies  in  almost  level  layers 
I  and  ean  bo  taken  out  to  leave  a  comparatively  smooth  wall 
end  regular  floor.  In  calculating  tho  capacity  of  the 
tunnel  I  have  worked  with  Mutter1  a  formula  taking  as  the 
j  value  of  tho  roughness  of  tho  walla  tho  co-offlciont  for 
•rubble *  n-  .017  checking  the  calculation  by  the  formula 
|  other  engineers  and  aostaning  a  roughness  with  such 
formula  of  n  ,02. 

Hature  in  offering  this  great  water  power  has  pi  sc  - 
!  od  1*  where  it  can  be  taken  edvantage  of  at  low  eo3t.  Hie 
f  dam  built  by  othor  than  human  hands,  1b  for  all  time  so  far 
as  this  property  above  the  rapids  is  concerned:  The  rook 3 
]  ii®  ready  to  afford  a  smooth  water  way  upon  removal  and 
furnish  tho  defence  against  wear.  Authorities  differ  in 
the  estimate  of  water  passing  down  this  river,  Mr.  Dwight 
estimating  as  high  as  361,392,742  cubio  foot  per  minute; 

Mr.  Perkins  as  low  as  5,087,533  cubic  feet  per  minute;  and 


Mr.  Darby  assumes  27,870,400,  while  Ur.  Burro tt  hso  by 
=  thl’30  *“*vatlo».s  reaped  the  amount  of  19,600,000.  An 
wo  race  of  all  ibur  gives  over  108,000,000,  whilo  the  avor- 

j  ES6  0rt5',e  of  Mr.  Derby  with  that  of  Mr.  Barrett 

j  tfivoe  ua  84,000,000  to  draw  from.  If  thl B  Company  proc- 
ooutos  Itc  enterpriaa  and  aucoedda  in  developing  120,000 
horae  povntr  and  can  rent  that  much  force  they  will  then  bo 
armring  from  the  mighty  stream  only  970,000  cubic  feet  j 
por  minute  a  matter  of  .04  per  cent  of  the  lower  estimates  ! 
j  °f  VOlU11<i*  So  far  ns  tho  appeoranoo  of  the  groit  Water  | 

|  'B,n;L1  le  conooinea  the  water  taken  by  this  and  other  in-  j 
dus tries  such  as  the  Brio  Can si  and  Hydraulic  Canal  and  the 
present  enterprise  ,  trill  not  bo  noticed.  Variations  in 
height  of  water  from  the  action  of  the  ico,  winds,  &o. 
make  frem  time  to  time  changes  so  vastly  groat. or  than  this 
amount ,  without  seemingly  detracting  from  the  wonder  of  the 

The  value  of  waterpower  as  conpared  to  steam  powor 
has  induced  manufacturers  to  go  to  vast  expense  in  building 
dans  on  rivers  and  developing  power  by  artificial  moans 
that  require  fonatent  attention  and  heavy  expense  to  main¬ 
tain.  Iho  scattered  powero  afforded  by  the  rapid  flowing 
rivers  and  by  mighty  springe  particularly  in  the  south  have 
been  attractive  inducemjnts  to  manufacturers  to  seek  such 
water  powers  even  at  distance  greatly  removed  fror,  trade 
centres . 

The  property  at  the  option  of  the  Niagara  River 
Hydraulic  Tunnel,  Power  and  Sower  .Company  extending  for 


?  diBt0n°°  °f  0ror  oi^  alone  the  river  bank  | 

■  onn  bo  voiy  much  increased  in  area  by  the  material  taken  j 

I  fl'°m  th°  °Xeovationa  “«»  a^o  be  able  to  furnish  mch  I 
j;  v‘:lutibl0  building  not erials  for  the  mills.  Beyond  tho 
f  BailrOCa  that  b"»*  one  aide  il0B  aM  irant!nao 

,  territory  fbr  the  dwelling  houaoa  of  those  employed,  and 
I  pp*,MBtta«  *“***«  altos  att motive  and  health.  n» 
railroad g  and  canals  boaddeo  tjio  river  navigation  offer 
;  facilities  for  transit  unoqualed  by  any  approxiraat  oly  j 

similar  entciprioe.  j 

f  *Ma0  intor rated  in  13,1a  attempt  to  use  tho  power  j 

j  of  Niagara  have  the  example  of  the  Hydraulic  Canal  now 
j  worked  to  its  utmost  present  oapaoity  to  judge  of  tho 
j  relative  advantage  of  tho  two  systems.  Oho  Ily dr tnlio 
Omal  carries  tho  miter  to  tho  mill  sites  below  where  this  i 
tunnol  will  discharge  and  that  at  »  groat  cost  in  surface 
;  oanel  more  costly  in  const  ruction  and  main  tenon  co  thm  un- 
lined  tunnol s.  Olio  low  cost  of  power  obtained  from  tho 
said  river  by  tho  pro©  nt  enterprise  must  for  many  yoars 
be  a  bar  to  tho  profitable  onlare*nont  of  the  Hydraulic 

|  C0na:i  V,h0n  the  VElU0  of  th®  Property  fbr  mill  sitss  on  tho 
bluff  are  token  into  consideration, 

|  Tho  digging  of  this  one  tunnel  up  to  tho  firot  our- 

j  fa°°  °anal  offor  oitoc  ond  power  at  lower  cost 

than  any  location  now  known.  A  rental  man io iontly  at- 
;  traotlvo  to  brin£  manuf ac turors  to  tho  place  will  pay  a 
!  handQOrao  profit  on  the  In  vest  non  t  while  the  extension  of 
the  enterprise  to  its  completion,  will  add  vastly  to  the  j 


profit  oven  if  that  profit  is  not  increased  by  the  trans¬ 
portation  of  power  by  knev/n  moans  to  more  distant  locali- 

Sor  the  purpose  of  the  present  estimate  the  surface 
|  0“nal3  been  plrnod  1300  root  from  each  other,  but  tho 

■  PJWbQain  is  ono  that  should  bo  onrofUlly  considered  in  iso¬ 
lation  to  the  kind  of  industries  and  tho  yard  room  requir¬ 
ed  by  each,  before  the  ground  is  laid  out.  Buffalo  Street  I 
passing  diagonally  through  the  lands  may  perhaps  require  j 

rs -locating  but  the  present  estimate  ia  based  on  its  rc-  j 

maining  c\o  now  located.  I  can  see  no  reason  why  it  may  j 
not  be  mode  to  serve  as  ono  of  tho  many  at  roots  in  the  j 

|  Croat  manufacturing  town  proposed. 

'Hie  uniform  distribution  of  power  of  2,000  horso 
power  to  each  wheel  pit  and  the  carrying  of  this  in  blocks 
of  1,000  H.F.  to  oech  of  tho  mill  sites  one  on  either  side 
of  the  pit,  will  enable  the  property  to  be  rented  to  atf» 
ventage  oven  to  small  usors  as  tho  rope  transmission  in 
some  oases  will  enable  whole  rowa  of  small  industries  to 
take  J>Sio  place  of  any  one  large  factory. 

If  tho  present  report  reatlts  in  the  prosecution  of 
,  the  enterprise  I  fool  sure  that  careful  condderatlon  of 
|  0och  of  tha  »ony  considerations  that  go  to  make  up  tho 
5  w5l0l°  will  result  in  a  very  marked  reduction  from  the  p~er.  _ 


-j  ont  cost  as  estimated. 

®ia  limited  time  at  my  disposal  has  made  mo  rcluo— 
i;  tant  to  advise  alternates  from  tho  plan  submitted  that  may 
li  laafco  roduotion  of  cost  by  a  j /change  in  tho  locution  of  tho 

j  v 



;  wain  tunnel.  it  i„  „ow  ,,Iaoart 

Llj  noKii  to  the  line  of  the 

!  ’“ay°“  "  ■■“““••  U't  about  000 

!  t,Bt  “  «“  •*«  «»♦  ‘mmolo  to  the  „oto 

1  not  „  Iomtton 

!  **  1<'°°t  •52-00'’-0”  K,P  »“»  '—I  «*  may  be 

:  mix  cm^rlnc.  o,„  change  IloTOr  ^ 

racoMsd  aa  the  careful  consideration  or  this 
“  Pl“s  *°  s“‘  >m  hoop  baolt  „  report, 

a.;on  its  mom  features  ore  30  touch  seeded.  Hinting  at 
=ueh  methods  of  reducing  cost  I  sou  conclude  this  stage 

of  m.  of  »J,  most  interesting  engineering  problems  over  | 
pliven  mo  to  c anaidoi*.  j 

Very  r  031100  tfully, 

Coleman  Sellers, 

<5 - - vu.ajcw^  (+J<Lttl~  S's-.jA.  J  , _ 

a  .  J-7  .  0.6  0 

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1889.  Electric  Light  -  Armington  and  Sims  (D-89-34) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  concerning  the  steam  engines 
supplied  to  Edison  by  the  Armington  and  Sims  Engine  Co.  Among  the 

18  a  Ietter  about  the  operation  of  the  Edison  central  station  in 

All  the  documents  have  been  filmed  except  for  duplicate  copies  of 
selected  documents. 



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jEm/sate  C  'o  ws'  i  w. 

{$Y//m/mcvv*\>txi**y  wrAdSfo 

’/r  fi’MjHr/tt/. 

Bear  Edison*- 


Enclosed  ftsid  a  gentle  reminder  of  gee,  ' 


Alee  roper#  «a  Speed' ff  Our  double  engine  which 
4e  connected  by  flexible  ebupllng'.dtfee*  **  your  No,  1 
Multipelar  Marine  Byname  «#- Volts  loo  Am.  400  Rav. f  We 
have  built  several  comPouW,»oubie  Engine*  for  the  gover*. 
mnU  ***h  Puil(*y  We  four  grooves  for  i  uz  inch 
eotton  r*pe.  Speed  about  See*  feet  F or  minute. 

Aft  Eloetnoai  Paper  published  in  Boston,  recent¬ 
ly  compared  fur  engine*  In  your  now  y*r*  and  Philadelphia 

*HJ>  oonjpound  ooadonsing  engines  .f  *„*  Ceriu. 
Iyp*»  preference  to  the  lat»or.  ram  quite 

ftwiou.  |e  read  the  paper  ff  Prof.Mar*8  at  last  Ed i  eon  &~ 
convonttoa  ftad  get  hie  views,  ws  are  o.astantly  en  th. 
l«k  out  tor  infermatlen  oa  this  subject,  and  find  .cm. 
trsaoh  Engineer,  have  gene  daft  .a  article  High  Speed 


Compound,  for  connecting  direct  to  dynamo  ae  we  have  done 
tor  Ship  lighting,  and  several  have  been  built  for  the 
Freneh  Navy.  A  great  claim  has  been  made  for  this  combi- 
nation,  but  a  letter  just  received  from  a  prominent  en¬ 
gineer  Who  Is  thoroughly  posted  as  regards  continental 
practice  says,  *  the  compound  engine  which  his  been  all 
the  g*  in  irance  for  eUetrie  lighting.  Is  net  *  success.* 

I  4tt*te  from  Eenden  Engineering,  Eeb.ath,  1889 
Page  13?  on  Compound  LocOmottves. 

*A  latter  from  Mr*  s,w«  Johnson,  of  the  Midi  gad 
Railway*  was  first  read  by  the  secretary,  The  writer 
said  he  had  had  no  personal  experience  with  compound 
locomotives*  but  had  watched  their  development  very  close, 
ly.  He  found  the  results  such  aw  he  would  expect  to  be 
•btamed  by  higher  pressures, end  *«»ter  expansion,  even 
If  net  accompanied  by  expounding*  H«  had  seen  a*  data 
by  which  a  cxparisen  could  bo  farmed  between  the  res- 
pective  merit*  .f  simple  and  compound  loeoaotlvo  engine, 
in  Which  tha  unit  pros*,**  and  ^  numb.r  of  expanse*, 
had  been  used  in  both  cases.  Ho  considered  data  other, 
wise  obtained  of  no  yalue.  The  increased  pressure  used 
m  expound  engines  had  moulted  i*  a*  icenemy  of  b 

but  th.  real  question  wae.  Would  that  oconomy  have  boon  i 


obtained  had  the  higher  pressure  steam  been  expanded  to 
an  equal  ratio  in  an  ordinary  engine?  If  this  question 
were  answered  in  the  affirmative,  where  was  the  advantage 
of  compounding?  The  writer  gave  some  particulars  of 
coal  consumption  etc.,  which  had  come  under  hit  experience 
man  ordinary  engine  using  steam  at  a  high  pressure,  and 
these,  it  appeared,  came  out  about  the  samt  as  those  re¬ 
corded  In  connection  With  Mr, v/ebb's  compounds,* 

Enclosed  rind  copy  of  latter,*  practical  one  On 
the  subject,  that  is  of  Interest,  Much  has  been  Said  9t 
late  on  the  subject  *f  compounding,  without  condensing* 

Our  Philadelphia  engines  will  demonstrate  which  Is  the 
best,  1 

Sincerely  tours, 


G~fi  ■ 

Providence,  R.  I.  ,Feb.  11th.  1889. 

Report  of  Test  of  Arralngton  &  Sims  Engine  for  Gun-boat 
*  VorJctown*  by  Lieut.  T.  E.  De  Witt  Veeder,  u.  S.  N. 

1st.  Test  for  Regulation  of  speed  at  varying  loads. 
2o  per.  cent,  of  Load-.  417' Revolutions. 

50  *  *  *  ’  •  '  416 

0  ««i.  , 

76’  ’  ■*  •••416-  •  . 

100  ‘  (Full  Load)  '  416  • 

Variation  equal'  to  4  revolutions  equal  to  l.per.cent. 

2nd.  Test  of  Speed  Variation  for  varying  boiler  press¬ 
ures  and  from  full  load  to  2o  per.  cent,  of  full  load. 

Boiler  Pressure.  Load.  r  speed. 

‘  *  80  lbs.  Full.  425. 

*  ’  *  2o  per.  cent.  417. 

V  *  1°5  *  Full.  416. 

Extreme  vai 

latlon  equal 

2o  per.  cent.,  42o.  . 
to  6  Rev.  equal  to  1.25  per.  cent. 
Frank  Bourne, 

Edison  United' Mfg.  Co.  , 

'///.  ^fi 


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S^Z~L^L  . — l  ZtiiCCc  «_  _ _ 



^  Z~L- 

.  MS 

Providence ,  R.  1.^220^-JLhtC . 188/^ 

Copy  of  Telegram  sent  you  this  day  at . £&sf±i.M.  by 

cArmington  &  Sims  Engine  Co. 

1889.  Electric  Light  -  Edison  Electric  Light  Company  - 
General  (D-89-35) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
business  of  the  Edison  Electric  Light  Co.  Included  are  letters  about  the 
technical  development  of  meters,  electric  wires,  and  transformers.  Most  of  the 
correspondence  is  by  W.  J.  Jenks,  director  of  the  company’s  standardizing 

Approximately  60  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine  business 
correspondence  regarding  orders  and  meetings;  letters  of  transmittal  and 

<r~\  Its  J—~  • 

'  New  York,  Jan, •  3rd,- 1889. ■ 

A  special'  meeting  of  the  Exeojutive  Committee  of  the  Board  0/ 
Dtreo.tors  of  the  Edison/,Eleo,trio.  Light.  Company  was  held  pusuaht  to  oall' 
at'  the,. off  iocs  of-  Mess. •  Eresel,  Morgan  4  Co^i  on  Thursdap,  Jan.'  3rd.'  1889,- 
at'  10,30  A.M, 

Present,  Mess.  Johnson,  Coster,  Sraithere,  Thomas  and  Smith,  and 
the  Sepretatp  and  Comptroller, ' 

The  Secretarp  read  the  minutes  of  the  meetings  of  Deo,' 20th  and 
fiTtfc,  respectively,  whioh,  on  motion/ duly  seo.onded,  were  approved,/ 

The  Secretary  imported  that,  he  had  seen  Pro/.- Barker  who  stated 
that,  gear  Before  last,  he  was  guaranteed  $50.  per  dap  for  100  daps  or  $5,000. 
/or  the  pear  in  addition  to  his  regular  retained  of  $500.;  that.  last,  pear 
he  consented  to  a  reduction  of  our  guarantee  to  50'-daps  beopuee  he  believed 
that  we  would  require  more  than  that,  amount' of  his  time.'  He  oja'ims  that, 
he  has  been  oalled  upon  for  onlp  42  or  43'  daps  of  his  time,  during  tile  past, 
pear  and  has  therefore  received  onlp  Me  amount,  of  our  guarantee  or  $2500. 

He  therefore  unwilling  to-  accept  a  guarantee  of  less  than  50  daps  at.  $50.  • 
per  dap  for  the  pear.  But,  if  we  prefer,  he  is  willing  to  waive 
all.  guarantee  and  accept.  $75.  per  day  for  testimony  and  $50.  per  dap  for 
investigation  ef  patents,  experiments  and  other  general' work. 

On  motion  of  Mr.  Coster,  dulp  seconded,  the  Officers  of  the  Com-' 
pa'np  were  authorised  to  aosept.  whichever  of  the  foregoing'  propositions  our 
patent.  opURsel.  map  recommend.  • 

v  The  Seoretarp  reported  ti7at.  he  had  been  offered  the,  aro.  light.  s 
plant,  in  Elgin,  Ills. 'for  $3, 00O»i  the  plant,  having  a' capacity  of  55  aro, 
lights  with  45  lights  connected,  and  having  cost,  to-  oonttniot.  somewhat'  over 
$5,  WO,  On  motion  of  Mr.  Smi there,  seconded  bp  Mr,  ' Smith,  it.  was 

RBSOtVED,  that,  the  Officers  be  and  hereby  are  authorised  to  offer 
$1600,  for  the  plant,  but  the  Comptroller  was  instructed  to-,  negotiate  fur-’ 
thcr  in.  the  matter  with,  a' view  either  to  getting  a  counter  *propoettienfrem 
the  Owner  of  the  plant,  or  to-  arrange  for  ah  issue  of  bonds  for  the  purpose 

0 J  acquiring  the  property,  and  report  thereon  to  this  Committee  at 
lot er  meeting',- 

The  meeting  me  then  adjoined. • 


'T,  OCn. 

zUr  h-  •'  ■■ 

f?  *-  - 

New  York,  January  10th  1880.  ' 

A  special  meeting  of  the  Executive  Committee  of  the 
Board  of  Directors  of  the  Edison  Electric  Light  Company,  was  held 
pursuant  to  call  at  the  offices  of  Mess.  Drexel,  Morgan  &  Co. 
on  Thursday,  Jan.  10th  1889,  at  J0:80  A.  M. 

Present,  Mess.  Coster,  Smithers,  Thomas  and  Smith  and 
the  Secretary  and  Comptroller. 

Mr.  Thomas  in  the  Chair. 

The  Secretary  read  the  Minutes  of  the  meeting  of  the 
;ird.  inst.  which  were  on  motion,  approved. 

The  Secretary  reported  receipt  of  the  following  dividends: 

$600.  second  semi-annual  dividend  from  t,he  Washing¬ 
ton  (D.  C.)  Company.  , 

$1314.49  being  86^/1 00  per  cent  on  $5,000.  of  our 
stock  in  the  Kansas  City  Company,  representing  the  net  earnings 
(from  Oct.  1887- until  Dec.  1888)  of  the  temporary  plant. 

$1292.  third  quarterly  dividend  (2s)  from  the  Rochester 


The  Comptroller  stated  that  the  contract  with  A.  J. 

I.awson  whereby  he  took  over  the  business  of  manufacturing  in  Cana¬ 
da  expired  on  the  15th  inst.,  and  that  we  have  an  option  of  taking 
over  the  shop  and  property  at  an  arbitrated  value  thereby  reliev¬ 
ing  ourselves  of  Mr.  Lawson's  services. 

After  a  general  discussion  of  the  subject,  it  was,  on 
motion  of  Mr.  Costor,  seconded  by  Mr.  Smith, 

RESOLVED,  that  the  Officers  of  the  Company  be  and  hereby 
are  authorised  to  avail  ourselves  of  our  option  to  take  over  the 
property,  in  co-operation  with  the  other  creditor’s,  at  an  arbitrat¬ 
ed  valuation,  a  new  corporation  to  be  formed  for  that  purpose  and 
the  stock  thereof  to  be  apportioned  pro  rata  among  the  creditors. 

The  meeting  was  then  adjourned.,  . 

Attest:  , 

clW-  •//' 

d©J\I  ELEgTRIg  Llgjit  g®. 

<*/  Ht<c  Mltmthrilizmg  §nre;ui. 

poonj  68.  W.  J.  Jcnltg,  Qireclor. 

Executive  Offices: 

le  $.  is  bi^oad  street. 


New  York,  Jan.  10,  1889. 

Edison  E'koirtf  fi(.  <5%^.-  <-7s’ s?  /O  / — \ 

. . zS^y'r 

Dear  Sir  : 

I  have  undertaken  to  prepare  for  the  February  meeting  at  Kansas  Citjf'of  the  Edison  llfyr 
pames  an  evening  entertainment,  similar  to  the  Lightning  Protection  talk  at  Nantasket,  illustrated  wi 
diagrams.  In  this  case,  however,  the  Bureau  desires  to' secure  the  practical  co-operation  of  all  pr; 
the  business  who  will  send  within  a  week  after  receiving  this  letter  any  notes 
Central  Station  work  not  heretofore  described,  new  devices  or  new  methods  of 
which  they  have  accomplished,  showing  the  progress  of  the  business  in  their  fii 

Among  such  contributions  may  be  included,  for  example,  (I)  statement  of  motor  work ;  (2)  current  sold 
to  telegraph  companies  or  for  other  special  purpose:  (3)  interesting  modifications  of  the  ordinary  methods  of 
wiring,  as  in  large  buildings;  (4)  special  lighting,  as  in  theatres  or  public  halls  where  unusual  problems  of 
distribution  have  been  met ,  (5)  original  or  special  forms  of  switches,  lightning  arresters,  ampere-meters,  safety 
catches,  &c.  i  (6)  accounts  of  special  difficulties  with  conductor,  like  electrolysis  or  obscure  faults. 

These  descriptions  should  be  accompanied  when  practicable  by  India  ink  drawings  or  sketches  on  pure 
white  paper  of  any  convenient  size  for  photographing,  say  from  6  to  12  inches  square,  or  samples  of  devices 
from  which  slides  can  be  made,  or  if  convenient  photographs  or  lantern  slides  of  standard  stereopticon  size, 
three  and  one-quarter  by  four  inches.  If  you  have  any  photographs  of  your  station,  or  can  obtain  any,  showing  an 
outside  view  and  the  arrangement  of  your  electrical  apparatus,  these  will  prove  of  great  interest  to  many  who 
have  not  had  an  opportunity  of  visiting  you.  If  you  do  not  wish  to  part  vvith  such  photographs  and  will  loan 
them  to  us,  or  will  send  us  negatives  from  which  slides  can  be  made,  we  will  see  that  they  are  carefully  used 
and  promptly  returned. 

Your  co-operation  is  earnestly  solicited.  If  you  are  to  be  present  at  the  convention,  and  it  is  not  con¬ 
venient  to  send  any  description  at  this  time,  we  shall  be  grateful  for  a  response  to  this  letter,  stating  that  you  will 
be  present  in  person  and  give  a  number  of  slides  and  accompanying  descriptions.  Thus  we  shall  know  to  what 
extent  we  may  depend  upon  you  fora  contribution.  If  you  cannot  be  present,  whatever 
signature  will  be  shown,  or  read  as  your  contribution. 

By  many  short  and  interesting  paragraphs  we  hope  to  greatly  enhance  the  interest  of  this  Convent 
You  will  appreciate  the  fact  that  any  effort  to  be  available  should  be  prompt. 

Please  use  the  enclosed  envelope  for  your  reply. 

Yours  very  truly, 

W.  J.  JENKS, 

Edison  Electric  Light  Co. 

or  two  via  vs  of  the  Laboratory,  including  a  vuew  of  the  Library  ard 
perhaps  other  interior  portions.  Mr.  Birdsall  has  also  arranged 
to  take  some  slides  from  some  of  Mr.  Hammer's  drawings  and  apparat¬ 
us;  if  it  is  proper  will  you  kindly  aLlow  him  to  do  this  work 
under  the  guidance  of  Mr.  Hammer  whenever  he  finds  it  convenient  to 
go  out  ? 


&  ll  bs.  '  iG,  '^^CT.w 

Edison  Electric  Light  Co. 

p-.  s.  HASTINGS,  Soo’y  s-  EXECUTIVE  OFFICES  : 

_ J' 1T'  mqclbmbnt,  Comptir.  16  S.  18  BROAD  STREET, 

Rew  Vorlj _ January  28th . ] 

©ffta  of  the  StniulimU^litg  guvciut. 
Room  68.  W.  J.  Jenks,  Director. 

A.E.  Kennelly  Esq. , 

Orange,  N. J.  , 

Dear  Sir: 

We  would  like  very  much,  if  it  is  not  too  much  trouble, 
to  have  you  write  a  short  paper  for  the  coming  Convention,  detail¬ 
ing  to  the  best  of  our  present  knowledge  the  proper  practice  with 
meter  plates  and  solution  to  avoid  oxidation.  This  will  be  a 
strictly  private  matter  confined  to  Edison  people.  If  you  wish, 
the  inclination  can  be  given  subject  to  future  addition  or  alter¬ 
ation,  but  we  consider  it  very  desirable  that  at  the  Convention 
we  should  give  some  definite  idea  of  what  improvements  have  been 
made  in  meter  work.  Possibly  your  paper  could  be  read  in  connect¬ 
ion  with  another  one  giving  additional  information  as  to  details 
of  meter  work  &c. 

The  Convention  is  held  at 'Kansas  City,  Mo. ,  commencing 
Tuesday  February  12th;  we  expect  to  leave  New  York  Saturday  Feb¬ 
ruary  9th. 

Yours  Very  Truly, 

Dire ot or. 

JVeiv  ro/-7iv_.Jah-.-~8th-i88S. 


My  dear  Mr.  Tate:- 

Again  I  am  reluctantly  obliged  to  trouble  you. 

In  closing  a  company  for  Toronto,  Canada,  I  have  had  occasion 
to  spend  a  couple  of  days  with  a  Mr.  Nicholls  and  a  Mr.  Carr  of- 
that  City.  I  have  shown  them  everything  that  is  to  be  seen  here 
but  before  returning  to  Toronto  they  were  very  anxious  to  see  Mr. 
Edison  and  the  Laboratory.  I  satisfied  them  that  the  cornier  • 
would  beiimpossible,  and  then  as  a  last  resort',  agreed  to  give-., 
them  a  letter  to  you.  I  am  very  sorry  ind8ed  to  trouble  you  in 
the  matter'  but  I  am  sure  that  a  vew  minutes  time  with  them  will 
be- well  spent  and  inasmuch  as  you  are  acquainted  in  Toronto  I  pre¬ 
sume  on  your  good  nature  in  giving  them  this  letter.  Whey  will 
probably  call  upon  you  tomorrow,  Saturday  morning. 

Very  sincerely  ypurs. 

A,  0.  Tate,  Esq. 

The  Laboratory, 


New  Fo7-/r,._Eab.,__.8.tJL._1.889^_.. 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq. 

Edison's  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

My  dear  Mr.  Tate:- 

I  bake  pleasure  in  introducing  to  you  Mr.  Nichols 
and  Mr.  Carr  of  Toronto..  These  gentlemen  are  interested  in  the 
proposed  Edison  central  station  Company  for  Toronto  and  are  de¬ 
sirous  of  learning  as  much  of  our  system  as  possible  during  thei-r 
visit  to  this  City.  Any  courtesies  extended  to  them  will  be 
regarded  as  a  special  favor  both  by  Mr.  Johnson  and  . — 

t  it.  JLt-tr* 


10  A  18  Jl ROAD  STJiEBT, 

New  York, ,1b. b.„ . 13th.l88R..i<S<? 

My  dear  Mr.  Tate:- 

I  am  in  receipt  of  your  favor 
o±  the  12th  inst.  and  I  desire  to  express  my 
sincere  thanks  for  your  courtesy  to  our  Toronto 
friends.  I  shall  hope  at  some  to  have  an 
opportunity  to  reciprocate. 

Did  you  ever  succeed  in  getting  the  orig¬ 
inal  draft  of  those  Minutes  from  Mr.  Edison? 

Secty  &  Treas. 

To  A.  0.  Tate,  Esq. 

Edison's  Laboratory, 
Orange,  N.  J< 

f  .6.  0  <•>■ 

Edison  Electric  Light  Co. 

STINGS,  j^o'y  O-  T„, 

©ffiee  of  the  jstiutdiiritfceittjg;  3iluve;m. 
Room  68.  W.  J.  Jenks,  Director. 

Executive  Offices: 

16  6-  18  BROAD  STREET, 
Rew  Yor^.-P-eb,— 'J-9-tTi,. . isag, . 1  88 

Kdison,  Esq© 

13dis  on  Laboratory , 
Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

C-'Ml  ■ 

About  ten  days  ago  I  wrote  ,  at  Mr.  Wirt's  suggestion, 
*•  MeSSrS’  B°r0,,8m  &  °°*  3tatine  «»t.  you  were  desirous  of  making 
on  experiment  of  easting  meter  plates,  and  asked  if  they  eould 
oend  you  some  material  which  could  be  used  for  that  purpose.  In 
their  reply  under  date  of  Fab.  9th.  they  suggest  that  you  send 
them  a  requisition  for  such  a  quantity  of  sine  as  you  may  need  for 
this  experiment. 

V/e  hove  already  sent  to  Messrs.  Bergmam  &  Co.  an  out- 
line  of  a  modifiedjnetcr  plate,  giving  new  dimensions  in  some  res¬ 
pects;  but  this  your  Mr.  Kennelly  is  familiar  with. 

Yours  very  truly. 



Electric  Light  Co. 

Executive  Offices  ; 

r-  16  6  18  BROAD  STREET, 

Office  of  the  Staiuftmlizing  gnncan. 
Room  68.  W.  J.  Jenks,  Director. 

Rew  Yop^,.._Eeb.,-^ JtetJw— 88 

A.K,  Kennelly,  E3q. 

Caro  Edison  laboratory , 
Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  SirJ- 

I  have  read  your  report  on  motor  experiments  with  the 
deepest  intorest;  thoro  are  many  points  upon  which  1  th ini:  vie 
ought  to  have  a  most  careful  discussion. 

At  the  Convention  tho  point  was  made  that  it  is  now  of 
the  greatest  importance  to  the  stations  to  have  a  motor  which  will 
show  the  total  current  output.  The  ampere  indicators  do  not  in  all 
respects  fill  the  bill,  and  X  am  told  by  station  managers  that  they 
do  not  check  with  the  meters  of  the  dynamos.  Moreover,  as  such  a 
meter  is  an  indicator  merely  and  does  not  regiator,  it  requires 
many  observations  during  the  twenty-four  hours  to  get  the  average 
of  the  energy  expended. 

Please  give  me  a  little  more  clearly  y0ur  idea  of  the 
connections  of  tho  silver  meter  which  you  propose,  and  whether  you 
think  it  possible  to  connect  such  a  meter  without  introducing  a 
very  large  and  expensive  resistance. 

Edison  Electric  Light  Co 

©f  (to  of  the  StstHdaerttzino  guvcam. 
Room  68.  W.  J.  Jenks,  Director. 

16&  1 
Rew  Y" or(j . 

Offices  : 


March,  Igt, 
- 1  88 

A.  E.  Kennelly.  ESq. 

Edison  laboratory. 
Orange.  IT.  J. 

Dear  Sir: 

Permit  me  to  thank  you  for  your  careful  letter  of  Fob.  20 
as  to  Central  Station  Meters,.  Also  for  figures  giving  results  of 
your  test  on  the  700  light  Meter  submitted  by  Bergman  A  Go'.  - 
Both  of  these , together ',with  your  exhaustive  report  to  Mr,  Johnson, 
Win  b°  br0Ught  UP  at  ^  Session  of  the  Bureau,  to  be  hold 

as  soon  as  it  is  possible  to  gather  a  number  of  able  men  who  Oan 
discuss  these  matters  intelligently. 

I  have  stauM  those  mat  tors  anil  rocomondat  ions  with  tho 
d»«po,t  ma  j  bolio,.  ,h„  point  out  oil  tho  oss.nti.1 

changes  v/hich  should  be  made, 

Very  truly  Yours.  " 


<Mm  C'lwtra  Sight  (Qo, 

&cecu-l'ivc.  Qfficao, 

16  and  18  aBzoad  Sfcaat, 

Gentlemen:  ,  _ 

V'  “2-  \  j  _ _ 

In  answer  to  yours  of  Feb.  I4th  the  slides' you  have  sent 

us  were  used  at  Kansas  City  as  a  matter  of  general  educational  in¬ 
terest  to  the  Managers  of  the  Illuminating  Companies.  They  will 
be  retained  in  this  Department  for  like  uses  lioreafter. 

In  case  the  peoplo  of  the  Laboratory  should  hold  meetings  or 
evening  sessions  similar  to  those  of  last  year,  or  in  any  other 
similar  instances,  I  shall  be  glad  to  contribute  the  U3e  of  these 
and  about  Two  or  Three  Hundred  others,  if  you  will  furnish  the  lan- 

I  have  been  called  upon  in  consequence  of  having  shown  these 
in  Kansas  City  to  supply  a  Western  lectui’er^^oi^iews  for  his  col¬ 

Under  those  circumstances  if  you  consider  it  right  that  the 
Light  Co,  should  pay  for  these  slides,  please  send  us  a  bill. 

Miami  (flettric  light  dfo. 


SxecuMve  ©fficco, 

16  and  18  oBzoad  Sheaf, 

3LEMENT,  Comptli 

'it  . 

. — Marcto,,._ 

Mr  A.  E.  Kermelly, 

Edison  Labratory, 
Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:  - 

Mr  Johnson  has  instructed  me  to  have  another  edition  of 
50u0  copies  of  the  Meter  pamphlet  printed  for  Mr.  Hamner1 s  order  at 
Paris.  I  propose  to  add  an  appendix  containing  a  record  of  the  recent 
changes  made  in  consequence  of  your  researches.  I  also  wish  to  add 
one  or  two  points  of  interest;  among  them  a  mention  of  the  small 
amount  of  energy  expended  in  the  registration  of  the  Edison  meter.  I 
shall  consider  it  a  personal  favor  if  you  will  glance  through. the  pam¬ 
phlet  to  refresh  your  memory,  and  suggest  to  me  any  other  features  of 
interest  which  should  be  enlarged  upon,  or  which, perhaps,have  been  en¬ 
tirely  overlooked  in  the  preparation  of  the  paper,  as  I  am  anxious 
that  in  sending  out  this  edition  to  Europe  we  may  say  all  that  we. can 
in  favor  of  the  chemical  system. 

Very  Truly  Yours, 

(fMismt  (Malm  light  (§0. 


.  H.  JOHNSON,  Prest. 

Qccacutkm-  ®0tce&, 

16  cvnd  18  aBzoad  Stzc&t, 

Edison's  I.abratory, 


N.  J 


O _ _ 

2  Z-/J. 


Gentlemen:  - 

Our  attention  has  been  called  by  a  representative  of  the 
firm  of  Edes,  Mixter  &  Heald,  Plymouth,  Hass.,  to  the  low  price  which 
they  quote  for  chemically  pure  zinc,  namely,  7  1-2  cents.  we  are 
about  to  recommend  that  all  meter- plates  in  future  be  made  at  the 
Labratory,  as  we  understand  your  facilities  there,  which  have  been 
somewhat  expensive  to  you,  are  ample  for  the  production  of  any  desired 
number  of  meter  plates  amalgamated  according  to  the  new  process. 

It,  therefore,  occured  to  us  that  possibly  this  quotation  may  be  of 
interest  to  you. 

Very  Truly  Yours, 


CjojiX  _ 

3!^wcO  cfc?  M  ,  cxjIa- o 

■Uy-es  MJ-tfe.  a^jK-  -"'^V  ^ 

Executive  Offices: 

Office  of  the  gfftmthirdiBiiig  §nmm. 

poon)  68.  W.  J.  Jenks,  ‘Director. 

10  at  18  BROAD  STREET, 

Aw  fork, - Apr-i-l-2ndr — . 1889. 

Mr  A.  E.  Kennelly, 

Edison's  laboratory. 

Orange,  N.  J* 

Dear  Sir:- 

The  fact  has  been  brought  to  my  notice  that  the  table 
showing  sizes  and  conductivity  of  wi re  of  the  Edison  Standard 
Guage  is  based  upon  chemically  pure  copper,  and  that  something 
predicated  upon  a  commercial  standard  would  undoubtedly  be  more 
servi cable  and  less  likely  to. mislead  constructors.  Also  that  the 
curve  showing  the  carrying  capacity  might 'well  bo  reviewed  and 
possibly  corrected.  jhave  asked  Mr  Vail  what  his  judgement  is  as 
to  the  percentage  of  the  conductivity  of  pure  copper  which  he 
thinks  we  can  hope  to  secure  as  a  matter  of  actual  practice.  His 
reply  is«96  to  97X." 

1  think,  therefore,  if  a"  table  could*  be.  formulated  on  the 
basis  of  97*  purity  it  would  be  an  important  addition  to  our  in¬ 
formation  and  literature  in  this  respect < 

5 ••  .....  !t  seems  also  that  some  definite  arrangement 'should  be 
made  by  which  tests  of  the  copper  provided' b  r  the  manufacturers 
should  be  frequently  carried  on  that  there  may  be  no  question  as 
to  the  absolute  carrying  capacity  of  conductors  installed  in  all 


pogoowtagca^of  oui*  business. 

•vThe  Bureau  would  be  glad  to  receive  your  advice  on  these 
points,  and, (if  not  asking  too  much)  such  assistance  in  a  practi¬ 
cal  way  as  you  may  be  able  to  give  consistentlprith  your  many  duties. 
Yours  truly, 

E®IS©^  ELECTRIC  blgjlT  g@. 

$#*?  °f  %  §tsndarimng  §umm. 

oonj  68.  W.  J.  Jenk8,  ‘Director. 

Executive  Offices: 

le  St.  IS  BI^OAD  STREET, 

sHew  York, - April  ftt.hig . _J889. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Deal",  Sir;  — 

Mr.  Johnson  has  thus  far  preferred  that  nothing  should 
be  said  definitely  regarding  our  ability  to  transform  from  high 
to  low  potential  for  central  station  work  until  we  received  your 
assurance  that  apparatn*  could  be  given  at -'short  notice. 

Aside  from  the  special  application,  about  vrtiich  we  con¬ 
sulted  you  some  weeks  ago  relative  to  the  transmission  of  power, 
there  has  come  a  demand  for  direct  ourrent  rotary  transformers  from 

1000. volts  to  100,  and  one  of  the  agents  of  the  United  Company  will 
call  here  to-morrow( Tuesday)  to  secure  definite  information  as  to 
whether  we  can  promise  him  a  transformer  of  this  kind  of  a  capaoity 
of  S00  16  candle  power  lamps,  within  three  months.  If  ho  can 

secure  this  assurance  he  can  immediately  close  a  Municipal  plant, 
and  in  doing  so  sellA dynamo  on  the  basis  of  this  increased  output 
m  addition  to  the  Municipal  lighting  which  is  desired,  1 ow  pres¬ 
sure  lamps  to  be  located  about  three  miles  from  the  source  of 
power.  ~  ,  ,  ,  -  V 

Please  give  us  definite  information  if  you  can,.,  and 'also' 

EDlS©eN  ELECTRI®  Ngj-lT  g®. 

Executive  Offices! 

lO  St.  18  BI^OAD  STREET, 

J^eW  fork, _ 1889. 

the  efficiency  of  a  transformer  upon  which  wo  can  estimate  the 
sizes  of  conductors  and  approximate  cost  of  installation. 

Will  it  bo  safe  to  estimate  the  first  cost  of  small 
transformers  of  this  kind  at  as  low  a  price  as  a  dynamo  of  equal 
watt  capacity  ? 

Yours  very  truly 

»(  %  g/niufordieiity  jgmemi. 

poo.!]  68.  W.  J.  Jenlcs,  ‘Director. 

BLrBgTRIg  WSj-lT  g®. 

0fH  of  %  MfmiduritiBiitg  gurcmi. 

w.  J.  Jenlce,  ©ire 

EJxejcutive;  Officers! 

,  ie  s>  is  b^oad  sthejft, 

J\|ew  fork, - AEVil  iOth,. _ ,1! 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.,  j 

Orange ,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir;-  l/)  X>  V  ^ _ 

We  are  now  called  upon  to  send  out  some  directions  for 
the  new  method  of  treating  Meter  solution,  and  the  question  arises 
whether  there  is  anything  patentable  about  it. 

Please  write  us  whether  this  matter  has  been  considered. 
Yours  very  truly 

\ ' 





U  ' 



<Mi;ioii  ©li'ctrk 

j>  .  /h  &xacit  ti'va 

light  % 

16  and  18  oBzoad, 


''M/Z, - _ 


Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. 

Orange ,  N.  J. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison  ;  - 

Referring  to  your  letter  of  Februarytte3rd.  regarding 
extension  of  circuit  at  Spokane  Falls,  W.  T.  I  am  advised  that 
the  Spokane  Falls  Co.  are  going  to  run  their  dynamos  entirely  by 
water  power. 

Wpuld  it  not  be  practicable  to  work  two  different  style 

of  dynamos  into  the  same  general  system  of  mains  9 


Let  the^ dynamos  for  the  district  near  the  station  have 
the  ordinary  drop  of  from  10  to  12  *  on  feeders;  the  dynamos  for 
the  outlying  district  be  of  higher  voltage^gSLig  greater  drop 
on  feeders,  but  so  proportioned  as  to  giv?  the  same  voltage  at 
the  junction  of  feeders  with  mains. 

I  enclose  you  diagram  which  I  think  will  bring  out 
more  clearly  what  I  have  in  mind.  This  plan  would  save, copper,  . 
and  this  copper  item  is  the  important  one  that  embarasses  the  Com¬ 
pany  at  Spokane  Falls.  i  would  very  much  appreciate,  if  you 
vail  kindly  look  into  this  and  send  me  your  views  as  early  as  pos-' 

Yours  truly, 

Gen.  Supt. 


ELBgTRIg  USj-lT  g®. 

“f  ihq  gjfmuhrdiziiiQ  §urc 

poon,  68.  W.  J.  Jenlcg,  ‘Dire. 

Executive  Offices: 

xe  Sf  18  BROAD  STREET, 

J'jew  fork, - AEEjl_8.Qt.Jx, _ J 

Mr.  A.  E,  Kennelly, 

Edison's  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

A  -new  set  of  Rules  is  to  be  adopted  next  week  by  the 
New  England  Insurance  Excliange,  —  the  most  important  to  our  busi¬ 
ness  of  any  body  of  Insurance  men  in  this  country.  They  desire  to 
publish  a  curve  showing  the  safe  carrying  capacity  of  wires  drawn 
to  Brown  &  Sharp  Gauge,  based  on  90*  conductivity, as  being  in  all 
respects  a  safe  limit.  This  is  in  the  line  of  experiments  which 
some  weeks  ago  we  had  some  correspondence  about. 

Can  you  indicate  to  me  any  method  by  which,  from  ex¬ 
isting  data,  this  curve  may  be  formulated  so  as  to  be  of  service 
at  the  meeting  called  for  final  discussion  of  this  matter, in  Boston 
on  Saturday  next,  (April  27th)  7  Capt.  Brophy  is  very  desirous 
of. being  able  to  show  at  that  time  something  which  shall  be  suffi¬ 
ciently  accurate  for  the  purposes  o?  the  Exchange  in  xaxkixg  the 
work  of  inspecting  the  installations  of  tlie  wiring  companies.  ■' 
Yours  very  truly. 

g©jsl  EEEgTRIg  g®. 


Executive;  Offices. 

la  18  BI^OAD  STREET, 
J'lew  Tork,_ 

QUA!** f  »f  %  Mlnndiiriliging  §nre:w.  y 

poonj  68.  W.  J.  Jenltg,  ‘Director.  ^  el^CW  fork, _ _ ApXXl.. 22X10.,  1889. 


1)  ru^K  .  e/f*  o''r  -if[ 

insfder  vntp  fcarc^phc  corraspondencei/  " 

^  •£xr  C  /  ^ 

-1  ,  1. 

Thomas  A.  Edison 

Orange ,  N.  J , 

Dear  Sir:  — 

Will  you  kindly  eons: 
here  enclosed  ? 

The  call  for  some  sort  of  U  'dire^^^-en^Jiyfo^'rmer 
is  getting  louder  and  louder  every  day^  fou^L-lAnotice  Mr.Jf«feaii 

statement  of  what  the  Machine  Works  ({HMsat 

T  .  ’  S* 

Johnson  is  ready  to  indorse,  provided  yo 

the  present  we  shall  use  this  apparatus, alre^^r^Ttic^ll^per..  ^ 
fected  instead  of  waiting  for  the  time  when/yW  JwjJ  duti(sg^d 
other  interests  will  allow  of  the  developmw^o/^^C^ype 
which  we  hope  to  receive  in  due  season.  ** 

ELEgTRIg  USj-lT  g®. 

$//'«  of  %  SfiiitdlirdiBing  | 

P°°nj  68.  W.  J.  JcnltB,  1 

Executive  Offices; 

10  $.  18  BFtOA-D  STREET, 

eNeW  'fork, _ 3^^- 




rf  a., 

/&£asi_  — 

o  \  ^  y~  y'r, 

y^uU^cLyCy  Azzir- 

/*>  -£wo  ^^<~cLct-c^o7~o 

yy#-e-c/  "6-^C  CLS  Cjcuctf~j —  C^C^C^^tb^g-a-o/  ~TS  yy 

&l-  %2  •zst _ 

Q-ct^j<yxc,+y-  custlM&ZZJL  r. 

^ ^  cr/ 1 

^  O^^Unyb^y  to  ^SCU  U^Ca  a.  to  -fJL_ 

~t?  ynt^  i  mz. 

0^^^,  /y^.  ~£e  ~>d_  ^is 

^  E®isa 


ELECTRIg  Ugrf-jT  g®. 

°f  <fo  Standardizing  §urenu. 

poon,  68.  W.  J.  Jenlcs,  ‘Director. 

Executive  Off-iciss: 

IS  $.  18  BROAD  STFJEET, 
cfjew  fork, _ _ _ m 

(j2.^Aa~ 0.  -0  OLC.dil.ii  <n->-y  ~~t?S 


April  26th,  18B9. 

Mr.  Johnson:  — 

This  matter  of  the  safe  carrying  capacity  of  wires 
of  different  sizes  is  well  worthy  of  an  investigation  in  the  light 
of  what  Mr.  Kennelly  says.  The  tables  thus  far  issued  by  the  Light 
Company  show  the  carrying  capacity  at  a. certain  specified  temper¬ 
ature  and  not  the  safe  limit  with  a  rise  in  temperature  of  a  given 
number  of  degrees  above  that  of  the  surrounding  air. 

You  will  notice  that  Mr.  Vail  is  also  desirous  to  com¬ 
plete  the  collection  of  whatever  information  we  can  secure  on  this 
stibj  ect. 

It  is  particularly  important  that  a  table  bo  made  showing 
these  figures  with  97#  conductivity  of  copper,  and  that  in  our 
future  work  arrangments  should  be  made  with  the  companies  produc¬ 
ing  wire  so  that  samples  of  their  copper  can  bo  tested  by  us  from 
timo  to  time  to  determine  whether  wo  are  treading  on  safe  ground. 

Do  you  authorize  a  request  to  Mr.  Edison  on  the  part  of 
the  Light  Company  f 

Yours  Very  Truly, 

W.  J.  JENKS, 


E.  H.  Johnson, 
Pre  s '  t . 

V/.  J.  Jenks: 

ELEgTRIg  LIG^T  g®. 

°f  %  §>hitd:trdmttq  gtinan. 

poorij  68.  W.  J.  Jenlcg,  <Dlpectop. 

Executive  Offices: 


jiw  fork, _ May  8th, 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq,, 

Orange,  N,  J» 

Dear  Sir;  — 

Plaaso  liave  i.'r.  Kennelly  work  out  into  practical  form  the 
ideas  embodied  in  a  recent  letter  to  us  as  to  Electrolytic  Motors 
for  the  measurement  of  the  total  current  of  central  stations. 

Mr,  Wirt  and  Mr*  White  will  take  occasion  to  have  an 
early  conference  with  Mr.  Kennelly  0n  this  subject. 

Yours  very  truly* 




E§IS®J\|  ELrECTRIg  Llgj-lT  6®. 



0ffirc  of  the  <§it;w(!;irdiziuQ  jgtirciw. 

poonj  68.  W.  J.  Jenlcs.  ‘Director. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq,, 

Orango,  N.  Jw 

Dear  Sir:  — 

Will  you  kindly  toll  us  about  what  you  think  a  lightning 
Arrestor  will  cost  to  have  1  microfarad  capacity  and  stand  1200  V, 
pressure,  as  called  for  for  lightning  protection  t 
Yours  very  truly. 


t2v  U<y*<JL j 



,  ,  ,,  „  Ytt  &  18  UHOAIi  STBMCT, 

U  Wall  St, 

New  York,  1889. _ _ 

My  dear  Mr.  Tate.- 

It  is  of  the  greatest  importance  that  we  get 
hojd  of  the  extracts  from  the  English  papers  sometime  during  the 
year  1878,  containing  the,  announcement  upon  which  the  great  fall 
of  English  Gas  shares  took  place'.  The  attached  letter  from  Mr. 
Lowrey  to  Mr.  Johnson  will  explain'.  If  you  can  in  any  way  as¬ 
sist  the  bearer  in  hunting  up  this  publisation  in  your  scrap  bboks 
we  shall  be  greatly  obliged. 

Yours  very  truly. 

To  A.  0,  Tate,  Esq.  Private  Secretary, 
The  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J.. 


Secty  &  Treai 


D©®fsl  ELECTRIC  Lflg^lT  g®. 

°f  %  §iimdmlmng  § mean. 

Po°nj  71 .  W.  J.  Jen  leg,  -Dlrecto 

Executive  Of'F'iciss: 

J^lew  'Pork // _ \[ 


,  ^  **  *&***~J.  L^.-JLjU.  j>L^. 

4  ^*«W  ^  ^  J 


rrrevUei,  /sJu,  £>  ^ 

AA £, 

cA.  /A  jU^  fProU<Zi^ 

c9  v-^Col^uoC  ,  *  V  v  -T  *  ^  ■  J  0, 

47/  * 

£  £ .t~<L 


~"A  V  WO  '0  *  1*  BROAD  STREET, 

•New  York . June  35th.  1889  188 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir  :  - 

I  have  your  esteemed  favor  of  June  24th,  and  thank  you 
for. the  same.  I  have  mailed  it  to  our  General  Agent,  who  has 
been  instructed  to  employ  four  or  more  solicitors  under  his  general 

The  Board  received  my  report  very  kindly,  and,  while  as 
yet  unwilling  to  reduce  prices  are  very  .anxious  to  have  a  vigor¬ 
ous  campaign  inaugurated  in  the  solicitation  of  light. 

Most  truly  yours, 

Engineer  in  Chief. 

0fftc 1  of  %  ,§/»» idardixiug  §ur 
P°onj  71.  W.  J.  Jenk8,  ©lr< 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq,, 

cf'Jew  fork, - J.uly....2nd.,.-. 


Orange,  N,  j.  '  *.  *  -  j 

i/M*:  T-^T 

/fj..  C’Ttf./sf/F? 

Several  weeks  ago /we  sent  you  details  of  an  estimate  on 
a  proposed  water  power^r  the  lachine  Rapids.  If  you  can  so  far 
review  this  as  to  ei  tiier  endorse  or  criticise  it,  it  will  very 
much  assist  us  in  dealing  with  problems  of  this  class,  two  or 
three  of  which  ate  now  presented  to  us. 

jJ  ,  \T^0Wrs  v 

rours  very  truly. 

EBISO^I-  ELtEgTRIg  L-lgj-lf  "g®. 


*’•  Sc°y  *  rr‘>"“'  Executive  Offices: 

»f  %  ShmiariiBhiQ  $wemi. 

Poonj  71.  W.  J,  Jenl.8,  ‘Director. 

T.  A.  Edison, 

Dear  Sir:- 

With  this  we'-.send4  lamp-. from' the’ Eagle  Oil  Company, 
showing  possibly , a1  leakage  of  oil  or  inflaamable  gas  into  the 
vacuum  space. 

Please  vrrite  us  whether  this  represents  a  difficulty 
which  is  likely  to  occur  in  places  where  inflamnable  gases- may 

44  wall  street. 
J\|ew  fork, - J.uly._2., . . ......1889. 


fr  Wi  A..ZH. 


%?.  ’“• 

V&o  &d^unsi,  (lUuc^C  Or-  S^W. 

,  *$'->'*■  ! 

^  \ 

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aj-  a-t^y.  y^r^  ^’J-' 

l^-Lu^.  /Uj<^u  Ozy?fr-  otyntyu*  'JsL^tr  ^7-^^  ~6-d^~  j 

"^■^t  ^  f^Uy.  ^ 

0\^L^n^.  v  iy—tx^_s  —  fa^-c-  O^A^d^t^.  slstsis  <O~tA—<-^y0  f 

Oyt^sL,  -^L,  dJ^7~ 

/U^C  1 

^  -4"  ^  2r 

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S©^  ELtESTRIg  LIS^T  g®.  ^ 

0Hflct  °f  %  £fanifordixmg  §nrt;iu. 

poonj  71.  W.  J.  Jcnks,  director. 

Edison  Laboratory, 
Orange,  N.  j. 

iuly...loth. - 

We  have  not  received  bill  for  expense  of  recent  meter  ^  ! 

experiment.  You  will  call  to  mind  the  instructions  given  to  the 

Standardizing  Bureau,  several  months  ago,  making  our  approval 


of  bills  for  experimental  work,  fMMMn,  upon  the  rendering  of 
th«se  bills  during  the  first  ten  days  of  the  month  follovfing/  ^hat 
during  which  the  bills  were  contracted.  Shis 

.  arrange¬ 
ment  was  assented  to  by  you  in  writing.  Wo  are  also  doing  this 
work  under  a  limitation  of  expense;  and  in  order  to  know  how  much 
farther  we  can  go  in  the  matter,  it  is  necessary  to  get  your  bills 
to  date. 

Yours  truly, 

E®lf©J\l  ELEgTRIg  LISj-lT  g®. 

Executive  Offices. 


J\|ew  fork,..' - Jul.y.-.iath. - 1889. 

A.  E.  Kennelly, 

Edison  laboratory. 

Deal’  Sir:- 

You  will  remember  that  at  the  .bureau  meeting  of  March 
9th. ,  it  was  resolved  on  motion  of  Mr, j?eggs,  that  meters  of  larger 
capacity  be  developed  for  the  use  of  central  stations;  and  that  the 
investigation  relative  to  these  and  meters  for  the  total  measure¬ 
ment  of  output  in  the  station  itself  be  continued  with  a 

view  of  demonstrating  the  practicability  of  using  the  chemical 
system  throughout.  In  pursuance  of  those  motions  the  continuance 
of  our  work  in  these  directions  was  authorized  by  Mr.  Johnson 
March  20th.  In  addition  to  this  a  special  request  from  the 
Bureau,  countersigned  by  Mr,  Me  Clement .was  sent  to  the  labora¬ 
tory  under  date' of  May, 8th.  I  presume  you  may  not  have  had  an 
opportunity  to  arrive  at  any  definite  conclusion,  satisfactory  to 
yourself  as  regards  either  of  these  matters.  We  are  however, 
now  obliged  to  make  some  recommendations  at  once  to  the  Brooklyn,  ' 
New  York  and  Boston  stations,  as  to  the  construction  of  4^0'. 32, 
and  a  No.  64  meter.  it  is  not  desirable  that  they  should  te  en-  • 
c our aged  to  order  what  might  he  terned  experimental  apparatus,  ' 

BDWAliD  M.  JOHNSON,  Print. 

of  %  gtimtiirdiziitg  §mmt. 

poon)  71.  W.  J.  Jenlcs,  ‘Director. 

of  %  § Umdurdizing  §urcnu. 

poonj  71.  W.  J.  Jen  Its.  “Director 


neither  are  we  as  at  present,  informed,  in  position  to  indicate 
definitely,  specifications  for  standard  meters  of  those  sizes. 

Under  these  circumstances  please  advise  ud  what  size  plates  you 
would  consider  best  for  use  with  2,  3,  or  4  No.  16  shunts  connected 
in  multiple.  If  there  are  to  be  two  sizes  of  plates  a  convenient 
and  perhaps  practical  dividing  line  may  be  made  between  the  No.  16, 
and  the  No,  32,  or  to  apply  to  all  meters  above  a  No.  16,  what¬ 
ever  their  capacity.  Wo  are  now  advising  New  York  and  Brooklyn 
to  order  meters  for  several  hundred  lamps 
shunts  in  multiple  aro^and  if  you  will  indicate  to  Mr.  White, 
preferably  in  writing,  your  judgment  as  to  the  size  of  piate  whi ch 
may  bo  for  the  present  adopted,  we  will  endeavor  to  agree  hero  in 
the  office,  to  unite  with  you  in  a  decision  which  shall  make  the 
selected  size  alt  least  a  temporary  standard. 

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°f  %  £(midardixing  §1  ircaii. 

poonj  71.  W.  J.  Jenltg,  ‘Director. 

Executive  Offices: 


Jiw  fork, - July. -18th. .1889. 

A.  E.  JCennelly  Esq.  .... 

Edison  Laboratory. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Mr.  Wi rt  has  informed  me  that  you  are  now  prepared  to 
make  a  report  as  to  the  question  of  conductivity  of  wires.  1 
should  esteem  it  a  favor,  and  am  sure  it  would  add  greatly  to  the 
interest  of  the  convention,  if  you  would  make  this  report  in  such 
form  as  that  in  addition  to  it  being  a  statement  to  the  Bureau, 
of  the  work  done,  it  can  be -read  either  as  a  whole  or  in  part  as 
a  paper  at  the  association  meeting,  August  13th.  I  think  it 
would  also  add  very  greatly  to  the  interest  of  that  convention, 
if  you  could  be  present  and  if  you  desire,  will  try  and  bring  it 
about  by  an  appeal  to  Mr.  Edison,  through  the  officers  of  this 
company.  of  course  you  may  have  other' plans,  either  for  going 
there,  or  for  work  which  would  prevent  your  attendance.  We  are 
now  working  very  earnestly  to  arrange  a  programme,  which  will 
make  this  meeting  the  most  successful  yet  held. 

Tours  truly. 

/A  dr  ~ 

0ff‘^  of  thq  £ fimdiirdiaiiig  gurcmi. 

poonj  71.  W.  J.  Jenlcs,  director. 

Executive  Offices: 


J\lew  fork, - J_uly_._2.2nd, . .1889, 

Mr.  A.  E.  Konnelly, 

Edi  so  n '  s  lab  or  at  or-y  , 

Orange ,  N.  J.  - 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  am  very  much  gratified  that  you  will  be  aBslo  to  attend 
the  Convention,  as  stated  in  your  letter  of  July  19th.  I  think 
you  will  be  not  only  interested  yourself,  but  able  to  give  to  the 
station  people  there  ideas  that  will  be  valuable  to  the  Convention. 

Yours  very  truly. 

ELtESTRI©  USjlT  g®. 


°fi  %  Mianinriieing  §tirmi. 

poonj  71.  W.  J.  Jcnlte,  <Dlreetor. 

Executive  Offices: 
J^lcw  York, 

1  wall  street. 
August  3rd, 

Mr.  A.  E.  Kennelly, 

laboratory  of- Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  N.  J,- 

Dear  Sir: 

Mr.  Wirt  has  brought  to  me  your  suggestion  that  the 
Bureau  state  something  limiting  the  temperature  for  conductors. 

I  think,  with  him,  that  your  paper  will  have  more  force  without 
any  comnent  on  the  part 'of  the  Bureau,  but  with  the  underst  anding 
that  its  lessons  will  be  brought  up  in  the  future  business  of  the 

Yours  very  truly, 

Z<n<.  So/*t-r<r>-\ 

E®IS©jJ  ELEgTRIg  Llgj-lT  g®. 

WARD  H.  JOHNSON)  F>rci 

Qffuq  of  tint  ^Imuhirtliziiig  @nremi. 

oonj  71.  W.  J.  JenlcSt  ‘Director. 

The  liaison  Laboratory, 

Executive  Offices! 

J\|ew  fork,^S-g.gjJgggi _ 1889. 


Orange  H.J. 

Will  you  fix  a  price  on  the  new  meter  solution/ 

VTc  believe  more  than  ever  that  it  will  bo  very  desirable  that 
you  should  supply  this  and  wo  shall  recommend  it  to  be  obtained 
from  yoti.  It  appears  that  the  cost  of  the  /salt  in  the  new  solution 
at  15  cents  a  pound  is  about  1/4  cent  for  each  bottle.  This 
being  such  a  small  item  it  appears  to  bo  worth  all  that  it  can 
cost  to  have  you  prepare  the  solution  with  all  possible  pains 
and  then  to  throw  it  away  after  it  has  been  used  once.  One 
gallon  will  fill  about  90  bottles.  This  would  seem  to  bo  enough 
to  put  in  one  pkg.  Gallon  bottles  can  bo  handled  easier  than 
carboys,  and  will  have  a  value  aftor  use.  You  will  be  able  to 
acidify  the  solution  to  just  the  right  point, which  is  a  thing 
that  wo  would  never  be  able  to  advise  th*  motor  man  to  do. 

We  beliove  that  you  having  charge  of  the  plates  and  the  solution 
/will  Put  the  responsibility  where  it  belongs  for.  the  particular 
part  of  the  meter  system,  leaving  oftly  the  plain  and  simple  part 
for  the  meter  man.  It  appears  that  there  is  still  at  least  a 
little  uncertainty  about  these  two  factors  which/  with  your  heap 
should  be  made  to  disappear  in  time. 

mw  York'^x-.~-i «ra»r« 

EDI^Mv?l.N.?WL  electric  CO. 

UHMHI  IlilCtU  ll,  Lisum  \  «. 


Mr.  Charles  b.  Batbhelor, 

.Edison  laboratory, Orange  N.J. 

Dear  sir; 

In  sns.ere  to  yours  ortho  I6t„  ,  „oal4  „ay  ^ 

»y  discussion  Of  the  motor  dynamo  r.thor  illustrative  then 
statistical,  still  „  ,0  the  coat  of  p„.er,  I  g„,  ,h„  ,„r<)nnatlm 
I  oonld  from  the  Sat.  of  the  Sneering  dept.  and  „„  ^  „ 

•s  Mr.  B.ggs,  Mr.  Edgar,  ana  mjiso»  Hov.ll,-  ma  j  „mt 

.  figure  that  «,  h.  near  ,h.  average  for  Edison  stations. 
Erom  the  reports  of  sin  stations  in  different  parte  or  the 
».S.  1  got  the  average  coat  of  COAL  only  for  one  electrical  HP 
hoaijOn  the  statioijbns  .equal  to  one  cent  almost  "exactly. 

Aocepping  this  resnl,  a.  fair,  it  rcmai  ns  to  add  the  proper 
ennt  for  all  the  other  expense,  of  ,h.  station  shich  go  to  «*e  ' 

the  .oct  of  ,h,  energy  deliierea.  These  vary  densely  i„  differ 
•n.  stations,  me  .  xtreme  variation  in  the  output  ls  .h.t  ; 

brings  up  the  figure  ,o  high.  I  db  pr.tend  ^  „y  figur< 

Of  4  cents  is  mad.  up  from  analyst,  of  statistics.  I,  1. 

People  seem  to  be  agreed  as  to  just  what  items  should 
be  charge,  against  the  cos,  of  energy  d^iyered.  !  considered  that 
**  *»-»  *be  energy  vould  he  called 

Princely  during  the  hours  of  heavy  load.  It  is  „ot  . 

' "  ^  “  ‘T  108,1  “  ls  »  addition  to  the  height.  ' 

Of  c  ourse  in  some  cases  the  result  would  be  only  a  small  addition 
to  the  cost  of  operation  outside  of  fuel.  However  for  the  purpose 
I  considered  it  fair  to  allow  that  the  increased  cost  oXXKJQC 
would  be  pro  rata  to  the  increased  output. 

Yours  very  truly, 

W^aA,/—  . 

J Qj.  . 


44  WAUL  STREET.  ■  • 

New  Yorfflet.  2nd.  *89«  _ 

A.  E.  Kennelly,  Esq., 

Edison's  Laboratory, 

,  Orange,  N.  J.  - 

Dear  Sir;  — 

Inanswer  to  yours  of  Sept.  30th,  (which  you  will  pardon  ;r 
me  for  saying  is  characteristic  of  the  spirit  in  which  you  have 
entered  into  all  our  walk),  I  am  sure  Mr.  Martin  cannot  fail  to 
appreciate  your  proposi  tion  and  make  the  best  possible  use  of  the 
material.  you  will  furnish. 

In  order  to  expedite  matters  I  have  this  morning  sent, 
him  the  curves,  all  of  whidi  I  assume  are  of  importanc®  either  to 
him,  or  to  me  in  the  publication  of  the  Minutes.  In  doing  this  I 
have  stipulated  that  he  loan  me  the  cuts  which  he  uses  in  his 
paper,  so  that  the  Association  will  be  at  no  expense  in  reproducing 
this  portion  of,the  valuable  material. 

I  an  obliged  to  be  away  for  a  day  or  two,  but  have  said 
to  Mr.  Martin  that  inasmuch  as  you  hawe  signified  your  intention 
of  meeting  him  at  our  convenience  I  should  like  to  arrange  for 
some  time  immediately  on  my  return.  Of  this  I  will  advise  you 

&£> .  • 


Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Orange  ,  N.  J. 
Dear  Sir: — 

New  York.  Oct;.  21,  IftR.a. 


By  the  enclosed  correspondence  you  will  see  that  wo  are 
in  search  of  information  as  to  tte  alleged  expiration  of  the  Span¬ 
ish  Feeder  Patent.  In  referring  to  t.te  file®  of  the  light  Co.  I  ' 
cannot  find  the  original  of  the  letter  of  Jan  23rd,  written  by 
Mr.  Dyer  to  Dr.  Crowell,  nor  can  I  find  any  of  the  enclosures. 

It  has  been  suggested  that  those  papeiu  were  possibly  forwarded  to, 
you,  and  as  it  now  become*  of  importance  that  the;  action  of  the 
Continental  Company  in  the  matter  shall  be  investigated,  will  you 
hindly  refer  to  your  files,  and,,  if  possible,  send  us.some  infor- 
nnation  on  this  point.  If  nothing  is  found  please  return  as  prompt¬ 
ly  as  consistent  the  pep ers  hore  enclosed.  , 

Yours  very  truly, 

3  enclosures. 


patent  litigation 


P  i  r  s  t:  What  answer  shall  be  made  to  the 

letter  of  SHIPPEY  I 

*S,  London,  September  13th,  1889, 

j  asking  if  we  wish  to  purchase  the  U.  S.  WOODWARD  Patent, 

S'  dated  August  29th,  1876.  No.  181,613.  Mr.  JOHNSON  has 
examined  this  matter,  and  will  report. 

Second:  Mr.  DYER'S  answer  to  Mr.  POPE'S 

book  on  “Evolution  of  the  Electric  Incandescent  Lamp". 

I  will  report  what  progress  has  been  made  in  this  matter 
and  what  Mr.  EDISON  thinks  about  printing  Mr.  DYER’S  reply. 

Third:  Re  Opinion  of  JUSTICE  BRADLEY  in 

the  Fibrous-Carbon  Case.  Does  the  Committee  approve  my 
action  in  printing  in  pamphlet  form,  this  opinion.  Shall 
a  large  number  of  oopies  be  struck  off  for  gmeral  distri- 
\l  bution*  and  if  so,  to  what  extent  and  at  whose  expense? 

Shall  we  have  an  article  on  the  decision  prepared  for  and 
printed  in  the  Tribune,  at  an  expense  of  about  §500?  j 

j/f  Shali  we  insist  upon  the  decree  being  entered  at  Pittsburgh 
at  311  early  date>  «  sbaU  wo  leave  that  to  the  other  side  j 
I  to  do  whenever  they  please?  j 

Fourth:  Touching  the  matter  of  securing  I 

a  further  decision  of  the  Supreme  Court  of  the  United  j 
;  States  on  the  question  of  the  effect  of  the  expiration  of  ! 


a  foreign  patent,  I  am  prepared  to  report  progress  pursu¬ 
ant  to  the  adopted  resolution,  oontained  in  the  Fifth  See. 
of  my  Mem.  of  the  meeting  of  this  Committee  held  on  Soptem. 
ber  26th,  1889.  .  .. 

The  FOKL  Case  rooently  decided  against  us  by 
JUDGE  WALLACE  can  possibly  be  advanced  on  the  calendar  of 
the  United  States  Supreme  Court,  so  as  to  be  argued  and. 
decided  this  Winter.  The  only  expense  will  be  that  of 
paying  one  or  two  lawyers  to  arguo  the  law  points  on  our 
behalf  and  to  prepare  the  brief,  Mr.  SEWARD  and  Mr.  LOWREY 
argued  the  case  before  JUDGE  WALLACE.  Mr.  THURSTON  is 
also  familiar  with  the  case.  Whom  shall  we  employ  to 
argue  the  case  on  appeal? 

Fifth:  Proposed  arrangement  with  our  op¬ 

ponents  touching  the  Hydro-Carbon  Case  at  Trenton.  This 
is  the  mattor  referred  to  in  the  Seventh  Sec.  of  my  Mom. 
for  the  last  meeting.  Mr.  EDISON  and  Mr.  UPTON  both  said 
positively  that  the  Hydro-Carbon  process  in  3uit  is  not 
used  at  the  lamp  factory,  and  that  so  far  as  our  manufac¬ 
ture  of  lamps  is  concerned,  they  have  nothing  to  fear  from 
an  adjudication  sustaining  this  patent.  The  matter, there 
fore,  becomes  a  question  of  business  policy.  Shall  wo 
oonsent  to  short  dates  in  this  ease  in  exchange  fbr  a  like 
consent  to  bo  given  us?  I  am  prepared  to  moke  a  state¬ 
ment  before  this  question  is  decided.  Probably  I  shall 
have  nothing  to  say  about  the  expiration  of  the  Spanish 
Patent  as  affecting  our  progress  in  this  suit. 



s  i  x  t  h:  5'ilaraent  Case.  Since  the  last 
mootine  of  tho  Committee,  the  Counsel  ana  Experts  in  - this 
case  have  spent  a  day  in  conference*  and  will  meet  one e 
more  for  oonf orone  e  prior  to  our  putting  PROCESSOR  BARKER 
on  tho  stand  on  the  19th  inst.  A  very  important  question 
touching  the  scope  of  expert  testimony  to  be  entered  by  us, 
remains  to  be  settled,  and  I  would  bo  clad  to  explain  it 
to  the  Committee,  for  their  consideration,  .  It  is  import- 

Seventh:  Referring  to  the  Ninth  Sec.  of 

my  Hem.  for  the  last  meeting.  Hr.  JENKS  and  Hr.  STIERIHGER 
have  examined  the  THOMSOH-HOUSTON  on  Central  Station  plant 
at  New  Haven  and  Paterson,  Hr.  JENKS  has  made  a  full  re¬ 
port  m  writing.  The  New  Haven  plant  infringes  sixteon  ■ "  * 
of  our  patents,  and  the  Paterson  plant  infringes  twenty- 
seven  of  our  patents.  Shall  we  eomnence  actions  on  these 
Patents  against  that  Company,  or  shall  we  preferably  suo 
the  WESTINGHOUSE  Companies?  Their  plants  infringe  fewer 
of  our  patents  but  enough  are  infringed  to  afford  the 
basis  for  at  least  six  or  seven  suits  if  desired.  .Mr. 

JENKS  is  now  making  an  examination  of  a  WESTINGHOUSE  plant, 
in  connection  with  this  question, 

Eighth:  Shall,  we  retain  any  further  ex¬ 

pert?  I  refer  particularly  to  Mr.  E.  S.  RBHWICK. 

Ninth:  Shall  I  employ  further  attorneys, 

and  what  ones.  We  have  ten  patents,  all  but  two,  well 
advanced  in  litigation,  which  we  can  press.  They  are  the 


I  Feeder,  Lamp  in  Two  Parts,  the  Pendant  Lamp  with  Shade 
i  above  it,  the  Johnson  Double  Pole  Switch,  tho  Johnson  Dou- 
|  bio  Pole  Safety  Catch  (in  these  two  patentB  we  have  done 
nothing  except  commence  suit),  the  Three  Wire  House  Ser¬ 
vice,  tho  Andrew’s  Brea*  Down  Switch,  the  High  Resistance 
Filament,  the  Three  Wire  System,  and  the  Plugging;  In  and 
Out  of  Feeders.  In  most  of  these  cases  wc  have  made  out 
a  prima  faciae  case.  Shall  we  force  the  other  side  to  go 
ahead.  Host  of  these  cases  are  against  the  WESTI1JGH0USE 

The  WESTIHGHOUSE  lawyers  are  already  forcing 
cases  against  us  on  five  patents,  to  wit:  The  SAWYER  and 

MAH  System,  the  Hydro-Carbon,  the  Two  Farmer  Regulators, 
and  the  driving  out  of  occluded  gases.  They  have  eight 
Patent  lawyers  under  retainers,  as  well  as  more  exports 
than  we.  How  many  more  lawyers  shall  we  employ  and  on 
what  easos? 

Tenth:  Should  tho  WESTIHGHOUSE  COHPAMY . 

appeal  from  JUDGE  BRADLEY’S  decision  to  the  Supreme  Court, 
it  will  be  important  to  have  all  the  documents,  stenograph- 
ic  reports,  to.,  used  at  Pittsburgh,  for  its o- on  the  appeal 
I,  therefore,  suggest  the  adoption  of  tho  following  resolu. 

Resolved:  That  tho  attorneys  and  coun¬ 

sel  in  tho  Fibrous-Carbon  Case  be  and  are  hereby  requested 
to  turn  over  to  the  General  Counsel  all  documents,  steno¬ 
graphic  reports  or  notos,  and  other  data  for  permanent 


preservation  by  the  Company.  The  General  Counsel  is  hon 
by  instructed  to  promptly  act  on  this  resolution, 

.  Respectfully  Submit tod, 

General  Counsel. 

October  11,  1889. 


A  Mooting  of  the  Patent  Litigation 
Committee  of  tho  EDISON  ELECTRIC  LIGHT  COMPANY  v« is.  hold, 
pursuant  to  oall,  at  the  Offices  of  MESSRS.  DREXEL,  MORGAN 
&  CO.,  S3  Wall  Street,  on  Monday,  Oct.  14,  1SS9,  at  4  p.m. 



On  Motion,  tho  reading  of  the  minutes 
was  dispensed  with, 

The  following  memo,  of  business  was  presented 
by  the  General  Counsel.  (Copy  memo.) 

The  matter  referred  to  in  the  first  section  of 
MAJOR  EATON'S  memorandum  was  passed  owing  to  the  absence 
of  Mr.  JOHNSON. 

On  Motion  made  and  duly  seconded,  the 
question  of  publication  of  Mr.  DYER’S  answer  to  Mr.  POPE'f 
book  on  “Evolution  of  the  Electric  Incandescent  Lamp"  was 
roforrod  to  General  Counsel. 

On  Motion  made  and  duly  seconded, 
5,000  copies  of  JUDGE  BRADLEY'S  decision  wore  ordered 
printed  for  general  distribution;  and  it  was  resolved 
that  no  further  publication  on  the  subjeot  be  made  in  the 

The  question  of  advancing  the  POHL  case  on  tho 
calendar  was  referred  to  General  Counsel  with  power;  als > 
the  question  of  the  employment  of  necessary  counsel,  in 


addition  to  Mr.  SEWARD. 

On  Motion  made  and  duly  seconded,  the 
|  prop0£3,3d  arrangement  for  advancing  rapidly  the  Hydro-Carl 
|  b0n  case  at  Tl*anton  declined,  unless  a  satisfactory 
!  case  can  bo  selected  by  our  counsel  to  be  equally  pressed. 

On  Motion  made  and  duly  seconded,  the 
power  to  press  a  limited  number  of  new  patent  suits  was 
referred  to  General  Counsel  with  power. 

The  question  of  employing  additional  counsel 
for  these  oases  was  also  referred  to  Mr.  HERRICK  and  tho 
General  Counsel,  with  power,  the  idea  being  that  in  minor 
oases  comparatively  inexpensive  lawyers  would  be  required. 

The  question  of  employing  Mr.  REHWICK  was  laid 
over  with  the  recommendation  that  tho  General  Counsel  use 

0  n  M  o  t  i  o  n  made  and  duly  seconded,  it  I 

Resolved,  that  the  Attorneys  and  Coun¬ 
sel  in  the  fibrous  carbon  case  be  and  hereby  nro  requested 
to  turn  over  to  tho  Genoral  Counsol  ell  documents,  steno¬ 
graphic  reports  or  notes  and  other  data  for  per, ton  ant  pres- 
orvation  by  the  Company.  The  General  Counsel  is  hereby 
instructed  to  promptly  act  on  this  resolution. 

The  meeting  was  then  adjourned. 



Act.  Secy. 

J iei'c  ■  ' 



Dear  Sin:- 

In  accordance  with  the  By-laws  of  this  Company t  I  beg 
leave  to  notify  you  that  at  the  first  meeting  of  the  Board,  held 
November  13th,  a  resolution  was  adopted  giving  notice  of  proposed 
amendment  of  Bee.  10,  Art,  4,  of  the  By-lava,  ‘  The  section  refer¬ 
red  to  reads  as  follows: 

■Sash  Trustee,  hot  under  salary,  shall  be  entitled  to 
five  dollars  for  punctual  attendanee  at  any  Board  meeting  or  anr 
Comnittee  thereof,* 

The  neat  quarterly  meeting  of  the  Board  will  be  held  at 
the  office  of  the  Company  on  the  3rd.  Tueeday  in  January  next*  at 
which  meeting  the  proposed  amendment  will  be  considered  and  acted 

Yours  very  truly, 






JVew  York,. . ifee...  16tfr, _ 18 89 


A  number  oi*  Van  Choate  lamps  were  sent  to  the  lamp 
factory  some  days  ago.  Lamps  of'150  c.p.  show  an  expenditure  of  2 
watts  per  candle.  .  . 

Do  you  consider  the  matter  of  sufficient  interest  to  know 

somethire  more -about  these  by  putting  them  <Sn  your  circuits  for  a 
life  tost  1  ftf  so,  they  -  can  be  sent  over  from  Newark  at  any  time. 

T.  A.  Edison,  Esqi  , 
Orange , 


1889.  Electric  Light  -  Edison  Electric  Light  Company  - 
Illuminating  Companies  (D-89-36) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
organization  and  management  of  local  Edison  illuminating  companies. 
Included  are  documents  concerning  the  annual  convention  of  the  Association 
of  Edison  Illuminating  Companies.  Among  the  correspondents  are  Jonathan 
H.  Vail,  secretary  of  the  Association  of  Edison  Illuminating  Companies,  and 
Edwin  R.  Weeks,  general  manager  of  the  Edison  Electric  Light  &  Power  Co. 
of  Kansas  City. 

Approximately  40  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine  meeting 
announcements;  routine  orders. 



I  have  been  requested  to  ascertain  hovf  many  representat¬ 
ives  of  Edison  Illuminating  Companies  in'  this  vicinity  will  attend 
the  next  semi-annual  convention  of  .the  Edison. Association  at  Kansas 
City,  Mo. 

If  possible,  it  is  desired  to  get  together  a  party  of 
sufficient  size  to'  occupy  a  special  car  on  one  of  the  Perm.  R.  R; 
Limited  trains,  similar  to  the  trip  to  Chicago  last  year. 

WiH  y?u  kindly  inform  me  at  an  early  day  whether  we  can 
expect  the  pleasure  of  having  you  with  us  on  the  trip}? 


E&STDN,  FflV'^;-.  /li  inn  /!■ 


'  J¥- 


/A  *  ,  y 

■1  *■  a*  «.-(  c’v'v^/t^ 

^  A-Xi  ftl-oc  fir.  t-<  fe-UL* 


^  ^^7  %"  -*%*> 

*C;%  4hCu-^ 
*/)-%%>, A  (j%^A. 

.  &Zt/- ' 


Thomas  A 


139-141  ADAMS  STREET. 


Jan.  19,  1889 . . 

.  Edison  Esq., 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir: 

We  are  talking  of  building  a  station  for  residence  lighting 
principally.  The  area  to  be  coveredis  1-2  mile’ wide  by  a  mile  and  a 
half  long.  The  station  would  be  located  a  mile  and  a  half  from  our 
present  station.  Could  we  in  any  way  feed  the  new  station  during  light 
run,  from  our  present  station?  The  new  station  would  have  capacity 
of  from  15000  to  20000  lights.  I  do  not  think  thelargest  load  would 
be  over  10,000  lights, and  the  light  load  might  be  1000  at  the  utmost. 
This  new  station  would  cover  the  residence  district  in  which  many  of 
our  stockholders  life, and  they  are  very  anxious  for  the  light.  If 
operated  constantly  we  d^no^h^ih  it  would  pay,  unless  we  could  feed 
it  from  our  present  stafionTwitfione  ortwo  men  to  attend  to  the 
regulation.  We  would  be  obliged  to  you  fv  any  suggestions  you  may 
give  us  on  the  subject. 

.  '  •»  We  could  locate  the  station  on  one  side  of  the  area,  adjoining 
waterailr°ad  and  the  la,ce,  in  that  wa,y  making  a  saving  in  fufel  and 

It  occurs  to  us  that  if  we  could  feed  from  the  old  station  to 
the  new  station, it  might  possibly  be  cheaper  to  feed  from  the  new 
station  to  the  old  one. 

We  enclose  rates  we  get  for  power,  which  you  will  see  are  higher 
?narffe'»  als0  a  table  showing  the  rates  'for  power 
compared  with  the  rates  for  light.  This  is  based  on  motors  for  con¬ 
tinuous  work— not  intermittent.  ■ 

Mr.  G.  T.  Watkins,  former  President  of  the  old  gas  company,  who  is 
a  stockholder  in  our  company, has  been  prevailed  upon,  by  ourpeople  to 
take  t.he  Presidency  of  this  Company.  He  went  to  New  York  last  night 
and  whiie  he  is  ,Bast  will  probably  call  on  you*  He  has  with  him  a 
statement  of  our  last  year’s  business, which  I  will  ask  him  to  show  to 
you.  In  it  I  show  the  largest  and  the  smallest  :nunber  of  lights 
operated  during  .December, iihieh  is  the  largest  lighting  month.  I  wish 
.  you  would  please  give  Mr.  Watkins  all  tlte  information  he  may  desire, 
because  on  the  result  of  what  he  learns  there  will  determine  the 
policy  of  this  Company  for  the  future.  £  juJzrfb 

Regarding  the  matter  of  new  station,  if  you  wish,  I  will  send/ou 
maps  of  the  city  showing  our  present  station  and  the  contemplated 
station.  Very  truly  yours,. 

The  Chicago  Edison  Co., 

Sec’y  &  Treas. 

^/-/e  ^  ^  ^  .,.#C„_  .  J£*d*£_  _ 

tCP.*-  *£«.  ^..jj/L.  />te.  /32sJ**c±  .0.J: 

S-£<z-e^<.,«-.  /^  &*J-^6^^y>,  <L*ZZZZe 

f-^^-<-  ...a'^ce^ . ^ 

ffic  . S^Z£Z^  .  /O. 

a-  ^>Z..e^^^y._. 

- •*^L~~e^4jr.:  r  J0**.. . j£T  y  y 





Secretary’s  Office,  Room  58,  No,  !6  Broad  St. 

n  .  '!  le  next  semi -annua!  convention  of  the  Association  of  Edison  Electric  Illuminating 

Companies  will  be  lie  d  at  Kansas  City,  Mo.,  Tuesday;  February  12th,  1889.  (The  By-Laws 
having  been  changed  at  the  last  meeting,  providing  that  the  Convention  shall  convene  on 
Tuesday  instead  of  Wednesday.)  f 

„  The  headquarters  of  the  Conventioh  will  be  at  the  new  COATES  HOUSE 
the  Associatifni"111^0  ConYnittee  llave  made  satis^tory  arrangements  for  the  accommodation  of 

„  n. ,.  „  This  Convention  gives  promise  of  being  of  more  than  usual  interest  and  profit  to 

all  Edison  Companies  and  it  is  therefore  important  that  all  should  be  represented. 

Hie  specialf Committee  on- Fire  Insurance  have  given  very  thorough  attention  t( 

The  increased  prosperity  of/Edison  Illuminating  Companies,  the  growth  of  the 
discussions6"'  ^  °t1er  "Wovements  a"F  developments,  will  bring  out  valuable  and' interesting 

a  Stereopticon  talk  by 

Among  the  papers  to  be  Presented  are  the  following; 

1  he  evening  (session  of  the  opening  day  will  be  devoted  to 
Mr.  W.  J.  Jenks,  entitled  "iBooks  and/Corners  of  Central  Stations." 

Other  interesting  and  Valuable  papers  are  promised 

By  Prof.  Wm.  D.  Mirks,  on  die  Steam  Engine. 

By  Messrs.  Jackson,  Wirt  anti  Field;  on  new  uses  for  the  Electric  Current  from  Central 
btations.  \  I 

By  Mr.  J,  H.  Vail,  on^Powef  supplied  for  railway  purposes  from  Edison  Central  Stations, 
r't  1  /-T*’e  E?ecutive  £°ni/nittee  hereby  extends  an  earnest  and  cordial  invitation  to  all 

old  and  new  Companies  not  yet  members  of  the  Association,  to  send  one  or  more  representatives 
to  this  meeting,  with  authority  Wenroll  their  Company  as  a  member  of  the  Association. 

1  1  to  those  Companies  already  members  a  special  request  is  made  that  they  will 

each  be  represented  by  AT  LEAS  I  ONE  member,  and  as  many  more  as  possible,  thus  giving 
encouragement  by  your  presence  to  the  entire  Association,  and  at  the  same  time  imparting 
and  acquiring  valuable  suggestions  and  information. 

.1  1  1  The  Secretary  wil1  esteem  !t  a  particular  favor  if  you  will  kindly  advise  him  on  . 

the  enclosed  postal  card  how  many  representatives  your  Company  will  send,  thus  enabling  him  " 
to  notily  the  hotel  in  advance,  so  as  to  insure  satisfactory  accommodations,  being  reserved  for  all 
who  may  attend.  0 

Yours  truly, 

J.  H.  VAIL. 


Co  '•* 


20  &.  28  COURT  8TR^ET. 


BROOK  l. VH  .188  3  » 

A.  0.  Tate  Esq. 

Private  Sec'y  !.?r .  Thos.  A.  Edison 

Orange,  N.  J. 

My  dear  Mr.  Tate- 

Mr.  (Ihinnock  desires  mo  go  up  and  see  Mr.  Edison 
regarding  tho/J^rminat  ion  for  th/  Brooklyn  district,  as  we  have 
laid  it  out.  £4  4C*  /  '  ~ 

I  have  tried  to  kfake^ome  improvements  for  general  arrangement 
on  plan  laid  out  xn.  othotr  stations,  and  before  submitting  it  to 
the  board  of  Directory' would  like  to  have  Mr.  Edison's  opinion 
of  it. 

V/ill  you  k^njj^y  wire  or  telephone  me  to-morrow  morning, when 
it  would  be  convenient  for  him  to  give  me  a  few  moments,  and  oblige. 

Yours  very  truly 


Send  word  to  above  address. 

C.  T.  WATKINS,^  ^ 
J.  W.  DOANE^ 
r.  a.  QORTON, 


13 B  - 141  ADAMS  STREET, 



CHICAG-D, . MBr  oh,  15  V  1888, . IBS 

Thomas  A,  Edison, 

Orange,  N, 
Dear  Sir J- 


We  recently  received  a  fetter  from  the  Machine 
Works  in  which  they  quoted  a  letter  from  you  in  regard  to  using 
chloroform  irt  oup unctl'iinboxes  t;ct  prevent  explosions, 

I  thought  before  doing  anything  I  would  like  to  haife  your  idea 
of  the  proper  way  of  using  14,  We  have  heard  .nothing  about  theii- 
uping  it. in  the  up  town  districts  in  New  York, 

Vqry  Truly  Yours, 

The  Chicago  Edison  Co* 



16  &  18  BROAD  STREET. 


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flew  York,  Maroh  15th  1889.- 

Mr.  •  John  I.  •  Beggs, 

Gen’li  Man'g  <£  y.-  President * 

Hear  Sir:-' 

In  the  proposed  oon/erenoe  tomorrow  with  Mr.  ■  Edison-  and  Mr.  •  Kruesi. 
regarding  a  contemplated  new  station  in  the  1st.  •  district- and  the  practicability 
0/  suoppss, lulls  and  economically  opnneo.ting  the  present,  two-  wire  system,  with  the 
new  standard  three  wire  system.-  I.  desire  that,  the  /allowing  statement,  o/  what, 
we  want,  tc-  ooppmpMsh  should  be  presented  and  that*  as  /ar  as  possible 
answers  should  be  obtained  /or  presentation:  to  the  Board  with  this  litter  next , 
Tuesday,  19th  insti' 

1st.  MVe  want- to  extend  the  present,  limits  o/  the  First.  Bistricf,  so  as  to 
include  /rom  the  Battery  as  muon  as  possible  o/  the  City  below  Canal,  Street.- 
Can-  we  suc.opss/ully  o.over  this  area  /rom.  one  Station?  1/  not,  how 
much  o/  it? 

2nd.  ‘What,  would  probably  be  the  best,  location  /or  cuoh  a  station;  •  no  re-' 
gard  being  paid  to-  our  present,  underground  system? 

How  would  a  location  near  As tor  House  suit? 

3rd.  -  In  opse  we  bui.ld  suoh  a’ station;  in  order  that,  it,  may  ultimately  be 
properly  situated  /or  the  entire  new  enlarged  District*  its  looption-  at,  /irst, 
would  necessarily  be  outside  of  the  present,  underground  system,  ■ 

The  plan-  would  then-  be  to  extend  with  the  3  wire  tubes  /rom;  the  new 
station- to- points  divergent,  from,  but,  which  afterwards  would  balance  our  pres-' 
ent,  system,  Tsee  note]  and  then,  from,  time  to- time  opnneo.t- the  new  system,  with 
our  present,  two  wire  system,  till,  finely  we  opuld  dispense  altogether  with  our  . 
Pearl,  St. -Station  and  then  the  entire  District,  be  supplied  from  the  one  Hew 
Station;  ■  Is  suoh  a  plan  prab.tiopble? 


4th.  Can  we  thus  economically  connect,  the  three  wire  system  with  a 
two ■  wire  System? 

5th.  •  What,  main  features  would  be  involved  in  the  ohahge? 

6th.'  1/  the  Connection-  of  the  systems  can  he  arranged  for,  will .  it, 
be  neoessary  to-  rewire  buildings  note  wired,  so-  that,  they  opn  receive  the  cur¬ 
rent.  from  the  3  wire  system?. 

This  is  a  very  important,  consideration,  sinoe  we  cannot,  aslc  or 
expec.t.  our  present,  customers  to-  rewire  for  our  bene/it*  nor  be  put.  to- inoonven-' 
ienoe  even  should  we  want,  to  rewire  at,  our  expense.  ■ 

6tl.  Can  we  economically  utilize  cables  for  portions  of  the  length 
oj*  feeders ? 

7th.  Can  we  arrange,  in  sucJi  a’ new  opmbined  System  to  dispense  with 
feeder  equalizers?  ^ 

By  answers  to  the  above  seven:  questions,  our  Board  will, 

then  be  in  a' better  position  to  determine  their  future  action.-  The  necessity 
of  haste,  in' suoji  a'  determination-  is  apparent,  ■ 

No tp,  tp;  3xdr  ‘  fpint, ; 

Suppose  a  new  station  was  built,  outs ide  of  present,  distirio.t,  say  in- 
the  neighborhood  of  the-  Astor  House.  -  tie  would  then' supply  ,  all.  the  customers' 
north  and  west,  of  that,  point,  until,  we  had  a  /air  paying' load.  -  In  mean  time, 
the  Pearl.  St.  Station  would  be  supplying,  as  now,  our  present,  customers  and  none 
of  the  power  of  the  new  station  would  at.  first  be  wasted  in  supplying' what,  op jr  be 
supplied  from  old  station.’ 

Wi.  Ut  a  rn  sp  o>:lfPf(c  July  6th,  JSS  9 

Thos  A, Edison, Esq. , 

Orange  N.J., 

My  dear  Edison:- 

I  hold  a  receipt  from  you  for  $150.  of  the  capital 
stock  of  the  Edison  Electric  Ill’g  Co  of  Mount  Carmel:  a  delivery 
of  the  certificates  at  your  convenience  will  oblige. 

Respectfully  yours. 


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Secretary's  Office,  No.  16  Broad  Street 

Gentlemen: — 

..  , ,  ■  Tll?  next  Meeting  of  the  Association  of  Edison  Illuminating  Companies,  will  be 

held  at  Niagara  Falls,  N.  Y.  commencing  Tuesday,  August  13th  1889. 

.  Ij  is  earnestly  desired  that  your  Company  should  be  well  represented  at  this 

Meeting  thereby  adding  to  the  general  interest  of  the  occasion,  and  more  generally  dissemi¬ 
nating  the  valuable  information  and  suggestions  brought  out  in  the  discussion  of  the  several 
important  matters  to  be  considered,  and  the  special  papers  presented,  of  which  there  will  be 
quite  a  number,  prepared  by  some  of  the  most  competent  men  in  the  business;  which  informa¬ 
tion  and  suggestions,  it  is  believed  by  those  who  regularly  attended  the  Meetings  are  worth 
to  any  local  Company  many  times  the  cost  of  sending  representatives  to  the  Meetings  of  the 
Association.  & 

.  This  being  the  season  of  the  year  when  many  of  those  connected  with  the  local 

Companies  seek  relaxation  and  rest,  it  is  suggested  that  no  more  interesting  and  delightful  trip 
can  be  taken,  than  to  Niagara  Falls,  thus  enabling  business  to  be  combined  with  pleasure,  and 
afford  those  having  common  interests  at  stake  to  meet,  and  become  acquainted  and  exchange 
ideas  and  experiences,  whereby  the  whole  business  will  be  greatly  and  permanently  benefited. 

.i  at  „•  iAt  last  Meeting  of  the  Association,  the  By  Laws  were  ammended,  so  that 
the  Meetings  hereafter,  will  be  (commencing  with  the  Meeting  in  August  next,)  held  annually 
instead  of  semi-annually,  consequently  there  will  not  be  another  session  of  the  Association^ 
twelve  months;  which  renders  it  all  the  more  desirable  and  important,  that  this  Meeting  should 
be  well  attended,  as  there  are  many  matters  of  general  interest  to.  the  local  Companies  to  be 
considered,  and  also  Officers  of  the  Association  for  the  ensuing  year,  to  be  elected. 

INTER  NT  ATiArf5aAnPwenxmr  m°tel  acoc0™modad°ns  have  been  concluded  with  the 
INTERNATIONAL  HOTEL.  Terms  $8.60  to  $4.00  per  day,  according  to  rooms  which 
may  be  secured  in  advance  by  telegram. 

i  You  are  requested  not  only  to  have  your  own  Company  well  represented,  but 

also  to  use  your  influence  in  securing  the  attendance  of  others. 

Yours  very  respectfully, 



t-  VAIL.  Secretary. 

Ah  Gs'-i 




ROOM  71,  NO.  44  WALL  STREET. 

Charles  Batchelor,  Esq. , 

33  West  25th  Street, 

Hew  York  City. 

Dear  Sir: 

I  enclose  copy  of  the  stenographer ' s  notes  of  the  ais- 
cussion  as  to  the  Transformer.  You  will  notice  that  the  question 
of  control  of  that  type  of  apparatus  at  the  sub-station  from  which 
the  secondary  circuits  radiate  was  quite  fully  gone  into,  and  that 
it  was  stated  on  Mr.  Edison's  authority  that  no  such  control  had 
bcen-provided  for,  but  that  a  chan-c  of  pressure  in  the  secondary 
system,"  made  necessary  by  the  variation  of  load,  must  bo  effected 
by  tho  government  of  the  field  magnets  of  the  Municipal  dynamo  at 
the  power  station.  Mr.  Edgar  made  it  very  clear  that  in  any  com¬ 
prehensive  system  it  wo  tad 'bo  desirable  to  place  several  motors, 
and  perhaps  more  than  one  sub- station, on  one  feeder. 

It  will  interest  you  in  this  connection  to  read  Mr. Wirt's 
paper  on  the  relative  efficiency  of  the,  double  three- 
wire  (220  volts  on  each  side)  and  the  motor  dynamo,  with  curves. 

All  of  these  I  enclose  trusting:  that  you  will  return  the  papor  and 
diagrams  as  soon  as  convenient  as  they  are  to 

rp  very  soon 



Mr.  Batchelor 

Edison  lab'ratory,  Orange  ,  N.  J. 

Mr.  Batchelor — 

I  have  been  so-  rushed  with  work  that  X  have  omitted  writing  you,  al¬ 
though  I  believe  somebody  was  trying  to  get  me  on  the  telephone  one  day  from 
the  Labratory,  but  could  not  make  out  to  do  so. 

I  got  my  Station  started  by  the  time  I  expected,  last  Monday,  and  have 
now  a  little  time  to  spare  and  would  be  glad  to  meet  you  either  at  the  lab¬ 
ratory  or  your  house  anytime  in  regard  to  Mr.  Edison's  plant. 

Yours  very  truly 


Edison  Electric  Illuminating  Co. 


26.  &  28  COURT  STREET. 


MrS  Field. 

BROOKLYN— Sg,PjLl_Sl.Sjt._,. . 188ft, . . 

Of  the  38  meter  plates  received  this  morning  from  Bergmann  &  Co., 

17  proved  defective.  In  setting  up  a  pair  6f  plates,  the  cork  bound  the 
rods,  and  the  slight  pressure  thus  produced  cracked  the  lug.  This  called 
miyattention  to  this  defect,  and  upon  trying  the  rest,  found  17  that 
yielded  upon  slight  pressure.  I  think  two  things  would  help  this-  putting 
less  Mercury  in  composition,  say  2X  instead  of  5 %  as  at  present,  and 
instead  of  spreading  the  foot  of  the  rod,  notching  it. 

ePf  0= 



OFFicens^sag-DO.  SECRETARY'S  OFFICE,  ExecuTIVE  Committee,  1889-90. 

E~H51rRT-  ROOM  71,  W&tfM i 

t--~.TO0.iMnu.  ..  ....  ..  .  ,  ;  u,.  :Tfc.,ra>  aSiloh  yj-i 

!  _ 

A.  E.  Kennolly.Esq. ,  -5-iO^tcAl  .  Council  wh-.v 

Edison's  Laboratory,  .,  . 

Orange,  N.  J« 

Dear  Sirs- 

You  are  hereby  respectfully  notified  of  your-  appointment 
at  the  Niagara  Sails  Convention  to  a  Oomnittee  to  investigate  the 
proposed  practice  of  grounding  the  Neutral  Wir®  in  Edison  Three-wiee 
Systems,  in  accordance  with  the  allowing  resolution: 

RESOLVED,  That  a  committee  of  eight  be  appointed 
by  the  Chair  to  thoroughly  investigate  the  subject  of  Ground-- 
ing  the  Neutral  Wire  in  Three-wire  Systems,  and  that  the 
committee  be  instructed  to  report  to  the  Executive  Committee 
of  the -Association  at  the  earliest  possible  moment. 

The  other  members  of  the  committee  are  Wilson  S.  Howell, 
Montgomery  Waddell,  c,  J.  Field,  John  Kre*si,  H.  Ward  Leonard, 

Philip  Seubel  and  C,  L<  Edgar, 

Yours  very  truly. 


26  &.  28  COURT  STREET. 

BROOKLYN  ,-O.ojU . 3r.d. . J.8S9., 

Mr.  Chas.  Batchelor. 

Edison  Labratory,  Orange,  I.  J. 

Dear  Sir;- 

We  have  been  trying  to  get  from  Bergmann  k  Co.  the  material  and 
fittings  for  our  new  meters  but  they  have  been  delaying  us  on  everything 
very  much;  more  than  anything  else,  we  are  hampered  on  getting  plates. 

These,  I  understand,  are  made  at  the  Labratory  for  Bergmann  k  Co. 

It  is  very  hard  for  us  to  have  toe  onnect  up  customers  without  meters,  but 
this  is  the  state  we  have  been  in  for  the  last  month.'  We  have  no  meters 
for  more  than  one-third  of  our  customers.  We  are  now  getting  the  meters 
but  have  only  a  very  few  plates. 

Can  I  ask  you  if  you  cannot  kindly  do  something  to  hurry  these  plates 

Yours  very  truly. 

--'''General  Manager. 

}fiW,  nx/ti.  :  0->_ 

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pooms  9  and  10,  Scranton  City  *Bagk  ‘Buildirjg,  ,  .  ’  ’ 

234  Lackawanna  Avenue. 

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r^vn^g^  . •  Edison.  Electric  Light ;:;anu.Pov:.,v;xGom pan y, 

no!^  ! 


Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J. 
My  dear  Mr.  Edison: 


Kansas  Oity,  Nov. 11,  1889. 

(u  -VO 

Permit  me  to  suggest  that  a  most  interesting 
subject  Tor  the  discussion  by  phonograph  which  you  kindly  promised 
for  the  Kansas  City  convention  in  February  would  be  "The  Methods 
of  Regulation  and  Distribution  by  the  Five  Wire  System".  This, 
in  addition  to  being  newsjwould  be  the  best  possible  card  for  your 
interests  in  the  West, where , in  distribution  from  central  stations, 
distances  are  greater  than  in  the  East, as  business  is  more  widely 

During  the  few  weeks  preeeeding  the  convention, I  intend  to 
publish  biographical  sketches  of  some  of  the  leading  electrical 
men  of  Amerioa.  With  your  permission  I  shall  include  your  name 
in  the  list  and  hope  to  receive  from  ?4r.  Hicks  Aome  material  aB 
yet  unpublished. 

Hoping  toJ  hear  from  you  at  your  convenience,  I  remain 

with  best  regards 

Yours  very  truly. 

vSHst.,  Edison  Electric  Light  and  Power  Company, 

Dictated.  T" . "  Kansas  City,  Deo.  13,  1889. 

Mr.  W,  Preston  Hix, 

General  Agent  Edison  Electric  Go., 

#44  Wall  St. ,  New  York  Gity. 

My  dear  Mr.  Hix: 

I  herewith  return  Mr.  Tate's  letter  and  enclose 
a  letter  to  Hr.  Edison  which, after  reading, I  trust  you  will  kindly 
favor  me  by  delivering  to  him  in  person. 

Prom  the  letter  to  Mr.  Edison  you  will  at  once  understand 
the  importance  to  the  Kansas  City  Edison  Company  and  to  me  person¬ 
ally  of  securing  the  promised  discussion.  You  know  better  than 
any  one  else  in  New  York  City  the  difficulty  of  raising  money  in 
Kansas  Gity, and  I  must  rely  upon  you  to  make  the  most  of  the  argu¬ 
ment  regarding  the  increase  to  our  capital.  Our  light  is  growing 
in  popularity  and  we  are  obliged  to  put  into  plant, in  addition  to 
our  net  earnings .from  one  thousand  to  three  thousand  dollars  month¬ 
ly  to  supply  the  demand.  You  well  kpow  my  personal  aversion  to 
being  placed  in  a  position  where  w^are-not  only  to  borrow  money 
for  extensions^ but  to  do  without  paying /at cash  dividend  which  we 
are  earfling.  Our  plant  account  now  amounts  to  about  $120000. .twen¬ 
ty  thousand  of  which  is  covered  by  a  floating  debt  which  worries 
mo  not  a  little, and  from  which  there  seems  to  be  no  escape  except 
by  means  of  the  proposed  inorease  in  capitalization. 

You  will  remember  that  the  Kansas  City  convention  will 
be  the  firs,t  meeting  of  the  Association  under  the  new  constitution 
: which  limits  the  membership  to  central  station  men  who, as  a  rule, 

Edison  Electric  Light  and  Power  Company. 

•  2. 

have  ntf  interest  in  any  parent  company  but  whoso  money  is  invested 
in  the  manufacture  of  electricity  for  light  and  power  purposes.  I 
believe  you  agree  with  me  in  the  opinion  that  nothing  can  so  as¬ 
sist  the  Edison  interests  among  those  already  in  the  central  sta¬ 
tion  business  as  to  have  the  actual  results  achieved  by  Edison  ap¬ 
paratus  in  the  hands  of  such  men  as  Marks,  Beggs  and  Edgar  made 
known  to  those  the:  success  of  whose  investments  will  depend  upon 
the  commercial  value  of  the  apparatus  which  they  use. 

As  an  instance  of  what  can  be  done  in  the  west, would 
remind  you  that  in  Texas  alone  there  are  about  one  hundred  growing 
cities  having  a  population  of  from  three  thousand  and  upwards  only 
about  25#  of  which  are  supplied  with  any  kind  of  central  station 

electric  light  service.  The  proposed  discussion  of  the  Five  Wire 
System  will, as  I  have  before  written, greatly  facilitate  the  exten¬ 
sion  of  the  Edison  business  in  the  west, and  I  have  no  doubt  that 
Mr.  Edison's  phonograph  discussion  at  the  Kansas  city  convention, 
followed  up  by  a  proper  canvas .would  result  in  the  formation  of 

thirty  or  forty  central  station  companies  in  Texas  alone. 

,  Mr.  F.  J.  Sprague  and  Prof.  Henry  A.  Rowland  have  acoept- 

X'4  0d  my  invitation  to  attend  the  Kansas  City  convent  ion,  and  the  promis¬ 
ed  discussion  from  Mr.  Edison  only  is  needed  to  make. the  meeting 
a  great  success. 

r  ,fst  favorab^  -li- 

be  saved  the  mortification  of  having  to  aLouAnXn?£  1  may 
fellow  townsmen  and  throughout the  fountr^^  jK?, th  am0ne  my 
of  the  programme.  country  the failure  of  that  part 

oblige.  PleaS<3  1St  ”8  hSar  fronl  you  as  so°"  ^  convenient , and 
. ...  ...  Yours  very  /? 


Edison  Electric  Light  and  Power  Company, 


Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Kansas  Oity,  Deo. 13,  1889. 

Orange,  N.  J. 
My  dear  Mr.  Edison: 

A  recent  letter  from  Mr.  Hix  inform^s  me  that 
you  fear  that  you  cannot  arrange  to  give  us  the  discussion  by  pho¬ 
nograph.  I  trust  this  will  not  be  your  final  decision  in  the  mat¬ 
ter,  however  ,  as  relying  upon  tee  promise  given  me  when  Mr,  Hix  and. 

I  Iasi' visited  you  at  Orange, I  have  written  some  thousand  personal 
letters  to  the  central  station  companies  of  the  United  States  and 
have, through  the  local  and  western  daily  papers .mentioned- as  one 
of  the  most  important  features  of  the  program  Your  discussion  by 
phonograph.  The  mention  of  this  discussion  has  been  most  favorably 
received  not  only  by  central  station  men  but  by  prominent  citizens 
and  the  newspapers, and  to  drop  it  fron,  our  program  will  not  only 
greatly  disappoint  the  people  of  the  west, but  will  place  me  in  a 
very  embarrassing  position.  ■ 

I  feel  that  nothing  further  is  needed  to  induce  you  to 
make  a  special  effort  to  help  me  out, but  it  may  not  be  out  of  place 
for  me  to  add  that  nothing  else  except  your  personal  presence  in 
Kansas  City  would  so  advance  the  Edison  interests  in  the  west, both 
the  phonograph  and  the  electric  light, as  a  short  discussion  from 
you  upon  the  Five  Wire  System  as  suggested  in  ray  letter  of  the 
11th  Ult.  | 

We  greatly  need  more  capital  with  which  to  extend  the 
business  of  the  Edison  Company  in  Kansas  Pity, and  it  is  ray  plan 


1  Edison  Electric  Light  and  Power  Company, 

.  2. 

and' hope  to  place  the  neoessary  increase  to  our  capital  stock  as 
one  of  the  immediate  results  of  the  interest  developed  by  your 
discussion.  I. enclose  clipping  of  data, which  I  have  been  at  much 
pains  to  collect, in  regard  to  Kansas  City  and  the  west,  and  send 
this  letter  to  our  common  friend, Mr.  Hix, with  the  request  that  he 
present  it  to  you  in  person. 

Hoping  to  hear  from  you  favorably  at  your  earliest  con¬ 
venience,  I  remain 

Yours  very  truly. 

Edison  Electric  Light  and  Power  Company, 


Mr.  Thos.  A.  Edison, 

Orange ,  N.  J. 
My  dear  Mr.  Edison: 


Kansas  City,  Deo. 24,  1889. 

^  c  a 

In  reply  to  yours  of  the  14th  inst. .would  say 
that  I  was  pleased  to  receive  from  Mr.  Hix  the  biographical  data, 
much  of  which  was  new  to  me.  From  it  and  other  matter  in  my  pos¬ 
session, a  very  interesting  sketch  can  be  written. 

I  am  also  indebted  to  you  for  a  most  acceptable  Christ¬ 
mas  card, in  the  shape  of  a  photograph, which  is  an  excellent  like¬ 
ness  .and  a  compliment  to  me  which  I  fully  appreciate. 

I  trust  that  you  have  ere  this  received  by  the  hand  of 
Mr.  Hix  my  letter  of  the  13th  inst.  I  herewith  enclose  a  copy  of 
a  letter  upon  the  same  subject. 

Hoping  to  hear  from  you  in  the  near  future,  I  remain 

Yours  very  truly, 


y-6 Edison  BLectric  Light  and  Power  Company. 

/u  & 

Dictated.  \  /  Kansas  City,  Deo.lB,  : 

Mr.  W.  Preston  Hix,  / 

Edison  General  Electric  Oo., 

#44  Wall  St.,  New  York  City. 

My  dear  Mr.  Hix: 

Mr.  Coates  has  just  called  to  get  ray  suggestions 
as  to  special  work  for  menus  during  the  four  days  of  the  convention 
and  I  have  suggested  that  he  make  up  his  designs  for  the  menus  iur 
the  four  days  of  very  light  portraits  together  with  illustrations 
of  the  most  important  work  of  Edison,  Sprague,  Rowland  and  Thomson. 
Take  for  instance  the  Edison  day.  Let  Edison's  shadow  portrait 
appear  on  the  menus  for  the  three  meals  accompanied  for  first  meal, 
by  illustrations  of  his  Telegraphio  and  Telephonic  work;  for  the 
seaond  meal, by  illustrations  of  work  in  Acoustics;  and  lastly  by 
illustrations  in  Eleotrio  Lighting.  I  suggested  that  he  make  the 
dishes  bear  prefixes  and  suffixes  of  a  technical  nature  appropriate 
to  the  theme  of  the  meal. 

Mr.  Coates  is  very  anxious  to  get  out  something  entirely 

new, elegant  and  appropriate , and  does  not  object  to  a  considerable 
expense  for  this  purpose.  In  case  you  think  that  Mr.  Edison  would 
not  be  displeased  by  such  publicity, 1  shall  depend  upon  you  to  fur¬ 
nish  photograph  and  outs  as  soon  as  we  are  certain  of  the  phono¬ 
graph  discussion,  I  hope  that  you  have  succeeded  in  regard  to  the 
phonograph  discussion  as  its  importance  to  the  Edison  interests 
becomes  daily  more  apparent.  Mr.  Edward  H.  Allen, who  you  will 
remember  is  president  of  the  Board  of  Trade, to-day  spoke  of  it  as 
of  the  deepest  interest  and  as  certain  to  attract  wide  attention. 

Hoping  to  hear  from  you  at  your  earliest  convenience.  I 


Yours  very  truly. 

1889.  Electric  Light  -  Edison  Electric  Light  Company  of 
Philadelphia  (D-89-37) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
business  of  the  Edison  Electric  Light  Co.  of  Philadelphia.  Most  of  the  letters 
are  by  William  D.  Marks,  general  manager  of  the  company.  There  are  also 
reports  by  Marks  to  the  company’s  board  of  directors  concerning  the 
construction  and  operation  of  central  stations  and  a  blueprint  containing  a 
transverse  section  of  the  Philadelphia  central  station. 

Approximately  50  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine 
correspondence  concerning  orders;  duplicate  copies  of  selected  documents. 

Philadelphia,  Jan.  1st.  1889 

To  the  Presid'int, 

and  the  Board  of  Directors, 

of  Tlie  Edison  Electric  Light  Co.  of  Phila. 

0  a  nt,  lemen:- 

In  accordance  with  your  Rosolu.tion:-  "RESOLVED  that 
.The  Treasurer  in  conjunction  with  tlio  Supervising  Engineer  be  re¬ 
quested  to  furnish  thummembers  of  the  Board  with  a  Statement  of 
the  amounts  due,  or  to  become  due  on  the  outstanding  contracts  of 
this  Company",  passed  Deo.  18  -  1888,  we  beg  to  roport-  as  follows’: 
Assuming  that  you  deairo  to  learn  all  the  amounts  yet  to  be  paid, 
whether  due  onucontractB  made,  yet  to  bo  made,  ^r  for  labor,  inci¬ 
dentals,  salaries  of  Engineering  Departments,  etc. ,  etc. 

The  amounts  expended  for  Charter,  permission  to  get  into 
the  Streets  of  Philadelphia,  payments  to  Edison  Company  of  N.  Y. . 
Salaries  of  President,  Counsel,  Seo’y,  etc.,  as  being  outside  of 
the  P'-ovinoe  of  your  Engineer  did  not  appoar  in  hiB  original  es¬ 
timate  and  do  not  In  this  final  estimate  of  the  cost  of  the  works" 
ready  t.o  start  with  16,000  lights  capacity. 

Estimated  cost  for  H000  lights  at  sturt,  $028,000. 

Added  to  increase  to  16,000  lights  at  start.  18,600. 


There  remains  yet  to  bo  met  the  payments  upon  machinery 
to  increase  our  capacity  to  24,000  lights  during  the  coming  Bummer, 
but  these  liabilities  will  not  ariso  until  we  have  been . running  for 
some  time,  and  your  Engineer  has  therefore  not  taken  then  into  con¬ 
sideration  at  present. 

Tho  building  as  origitially  designed  contemplated  the 
constriction  of  a  coal  storage  room  for  1000  tons  and general 
Office  above.  In  order  to  keep  within  the  first  estimate  of  cost 

th0M  two  storioB  wara  on.itt.5d  for  tho  present  and  a  temporary 
roof  put  over  tho  boiler  floor.  This  completes  all  the  building 
necessary  for  machinery,  but  temporarily  compels  us  to  store  coal 
in  Y/n,.  Bryant’s  yard  and  to  hire  offices.  Tho.  Memo  of  payments 
to  bo  made  lias  been  arranged  s0  as  to  show  the  earliest  date,  at 
which  payments  can  be  called  for,  and  does  not  cover  payments  out- 
sido'  of  the  engineering  work. 

The  Final  Estimate  will  covor  the  cost  of  tho  Works  run¬ 
ning  with  16,000  lights  capacity.  If  the  Mortgage  fcifi.OOO.  is 
counted  in  it  exceeds  estimated  cost,  $S86,600.  by  $14,000  or 
leaving  the  unpaid  mortgage  out  $11,000.  leas  will  be  spent  than 
was  culled  for  by  the  estimate  given. 




Dynamos  8  -  XOOO  Amp.  140.  Volts  Machines 
"  Freight  and  Erection, 

Thos. Kirkwood  180  Sq.Ft.  Orate  bars, 
Sidebotham  ft  Powell',-.  3  Purifiers  and 
a  Separators, 

Abondroth  ft-.Roof  Mfg.Oo.  Balunoe 
duo  on  Boilers, 

J.Baizloy, Blocks, Tackle  ft  "Winch, 
A.T'alkenan,  Travelling  Cranes 
Services  to  Mouses,  estimated  pay  roll, 
permits  to  City  &o. 

Avmington  ft  Sims  -  4  Engines,  and 
Separate  parts  $308. 

Allison  ft  Co.  60  Equalizers  at  $17, . 
Edison  Maohine  Works  -  60  Equalizers 
Commit  at  or  3  at  $75. 

Labor  and  freight,  60  Equalizers  Coimm- 
, tutors  at  $5. 

Bargmann  ft  Co.  Ampere  Maters 
Thois.H. Doan, Oak  Ceiling, Strips, 

"  *  Wood  floor  and  painting 

Dynamo  Gallery, 

ThoB.n.Doun,  Strips  abovo  wainscoting 
"  384  Poplar  bushings  at  14/ 

"  300  dak  cable  Supports  at  15/ 

A. Falk onan  Dynamo  Gallery 
Edison  Maa .  Works  Bus  wiring, 

""  0  Cables, 

G.  Rebmann  ft  Co.  ’600  Castings, cable 

Alonzo  Bell  ft  Co.  ;0oils  for  Equalizers, 
Edison  Mao.,  Works,  Cables  feeders, 
A.Falkanan,  Exhaust' pipe, 

Steam  piping  ordered 

Steam  piping  yet  to  be  ordered 

Henry  I. Suoll  Blast  piping, 

Thos. H. Doan, Bal. duo  on  Oont.for  Bldg. 

*  Amt. of  •"  M  Roof 

"  "  *  Extras 

Quaker  Oity  Slate  Co. 

0,  Robmann  ft  Co.  Cast  Iron  Floor 
Plates  and  Chimney  caps. 

Robt.  Wood,  Scale  Curb, 

Barr  Pumping  Engine  Co.  Bal  due  on' Pumps 
Henry  I.  Sue 11  Blast  Fan-B  ordered, 
Fulton  &  Walker  Co.  8  coal  wagons, 

F.  Toomoy,  2  ash  cars, 

"  4  Charging  Barrows, 

Crane-  Elevator  Co. Bal. due  on  Coal  Hoist, 
C.W.Army  ft  Son,  8  belts 
Barr  Pumping  Engine  Co.  Automatic 
Rocoivor  ft  Pump, 

O.H.Glunn  ft  Co.  Digging  Well 
Ohas.  L.  Ireson,  0  Bolts, 

Jones  ft  Bonner  Co. Iron  Railing  for  Pumps, 
ft  Purifier, 



.  407,85 




















•  3800.00 






25600 . 




'  8000. 





500.  ;; 




Schultz  Baiting  Co.  8  Bolts 
Jewell  M  "S3  Bolts 
3d i son's  Bust  &  Bracket, 

Estimated  Pay  Roll,  Patty  Cash  and 
Salaries  a/o  Engineer's  Office 


JANUARY  FEBRUARY  ( Ci.los .  ) 



4000.00  _ 

01363.17  54358.  6355.46 

J  anus  ry  P  ayro  on  t  s , 


Later  ( 6I,los. )  ‘ 







Edison  Electric  Light  Oompuny  of  Philadelphia. 

Real  Estate, 

Bxiilding,  Iron  Works,  etc. 

Boiler,  Feed  and  othor  Pumps,  ' 

Steam  Hoators,  '  (3) 

COal  Hoist,  Cars  and  Saalos, 

Blast  Fans,  (R) 

Steam  and  ExhaUBt  Wa ter  Piping,  ' 

4  Engines,  440  IT.  P.  put  up, 

8  Dynamos ,  1000  Amp. 

Cranes,  Hoist b,  &o. 

Electric  Mains  and  Fueders, 

Meters  and  Fittings, 

Services  to  Houses, 

Station  Apparatus  for  Electrical  measurements 
BU3  Wires  and  connections, 

•Stock  of  Lamps  15000, 

Incidentals  pluu  $4000.  to  be  spent  Jan.  and  Fob. 

■  Add  for' Mortgage  on  Real  Estate, 

’  224695;56 

525653; 57 
•  23000.00 


Your  Engineer  desires  to  again  call  your  attention  to 
tha  Tact  ’hat  the  right  to  extend  undor  tlie  Charter  of  the  Penn 
Elea  trio  Light' Co.  expiree  Feb.  26,  1889  and  to- request  your, 
thoughtful  consideration  of  moans  for  further  oxtonsion  as  re¬ 
quired,.  should  the  Ponn  Electric  Light- Co.  fail  to  gat  a  prolonga¬ 
tion  of  time.  ■ 

Y/e  have  at  present  underground  sufficient  ooppor  to 
carry  nearly  30,000  -  16  Candle  Lamps.  We  sliall  have  an  ultimate 
capacity  in  our  station  of  100  to  120  thousand  Lamps  and  will 
probably  desire  to  increase  our  machinery  to  that  amount.  The 
field  is  at  present  unoccupied  and  th  i  demand  for  Elea  trio  Light' 
will  prove  practically  unlimited  at  the  snino  price  as  poor  gas.  ■ 
While  it  is  wise  not  to  depart  from  precedent  in  other  cities  and 
we  have’  tlwrWfpro  fixed  the  price  of  lights  at  1:  l/l'oonts  per 
lamp  hour,-  we  may  after  six  months  or  a  years  experience  deom  it 
wisest  to  meet  the  present  price  of  pas  $1.50  .per  Li  squarely  and 
charge  5/4  cent  per  lamp  hour  and  load  our  station  to  its  fullest 
capacity  with  great  profit  to  tho  Company. 

This  can  bo  presented  for  the  consideration  of  tho  Di- 
rsotors  after  tho  aotual  cost  of  producing  light  in  this  Station 
has  been  practically  reached. 

We  have  on  hand  some  $10,000.  worth  of  Eleotrioal  feed¬ 
ers  and  mains  which  we  have  boen  prevented  from  \iaing  because  of 
our  inability  to  got  into  Chestnut  Street  from  Bto  to  3rd.  We 
have  made  temporary  arrangements  to  feed  the  Chestnut  Stroot  Dis¬ 
trict  as  far  as  Sth  from  9tli  by  moans  of  Callender  cables  drawn  - 
into  the  Bonn  Conduits  oosting  some  $5,000.  or  over. 

For  services  $5,000  small  tubing  lias  boon  roaorved  and 

is  now  iri  stock. 

Your  Engineer  visited  the  Edison  Machine  Works,  Schen¬ 
ectady,  Deo.  28  and  29  and  tasted  two  Dynamos  of  1000  Amp  and 
found  thorn  woll  made  and  efficient  pivini;  93  %  of  the  electricity 
Konoruted  in  the  outside  circuit.  Thoy-  will  bo  shipped  to-day. 
The  Omnibus  Wiring  is  promised  Jan.  13th.  At  Bor/-mann  &  06. 
fhe  ampere  meters  are  nearly  completed  and  shipments  will  bo^in 
this  week.  I  am. 

Very  Respectfully  and  Truly  Yours, 

Supervising  Engineer, 

and  Oeneral  Manager, 

Phi la.  Feb.  19th,  1889. 

To  tho  President  and  the 

Directors  of  the  Edison  Electric  Light  Oo. 

of  Philadelphia. 

Gent lamen 

The  first  two  Dytoamos  and  the  first  copper  fittings  for 
Omnibus  Bars  were  recoived  about  the  beginning  of  this  month, 
•’■Within  two  days  all  of  the  Copper  for  Omnibus  Wiring  has  been  re¬ 
ceived  -  some  few  fittings  are  yet  to  come.  -  We  have  now  four  " 
Dynamos  up,  two  complete,  two  lacking  switches  and  connoct ions' only 
ana  are  promised  two  more  this  week, 

lhroe  Armingt on  &- Stais  Engines  are  now  erected. and  are 
having  their  final  copper  connections  to  steam  and  exhaust  piping 
put  in;  The  fittings  for  same  aro  now  here  and  being  attached. 

Many  vexatious  delays  have  boon  and  are  occurring  owing 
' to' you-  Engineer's  insistence  upon  no  makeshift  or  temporary  work" 
and-  tho  apparent  inability  of  contractors  to  realize  that  any  care¬ 
less  work  will  be  instantly  stopped  until  the  best  materials  and 
most  workmanlike  methods  are  employed. 

The  throe  Root  Boilers  have  had  drying  out  fires  under 
them  for  a  week  and  have  so  far  developed  no  defects  or  leaks. 

Since  your  Enginoer  lias  had  material  to  work  with,  work 
'  has  not-  stopped  night  or  day,  as  many  men  being  employed  as  it'  is 
possible- to  procure  and  work  in  the  Station,  save  on  Sundays  when 
work  is  stopped  by  the  special  request  of  your  President. 

Wo  are  liable  to  start  almost  any  day  now;  but  may  be  - 
delayed  by  poor  work,  accidents  or  broken  promises,  for  y bur;  Engl- 


neer  boliovos  that  you  desire  above  all  things  that  the  record  of 
this  Company  shall  be  one  of  uniform  excellence  and  certuinty  of 
light,  and  will  demand  of  him  1.I10  utmost  care  to  this  end. 

It  is  proper  liore,  at  the  beginning  of  our  work,  to  say 
that  in  the  arrange, ent  of  the  machinery  of  your  station  your 
Engineor  has  had  in  viow  as  a  controlling  consideration  the  earn¬ 
ing  of  dividends  and  has  sacrificed  all  ornament  and  economized 
space  for  that  reason. 

It  is  also  of  interest  to  add  that  in  order  to  secure  an 
equal  certainty  of  light  to  tliat  of  gas  your  Engineer  has  adopted 
a  double  system  of  Omnibus  wiring  in  the  Station  which  will  enable 
us  to  repair  all  leaks  and  accid'iits  without  depriving  our  custom¬ 
ers  of  light  or  powor  at  any  time,  besides  producing  greator  econ-' 
omy  of  power  . 

I  am  assured  by  one  motor  Company  that  they  have  35 
motors,  large  and  small  waiting  for  our  current,  and -by  another, 
that  10  motors  of  considerable  powor  oacli  will  be  put  in.  Your. 
Engineer  is  certain  that  the  sale  of  motivo  powor  will  bring  to 
this  Company  a  large  ineono. 

Neglecting  this  for  the  present,  a  discussion  of  the 
■  '■  run '  , 

probabilities  of  the  first  six  months^ based  on  secured  lightB  • 

will  bo  of  interest. 

V/e  will  assume,  to  be  on  the-  safe  side — 

15,000  lamps  burning  1  hour  per  day, 

182  l/a  hours  at  l^/s/  15,000  lamps - $30,765.00 

or  for  one  month,-- - — — - 7$  5,187.50  ’ 


Our  Pay  Roll  will  be  approximately  as  follows:- 

Sup.  En  gineer 


Assistant  to  him 



Foreman  Dynamo  Roan 




Four  Tenders 



Foreman  Engine  Roan 


Assistant  to  him 


Four  Firemen 


Two  Oilers 



Weigh  Master 


Two  Coal  Passers 


One  Sweep 



Two  Log  Book  Keepers 


Foreman  Service  Work 


Two  Jointers, 


Two  Diggers, 


One  Draftsman 



One  Storekeeper 


One  Helper 



One  Meter  Expert 


Two  meter  boys 


One  man 


Two  Bill  Collectors 


One  Boole  Keeper, 



Chief  Clerk 




’  -  '  >  •  •  I 


General  Agt. 




One  Office  Boy 


.  375.  $3086.67.  1 


Coal  5  tons  par  day  160  tons  at  $2.35  337,50 

Oil  and  Waste  g0 

Office  Expenses  and  Incidentals  150>  537.50 


Balance, - —$1503.33 

'  $5187.50 

From  the  balance  of  $1503,33  will  further  be  deducted 

the  salaries,  of  President,  Secretary  and  Treasurer.  ' 

It  would  appear  from  the  very  moderate  estimate  of 
earnings  made  that  there  is  a  certainty  of  the  Station  more  than 
paying  its  own  way  from  the  outset  and  by  next  winter  it  will  prob¬ 
ably  earn  large  dividends  on  lighting  alone,  to  which  will  be 
added  the  profits  from  motors,  lamps,  renewals  and  isolated  Plants 
and  materials,  amounting  to  over  $500.  per  month. 

I  am. 

Very  respeotfully  and  truly  yours, 

Supervising  Engineer  and  General  Mgr. 




it.  B.  K.  JAMISON,  V,oK-Pnc.T.  P.  F.  KELLY,  Treao.  HENRY  G.  BR 

T  ST.,  PHILA.  PAY  BILLS  AT  927  CHESTNUT  STREET,  20  Floor. 





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Philadelphia,  April  15,  188a 



Of  tie  Edison  Electric  Dt.  Oo.  of  Pliila. 

Sjnoo  the  startinr-  of  the  station  on  March  3th 
last  it  has  run  without  soriouo  accident  or  break  down,  but 
many  details  that  should  long  sinco  have  boon  c anploted 
luivo  boon  delayed  by  reason  of  delays  occurring' in  the  Edison 
Shops  aid  Da up  Works.  However,  much  to  be  regretted  those 
delays  aro  I  am  constantly  met- by  the  assertion  that  they 
aro  doing  tlair  utmost  and  that  those  works  have  been  eroctod 
in  a  much  briefer  space  of  time  than  any  before  attempted, 
although  the  largest  in  capacity  of  any  over  yot  built. 

I  shall  not  relax. my  efforts  to  get  the  last  detail  horo 
r  and  the  Station  ocmpleted  promptly'. 

The  illness  of  the  Representative  of  the  Edison  Machine 
Works  who  lias  ohaige  of  the  repairs  for  one  year  from  March 
5th,  188a  undor  a  -guarantee  for  that  time  has  prevented  the 
prQHpt  correction  of  faults  In  our  underground  system  that 
I  could  have  wished.  *  But  I  trust  that  with  his- return  I 
•shall  bo  able  to  push  this  work  us  rapidly  as  the  City  au¬ 
thorities  will  permit  ua.  We  are  much  delayed  by  the  ne¬ 
cessity  of  getting  a  permit  signed  fer  each  hole  that  is  dug 
and  are  frequently  further  embarrassed  by  the  temporary- 
-absence  of  the  City  Officials  by  whom  pomdts  must  be-signed 
ani  by  the  constant  hostility  of  the  Director  of  Public 
Works,  who  does  not  scruple  to  avail  himself  of  every  possi- 

bio  means  of  hindering  and  delaying  ow  work,  abusing  hlo 
powers  under  Councils  for  tlds  purpose. 

The  Penn  Co  has  recently  roooived  a  notif  ication  that 
lift  a-  repairs  to  a  large  number  of  streets  in  our  District 
have  boon  made  by  the  City  no  iUrther  pormitB  will  bo  Rented 
tor  opening  those  streets.  As  to  his  power  to  onforoo  this 
decroe  I  shall  have  to  refer  you  to  our  Counsel.  The  Direc¬ 
tor  Jiao,  frcm  the  outset  defended  his  course  on  tho  ground 
of  protecting  tha  interests  of  tho  City  Gas  Works;  It  is 
a  o  cnuolat ion ,  t  o  know  tl»t  'wo  have  enough  conductors 
undorgromd  to  carry  30,000  lights,  and  to  hope  that  the 


Directors  of  this  Company  having  during  two  years  exhausted  ? 
eVQir  of  fort  of  oourtesy  aid  pationoe  may  find  soma  stroigor 
means  of  urging  thair  just  claims  for  consideration  for  a 
bene fie lent  enterprise,  thon^ava iling  submission  and  attemps 
to  conciliate,  should  the  necessity  arise  for  further  exten¬ 
sion-  of  thoir  Street  system  of  pormita  for  connections  to 
customers  bo  roiUoed.  Wo  have  plaoed  our  Byotam  of  eloctri- 
oal  conductors  underground  in  obedience  to  the  edicts  of  City 
Councils,  and  can  don  ana,  their  protection. 

In  aocordnnao  wilh  your  Resolution  of  March  loth -- 
"That  tite  Supervising  Engineer  bo  requested  to 
furnish  the  Board  with  an  estimate  of  the  cost  of  laying  l 

tubes  on  Arch  St.  fron  Broad  to  Third  3-..  with  the  no  cess  ary 
connections  with  the  present  system  of  tubing,"  I  would  say  : 

TJiat  our  only  practicable  method  is  to  luy  heavy  mains  ' 
on  Arch  St?  from  l.'ith  to  3rd  Sts.  with  oonneoting  mains  on 
all  cross  streets  Iran  Market  to  Arch,  and  submit  the  fol¬ 
lowing  estimate. 

Arch  St.  lath  to  3rd  St. 
li-ith  St,  Market  to  Arch 

11th.  St 
10th.  " 
Oth.  " 
8th.  “ 
Vth.  " 
6th.  ” 

4  th.  "  »  «  » 

Srd.  "  “  '*  '<  IS.hqo  ft. 

Costing  $85,000,  approximately . 

In  response  to  Jour  Second  Resolution:  -- 
"That  the  Supervising  Engineer  be  authorized 
if  in  his  opinion  advisable'  to  extend'  the  tubing  on  18th .  St. 
frqn  Hark  ot  to  Arch  Sit.*  I  would  say* 

That  this  Company’ hoa  now  ponding  a  contract  for  lift¬ 
ing  the  Masonic  Temple  which,  if  closed,  will  at  on co  demand 

that  tide  tubing  bo  laid.  . 

Our  President  also  suggests  the  possibilit  y  of  li ghting 
the  Church  on  the  Corner  of  Brpad  and  Arbli.  Unfortunately, 
Church  lighting,  savo  for  Catholic  Churches,  is  tho  poorest 
lighting  v/o  .havo,  as  Protostant  Churches  are  open  for  shtrt 
-periods  but-  ono  or  two  nights  in  -the  wook,  und  for  the  Church 
alono,  the  tubing  would  bo  an  unprofitable  investment.  ^ 

The  gross  amount  of  wageB  paid  during  a  month  has  been1 
•stated  the  Board  in  a  previous  Report.- 

Tho  Electric  Lighting  so  far  obtained  is  larger  than  in 

tho  cuao  o f  any  other  Kdiaon  Company,  am  tho  Motor  field'  | 
promises  to  be  exceedingly  large. 

Wo  have  had  some  complaints  of  lowering  of  light a  at  the 
Union  League  duo  to  the  accidental  short  circuits  in  our 
System,  and  in  some  moan  tire  to  the  badaarrangemont  of  wires 
in  the  building.  l  deem  our  success  with  them  so  important 
that  I  have  placed  a  special  Inspector  at  the  Club  House 
fron  0  to  11  P.M.  with  in at  miction  to  instantly  report  and 
remedy  all  defects  appearing  before  the  matters  of  running 

Station  lias  sot  tied  to  a  steady  regimen.  ! 

Sawyer  and  Hills  of  818  S.  3rd  St.  aro  now  using  with 
®Paa't  8UC0U8B  *  10  H.)'. Motor  to  run  15  Printing  Presses  and' 
wo  hope  to  have  many  cu  re  subscribers.  I  have  directed  our 
'  'le,,a’al  AKmt  to  ,l,aJso  contracts  for  one  year  a  where  he  finds 
it  impossible  to  soil  on  the  met  er  system.  AS  it  does  not  ‘ 
appear  wise  to  obligato  this  Oompany  to  a  fixed  contract  for  j 
a  longer  period  and  we  now  deeiro  to  lntr educe  light  and 
power  us  boot  wo  may  for- our  start. 

I  append  a  oareiUl  report  of  lights  and  motors  prepared 
by  our  General  Agent. 


: 'v';  :  '  ~  ~  ~  '  •  '■■■• I  LAMPS  1  POWER  '1  LAMPS 


l  .  POR  I 


H.  POR 

NO^  IlTATffl _ ; _ 


I_  ! 

I  current 

.  1  Geo.  P.  Tyler, 

201  3.15* 



2  City  Trust  Co. 

927  Chestnut 



3  G.R. Crump 

Colonnade  Hotel 

'\5  H.P.  Austin 

1911  Walnut 

6  Western  Sav'g  Pune 

S .W . 10 “ &Walnut 


■}  u:t. 


7  Rob ' t . Glendinning 

Bullitt  Bldg.. 

8  Jno .0 .Bullitt, 




9  Capt .Buohlcr , 

124  S . 17 "  St. 

•  •  80  " 

10 -'J .P  .iiohnson 

126  So. 17“  St. 

80  ' 

■  11*  i;:;Rando  lph 

128  So. 17"  St. 


12-  Spencer  Ervin 

130  So. 17”  St. 



13  Jos .J. Solomon 

132  So. 17"  St. 

80  ' 

1'4'  Philip  P. Kelly 

120  So. 18”  St. 

10  . 

15  G.B. Massey 

1706  Walnut 

'  4 


16  T. Solis  Cohen 

1431  Walnut 


1/2  « 

17  T . Eveing  Moars 

1429  Walnut ' 

44  ' 


18  T.Kift  &  Son 

1725  Chestnut  ' 



19  Dr.W.W.Keen 

1729  Chestnut  ’’  ■ 



20  Rittenhouse  Club 

1811  Walnut' 



21  Robt .  Briist ,  Jr  . 

924  Market 



22  Union  League 

Broad  &  Sansonf 



25  V.Priedcl  " 

1030  Sansom 


bS4‘  CiJoly 

9  3.7th 


25  V/.Morohoad 

11  So. 7"  ’ 

8  ‘ 

26  W.L.Cave 

115  S .17th  St. 


27  E .Pox 

1701  Chestnut 



28  Horace  A. Doan 

18th  &•  Chestnut •' 

20  '■ 

20  Jno. 0. Hart  ' 

123  S.lOth 

• '  :  '30  "  . 


30  Chao .Witt rock 

129  S ,10th  :-‘- 

-  pi:  a  - ' 


31  Hotel  Bellevue 

Broad  &  Walniit 

32  Hotel  Stratford 


'•  126  ‘ 

33  Dollard  &  Co. 

1223  Chestnut 

55  '• 


34  City  Club 

1431  Chestnut 


35  Alox.McCuon 

33  S. 11th  '  V« 



36  Conmon'wth  Ben.Assnl004  Walnut  <* 


37  Phil. Sav'g. Pnd. Scy 

.700  Walnut  St  ^ 

•■•MS8  " 


33  J.M.Daloata 

1700  Walnut  StQ 

"117  " 


30  Art  Club 

22  S. Broad 

220  " 

40  Keystone  Hat. Bank 

Juniper  &  Chest. 

3G0  " 

2  ,  Uj\j 

41  W.lI.Wuters 

120  S .12” 

••^*>18  ” 



42  D.McGov/on 

125  S .15 *  St. 

20  " 

43  P.Bornot 

1535  Chestnut 

16  " 

44  Burk  &  Mc.Potridgo 

306  Chestnut 

22  *'  '■ 

45.  Sailor.  &  Stevenson 

38  S  3” 

.-nrA  9  r' 

o  »  •!'!*‘** 


46  Tabornaclo  Bap.Ch. 

18th  &  Chest.'  ‘  ■ 

•!:''llo  ' 


47  jno  .  S'.  Gbrioar d 

5th  &  Minor 


48  J .  H.  Caravan  &  Co . 

102  S  11“ 

8  , 

,  ..  Cj'' 

49  Petroleum  Exchange 

304  Chest . 


50  Art  Inn  ■  M.  Burton 

504  Walnut 

'..'•17  “ 


51, Sellers  Shoe  Co,' 

1224  Market 

19  . 


52  Mitchell, Pletflher  &Co,12»  &  Chest. 

48  . 

f.  .  • 

53  J. A. Lehman  &  Cq, 

107  Sf13» 


54  Hughes  *  Muller  - ; 

JU087  Chest, 


53  ’ 

S3  Philada.Club  13“  & 'Walnut  200 

S6  S.S, White  Dontal  Co.  12"  &  Ghost.  50 

5?  F .11. Pierce  fi  Co.  1406  Cheat.  19 

.58  P.C.Shaeffer  1210  Market  •  28 

59  Reading  Ironworks  222  S. 5th  115 

60  Edison  Elec  .It. Co.  908  Sansom  100 

61  "  909  Sansom  50 

62  Cah  Clunn  &  Co.,  915  Sanson  10 

63  J.R. Thompson  1220  Market  29 

64  II.Gautsche  &  Sons  1030  Cho3tnut  30 

65  S.F. Whitman  &  Sons  12"  &  Market  96 

66  Amor.Ek  Hoto  Co.  Droxcl  Bldg. 

67  Simons  Co.  618  Chestnut  124 

68  Phila. Trust  Co.  415  Chest.  75 

69  H.W. Kelsey  U04  Walnut  162 

70  Manama ker  fi  Brown  6”  &  Market 

71  Super  Jonc-s  &  Co.  615  Chest.  55 

72  Blasius  fi  Sons  '  HOI  fi  1103  Chest.  100 

73  *  1119  Chest  .  40 

74  H.Van  Boil  1310  Chest.  25  • 

75  J. Crouse  fi  Sons  1218  Market  22 

76  Solicitors  Tr.Co.  142  S.4th  21 

77  J .II. Livingstone  2216  Walnut  101 

78  Real  Ins. Co.  -721  Walnut  50  . 

79  W. D. Dutton  fi  Co.  1115-  Chest.  50 

80  C.H.Reisser  24  S.Sth  St.  25 

81  Spring  Garden  Ins. Co.  431  Walnut  108' 

82  Longacre  fi  Ewing  328  Walnut  .  , ■  le¬ 
ss  Saginaw  Club  213  S. Broad  150- 

84  Thackara. Mfg.Co.  1300  Chestnut  150' 

85  Atkinson  Bros.  931Chestrut  .16 

86  Huntingdon  &  B.Top.R.R.  417  Walnut  15 

87  Ernest  A. Wright  1032  Chest.  12' 

88  Irwin  Megargee  &  Co.,  617  Chest. 

89  County  Ins.  Co.  110  S,  4th  28 

90  Cornelius  &  Rowlandl612  Chestnut  ■  Jd 

91  United  Firemens  Ins .419  Walnut-  90 

92  Franklin  Institute  15  So.  7th 

93  W.R. Warner  &  Co.  1228  Market  35 

94  Partridge  Bros.  5th  &  Market  16 

05  Manufacturers  Club  1409  Walnut  /-56 

96  Franklin  Fire  Ins. Co. 421  Walnut  37 

97  C.W. Kennedy  &  Co.  .1624  Chestnut  22 

98  E. I. Wilson  1031  Chest.  ■  51 

99  A. C. Yates  &  Co.  1010  Chest.  16 

100  T. A. Biddle  &  Co.  326  Walnut  - 24 

101  R.G.Dun  &  Co.  900  Chest.-  66 

102  G.T.Poarso'n  427  Walnut'-  •  ,j.  q  . 

103  Gro vos, Wilson  &  Groves  1024  Mk*t 

104  W.A.Phreaner  1415  Walnut  ■  4 

105  C. Meyers  &  Bro  . •  508  Market  46 

106  S. II. Guilford  v  1616 'Walnut 

107  McLaughlin  Bros.  ■  114  Sy-3nd  60 

108  Coll  is  &  Levy  138  S.3rd'  <■ ‘i-tA  6 







2  H.P. 


1  H.P. 













•;  .-..51 

.  J.6 

•  24 


: 5  H.P. 

3V8H.P.  3 

3  H.P. 

1  V8H.P. 

10  H.P. 

Apr .11 

.  .  Meh.12 

8  Apl *11 

109  S.W.Payne  . 

219  S. Broad 



f  '15 

*  Apr.  1 

110  Phila. Traction  Co. 812  Sansom 



■i  14 


Y.M.O.A.Lec  .use . 

111  Ohas  .H.Wevlll 

101  S.15 

•  >. 


■  :" 

112  United  Security  Co.  003  Chest. 



8  Apl. 11 

113  P.S. Sherman 

1017  Chest. 




.  ■*> 

Wiring  con'tedfor 

114  Pidelity  Mutual 

Ins. Co.  914  Walnut 



■  .  :  15 

Not  yet 

Wir'g  done  but  ser-  ;  ^ 

115  W.PV Potts  &  Co/ 

1225  Market 




vice  not  made .  ".  " 

,110  Prank  E. Morgan 

1629  Walnut 



■  * 

Service  made  but  wir-  ■  ...  " 

117  R.J. Allen  Son'  & 

Co .1126  Market 


Yz  H.P.  Apr.  1 

0  Apr.  8  ing  not  done 

118  Kama  s  &  Pc-nnypacker  123 '  S  .3rd  [ 


1/2.  H.P 

;  5 

■  .Dec.  11 



119  W.W.  Hallman 

337  Chest. 


:  1  H.P. 



Hot  yet 

Wir'g  done  but .ser¬ 

120  Guarantee  Tr.Co. 

318  Chestnut 


vice  not  made. 

121  Comnorcial  Bank 

314  Chostnut 


■Nov. 12 



122  H.J.Pattin 

1431  Chestnut 

1  H.P. 

■  Apl.  4 



Wiring  contracted 

123  H  .17  .Pox 

417  Walnut 


lV2  H.P. 


....  2 

*  Apr.l 


124  Bonschor  &  Holmes  1527  Chestnut 


•8  .  1 

»  "\ 

120  Keystone  Watch  Club  Co.  904  Walnut 



126  Stanley  Electric 

Co.  » 


1  H.P. 

*  2 


8  •«: 

127  Thos. Bennett 

923  Locust 

5  H.P. 


:  ?  ’  9 

Not  yet 

128  Chestnut  St .Bank 

721  Chestnut 



Peb .  5 

Wir'g  contrac'd  for  Wiring  done  but 

129  Washington  Hotel' 

711  Chestnut 


■  -  15 

^ .  *  service,  no  tornado 

130  .  ■  Bank  ' 

713  Chestnut 



*  *  •  .  a  “  ;  :ft 

131  Union  Tr.Co. 

715  Chestnut  • 


■  8 

v  9  •  *  "  ;■* 

132  G.B. Woodman  &  Co 

1239  Market 

Apl. 12 

133  Perm  ’tutual  Life 

Co.  1010  Walnut 


X/4  H.P. 

;  13 

*  ■  n 

134  Clias  Hartman 

51  S .3rd  St. 


;.  15 

j.*r  ?  ,r*: . 

t'i:  -j  o  y.\  •  I  -V.' 

135  College  of  PliysiciaAs  13"  &  Locust 


10^8  H.P. 

*  *  * 


37^8  H.P. 



Applications  for  light  10577  Lamps.  ".  j 

Applications  for  Power  37^8  H.P. - 24  Motors. 

Lights  connected  5053  Lamps. 

Power  connected  10^8  H.P. — - — 4  Motors. 

No.Servicos  in  but  no  wiring  24 

Ho. wired  but  services  not  in  7  ^ 

Ho  places  sockets  not  on  7  « 

In  accordance  with  your  au  Uiorjsation  I  have  closed  a 
contract  with  the  Arndngton  ft  Sims  Engine  Oo.  for  two  wo  re 
Engines  deliverable  next  September  at  $»700  each. 

The  Abondroth  ft  Hoot  lini’g.  Co.  inform  mo  that  they  are 
will ing  to  clone  a  contract  for  three  more  boilers  at  the 
sums  price  as  the  first  three 

The  Edison  Mac  line  Wonts  claim  to  have  loot  money  on 
the  first  eight  Dynairos  at .-$8200  each  and  fix  the  price  at 
$411:50.  After  consultation  with  our  Prcsidont  an  offer  of 
§<1000.  was  made  to.  than,  but  they  insist  upon  the  list,  pri  uo 
of  $<ki5Q.  I  append,  thoir  letter  uni  ask  your  further  ad¬ 
vice  stating  that  all  thoir  statements  are  correct. 

'  TUB  EDISai  llAOraivE  WORKS. 

Uohonectady,  N.Y.  April  la;  lbHS^ 
The  Edison  Electric  Light  Co.,  j 

Prof.  W.D. Murks,  Sup.  Engineer, 

#  909  Sans cm  Street,  Pliila.  Pa 
Sear  Sir:  -  v 

We  have  your  esteemed  favor  of  the  10th  inst.-wi-th 
reference  to  the  four  estra  #00  Machines  which  your  Company  t 
dosiroa  uo  jso' build' for  them.  We  must  confess  tlutt  we  do  not’ 
think  your  offer  of  $16,-000.00  fa*  fair  machines  at  all. a  fair 
'one,  considering  all  the  circwnotanues  of  the  case. 

We  Tftuld  ranind  you  tliat  we  originally  undertook  to 
build  a  1000  tanpore  machine  at  140  volta  tlat  would  stand  an 
overload  of  Si3  A  for  half  an  hour.  Thi  u  overload  both  you  and 
ourselvos  at  the  time  agreed  was  hardly  sufficient;  but  con¬ 
sidering  the  circumstances  of  the  contracted  Bpaoe  that  you 

hud.  at  your  disposal,  it  was  decided  that  you  could  get 
through  on  ouoh  an  over  load.  Y/e  aim  ad  at  delivering  to  your 

Company  something  moro  than  tho  verbal  understanding  callod 
for.  Hoth  you  and  ourselves- thoroughly  recognized  tho 
advantage  of  this,  and  wo  vrere  enabled,  by  recalculating 
the  machine*  to  cane  within  the  same  space,  and  considerably 
increased  tho  weight,  'which  meant  considerably  increased  coat. 
Tills  increased  weight  naturally  gave  you  Increased  capacity. 

As  a  ocnaotiuence  wo  wore  enabled  to  doliver  to  you  a  machine' 
that  would  not  only  stand  the  85  A  oveioad  for  half  an  hour, 
but  that  would  stand  a  40  %  overload  for  an  hour,  and  it  was 
oven  tested  to  as  high  an  overload  as  HI  %.  You  know  full 
well  the  advantage  of  thin.  You  know  tliat  it  moans  very  low 
expense  for  maintenance  in  the  future. 

Considering  the  fact  that  we  took  the  contract  from  you 
prior  to  even  a  model  machine  being  built,,  ani  canalo bring 
tliat  after  we  had  taken  the  cont.ruot,  we  found  that  by  in¬ 
creasing  the  weight, and  c onseciuontly  the  cost,  we  v ould  liave 
been  fully  justified  in  coming  to  you  and  asking  for  an  in¬ 
creased  price,  owing  to  this  increased  cost.  This  we  did 
not  do.  After  several- of  your  mao  1-dnos  were  f ini  di  el  v/e 
found  tha  t  wo  wore  not  making : any  taoney,  but  that  we  wore 
actually  losing  money;  We  then  raised  tho  price  to  a  point 
where  wo  could  got  an  ordinary  mamfac  hirers  profit,  that 

•  price'  b sing  $4850.00  per  machine.  Our  price  lists  - are  in¬ 
variably  figured  net,  and  hot  with  tho  object-  of  cutting  them 
in  order  to  get  a  contract. 

*  Of  course  by  curtailing  the  material  we  can  make  you  a 

-  madhiho  tf  dr  $4000 iQO  feu  t-  in  a  -  Stat  ion  the  size  of  y  curs ,  whoho 


the  investment,  in  Dynamos  forma  ao  small  a  part  of  the  total 
money  spant,  it  i  3  far  more  desirable,  as  yon;  will  know,  to 
have o  marfein  of  capacity,  than  it  is  t0  save  $aH0.00 
por  on  the  pvirclwso  price. 

yours  very  truly, 

'Sam,  Insull, 

Go  rural  Manager. 

Notwithstanding  our  grat'if ying  success  so  iUr  in  the 
introduction  of  light  and  Power,  1  would  like  with  your  per¬ 
mission  to  of  for  special  premiums  to  wi  rinfj  firms  and  Motor 
•  men- securing  customers  for  us  and  would  suggest  that  wo  offer 

either  the  sum  of  IS  cents  per  lamp  or  th*  amount  of  light 
,  to  firms, 

bill  for  two  weoks/t obtaining  new  customers;  also  that  the 
idiole  district  have  circulars  distributed  throughout  it 
every  SO  days  until  next  Autumn. 

Gentlemen,  because  of  yc.ur  own  wise  liberality  and  en¬ 
terprise  yai  have  un  excellent -Station,  capable  of  producing 
an  enormous  output  and  greater  profits  than  have  ever  yet 
boon  obtained.  Hay  I  ask  your  approval  of  a  systematic  and 
pe  rc  latent  offort  to  secure  the  largest  possible  returns 
by  urging  its  bus  inoes. 

Supr.  Engr.  f  Gen’l  Manager. 


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PAY  BILLS  AT  927  CHESTNUT  STREET,  2d  Fiooi.. 







GENTLE  M.E  N  -U  .  '  .  ;  '•  .  •  ! 

Under  date  May  10th,  ,..1889 , I 'have'  from  Mr.  '  Henry  Vi  Hard 
of  New  York  the  ..following  message  concerning  th.e '.Edison  General 
Electric  CohipahyV  for  which  ,1.  have  been;  requested  to  become  Engi- 
neer-in-Chief'  ani’ Technical  Director.  ,  , 

”I  ®.ha:i'1.  aak  the  Board-  in= the  course  of  the  coming  week 
to  pass  the  necessary  .  Resolutions  th'at  you'  may  be  appointed  as 
Technical  Director; "  :  -  '■  .  .  , 

.  ,  .  "Will, you  please .  iridicate^ in  reply  the  earliest  moment 

at  which  you.-.will  .be  .able  to  assume-  Your ^fiinct ions,. and  oblige  " 
SIGNED)  “Yours  truljr, 

m  '■  “  1  Villard. " 

The  Present-Status,.  of  .the.  Station 'IS' !as  follows:  —  " 

The;  Equalizers,  are-,  all,  hepe  'and.wiil  be  :  in  running  shape 
in  the  next  fortnight.;  The, Iiiai'cat^^frfetjirned  to  Edison  Lamp 
Works  for  necessarjy  changes ‘  a;  month "■  ,ago  )>i::are>  proinis  ed  this  week 
and  will  require.;  hut'  a  few  .days  .to' put 'in  op'eration." 

The  feeder  system  is:.aiav,vymningv  save :3' which  are  now 
being  overhauled ;-in.  the.  Streets  under  (Guarantee  of  the  Edison 
Machine  Works’:"."/-,,  , 

The  Boilers  are  having  .some  ••‘changes^made'-iii  them  to  en¬ 
sure  a  steady,  water  . leyel};-;.tH‘evSteam 'Piping  is  finished  and  in 
good  order.  ,  ,  ,  , 

The  Engines  and  Dynamos  are  running,  very  well,  requiring 
only  small  matters  to  perfect  them.  , 

.  ,  The  organization '■! of -th e iwSrking ’force:  as- 'progressing 

nicely  and  we  will  soon  have  .amoxcellent  staff.  ; 

from;. Meter '-Customer  s  to  1st,  $1,603.53 

*  “  *  ’  v  h.4  i, ,  “  ;:May.f  H,th  .  1 ’ 185  ■  84 


The  cost  of  running  the  Station  for  one  month  covering 
all  its  expenses  is  about  $3600.  from  which  you  will  see  that  we 
rail  pay  expenses  during  the  Sumner.  We  have  over  100  light  and 
meter  meters  now  in  use,  and  are  adding  every  day  to  them.  Offer- 




ing  commissions  has  proved  very  successful  and  has  the  advantage  of 
inclining  all  Wiremen  and  Motor  men  to  our  system  besides  actively 
interesting  employees  and  other 3.  '  • 

Should  you  so  desire  I  shall  be .pleased  to  make  such  ar¬ 
rangement  as  '  wiil  enable  me  to  remain  as  consulting  Engineer  to 
this  Co.,  returning  once  or  twice  a  week  and  overhauling  the  works 
in  person  and  directing  such' further  additions  as  will  soon  be  re¬ 
quired  by  our  increasing  business. 

I  have  not  as  yet  made  definite  reply  to  Mr.  Villard 
desiring  first  to  consult  you,  although  if  'he  does  not  desire  to  , 
withdraw  I  shall  be  obliged  to  go  to  New  York.  Whatever  may 
occur,  allow  me  to  express  my  regret  at  the  .thought  of  severing^,, 
niy  connection  with  this  Conipany,  p^),  mylT1** 

appreciation  of  your  thoughtful  cotirtesy,  and  to  say  that  in  serv¬ 
ing  you,  all  ay  labor  has.  been  a  pleasure, I  am,  *• 

Very  Respectfully  and  truly  yours. 

.Supervising  Eng’r  &  Gen. Mgr. 

CAPITAL,  $1 ,000 ,000. 

The  Edison  Eleetwo  Liight  Co. 



Phil a.  June  19th,  1889 

To  the  President  arri.  the 

Board  of  Directors  of  the  Edison  El.  It.  Go., 

of  Phil  ad  a. 

gentlemen:  - 

I  have  to  report  to  you  that  the  system  of  conductors 
for.  elec tr  ic  ity  is  now  in  good  working  shape,  slight  defects  will 
arise  from  time  to  time  requiring  attention  but  this  week  ends  anjr 
extensive  repairs  under  the  Guarantee  of  the  Edison  Machine  Works- 
to.  us.  I  have  secured  an  additional  ten  per  cent  discount  on-  ' 

the  copper  conductors  for  Arch  St.  and  its  connections,  making - 

the  cost  of  these  some  $2,500  less  than  my  last-  estimate.  X  have 
taken  advantage  of  the  slack  business  of  the  Edison  Lanp  Co.,  to 
order  20,000  lamps  to  be  delivered  to  us  as  we  shall  need  them  dur¬ 
ing  the  ensuing  six  months.  Our  present  stock  of  Lamps  is  pretty- 
well  exhausted .  The  engines  and  Dynamos  in  the  Station  are  work¬ 
ing  very  satisfactorily,  the  Boilers  too  have  been  gotten  into  very 
shape.  As  soon  as  I  can  obtain  careful  drawings  covering  every 
point  from  Abondroth  and  Hoot  furnishing  an  additional  1000  H.  P. 
in  Boilers,  and  costing  between  $15  and  $16,000;  I  shall  order  them 
which  vriU  complete  what  is  necessary  for  a  running  capacity  of 
24, 000  Lamps  for  next  Autumn.  I  am  very  much  pleased  to  find  that 
our  present  Bills  for  light  very  closely  cover  the  running  ex¬ 
penses  of  the  Station.  With  the  ending  of  the  active  work  of 
construction  all  of  our  energy  should  be  devoted  to  securing 
customers.  I  would  therefore,  suggest  that  solicitors  upon  com¬ 
mission  be  obtained  and  subject  to  the  general  direction  of  our 
Mr.  Maxwell  be  instructed  .to  proscccute  the  work  vigorously. 


I  have  also  found  in  investigation  of  accounts  of  other  Stations 
that  the  average  cost  per  Lamp  hour  of  a  Station  having  15,000 
Lights  is  in  the  neighborhood  of  1/2  a  cent.  1  would  therefore  ■ 
suggest  for  your  consideration  a  reduction  in  the  price  of  the 
Electric  Light  to  the  consumer  to  S/4  of  a  cent  per  Lamp  hour  from 
October  1st,  1889.  It  will  be  necessary,  in  order  to  cover  our 
running  expenses,  to  keep  the  price  of  light  as  it  is  until  the 
Sunnier  months  have  passed.  At  S/4  of  a  cent  per  Lamp  hour  we 
are  on  exactly  the  same  basis  as  gas  at  $1.50  per  thousand.  It 
is  needless  to  repeat  to  you  that  a  16  Candle  Electric  Lamp  gives 
far  more  light  than  a.  5  ft;  burner  of  the  Phila.  Gas  Works.  It 
would  appear,  however,  that  if  customers  can  be  assured  that  their 
bills  for  the  Electric  Light  will  be  no  greater  than  for  Gas  and 
at  the  same  time  that  they  will  obtain  far  more  and  a  better  light 
wo  will  be  enabled  to  secure  a  very  large  increase,  alnost  inine- 
diately.  By  instructing  our  canvassers  to  make  these  statements 
during  the  Summer  doubtless  we'  can  secure  many  customers  in  the 
Swelling  House  District,  who  would  like  to  have  their  houses  wired 
in  their  absence,  besides  thus  squarely  meeting  the  price  on  the 
question  of  Gas  we  will  also  shut  out  the  competition  arising 
from  isolated  Plants  claiming  to  be  able  where  a  large  number  of 
Lamps  are  grouped  together  to  furnish  the  Electric  Light  cheaper 
than  it  is  now  furnished  from  the  Central  Station.  You  will  ob¬ 
serve  that  increase  of  customers  does  not  mean  any  increase  of  pay 
roll  for  the  Station,  it  simply  means  increase  in  coal  and  in 
Lamps  and  a  larger  number  of  customers  at  a  reduced  price  will 
produce  for  this  Conpany  a  larger  net  profit  than  few  customers 
at  the  original  price  of  lX/8  cents  per  Lamp  h 


As  I  have  already  advised  you,  it  will  be  necessary 
hereafter  for  me  to  be  in  New  York  although  I  expect  to  return  to 
this  City  at  least  twice  a  week  until  all  construction  is  complete; 
some  change  however,  should  be  made  and  I  venture  to  reconmend  to 
you  for  promotion  to  the  position  of  Assistant  Engineer,  Mr.  Wm. 

H.  Norris, with  an  increase  in  salary  to  say  $200.  to  $250.  per 
month.  X  have  known  Mr.  Norris  as  boy  and  man  for  the  last 
ten  years;  he  is  a  thoroughly  educated  Engineer  and  of  far  more 
than  usual  intelligence.  I  can  vouch  for  his  integrity  and  his 
conscientious  performance  of  his  duties.  I  do  not  think  that 

other  changes  will  be  required  at  present,  I  shall  take  Mr.  Hen¬ 
derson  and  Mr.  Castor  with  me  to  New  York  thus  reducing  the  work¬ 
ing  force  to  the  minium  limit. 

I  do  not  know  that  it  is  necessary  to  mention  it,  but 

I  have  preserved  copies 
under  my  supervision, 
erence  in  case  they  are 

of  all  the  drawings  of  this  Station  made 

needed  in  the  future.  I  am 

Very  Respectfully  and  truly  yours, 

Supervising  Engineer  &  General  Manage 

July  10th.  1889 

^  7  •'■'•_  •'• 

To  Tho  Proai dent 'and  Board  of  Directors, 

Edison  Electric  light  co. 

Philadelphia,  Pa. 

Gentlemen^ :  - 

•''l  hove,ilr.  Edison's  approval  in  bringing  before  you  tho 
matter  dl^the  price  -of , light.  Mr.  Edison  says  that  tho  Philadel¬ 

phia  Station,  as  constructed,  can  make  more  money  with  the  price 
of  light  'at  S  1.50' per  thousand,  than  the  Mew  York  Station  can  at 
i  2.  ■  per  thousand.  I  have  his,  entire  approval  in  suggesting 
to  you  that  after  October  1st. /the  price  of  the  electric  light  be 

reduced  to  $  l.SQ^dr  thousand  in  gas,  or  3  of  a  cent  per  lamp  hour 
/  .4 

for  each  16  caddie  power  lamp.  To  produce  this  light  in  tho  Pearl 
Street  Station  in  'New  York  costs  about  i  cont  per  lamp  hour,  v/hon 
we  take  the  total  expense  of  a  year  and  divide  it  by  the  lump  hour^ 
It  'will  cost  less/in  Philadelphia  than  it  costs  in  Poarl  Street,  or 
than  it  wilL^c^^t  in  80th  Street  or  oOth  Street,  vhen  thoy  aro  run¬ 
ning  full. 

At  present  wo  are  selling  to  our  large  consumers  at88.85 
85  fi  off,  equivalent  to  $  1.(59  por  thousand  for  ga3.  We  aro  sell¬ 
ing  our  motivo  power  at  ?$  cents  per  horse  power,  or  equivalent  to 
3  1.18  por  thousand  for  gas. 

While  wo  shall  not  roduoo  tho  price  of  electric  light  at 
present,  I  am  satisfied  that  if  wo  promise  a  reduction  beginning 
October  1st,  so  that  the  bill  for  electric  light  shall  not  oKoeed 

tho  prosont,  bill  for  gas,  v/e  will,  with  proper-  activity  in  aoli- 
ci  tat  ion  and  by  liberal  advortiu  ing,  load  down  our  station  beyond 
..i'tc:  present  capacity,  and  groatly  inoroaoo  our  profits.  v/ith  ti 
•load,  of  ;.43QCO  lights  ~ro  ought  and  oan  produce  a  lump  hour  at  a 

coat  of  _3  aent,  and  sro  will  receive  for  tho  3 ;:sno  li  cent.  After  our 
■  y  4 

receipts  boo nrr.c  sufficient  to  cover  Attr  payroll,  tho  increase  in 

cost  of  producing  light  to  us  moans  incroasc  only  in  coal  bill  and 
in  the  -lamp  bill.  If  we  can  assure  the  public  that  wo  will  give 
them  more  light  and  a -better  light,  and  that  the  groan  amount  of 
tho  bill  to  than  shall  not  exceed  tho  bill  v/hioh  they  have  boon 
paying  for  £4  poor  and  unsatisfactory  light,  I  am  auro  that  a  large 
numbor  will  moot  tho  cost  of  wiring  gladly,  fooling  that  in  so  do¬ 
ing  they  are  not  putting  themselves  undcji}  an -.increase  of  constant' 
charge 0  against  than.  I  think  no  will  scaurs  a  number  of' snail 
consumers 'who  will  use  a  larger -percentage  of  -  the  lamps  they  put  in 
and  rondor  tho  business  more  profitable  than  it  is  with  tho  prosont 
larger  consumers. 

May  I  urge  -upon  tho  Board  a  reduction  in  price  of  li  cent 


por  lamp  hour,  redoubled  activity  in  solicitation,  and  in  advert¬ 
ising  the  fact  that  tho  electric  light  costs  no  more  than  gas,  pos¬ 
sesses  many  sanitary  advantages,  and  for  all  practical  purposes 
furnishes  twice  tho  light. 

I  am. 

Vory  roopootfully  and  truly  yours, 

Supervising  Engineer  &  Gen '1  Manager. 

?/.  Jtfet 

/Z?c!  . 

The  Edison  General  Electric  Co. 

Executive  Offices.  Engineering  Department, 


New  York, . July . . 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  If.  J. 

My  dear  Mr.  Edison  :  -  - 

Herewith  enclosed  I  hand  you  report  of  lamps  during  the 
last  month  in  Philadelphia,  showing  3055,  or  an  average  of  100 
lamps  a  day.  ^ 

I  would  also  like  to  add  that  the  Board  unanimously  pass¬ 
ed  a  resolution  yesterday  afternoon,  putting  the  price  of  the  el¬ 
ectric  light  at  three-quarters  of  a  cent  (3  ($)  a  lamp  hour  or 
$  1.50  per  M.  Cubic  ft.,  which  is  the  price  of  gas  in  Philadelphia. 

I  am  thus  enabled  to  co-operate (? }  with  Gen.  Wagner  in 
lighting  the  city,  and  have  accomplished  what  I  trust  you  will  ' 
consider  a  very  great  step  in  advance  in  electric  lighting,  which 
is  to  take  it  out  of  the  category  of  luxuries  for  the  rich,  and 
-nake  it  a  necessity  to  all  alike,  at  a  price  no  greater  than  gas 
with  all  the -advantages  on  the  side  of  electricity.  I  feel  that 
this  systematic  endeavor  to  sell  the  electric  light  by  meter,  and 
t  a  price  equal  to  that  of  gas  is  indeed  a  most  important  advance. 

I  would  also  add  that  the  Board  rill  be.  prepared;-  when 

50,000  lamps  have  been  reached,  if  any  reduction  is  made  in  gas 
to  further  reduce  the  price  of  the  electric  light  to  $  1.  -  per 
M.*  or  h  ({  per  lamp  hour,  because  of  the  exceedingly  satisfactory 
results  obtained  during  the  past  three  months. 

I  am,  Very  truly  yours. 

Supervising  Engineer  &  Gen’l  Manager. 



B.  K.  Jamison,  Vui.pniiT.  P.  F.  Kelly,  t«««..  Henry  g.  bf 

it..  P»u.  PAY  BILLS  AT  827  CHESTNUT  STREET,  2o  Floor. 



'  -s  Of****  -—y 

/r*'  "  * 


,  fortfO-tX  £t&e^s-es  cu-6-->r 
tKu&Zj'  cf ^ 

~rfvu  — iwj' 

<Zr.  /  J  ' 

’***4-  r&K.  S&X,  • « 

- - -  ft. (y  y  ■' 

/3,  j_  V'  | 

/X  '' .  , 

^  c/l?7  jf  y 

t/V  * 

^  ■;  ,  ,,  ,.  ... ,.. 


<Z/o  *  =  .3*^ 

(ft)  dev4s££.  l 

•  '/£-£*X? 


The  Edison  General  Electric  Co. 

Executive  Offices.  Engineering  Department, 


■  New  York,... 

Mr.  T.  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J. 
My  dear  Sir  :  - 

the  Edison  Electric  Light  Company.  f 

I  have  assurances  from  the  mo  at  in^i^ti^mepAs; 
the  City  Council  that  every  facility  sha&J/be  grint^e  in 
stations  in  the  outlying  districts.  “  ^ 


iouble  'bus  bar  system  of  the' 

affords  special  facilities  for  running  a  pari  of 
a  high  potential. 

I  have  the  belief  that  a  plain  lead  j 
prove  durable  and  economical  as  compared  with  th^ 
and  that  by  using  it, five  storage  stations  can  be  establis^ 
radial  distances  of  l£mile,  thus  enabling  me  to  cover  the  City  of 
Philadelphia,  aa  shorn  by  the  red  llnes  on  ^  map  her8ffith  fflclo8_ 

I  have  already  brought  this  matter  to  your  attention. 

1  »uld  llte  to  .dd  thst  once  ,  8toras8  batterj  ot  mier^ 


expense  for  attendance,  -  four  men  covering  the  staff. 

I  would  also  like  to  add  that  just  at  present  the 
amount  of  money  awaiting  investment  in  Philadelphia  is  beyond 

It  seems  as  though  any  body  of  men  having  any  pretension 
'to  standing  in  the  Community  have  only  to  form  a  Company,  and  the 
general  public  would  come  to  the  front  and  subscribe  until  the 
stork -books  were  exhausted. 

My  long  re  s  id  arc  e  in  Philadelphia,  encourages  me  to  be¬ 
lieve  that  through  proper  persons  such  a  schane  as  this  could  be 
carried  through. 

Soliciting  in  behalf  of  my  siggestion  your  careful  con¬ 
sideration,  I  am  Most  truly  yours,- 


Philadelphia,  October  10th,  16o9 

To  th  c  Pro sidont  and  Board  of  Directors, 

Of  the  Edison  Electric  Light  Company, 

of  Philadelphia,  Peinia 

g  p.  r:  t  l  n  m  e  n  :  — 

I  an  pleased  to  report  to  you  that  the  number  of 
lights  com  octod  very  closely  approximate  fifteen  thousand,  and 
that  the  number  of  lights  applied  for  has  readied  tv/onty-sovon 
thousand  very  nearly,  V/o  are  subject  to  constant  delays  becauso 
of  tiie  inability  of  our  wiroinon  to  keep  up  with  t ho  orders,  but 
they  arc  now  gaining  on  them  slightly.  Thp  Masonic  Temple  v/ith 
the  thousand  lights  has  about  consisted  its  wiring,  and  the  chan¬ 
deliers  will  bo  ready  for  uso  in  a  fortnight.  We  havo- obtainod 
pom  its  to  open  on  all  the  streets  applied  for  new  tubos  or  mains. 

arc  hov/evor,  still  unable  to  obtain  permission  from  the  Di¬ 
rector  of  Public  Works  to  open  for  repairs  or  services  on  newly 
paved  streets.  Although  all  of  the  contractors  for  paving 
havo  acceded  to  our  roeuest  to  be  permitted  to  open  the  streets 
and  have  agreed  that  they  will  not  claim  this  opening  as  vitia¬ 
ting  their  contract  with  the  City  to  keep  the  streets  in  repair  for 
throe  years.  Our  customers  all  seem  very  much  pleased  v/ith  the 
light  save  where  we  have  been  refused  permission  to  open  the 
streets  for  repair.  The  constant  and  needless  delays  in  getting 
pern  its  for  repairs  ere  exceedingly  hard  -on  us . 


A  complaint  from  the  Aldine  Hotel  of  an  excessive  "bill 
for  the  first  fortnight  has  boon  mot  and  will  probably  be  adjusted 
in  an  amicable  way.  This  hotel  used  the  light  very  largely  dur¬ 
ing  the  first  week  as  I  know  from  personal  inspection  but  a  small 
concession  on  our  part  and  the  fact  that  they  have  learned  that 
out  meters  are  roliablo,  registering  all  the  light  consumed,  will 
teach  them  to  be  more  economical  in  the  future . 

Tlio  recent  discussion  of  the  electrical  executions  and 
therepeated  fatal  accidents  occurring  in  the  arc  light  systems,  in 
hew  York  City,  have  caused  all  forms  of  electric  light  to  bo 
looked  upon  as  dargorous. 

I  have  to 'meet  this  exigoncy,  prepare  a  Circular  to  be 
sent  to  our  customers  either  present  or  prospective  assuring  thorn 
oi  oho  .tact  that  the  Edison  Current  is  positively  harraloss. 

I  shall  also  endeavor  to  obtain  from  William  WcDeviit 
a  certificate  that  within  the  last  two  and  a  half  years  no  fires 
have  *  cur rod  from  the  incandescent  circuits  in  the  City  of  Phil¬ 

Our  street  work  is  being  delayed  by  tho  Edison  Machine 
Movas  ?Mch  does  not  seem  to  bo  able  to  fulfil  its-  orders  foritub- 
ir€ ly .  Tubes  ordered  on  the  7th  of  last  August  and  since 

ropoatedly  v/rioten  and  telegraphed  for  have  not  yet  been  received. 

I  am  pleased  however' to  report  in  gunoral,  substantial 
progress  and  a  largely  increased  consumption  of  light. 

I  am  respectfully  and  truly  your? 

Supervising  Engineer  &  Gon.  Manager. 

Office:  No.  927  Chestnut  Street. 

CAPITAL,  $1,000,000. 

The  Edison  Electric, Light  Co. 


Central  Station:  90S  Sansom  St. 


SOS  Sacaom  Street 

K£<L<  ^,W- 

^  *£<*<*<?  4&c*?z/  vs^zr 

^  4tciOit*z  'M-STT’sS'  ! 



The  present'  supply  of  gas  tTuih] 
people  6f  Philadelphia  is  simply  a 
deliberate  and  colossal  swindle  upon 
every  consumer.  This  is  a  gravel 
charge  to  make  against'  the  Depart¬ 
ment  of  Public  Works,  but  the  facts, 
as  -  known  to  all  who  use  our  ga: 
conclusively  sustain  the  accusation. 

The  gas  now  supplied  to  consumers 
in  Philadelphia  is  the  worst  ever-fur¬ 
nished  arid  no  number  of  gas  lights 
will  make  a  room  well  lighted.  Read¬ 
ing  by  gas  light  in  this  city  is  seldom 
attempted  now,  unless  by  those  whose 

. :  stand  the  severest  strain; 

ve  even  ordinary  light  in 
i,  three  or  four  1'--'  ”  - 
usual  number  of  burners 

This  is  simply  a  huge  swindle  upon 
the  consumers  of  gas  in  Philadelphia, 
.'and  it  is  a  deliberate  swindle  con¬ 
ceived  and  executed  to  compel  the ; 

;  people  to  pay  double  or  treble  price 
!for  the  amount  of  actual  ilium' 

:  nating  gas  they  receive.  The  gas 
.starved  in  its  manufacture  until  its 
[candle  or  illuminating  power  is  so 
griatly  impaired  that  consumers  must 
.brim  twice  or  thrice  the  amount  that 
'they  would  consume  of  good  gas, 

I  and  then  have  dull  and  sight-destroy- 
,  ing.  lights.  • 

[quality. of  gas  in  its  manufacture  andS 
jimpairing  its  illuminating  qualities; 
jthe  people  of  Philadelphia  are  n 
[practically  compelled  to  pay  £5 
‘more. per  thousand  .for  the  candle 
:  power  that  is  promised  and  should 
,  be  furnished  in  one  thousand  feet  of 
;  gas;  and  this  swindle  is  rapidly  com-  ; 
;pelling  gas  consumers  to  abandon  its 
:  use  as  far  as  possible.  It  is,  in  fact, 

;  a  swindle  upon  consumers,  and  also 
a  swindle  upon  the  city,  as  it  is  rap¬ 
idly  forcing  the  introduction  of  elec- 
(trie  and  lamp  lights  In  the  homes  of 

>  '(  This  intolerable  swindle  is  not  per- 
i  petrated  by  the  Department  of.  Pub,- 
ihc.  Works  for  any  corrupt' personal 
[profit,  but  it  is  done  under  the  delu- 
'sion  making  much  more  gas 
out  of  a  ton  of  coal  than  is  in  it,  and 
thus  forcing  consumers  to  use  double 
or  treble  quantities  to  obtain  ordinary 
lights,  the..;  balance  sheet  of  the  Gas 
Works  may  be  made  to  show  a  large 
profit ;  but  it  is  none  the  less  a  stud, 
;ied  swindle ;  :a  direct  and  most  extor- 
■;tionate;Swmdle  of,  consumers,  and  it 
imust. result  in  the  very  general,  aban¬ 
donment;  of . gas  for  lighting  homes 
and  thus  robthecit  'of  l.rgt  patron- 
•age  and  profits  in  furnishing  gas.  . 
■  not  agas  consumer  in  the 
city,,  of  if  Philadelphia  who  does  not 
,knp\v;  that,  bad  as  has  been  the  city 
gas..,in  the  past,  it  has  been  worse 
under. the  management  of  the  De- 
fpartment[ofPublic'W  t  v 

/woman  or  cniia  -wlio"]lghts“a"'gas- 
bumer  knows  that  they  are  swindled, 
and  largely  swindled,  when  they  do 
'so.-'  They  have  complained  only,  to 
receive  offensive  answers,  as  a  rule, 
if  'they,  received  any,  and  the  only 
remfcdythey  have, is. to  turn  to.the 
■electric  lights  or  the  oil  lamps  which 
are  now  used  in  nearly  or  quite  every 
home  in  the  city.  -  The 
deeply .  incensed  at .  the  attempt .  to 
force  half-illuminating  gas  upon  them 
to  compel  the  use  of  double  quantity 
of  more,  that  gas  lights  for  the  ordi¬ 
nary,  home  uses  in  which  they. have 
been  generally  employed  are  never 
seen  , now  except  when  It  is  unavoid¬ 
able,  "iOne  year  more  of.  this  swindle 
Upon,  gas  consumers,  and  the  city  will 
be, swindled  riot  only  out.of  all  possU 
•ble [profits  from  gas,  but  it  .Will  be 
[siyihdleci  entirely  out  of. a  majority 
;of  consumers' as  patrons  of  city  gas. 
:V'.Iti, Is  simply  a  huge, swindle;  a 
cheat  by  artifice  or  false  pretence,  and 
itiisr  not  .the  less  a  swindle  because 
the:  money ,  fraudulently  extorted :  is 
hot  corruptly  stolen.. .  It  is  the  logi- 
caliresultr.of  -either  incompetent  or 
unscrupulous  effort  to  manufacture 
aririfsell  half-price  gas  at-  double. cost 
oomore  to  consumers,  and  it  is  cer- 
tairivto  trob  2  the  city;  of  legitimate 
profits  ;m"the  near  future,  just  as  it  is 
how-robbing  consumers  who  are  com¬ 
pelled  ;to-‘use  it.  It  is  a  swindle , 
neithef-simpre'i  nor  less;,  and\it , is  a, 
double;>Wiridle;ias;-ib.  is  f certain:  to 

ftSut/S&f Sjrjrf ■  ***•■**&  /'r»U 

/rw  rtf  r  ^ 

/j-Zjiettj/nv Sue/fz-ts 

&  £0  si*/  Jc*A/e.  A 








Philadelphia, Dec. 18th, 1889 

To  the  President 

and  the  Board  of  Directors  of  the  Edison  Electric 
light  Co.  of  Philadelphia. 


Concerning  the  increase  in  lighting  1  am  pleased  to  re¬ 
port  as  follows. 

V/eek  ending  Dec.  14th,  1889,  lamps  connected  22727—16  o. 

202  and  l-24th  H.P.  equivalent  to  25151  -  16  c.  Applied  for 
33438  -  16  c.  308  l-12th  H.P.  equivalent  37135  -  16  c. 

The  very  important  matter  of  insurance  inspection  of  elec¬ 
tric  light  wiring  has  come  up  and  several  conferences  have  beon 
held  at  which  were  present  Messrs  Whiting, Sec *y.  of  Board  of  Un¬ 
derwriters  of  Philadelphia.  Messrs.  Decamp  &  law  of  the  Electrical 
Trust,  Mr.  Christian,  representative  of  a  small  arc  light  company, 
in  the  northern  part  of  this  city  and  myself. 

As  you  will  see  from  my  appended  letter,  I  was  satisfied 
of  tho  justice  of  a  small  payment  by  this  company  of  l  cent  per 
light  for  annual  reinspection  and  was  willing  to  colloct  6  2/3  ' 
cents  per  light  for  the  first  inspection  of  wiring  from  wiromon  but 
as  this  company  does  not  do  any  house  wiring  and  makes  no  profit 
from  it,  I  do  not  deom  it  necessary  or  proper  that  any  considerable 
sum  should  be  annually  paid  directly  from  this  company's  treasury 
for  work  of  re-inspection  of  house  wiring  or  that  any  arrangement 
save  that  temporarily  necessary  to  tide  over  any  immediate  opposi¬ 
tion  from  tho  Board  of  Underwriters  should  bo  effectod. 

1  append  for  your  information. 

(1)  My  own  letter  to  Scc'y  of  Board  of  Underwriters, 

(2)  Gen’l.  letter  to  Companies  of  Phils,  from  Hr.  V/hiting 
See'y.  of  Board  of  Underwriters. 

(3)  Telegram  from  F.  S.  Gorton,  of  Chicago,  Edison  Co. 

(4)  Letter  from  C.  L.  Edgar,  Manager  of  Edison  Co.  of  Bos¬ 

(5)  Telegram  from  J.  F.  Beggs,  Manager  of  Edison  Co.  of 
New  York. 

As  you  will  see  from  my  statement,  this  Company  has  now 
the  great  majority  of  the  electric  lighting  of  Philadelphia. 

It  ought  not  to  pay  a  cent  more  than  the  necessary  salary  of  such 
inspectors  as  are  required  to  meet  temporarily  the  salaries  of 
special  electrical  inspectors  and  that  too  only  for  a  short  tern 
of  years. 

I  would  request  therefore  of  the  Board  that  a  Committee 
be  appointed  to  meet  a  similar  committee  of  the  Board  of  Under¬ 
writers,  that  any  arrangement  that  is  effected  by  most  carefully 
considered  with  regard  to  its  ultimate  effect  and  be  reduced  to 

1  am 

Very  respectfully  and  truly  yours. 

Doc.  2nd, 

(No.  l) 

S'.  W.  Whiting,  Soc'y. 

Phila.  Fire  Underwriters  Association. 

138  South  4th  St. Phila. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Referring  to  Comitt,.  mooting  ooncerning  insurance 
inepeetien  of  ,M.  Sterne..,  I  would  8ay  th,t  tM.  0Mpw 
espeoielly  d.siro.  .  thorough  end  ,^otw  motion  „  ^ 
tie  wiring  at  the  hands  of  independent  M  reliable 

“  th0"f“''°  **U  -  -  -a  in  it.  power  ,0  assist 

to  this  ond. 

I  ™>M  be  pleased  to  r.eoraond  to  oar  Board  of  Hires- 
tors  the  following  arrangement. 

fee  for  incandescent  light,  Ji.oo  15  lmp>_  ^  ^ 

*°  ^  "USC‘M  "  *h'  «"■  »  ™,  we  -  deliver  the  eer- 

tificate  and  e.llee,  the  mon.y,  for  ev.ry  first  inspection  tumin 
the  same  over  to  you.. 

Fee  for  annual  inapoetion  thereafter  ^  ^ 
i«P..  m  delivery  ef  eertifi,.,,  of  i^p.,,^  „  6,  ^ 
this  Co, 

I°“1  “”U,“  “  «  exceed  *3500.00  per 

year, without  special  arrangement.  Isolated  inspection  to  be  cred- 

l!“PeC‘i0n  «*■  -•  -  it.  due  proportion 

1  "S‘  "  t0,“  «  =0  ....  incandescent 

ights  at  6  2/Sd  cents  each. 

Surplus  or  deficiency  to  be  divided  omongst  parties  in- 
spee ted  in  proportion  to  payout,  mae  for  insp.otion.  ais  ,r- 

rangement  to  be  tentative  and  to  be  subject  to  modification  should 
equity  seem  to  demand  a  change. 

Very  respectfully 

TO n.  D.  Marks. 

- Sup^Engr.S  Gen'l.Mangr. 

Phila.  Decmr.  7,1889:  (No. 2  copy) 

Edison  Electric  Light  Company 

927  Chestnut  Street .Philadelphia. 

Gentlemen:—  1  am  instructed  to  communicate  with  your  Com¬ 

pany  in  relation  to  the  subject  of  an  inspection  Department  for 
dynamos,  electric  lights  and  wires,  to  also  include  motors.  The 
Electric  Light  Companies,  the  public,  and  the  insurance  interests 
demand  that  this  work  shall  be  supervised  and  occasionally  inspec¬ 
ted  by  an  independent  inspection  department,  and  the  extent  of  the 
work  is  such  that  the  burden  of  oxpense  cannot  be  borne  entirely 
by  the  insurance  interests.  We  have  recently  called  a  meeting 
of  the  electric  light  companies  at  this  office  for  tho  purposo 
of  consulting  in  regard  to  this  work,  and  the  result  of  this  inter¬ 
view  has  been  that  the  principal  companies  in  the  city  havo  sug¬ 
gested  that  a  contribution  bo  made  by  the  lighting  companies  to  the 
Underwriters  of  80  cts.  per  are  lamp  annually,  and  6  2/5  cts.  per 
incandescent  lamp  annually.  On  this  basis— all  of  the  Light  Com¬ 
panies  contributing— it  would  give  a  fund  of  about  $3800.00. 

If  is  proposed  to  use  this  money  in  paying  the  salaries  of  one-  - 
Chief  Inspector  and  one  assistant  at  tho  beginning,  who  are  to 
examine  and  report  on  any  new  installations,  and  if  approved. 

a  Certificate  will  be  given  to  the  light  Company,  stating  to  them 
that  the  insurance  department  approves  the  work  without  prejudice 
to  the  insurance.  Re-inspections  will  be  made  following  this 
first  examination,  reports  of  which  will  be  furnished  to  the  Light 

We  ask  that  you  bring  this  subject  before  your  Company, 
with  the  request  that  the  contribution  as  suggested  be  made,  with 
the  understanding  that  it  is  to  be  paid  quarterly  in  advance,  the 
contribution  to  be  based  on  the  number  of  lamps  in  use  at  the  be¬ 
ginning  of  that  quarter.  If  at  the  end  of  the  year,  any  surplus 
exists  in  this  fund,  a  pro-rata  rebate  will  be  made  to  the  sub¬ 

Kindly  advise  us  of  your  intention  in  regard  to  this 
subject  as  soon  as  possible,  for  it  is  desired  to  put  the  Depart¬ 
ment  at  work  inmediately.  The  Inspection  Department  is  looked 
upon  as  being  of  mutual  benefit  for  all  parties  concerned,  and  it 
is  very  desirable  that  it  shall  bo  thoroughly  organized. 

Very  truly, 

(Signed)  F.  w.  Whiting, 

- - ;  _ - _Secretary , _ 

(  No.  3,copytel®gram) 
Doc.  17th, 1889  Chicago, Ill. 

T^.D.  Marks, 

Edison  Electric  It. Co.  908  Sansom  St. 

Have  no  arrangement  with  Underwriters  City  inspection 
severe  enough  to  satisfy  them. 


(No. 4  copy) 

Boston,Mass.Dec.  16th, 1889. 

My  deal’  Prof.  Marks, 

Your  telegram  received.  Wo  have  had  considerable  trou¬ 
ble  with  the  Underwriters  in  reference  to  paying  for  their  inspec¬ 
tion.  V/o  paid  them  Eight  Hundred  dollars  last  year  and  they 
wanted  to  raise  us  to  Two  Thousand,  but  we  compromised  on  Thirteen 
Hundred.  They  receive  a  like  amount  from  the  Boston  Electric 

Light  Co.  All  other  concerns  who  do  a nf  wiring  have  to  pay  for 
the  inspection  of  each  individual  job.  Of  course,  v;e  do  all  our 
work  subject  to  their  inspection,  and  in  general  do  everything 
in  harmony  with  them. 

Yours  very  truly 

C.  L.  Edgar, 

Wm.D. Marks,  Gen.Mangr. 

Edison  Elec. Lt. Co:, 
_ Philadelphia , P  enna. 

General  Manager 

(No.  5  J.I.Beggs  Tel ) 

Prof.  Win.  D.  Marks, 

My  Dear 

You  aro  now  dov/n  to  20th. ft  Sprue o  Sts. with  your 
tubes.  I  rosido  2033  DoLancoy  PI  ace,  and  v/ould  like  vory  '  >nhh  to 
havo  ny  house  lighted. 

Tlioro  is  a  small  street  botwoon  DoLancoy  Place  and  Spruco 
St.a.nd  and  if  you  could  run  your  tubes  thoro,I  an  confident  that  you 
could  got  at  least  twenty  houses  on  the  north  side  of  DeLanedy  Place 
and  on  the  south  side  of  Spruce  St. 

I  think  that  the  small  street  mentioned  is  a  private  street 
and  havo  sont  to  find  out.  Do  your  best  to  got  no  this  service 
and  oblige. 

Yours  truly, 

To  the  President  and  Board  of  Directors, 

Edison  Electric  Light  Co. 

C-ontl  omen :  - 

Mr. Hill’s  roguost  tp  us  shown  abovo  is  a  fair  oxomplar  of 
reggae ts  wo  aro  receiving  both  verbal  and  written. 

You  aro  av/aro  that  in  addition  to  the  Arch  St. District  wo 
havo  laid  or  are  laying  tubes  on  19th.St.on  20th. St. on  Chestnut  St. 
from  1914  to  22nd.on  Hansom  St.  from  19th.  to  tho  Aldino  Hotel  on  11th. 
from  Walnut  to  Sprue  e,onJunipor  St.  from  Filbert  to  Arch, on  Arch  from 
Broad  to  15th.  St.  on  lBTron  Arch  to  Market  St.  on  Filbort  from  9 
13th. St.  In  addition  to  this  wo  aro  kooping  5  gangs  of  sorvico 

mon  at  Vi'orkv_  All  this  moans  a  largo  additional  expense  addccUto 
that  authorized  by  tho  Board  in  directing  tho  Arch  St. district  to  bo 

laid,!  thorbf.oro  before  taking  any  action  would  bo  glad  to  havo  you 
indicate  y~ur  wishes  as  to  granting  Mr. Mill’s  request. 

Vro  havo  at  nrosont  35616  lamps  ordsrod  of  v/hich  14095  aro 
tonight  connoctodjViC  havo  303  H.P.aotors  ordered  of  which  150  H.P. 
is  connected.  Vo  have  also  tho  application  of  Mr.HcLaughlin  for 
300  H.P. in  Mtorc  for  the  nor;  Tines  Did’, g. on  Sansas  St.3o.side  abovo 
0th.  Mr. McLaughlin  scons  very  favorably  disposed  to  ray  proposition  to 
furnish  tho  entire  power  for  running  the  building. 

Tiio  bills  of  the  nook  amount  to  about  !j;  1600.  as  against 
t  800. running  expenses. 

Tlio  continued  laying  of  street  conductors  trill  require  a 
large  outlay  of  invested  capital  and  rail  result  in  a  profitable 
business, but  I  hesitate  to  to  Hr.Hill’s  request  proforing  that 

you  should  decide  viiethcr  or  no  tho  work  of  laying  conductors  should 
be  continued,!  aa 


reset..';  truly  yours. 

Sup. Eng. &  Gonl.Mgr. 


of  Phitaeklph] 


\gLim.s  of  on«  T»-vil<i  of  fKe 
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■sfMl  o 

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■Stre  eta 


£>t.  Jl)V\7\ 









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iQtceen  t©  WaJnut 

[Federal  to  Walnut- 

[fedral  ..  Walnut 
Vine  ••  Green 

[.Lombardi  ho  Walnu.r 
[•Lombardi  •• 

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Tube  laid  Walnut  fo/VW*ct 

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Tube  Ia«id3prute  to(he»i  laid  VValnw-t  tB(Ve*.tnur 


1889.  Electric  Light  -  Edison  General  Electric  Company  (D-89-38) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
organization  of  the  Edison  General  Electric  Co.  Many  of  the  letters  are  by 
Henry  Villard,  a  prominent  financier  who  became  president  of  the  company. 
Included  also  are  numerous  letters  by  William  D.  Marks  regarding  a  dispute 
over  his  authority  as  chief  of  the  company’s  engineering  department. 

Approximately  50  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  meeting 
announcements;  letters  of  transmittal;  duplicate  copies  of  selected  documents. 

Related  material  can  be  found  in  D-89-44  (Electric  Railway). 

au.  ^ 

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/J  /,.«'%  ^d^ui/i^d  ■  ,. 

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./fay, ?/o‘r/fy _ April  22nd. 

Thomas  A. --Edison, Esq., 

Dear  Sir: 

Re  E.'  G.  E.  Co.  Annexed  hereto  please  find 
copy  of  a  letter  from  Mrv  Coster  to  me, dated  April  19,1889;  also  a 
copy  of  Mr.Villard’s  proposed  reply  thereto,  addressed  to  me,  dated 
April  22, 1889, prepared  by  me. 

These  letters  close  ih  o  preliminary  details  touching  tho 
forma ti oh  of  the-  Company.  Mr.Spofford  will  giverrmer-aefchfeck  at 
once  for  $15, 000v,to  pay  the  State  Tax,  and  X  will -file  the  Certif¬ 
icate  of  Incorporation  probably  tomorrow.if  you  approve. 

Nothing  now  remains  but  to  get  your  approval  to  the 
above  two  letters.  Are  they  satisfactory  to  you?  If  so,kindly 
send  me  word  immediately,  and  I  will  file  the.  Certificate  of  Incor¬ 

Very  truly  yours. 


Major  S.  B.  Eaton, 

Present . 

Hew  York,  April  19th,  1889. 

My  dear  Major: 

I  am  in  receipt  of  yours  of  the  18th;  and  in  answer, 
would  say  that  while  I  am  very  clear  in  my  opinion  that  a  contraot 
with  Mr.  Edison,  in  the  form  proposed,  is  not  desirable  for  either 
party  and,  furthermore,  that  it  is  almost  impossible  to  prepare  any 
general  contract  with  him,  I  do  not  propose  to  take  the  responsi¬ 
bility  of  deciding  the  matter,  in  view  of  the  apparently  reluctant 
consent  given  by  Mr.  Villard. 

I  have  expressed  my  views  to  you;  and  am  ready  to  dis¬ 
cuss  the  matter  with  him  any  time  that  he  is  able  to  do  so:  but  so 
far  as  I  am  concerned  I  must  ask  that  it  be  allowed  to  lay  over 
until  that  time. 

The  various  papers  you  have  prepared  for  the  Edison  Gen¬ 
eral  Electric  Go.,  seem  to  mo  fully  to  cover  all  other  objects  that 
we  have  in  view;  and  they  are,  in  form,  satisfactory  to  me. 

As  you  will  remember,  the  contract  of  guarantee  by  Mr. 
Villard  is  to  be  modified  somewhat,  in  accordance  with  the  oonvpr- 
sation  you  and  I  had,  yesterday;  but  1  assume  this  paper  can 


easily  be  got  in  satisfactory  shape. 

I  understand,  furthermore,  that  Mr.  Herrick  has  accepted 
the  offer  of  the  Vice  Presidency  and  General  Management  of  the  pro¬ 
posed  Company;  and  1  assume  that  a  permanent  Board  of  Directors 
vail  be  constituted  in  a  manner  satisfactory  to  us. 

These  points  being  covered;  and  the  matter  of  the  Con¬ 
tract  with  Mr.  Edison  being  satisfactorily  disposed  of,  one  way  or 
another,  I  see  no  further  objection  to  your  going  ahead. 

Yours  very  truly, 

C.  H.  Coster. 



Mills  Building. 
New  York, April  22,1889. 

S.B.  Eaton- Esq., 

Present . 

Dear  Sir: 

Replying  to  the  letter  of  C.H. Coster  Esq., under  date 
of  19th.  in-st.,  to  your  good  self,  I  would;  say: 

1.  It  was  never  in  my  mind  to  hold  Mr. Coster  respon- 
sihle  for  the  non-conclusion  of  the  proposed  new  contract  between 
Mr. Edison  and  the  Edison  light  Company.  It  is  true  that  I  ' 
shrank  at  first  from  the  responsibility  of  proceeding  with  the 
organization  of  the  Edison  General  Electric  Company  without  such 
a  contract, but  now  I  am  also  of  the  opinion  that  it  is  best  to  do 
without  it.- 

2*  1  am  willing  to  enter  alone  into  the  contract  fbr 

•  *>600,  000.  s-tock  of  the  new  Company  to  be  usedlas  agreed. 

3.  .  My  understanding  is  distinct  that  Mr.h'errick  shall 
b e  Vice-President  of  the  n ew  Company. 

.  .  4*  1  wil1  use  my  best  endeavors  to  bring  about  the  form 

ation  of  a  definite  Board  of  Directors-  for  the  new  Company  sat¬ 
isfactory  to  Messrs.  Drexel, Morgan  &  Co. 

Truly  yours, 


Thomas  A.  Edison, 

New  York,  April  26,  188,9. 

General  Co.  Board  met  to-day.  Organization  completed 
and  every  contract  approved  and  ordered  executed. 

Will  visit  you  to-morrow. 

stock  of  tho  Edison  General  Electric  Company,  carrying  full  rights  ns 
to  dividends,  nnd  $01Sj  in  Trust  Certificates  representing  stock  of  like 
amount  in  tho  said  Gonornl  Co.,  on  which  dividends  are  deferred  ns 
stated  above.  Tims  eacli  depositor  will  receive  a  total  of  $2Gfijj  in 
stock  and  stock  trust  certificates  of  tho  General  Company  for  each 
share  of  Light  Co.  stock  deposited,  making  a  total  of  *-1,000,000  for 
tho  entire  $1,500,000  capital  stock  of  that  Company,  all  of  which  is 
more  fully  set  forth  in  an  agreement,  copies  of  which  may  he  had  on 
application  at  this  office  or  at  tho  office  of  Messrs.  Drexol,  Morgan 
&  Co. 

In  order  to  avoid  so  far  ns  desirable  fractional  shares  of  stock  in 
the  Gonornl  Co.  nnd  fractional  amounts  in  tho  Trust  Certificates,  tho 
same  may  bo  equalized  by  payments  in  cash,  in  tho  discretion  of 
Drexol,  Morgan  &  Co.,  at  the  par  or  face  value  of  tho  said  shares  or 
Trust  Certificates,  respectively. 

If  tho  forogoing  project  meets  your  approval,  you  are  invited  to 
deposit  your  certificates  of  stock  with  Messrs.  Drexol,  Morgan  &  Co., 
No.  28  Wall  street,  Now  York  City.  They  will  give  you  a  Tempo¬ 
rary  Receipt  therefor,  aud  after  a  majority  of  the  stock  of  tho  Light 
Co.  and  of  'the  several  Manufacturing  Companies,  referred  to  in  said 
oiroulur,  is  deposited,  you  will,  upon  the  surrender  of  tho  said  Be- 
ceipt  to  thorn,  receive  from  them  tho  shares  of  the  stock  in  the  Gen¬ 
eral  Co.,  and  the  Trust  Certificates  mentioned  above,  to  which  you 
are  entitled  ns  above  set  forth  and  ns  more  fully  dotnilod  in  the 
agreement  already  referred  to. 






<Q  /■{£, 

^  A--  --4 

~/^i/jY//'ff /f (tqu iTAB LE  BUILDING) 

///"  '//  /v  -.  ...  /^.  t — > 

T.  A.  Edison  Esq., 

Dear  Sir: 

Re  E.  a.  E.  Co.  Enclosed  please  find  two  letters 
relating  to  each  of  the  Shops.  They  are  to  be  signed  by  the 
entire  Board  of  Trustees.  That  is  to  say, the  two  letters  relat¬ 
ing  to  the  Jjamp  Co.  are  to  be  signed  by  all  the  Trustees. of  that’  • 
Company.  The  two  letters  of  the  other  two  Shops  are  to  be  signed 
in  like  manner. 

..  Will  you  kindly  execute  these  six  letters,  if  agreeable 
to  you.-arid  return  them  to  me  by  mail  without  delay.and  oblige, 


-  fp-^eY-  <w\ eeYc  / 

4st>--tsl><f  /&&>&*-&.  /PC'  ^rs-r^  y&y' 

'  /tWffi'  ^0-1*/ . s&^y~g>  /Ust^ 
tr-'kz^-L/  sw-ih*J?d_  ^e^L^^eAzY- 

~/$z#>& ^t-i^y  P^ceY~  sz*t£.  f  <^6ce_ 

Pfri/  J^iP^  ^cY  Y/.  &, 

c7ibsi .<gYZy  & 


/fos-&-  Yi0ov-c  Y{-ee^YYi%Y-tf-->>u7- ■&-  /Co-  /$ca 

New  York. . May  83,  1889. . 188 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir: 

Referring  by  w*y  of  explanation  to  the  enclosed  circular, 

I  beg  to  notify  you  that  the  full  amount  of  your  participation  in 
the  Edison  General  Electric  Syndicate,  viz:  *150,000.,  will  be  due 
and  payable  on  June  4  next. 

You  will  receive  from  me  against  this  payment  a  temporary 
receipt  exchangeable  on  or  before  June  15  for  *187,500.  of  stock 
of  the  Edison  General  Electric  Company. 

Please  make  check  payable  to  my  order. 

You  are  expected  to  hold  the  securities  you  will  receive 
subject  to  the  order  of  the  Syndicate  until  January  1,  1800. 

Yours  truly, 


23  Wall  St,  New  York, 
June  6,  1889. 

Dear  Sir; 

We  are  now  -prepared  to  deliver 
seeurities  of  the  EDISON  GENERAL  ELECTRIC 
COMPANY,  upon  surrender  of  our  receipts  for 
stock  of  the  Edison  Electric  Light  Company,  and 
of  the  Edison  Shops. 

Very  respectfully, 


JL&  0> {o  -  P  J  ,  A'  ct 


JVciv  J7w/uJ.LinG  .  I 



ne  that  the  ungracious  attitude  and 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. 

Orange,  N.  J. 

My  dear. Sir  ;  - 

It  has  occurred  to  me  that  the  ungraciout*  attitude  e 
plain-spoken  frankness  forced  upon  me  by  the  persistent  advocation 
of  Mr.  Vail  for  an  appointment  in  this  Department  may  have  impress¬ 
ed  you  as  well  as  others  with  the  feeling  that  I  am  actuated  by 
personal  motives. 

It  is  important,  if  I  have  given  rise  to  such  an  imp  res-  ' 
sion  that  you  should  lpiow  some' o'?'  the  reasons  which  have  dictated 
my  attitude  in  this  matter. 


I  therefore' enclo Be  for  your  consideration  Mr.  Vail'. s 
report  upon  the  Philadelphia  station,  and  also'  my  reply  to  it.  I 
do  not  dean  this  reply  as  of  much  value  in  conparison  with  an  in¬ 
spection  of  the  station/today  in  operation. 

I  would  not  trouble  you  with  these  documents,  did  I  not 
wish  to  show  you  by  them  how  little  real  engineering  knowledge, 
how  much  insincerity,  and  the  total  lade  of  care  as  to  statements 
made,  are  exhibited  in  this  document. 

Had  I  not  fortunately  been  for  many  years  a  residait  of 
Philadelphia,  and  in  possession  of  the  confidence  of  the  gentle¬ 
men  interested,  an  infinite  amount  of  mischief  and  injury  aggregat¬ 
ing  far  more  than  *  100,000  would  have  restated  to  the  Philadelphia. 
Company, from  such  a  wholesale  denunciation  and  misrepresentation. 


REMOVED  TO'  -i'  m  ««<MM  HTItHHT, 

4-UL  "VV  ST. 

New  York, . 2 . 288 

Mr.  Insull'e  repeated  insistence  in  thi s  matter,  that  he 
has  acted  as  your  agent  and  spokesman  makes  me  regard  this  as  a 
grave  affair.  -  •  ■ 

May  I  ask,  in  justice  to  me,  to  refer  to  the  following 
gentlemen  : 

Col;  C,  H.  Banes,  30  -  si  Spring  Garden  Street,  Phi  la- 
ielphia.  Past  President,  IWnkiin  Instate  ,  Chain™  ComnittSe 
on  Exhibitions,  President  Market  Street  national  Bank; 

»».  P.  Tatham,  Ho.  M3)  Wain*  street.  Past  President 
Of  Franklin  Institute ;  : 

Sam'l  B.  Huey,  Drexel  Building,  Philadelphia,  Director 
in  Edison  Company; 

A»os  B.  Little,  Aldine  Hotel,  Philadelphia,  Director  in 
Edison  Company,  mreotor  Penna.  R.  a,  Co.  ■ 

All  0 i  these  gentlemen  are  of  the  highest  oomneroial  and 
oooial  standing  in  the  City  of  Philadelphia.  may  have  too™  me 
in  and  profession  for  many  years,  and  hay,  been  very  .lose  ' 
to  me.  Some  of  them  are  capable  of  f easing  a  just  estimate  of  my 
engineering  knonledge,  and  all  „  the.  knon  the  resets  of  .ork 
in  Philadelphia.  anything  the,  are  hilling  to  say  should  oarry 
very  great  weight. 


-•  V  ,;,r;n 

JVew  York, . 8... —.1 . 188 

lb  would  seem  as  if  the  great  intrinsic  physical  merit 
of  your  invention  of  the  Incandescent  Light  is  the  cause  of  its 
survival  of  the jmismanagement,  untruthfulness,  toadyisn,  chicanery, 
and  actual  theft  which  has  followed  it  on  all  sides. 

I  would  say  that  it  is  my  earnest  desire  to  make  the 
name  of  the  Edison  General  Electric  Company  a  synonym  for  all 
that  is  thorough  and  '  honest  in  engineering  and  business  manage¬ 

To  do  this  I  must  insist  upon  unswerving  integrity  and 
justice,  and  thorough  engineering  knowledge  on  the  part  of  all  my 

This  is  my  reason  for  desiring  not  to  employ  Mr.  Vail, 
and  feeling  that  I  had  better  submit  to  greater  labor  at  the  out¬ 
set  of  my  work  than  risk  being  misled  in  matters  requiring  judg¬ 
ment,  or  misinformed  in  matters  requiring  just  and  prompt  action. 

I  feel  that  I  owe  you  an  apology  for  asking  you  to  read 
the  enclosed  documents,  and  also  for  asking  you  to  read  this  let¬ 
ter,  but,  it  is  my  desire  to  establish  a  clear  and  cordial  under¬ 
standing  between  us,  and  I  hope  that  before  many  months  have  passed 
you  will  feel,  without  the  need  of  explanation  on  my  part,  that 
every  act  is  dictated  solely  by  the  desire  to  further  the  inter  - 


•i  .•  -i-rMiZJL*  i^T. 

JVew  YcnQc, . 4. . . . 188 

sts  of  this  Company,  in  which  you  are  so  largely  interested. 

I  am  Very  respectfully  and  truly  yours 

Engineer  in  Chief, 

The  Edison  General  Electric  Co. 

Executive  Offices.  Engineering  Department, 


New  York,  July  3rd.  1889  \ rr 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir  :  - 

Herewith  enclosed  I  hand  you  letter  addressed  to  Mr. 

Bliss  on  receipt  of  your  favor  regarding  arc  lamps. 

I  desire  to  visit  the  Laboratory  for  the  purpose  of 
.  learning  your  method  of  dete mining  the  centre  of  gravity  of  feed¬ 
ers  and  mains.  ,  ^ 

I  have  hesitated  to  visit  you,  knowing  the  Targe1 !niinber 
Of  visitors  which  are  constantly  at  Orange,  and  yet  I  desire  to 
be  with  you  for  the  purpose  of  learning  your  views  at  regular 
intervals.  I  do  not  know  your  most  convenient  hours;.  Unless 
you  express  some  decided  preference  for  certain  hours  I  shall  be 
obliged  to  take  my  chaices,  and  will  endeavour  to  call  at  the  Labor 
atoiy  once  a  week. 




44  WALL  ST. 

.»8s  . 

—Me, . T, . A. . Edison,.... 

. 0.p.anger-N-t—J., . 

Dear  Sir  ;  - 

it  .  Enclo sea  herewith  I  hand  you  a  communication  to  Mr.  J.  H. 

r  hn  P^eslde^'t«  which  1  trust  will  meet  with  your  approval. 

I  have  in  it  maae  such  a  proposition  as  seemed  to  me  proper  with 
a  view  to  the  economical  working  of  this  Company's  forces. 

Very  respectfully  &  truly  yours 

Engineer  in  Chief, 


July  15th. 1889 

Mr.  J.  H.  Herrick,  V.  P. 

Edison  General  Electric  Co. 

My  dear  Sir  :  - 

Referring  to  our  verbal  interview  on  Friday  last,  in 
which  you  asked  me  to  relinquish  in  toto  to  Mr.  Leonard,  General 
Manager,  United  Edison  Mfg.  Company,  the  engineering  and  estimating' 
work  of  isolated  plants  and  of  cash  central  stations,  I  would 
say  in  reply,  that  it  ''will  be  a  welcome  relief  to  me  to  transfer 
this  business  to  Mr.  Leonard,  as  you  desire,  provided,  that  in  any 
work  of  sufficient  magnitude  to  danand  specifications,  drawings, 
and  blue  prints  or  the  services  of  a  professional  engineer,  this 
work  is  to  be  done  by  the  organized  corps  of  engineers  and  draughts 
men  now  employed  by  this  Company,  under  my  directions ,  and  that  I 
retain  the  right  of  inspection  and  thorough  investigation  at  all 
times  and  of  calling  a  halt  in  cases  that  for  any  reason  I  dewt 
the  work  or  manner  of  conducting  it  prejudicial  to  the  interest 
of  this  Company,  either  directly  or  by  reflex  action  on  its  larger 

If  upon  consultation  with  Messrs  Villard  and  Herrick, 
any  changes  are  deemed  desirable  my  instructions  are  to  be  carried 


:  V'l  mean  by  this  to  offer  to. Mr.  Leonard  the  largest 

liberty  possible  in.  consonance  with  my  loyal  services  to  this  Com¬ 
pany  as  Engineer  in  Chief  and  Technical  Assistant  to  the  Pres’t. 

Up  to  the  present  date,'  for' economical  reascns,  I  have 
.  lept  the  unonployed  manbors  of  iny^own-staff.  busy  :on .  neglected 
estimates  of  isolated  work,  which  are  now -brought  up  to  date. 

.  .  If  this  middle  ground  is’Siatd  sf-actory  .to:  you,  I  will  as 

you  request  today  transfer  toVMi?*-  Lebnand: all  the  isolated  work 
and  give  a  simmer-vacation  to  .such  enploySes  o  f  my  Departmait  as 
gan  be  .  soared  until  central  station  wo.rk  demands  th'eir  presenxe 
'here.'  I -would  like’ to  have  the  vacation  business  ■  with. 

If  however j  my  sugg-sp ti.tins  which;.®)  as  far' ad, my  agree- 
'ment  with'  Mr.  Edison  'and  Villard,  ‘willip'ermit  -  do  not  meet 
with  your  approval,  I  shell  be  pleased  .to  abide  by-  the  written 
decision  of '-Messrs*  Villard  and  Edisonyv;  to- whouj^I' ani  directly  ' 
responsible,  by' ity  agreement,  of  February ;25th.  1889 

Engineer  in  Chief  &  Technical  Assistant  to  the  Pres’t. 


Orange,  N.  J.  July  20,  1889. 

William  I).  Marks,  Esq., 

Westport  ,  Essex  Cio.,  N.  Y. 

My  Dear  Sir:- 

X  ha\»  your  favor  of  July  16th. 

At  the  time  the  arrangement:  was  made  with  you  to  fpcoime 
Engineer  in  Chief  of  our  new  Company,  I  idea  that  you 
expected  to  he  held  alone  responsible  to  myself  and  Mr.  Villard, 

I  am  not  an  official  of  the  Edison  General  Company,'  and  in  an y 
event  every  officer  of  a  Company  nust,  of  necessity,  la  held 
accountable  to  the  Company  itself  through'  its  proper  represen¬ 
tatives.  I  understand  that  your  objection  is  to  working  under 
Mr,  Herrick's  direction,  Mr.  Herrick  is  the  Vice-President  of 
the  General  Company.  The  Vice-President  takes  the  position  of 
the  President  when  he  is  not  there,  and  as  Mr,  Villard  does  not. 
pretend  to  attend  to  the  detai Is  of  the  General  Edi  s>  n  Co ' b  bu¬ 
siness,  it  necessarily  follows  that  all  :  officials  of  the  Company 
have  to  report  to  the  Vice-President,  Mr.  Herrick.  Xf  you  have. 
misunderstood1  the  nature  of  the  position  that  you  would  occupy, 

1  am  indeod  sorry. 

With  reference  to  the  suggestion  you  make  as  to  your  resigning, 
this  iB  a  matter  that  so  fer  as  I  am  personally  oo>ncerne)d,  I 

prefer  to  leave  entirely  to  yourself.  However  much  I  would  like, 
to  see  you  remain  an  of  finer  of  The  Edison  General  Klee;  trio  Oom- 
psny,  I  would  not  for  one  moment,  be  inclined  to  urge;  you  to  stay 
against  your  own  wishes. 

Yours  very  truly, 

( Signed!) 



-®  ' 


Executive  Offices.  Engineering  Department. 

44  Wall  Street, 

N  e  w  Y  o  r  k,  July  22nd, 1889. 

Mr.  Henry  Villard,  President, 

Edison  Goneral  Electric  Co. 

My  dear  sir:- 

I  mean  no  discourtesy  or  disrespect  in  what  I  shall 
^  say,  but  only  to  place  before  you  a  straight-forward  statement  of 
*  my  understanding  of  our  agreement  concerning  my  connection  with 
this  Company,-  copies  of  which  I  herewith  enclose. 

All  of  my  actions  in  leaving  Philadelphia  and  accepting  the 
position  of  Engineer-in-Chief  here" were  based  upon  my  agreement 
with  Messrs.  Villard  and  Edison,  which  I  surely  had  reason  to  be¬ 
lieve  would  be  sustained  by  the  Edison  General  Electric  Company, 
and  in  feelingthat  they  were  in  honor  bound  to  see  it  carried  out. 

No  inducements  whatever  would  have  made  me  willing  to  sub¬ 
ordinate  myself  to  the  then  existing  officials  of  the  New  York 
Edison  Companies,  or  to  risk  becoming  the  subordinate  to  officials 
unknown  to  me . 

It  was  agreed  that  I  should  only  be  responsible  to  Messrs.  , 
Edison  and  Villard,  of  the  Officers  of  this  Company. 

I  referred  to  this  agreement  in  accepting  the  position  of 
Engineer  in  Chief. 

I  was  advised  that  all  of  the  Edison  Companies  were  to 



be  absorbed  by  one  General  Company,  of  which  I  was  to  be  Engineer- 
in-Chlef . 

I  did  not  accept  this  position  for  pecuniary  reasons  for 
at  the  end  of  the  year  I  should  have  saved  more  money  by  remaining 
in  Philadelphia,  but,  X  did  accept  it  believing  that  a  broader 
field  of  engineering  was  offered  to  me,  and  that  I  might  share  in 
the  creation'  of  a  great  organization  with  honor  to  myself  in  that 
field  which  X  have  chosen  for  my  life's  work. 

Acting  in  perfectly  good  faith,  I  provided  for  filling 
the  positions  which  I  should  have  to  vacate  and  resigned  to  under¬ 
take  my  duties  in  New  York. 

I  find  first,  that  the  engineering- supervision  of  the 
various  factories  is  withdrawn  with  Mr.  Edison’s  approval.  To 
this  I  did  not  take  formal  exception  desiring  not  to  appear 
capt ious . 

Next,  I  am  told  in  most  positive  teims  by  the  Vice-Prest. 
of  the  Company  that  in  the  arrangement  and  subdivision  of  en¬ 
gineering  matters,  I  am  subject  wholly  to  his  commands,  and  fur¬ 
ther  told,  that  I  have  no  control  or  supervision  of  isolated  work 
or  cash  central  stations,  which  are  assigned  to  others. 

Against  all  of  these  actions  X  now  protest,  as  contrary  to 
my  agreement  with  the  Edison  General  Electric  Company  through 
Messrs.  Villard  and  Edison,  as  I  have  at  no  time  been  informed  or 
believed  that  my  arrangement  with  them  was  other  than  an  arrange¬ 
ment  which  they  would  feel  in  honor  bound  as  influential  members 
of  the  Company  to  have  approved  and  carried  out . 



I  have  referred  to  this  agreement  which  certainly  is  not 
underhand  in  its  nature,  both  in  my  acceptance  of  the  position  of 
Engineer  in  Chief,  and  in  my  protest  against  the  action  of  the 
Officers  of  this  Company,  but  have  not  shown  it  presuming  that  it 
would  more  properly  reach  those  affected  by  it  from  our  President 
than  from  myself . 

It  is  not  a  light  thing  to  persuade  a  man  to  leave  honor¬ 
able  and  lucrative  positions,  and  to  leave  a  community  in  which  he 
has,  by  many  years  of  honest  toil,  gained  standing,  and  then  to 
fail  to  keep  promises  made  to  get  him  to  enter  your  service. 

I  desire  particularly  to  say  that  I  am  aware  that  these 
actions  against  which  I  protest  were  taken  during  your  absence, 
and  without  your  approval,  but,  if  allowed  to  stand,  the  practical 
results  to  me  are  the  same  as  if  you  were  responsible  for  them. 

Sincerely  appealing  to  your  sense  of  justice  and  of  right 
humanity,  I  am, 

Very  respectfully  and  truly  yours, 
(signed:)  Y/M.  D.  MARKS. 

Engineer  in  Chief  &  Technical  Assistant  to  the  Prest 


909  Sansom  Street, 
Philadelphia,  Feby.  26th,  1889. 

Mr.  Henry  Villard,  Prest., 

Edison  General  Electric  Co. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Referring  to  the  verbal  interview  of  yesterday,  at 
which  you  and  Mr.  Edison  were  present,  I  would  say  that  as  X  ap¬ 
prehend  it,  you  offer  to  me  the  position  of  Engineer  in  Chief  of 
the  Edison  General  Electric  Company,  at  a  salary  of  #10,000,  Ten 
Thousand  Dollars  per  year,  alsi  if  my  connection  with  the  Company 
is  not  required  for  more  than  one  year  or  for  less  time  to  pay  me 
#5,000,  and  accept  my  resignation.  My  official  connection  to 
begin  April  1st,  1889.  I  am  to  be  held  responsible  to  Mr.  Edison 
and  to  yourself  only  of  the  Officers  of  the  Company,  and  am  to 
conduct  the  engineering  work  and  business  appertaining  to  it  as  I 
have  heretofore  for  the  Edison  Co.  of  Phila.  It  is  al30  under¬ 
stood  that  I  am  to  have  sufficient  time  and  opportunity  to  hon¬ 
orably  complete  my  work  for  the  Phila.  Co. 

Yours  truly, 

Wm.  D.  Marks. 



Mills  Building, 

New  York,  February  27,  1889. 

Prof.  \Vm.  D.  Marks, 

Philadelphia,  Pa. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  have  your  favor  of  the  26th  instant.  You  address  me 
as  President  of  the  Edison  General  Electric  Company,  but,  as  I  ex¬ 
plained  to  you  verbally,  I  do  not  as  yet  hold  that  office. 

Your  letter  gives  a  correct  statement  of  the  agreement 
arrived  at  between  yourself  and  Mr.  Edison  and  myself,  and  I  take 
pleasure  in  confirming  it,  with  the  reservation,  however,  that 
your  formal  engagement  must,  of  course,  be  ratified  by  the  Board 
of  the  Edison  General  Electric  Co. 

Yours  truly, 

H.  Villard. 

909  Sansom  Street, Phila.,  Pa- 
May  15th,  1889. 

Mr.  Henry  Villard, 

New  York . 

My  dear  Sir: 

In  accordance  with  my  promise  of  the  13tli  current,  I 
have  communicated  with  my  Board  of  Directors,  who  are  willing  to 
leave  the  time  of  departure  to  my  own  judgment,  only  stipulating 
that  I  shall  visit  them  once  or  twice  a  week  or  in  emergencies. 



and  shall  remain  Consulting  Engineer  for  one  year.  Referring  to 

my  letter  of  February  26th,  and  your  own  of  February  27th,  1889, 

I  shall  be  pleased  to  assume  the  position  of  Engineer  in  Chief,  in 
accordance  with  the  terms  of  those  letters,  as  soon  as  you  require 
my  services.  X  shall  probably  be  somewhat  irregular  in  my  atten¬ 
tion  to  your  work  until  June  1st,  after  which  I  trust  I  shall  be 
able  to  give  the  major  part  of  my  time  to  New  York,  and  settle 
down  to  regular  routine. 

I  enclose  for  your  information  my  report  of  Hay  13th,  and 
await  your  further  instructions. 

I  am, 

very  truly  yours, 

......  Yfin.  D.  Harks- 



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The  Edison  General  Electric  Co. 

Executive  Offices.  Engineering  Department, 


New  York, . J.uly.....aaiJi..l889J88.,.. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir  :  - 

In  response  to  your  request,  per  Mr.  Tate,  I  make  the 
following  report  to  you  on  the  relative  cost  of  1,000  H.  P.  in 
boilers,  engines,  dynamos,  pumps,  steam  piping,  heaters,  injectors, 
tanks,  water  piping,  blast  piping,  blowers,  chimney,  etc. 

I  find  in  round  figures  that  the  cost  of  these  exclusivs 
of  electrical  connections  aggregates  in  the  neighborhood  of  $  100.- 
a  horse  power,  or  $  100,000.  -  for  1000  H.  P. 

I  find  also  that  the  cost  of  a  storage  battery  of  plain 
lead  plate  1*  thick  and  capable  of  working  without  repairs  for 
three  years  under  such  abuse  as  over-charging,  complete  short  cir¬ 
cuiting,  and  the  various  accidents  that  befall  a  battery  in  pract¬ 
ical  use,  requires  about  400  pounds  of  lead,  which,  as  the  iuling 
price  of  lead  is  5  cents  per  pound,  we  can  estimate  in  its  manu¬ 
factured  state  at  7i  cants  per  pound,  or  $  80.  -  per  cell  having  a 
surface  of  ISO  odd  square  feet,  a  discharging  capacity  of  420  am- 
p6re  hours,  and  reckoning  the  E.  M.  F.  at  1.85  volts,  a  capasity  of 
777  watt  hours  or  1.04  horse  power  hour ;  1,000  of  these  cells 

would  in  round  figures  furnish  1,000  H.  P.  hours,  and  would  cost 


for  lead  $  30.  -  for  box  and  acid  $  5.  - . total  $  35.  -  each. 

But,  if  it  was  intended  that  this  storage  station  should  supply 
1,000  horse  power  or  12,000  lamps  for  4  hours,  the  total  cost  would 
be  4  x  35,000..... . . $  140,000.  - 

This  is  assuming  that  but  3&  ampftre  hours  can  be  gotten 
from  a  square  foot,  which  is  a  very  low  estimate. 

It  would  be  necessary  to  form  this  battery  by  sane  of  the 
quick  alkaline  methods. 

B.  de  Montaud,  Civil  Engineer,  No.  73  Rue  d'Allemagne, 
Paris,  has  done  a  good  deal  of  work  in  its'  solution,  and  his  work 
has  ftimished  me  with  the  basis  of  my  suggestions  to  you. 

Should  it  prove  that  there  will  be  little  or  no  repairs 
for  three  years  on  these  lead  batteries,  the  difference  in  cost 
$  40,000.  -  between  running  boilers,  engines  and  dynamos,  and  the 
attendance  required  by  them,  would  be  compensated  to  a  considerable 
extent  by  the  low  cost  for  attendance  and  repairs  of  a  s  -forage 

Should  you  desire  me  to  go  into  this  matter  more  in  de¬ 
tail  I  shall  be  pleased  to  give  it  a  very  careful  study,  and  furn¬ 
ish  you  with  desigis  on  the  large  scale  which  I  haw  suggested. 

Yours  very  truly, 

July  30  th.  188& 

Mr.  Henry  Vi-llard,  Pro  si  don  t, 

Edison  General  Electric  Co. 

My  dear  Sir  :  - 

The  near  approach  of  Mr.  Edison's  departure  for  Europe 
renders  it  necessary  that  I  should  remind  you  of  your  promise  last 
Tuesday  July  33rd.  to  8  let  me  hear  from  you  wi thin  a  day  or  too.  “ 

Desiring  not  to  in  any  way  jeopardize  the  interests  of 
this  company  i  have  without  regard  to  our  own  understanding  hereto¬ 
fore  acceded  to  the  rashes  of  your  Vioo  President  until  such  time 
as  Mr.  Edison  and  yourself  could  definitely  arrange  matters. 

However  much  to  bo  deplored  the  present  status  of  affairs 
may  be,  I.  can  not  blame  myself,  nor  could  any  one  else  blane  me 
for.  believing  that  the  promises  of  Messrs.  Edison  and  Villard  re¬ 
duced  to  'writing,  would  be  kept. 

The  proper  time  to  have  modified  our  arrangements  was 
during  our  negotiations  when  at  your  solicitation  I  visited  you  in 
Hew  York,  not  now  that  I  have  left  my  positions  in  Philadelphia 
after  having  found  proper  substitutes  and  had  these  positions  fill¬ 
ed  by  others. 

I  noted  during  our  interview  of  last  Tuesday  that  you 

quoted  ota  torn  ante  made  by  others  around  you  as  to  my  conduct  in 
office  as  subversive  of  organization  and  trenching  on  the  lights 
of  others.  Ail  of  this  gossip  if  brought  in  definite  form  I  am 
prepaied  to  show  is  a  mis-statement. 

May  I  request  you,  in  fowling  your  judgment,  and  in  just¬ 
ice  to  mo,  as  I  havealroady  requested  Mr.  Edison;  to  refer  to  the 
following  gentlemen  of  Philadelphia  where  I  have  resided  for  the 
last  thirteen  years.  Thdr  nanes  are  synonyms  for  all  that  is 
honest  and  able  : 

Mr.  Sam*. I  D.  Huey,  Drexel  Building, 

Mr.  Amos  R.  Little,  Aldine  Hotel, 

Mr.  Via.  P.  Tathan,  1480  Walnut  Street, 

Mr.  Ohas.  H.  Banes,  Market  Street  National  Bank,. 

These  are  all  gentlenai  accustomed  to  large  affairs  and 
Of  the  foremost  comaroial  and  social  standing  to  Pfclitoelphia.  Tto 
tav,  boon  yap,  close  to  me  in  business  matter,  .to  anything  the, 
are  willing  to  say  should  carry  great  weight. 

The  money  you  offered  me  was  but  incidentally  a  means  of 
support.  The  broader  field  of  engineering  «.  toe  rial  inducement 
nhioh  mad.  me  .tolling  to  leave  «y  home  and  enter  your  service. 


There  never  has  boon  a  17/  qisstion  of  authority  outside 
of  the  engineering  work,  nor  will  be,  whatever  our  understanding 
may  be,  but  I  ;un  not  vailing  to  have  the  engineering  work  of  thin 
Company  removed  from  my  supervision  and  control.  If  after  proper 
investigation  amongst  those  who  know  me  best,  you  feel  that  Imwill 
not  exercise  this  ccntiol  wisely  arri  to  tho  groat  advantage  of 
this  Company  you  have  in  your  power  my  imnediuio  removal  under  the 
terms  of  our  agreement  but  pray  do  not  begin  by  so  crippling  me 
by  allowing  the  interference  of  others  in  the  Engineering  Dep  art- 
mont,  as  to  render  impossible  successful  work  on  my  part,  and  that 
this  lias  already  been  done  is  my  fixed  opinion,  based  on  years  of 
actual  experience  partly  .in  electrical  engineering;  since  in  1884 
I  assumed  tiro  position  of  Manager  for  -the  Franklin  Institute  of 
its  Electrical  Exhibition. 

I  deplore  the  necessity  which  Iras  forced  me  to  talc e.  this 
position,  it  has  caused  mo  .infinite  regrets,  and  if  you  decide  to 
call  for  my  resignation  v/i  11  subject  mo  to  very  grave  injury,  but, 
honestly  I  take  it  with  a  thorough  and  practical  knowledge  of  my 
work  and  tiro  business  connected  with  it. 

To  go  forward  as  matters  are  now  a  rrangod  I  know  will 
res 'ilt  alike  in  injury  to  the  intverestb  of  .this  Corapany,  and  to  rqy 
own.  reputation  as  an  Engineer  and  man  of  business. 


I  have  tried  to  make  myself  clear,  I  have  nova?  attribut¬ 
ed  to  Hr.  Edison  or  yourself  other  act  than-fbrgst fulness  of  pro¬ 
mises  made.  I  am  willing  to  do  the  engineering  required  by  ary 
officer  of  this  Company  but  this  engineering  should  be  sibject  to 
my  sip  ear  vision  and  central. 

I  earnestly  bog  of  Mr.  Edison  and  of  yourself  a  definite 
decision  in  accordance  with  our  agreement. 

I  Gm  Very  respoctfully  art;  truly  yours, 

ft  ft  ^ /ftftftfttZ?/ 

Enginaer-in- Chief . 



The  Edison  General  Electric  Co. 

Executive  Offices,  Engineering  Department, 


New  York, .  August... ath.. . 1 889... 

Mr.  A.  E.  Kennelly, 

care  of  Edison's  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J, 

Dear  Sir  :  - 

I  send  you  herewith  blue  prints  from  meter  drawings  with 
an  apology  for  their  appearance,  as  the  draughting  room  is  not  at 
present  up  to  such  a  standard  as  I  could  rash. 

Mr.  Edison  spoke  to  me  several  times,  anterior  to  his 
departure,  regarding  a  method  which  I  think  is  mechanical  of  making 
deterainations  for  conductors,  and  requested  me  to  visit  the  Labor¬ 
atory  and  learn  it.  At  such  time  as  you  may  find  it  convenient,  I 
shall  be  glad  to  call  for  this  purpose. 

In  the  matter  of  meters  the  data  regarding  the  number  of 
amp&res  and  time  of  use  does  not  seem  from  what  I  can  learn  through 
Mr.  Jenks  and  others  to  be  very  clear,  possibly  there  may  be  sane 
general  law  which  can  be  reached,  governing  the  capacity  of  these 
meters.  At  any  rate  I  should  be  very  glad  to  have  your  report, and 
if  you  can  grant  me  a  sufficiently  laagthy  interview  to  discuss 
this  matter  in  all  of  its  aspects. 

14.  to  the  time  of  getting  out  the  drawing,,  „0 

intereet  in  it,  ae  I  pre.used  that  the  Standardising  Comittb.  had 
reached  definite  conclusion.,  end  that  no  further  diecuesion  „s 

Yours  very  truly 


t:  2=r  c. 


Mills  Building, 

New  York,  September  5,  1889. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  sir: 

I  beg  to  inform  you  that,  at  a  meeting  of  the  Executive 
Committee  of  the  Board  of  Directors  of  this  Company  held  on  the 
29th  ult.,  you  have  been  appointed  a  member  of  the  Technical  Com¬ 

I  am,  dear  Sir, 

Yours  very  truly, 


(tj  £  c 

The  Edison  General  Electric  Co. 

Executive  Offices.  Engineering  Department, 


New  York, . . . . Sep tember'  ioV-1889 

Mr.  Chas.  Batchelor, 

care  of  Edison's  Laboratory,-, 

'  Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir  :  -  : 

Your  favor  of  the  4th  inst.  received  on  my  arrival  from 


In  the  matter  of  drawings  for  street  cars,  Mr.  Islin  of 
the  Gibson  Storage  Battery  Co.  promised  me  a  set,he  had  before  I 
left..  ■  I  have  written  him  about  it  besides  requesting  builders 
of  freight  cars  to  forward  prints  to  us  ;  consequently  will  be 
able  in  a  short  time  to;  either  send  originals  or  copies. 

On  the  street  car  business  I  heive  struck  a  small  bug, 
but  will  have  it  all  in. shape  to  show  you  what  I  have  done  by  Fri¬ 
day  say,  or  any  other  day  that  might  suit  you.  , 

By  the  way,  what  speed  would  ypu  prefer  for  motor iabout 
1500  would  suit  my  sketches. 

The  Edison  General  Electric  Co. 

Executive  Offices.  Engineering  Department, 


N ew  York, . Sept.  81st. _ 1 8g>. 

Mr.  Charles  Batchelor, 

care  of  T.  A.  Edison's  Laboratory, 

0  r  a  n  g  e,  N.  J. 

My  dear  Mr.  Batchelor  :  - 

I  received  from  Mr.  Iselin  of  the  Gibson  Electric  Company 
this  morning  the  enclosed  blue  print  of  street  car  and  letter  from 
the  J.  G.  Brill  Co.  - 

I  have  promised  Mr.  Iselin  to  return  this  blue  print  as 
soon  as  you  can  make  a  tracing  of  it. 

Trusting  this  will  show  the  desired  dimensions,  I  remain 
Very  truly  yours, 



Gibson  Electric  Co.,, 

Henry  <3.  Isalin  iLsg.-.,  >' 

74  Cortland.  St.  ***  Y. 

Dear  sir.. 

/?  / 

we  have  your  favor  asking  for  blue  print,  of  the  Broadway  5  vth  Ave.  cars., 

* s  l#atf»ou  one  t0-&y  showing  the  same  .except,  the  Broadway- cars  had  a  step  at-each 
end  on  the  plat.forros.otherwise  this  print,  is  .exactly  the  same;  generally  we  do  not  send 
4  complete,  like  this  one.,but.  as  it  is  for  your  own  uaa.we  break  our  rule;we  also 
S8fffi.yq,u  a  blue  print,  showing  the  way  we  arrange  our  .storage  . battery  tray  irr  such  cars, 
inis  can  be  got  in  the  Broadway  cars, and  can  be  *ade  the  height,  shown  in  the  white 
tracing  which  is  a  full, end  section  of  their  seat:you  would, of  course  have  to  cut.  out. 
the  seat-  leg, and  put.  in  a  panel  as  we  have  shown  it, the  total 'length  or  this  tray  could 
be  -IBK*  -i in-  ordering  such  cars'as  these,  the  car  would  have  to  be  raised  about  -3U"  to 
S”  and  the  platform  dropped  so  that  your  wheels  would  not  come  through  the  floor; 
your  engineer  can  of  course  work  that,  out, a's  we  have  given  him  all  .particulars  to 
work  from. 

Yours! truly 
J.  G.  Brill  Co. 

par  B.  ) 


JVew  Yoi-k... October  16Tift.qo  lg 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.J. 

My'Doar  Sir:  ^  ^  ^ x  /  '  •.  "•  • 

/.r  ^  '  / 

The  Sprague  Electric  Railway  &  Kotor  Co.  are  h^ng  .con 
siderablc  trouble  with  the  armatures  of  their.  Street  Car  Mot  J^hcy 
make  strong  complaint  of  the  workmanship  oi  the  armatures,  and 'state 
that  the  trouble  couM  be  obviated  if  proper  attention  wero„givon  to 
the  work  by  The  Edison  Machine  Works. 

1  have  requested  our  Chief  Constructing  Engineer,  Mr. J.c. 

Henderson,  to  look  into  this  matter  so  far  as  the  workmanship  is  con-  ■ 
corned.  I  understand, however,  that  the  trouble  may  possibly  arise 
from  original  faults  in  invention  and  design,  and  if^i  raay  S0  far  in-  : 
trudo  upon  your  valuable  time  I  would  esteem  it  a  favor  if  you  would 

give  us  in  writing  your  opinion  on  this  point. 

'•  As  this  ls  a  matter  of  considerable  moment  to  us,  I  -'anr  sure 

that  you  will  appreciate  the  importance  of  asthorough  investigation: 

as  an  early  reply  to  my  inquiry  may  permit  of.  Any  expense  that  you 
may  bo  put  to  in  connection  with  this  matter  please  charge  to  this 
Company.  ■ 

This  lottor  will  be  presented  by  our  Chief  Constructing 
Engineer,  Mr. J.C. Henderson,  whom  I  have  instructed'  to  do  whatever 


you  may  direct  in  connection  with  the  matter. 

Yours  very  truly, 

. ^ 


Mills  Building, 
NEW  YORK, . Nov.. . 6,  1389. . 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir: 

I  beg  to  hand  you  enclosed  copy  of  sundry  papers  re¬ 
ceived  from  Mr.  Upton,  in  relation  to  the  Fieper  lamp,  which  was 
turned  over  to  him  for  examination.  While  I  do  not  undertake  to 
Judge  of  the  merits  of  any  invention,  I  should  say  that  in  view  of 
the  fact  that  incandescent  lamps  without  exhaust  of  air  might  be 
an  important  subject  for  the  Company,  I  think  Mr.  Upton's  dictum 
somewhat  quick.  Will  you  kindly  look  over  the  report  and  let  me 
know  your  views  in  relation  to  it? 

Mr.  Roman  has  personally  expressed  his  desire  of  making 
your  acquaintance  and  I  would  thank  you  if  you  would  give  him  an- 
opportunity  to  do  so.  He  telephoned  to  you  to-day  for  paying  a 
visit  to  your  laboratory  and  heard  that  you  could  neither  see  him 
to-morrownor  the  day  after.  Please  let  me  know  when  it  will  be 
convenient  for  you  to  do  so,  and  I  will  take  pleasure  in  com- 





Harrison,  JJ.  J.,  Octobor  'JCth,  1,339, 

Arnold  iJarous,  Esq., 

Mills  Build ine,  Broad  St., 

No v/  York,  N.Y. 

Dear  Sir:  — 

Tho  following  extract  is  from  a  letter  r  received 
from  Mr.  P.  S.  Dyer,  Antwerp,  Bolg.,  in  regard  to  tho  Poipor  Semi- 
incandescent  lamp.  I  thought  it  would  bo  of  interest  to  you: 

"Regarding  the  Pioper  Somi^Incandoscont  lamp,  Henri  Pi op or, 
"Jr.,  the' inventor  of  this  lamp,  writes  mo,  and  says  that  they 
"have  not  yet  Jocided  upon  the  stops  to  take,  and  cannot  at  pres- 
"0nt  plvo  Lno  any  particulars  as  to  what  tho  lamp  does,  &0.  The 
"Paris  company  say  that  they  have  hoard  of  it,  but  cannot  furnish 
"any  data,  as  they  cannot  got  any.  I  asked  Ilaonor  to  write  you 
"direct  all  ho  could  find  out  about  it.  H.  Piopor  has  promised  to 
"give  full  information  when  ho  can.  It  sooms  to  bo  kept  quiet 
"at  prosont." 

Yours  vory  truly, 

.  P.  R.  U  p  t  o  n 





Harrison,  N.J.,  Hovomber  1,1339. 

A.  Marcus,  Esq., 

Mills  Building,  Broad  St., 

How  YorJ:,  N.Y. 

Dear  Sir: — 

Mr.  Roman  stated  to  me  that  the  Piepcr  lamp  had 
taken  the  Grand  Prize  at  the  Paris  Exposition.  Hot  having  seen 
this  fact  mentioned  in  any  of  the  electrical  papers,  I  cabled 
hammer  as  follows:  "V/hat  prize  did  Piopor  lamp  take",  to  which 

he  replied  as  follows:  "Piepor  exhibit  gold  medal."' 

I'his  indicated  that  the' Piepcr  Exhibit  took  a  prize  which 
was  a  Cold  Medal  and  says  nothing'  recording  the  Piopor  lamp' 'which 
v/as  part  of  the  exhibit.  This  is  in  accordance  with  Mr.  Ham¬ 
mer's  letter  which  only  spoke  of  the  lamps  as  a  matter  that  was  not 
creating  groat'  comment  in  the  Exposition. 

Yours  truly,’ 

Prancis  R.  Upton, 

Cenoral  Manager. 





Harrison,  N.J.,  November  5,  1880.- 

A.  Marcus,  Esq., 

Mills  building,  Broad  St., 

Nov;  York,  3-T.Y. 

Doar  Sir: 

With  this  is  copy  of  oar  Mr.  J  AT.  Howell's  Report 
upon  tho  piopor  Arc-Incandosooiit  Contact  lamp.  In  this  report  may 
be  found  that  the  lamp  burned  in  series  from  100  volt  incendocepnt 
circuit  ,  is  apt  to  arc  and  go' out  from  accidents  happening  to  the 
oanbons.  This  fault,  condemns  tho  lamp  in  iny  opinion 'for  use 
from  Edison  stations. 

The  economy  of  tho  lamp  is  not  sufficiently  groat  to  make 
it  a  very  active  competitor  to  incandescent  lamps  of  high  economy, 
as  candle  for  candle  it  takes  about  tho  sain©  power  v/hon  the 
spherical  measurements  are  taken  and  the  light  has  passed  through 
tho  Opal  globe  upon  the  lamp. 

Tho  lamp  is  very  simple  in  construction,  and  if  it  were  not 
for  the  difficulty  mentioned,  which  appears  to  be  inherent' to  its. 
form,  might  bo  of  service  in  mooting  competition  from  Arc  lamps. 

The  consumption  of  carbon  being  so  groat  that  a  carbon  lasts 
only  2  1/fe  hours,  makes  the  lamp  very  expensive  and  troublesome  to 

Youtb  vory  truly, 

F.  R.  Upton, 

General  Manager. 



P  i  r  o  t  D  a  y 

Ono  lamp  wan  ’nuns  alongside  a  100  0 .P .  Edison  lamp.  In 
ovdor  to  make  the  contact  lamp  appear  ac  well  as  tho  loo  c  .P . 
lamp,  it  was  necessary  to  supply  35  amperes  using  3  volts.  Under 
these  condit  ions  the  lamp  burned  nicely  for  2  l/.i  hours  using  up 
one  carbon  pencil.  In  the  afternoon  a  now  carbon  was  put  in,  but 
the  lamp  did  not  burn  wo 11,  was  unsteady,  had  a  constant  flicker, 
and  after  burninc  half  an  hour  an  arc  formed  between  a  coppor  rod 
and  the  carbon  which  was  so  vicious  that  v;o  shut  off  the  current. 
Tills  arc  ate  array  ono  side  of  the  carbon  for  1/4  inch  and  fused  tho 
end  of  the  copper  rod.  Y7c  filed  the  coppers  to  make  them, the 
right  shape  and  then  they  burned  nicely  again  till  carbon  was  used 
up,  about  2  hours  more.  This  first  day's  tost  was  made  merely  to 
acquaint  ourselves  with  tho  lamp,  and  it  was  roughly  compared  in 
its  lighting  effects  in  a  room  with  a  100  C.P.  lamp.  In  order  to 
make  it  appear  equal  to  a  100  C.P.  lamp,  with  tho  shade  bn  the 
lamp,  it  was  necessary  to  use  35  amperes. 

Second  Day:- 

Tho  same  lamp  was  placed  in  tho  photometor  with  tho  shade 
removed,  so  rre  measured  the  naked  light.  At  Mr.  Roman's  request, 
30  amperes  wore  used.  A  uocond  lamp  was  placed  -in  series  with  tho 
one  being  measured.  After  burning  half  an  hour,  the  lamp  formed 
an  arc  betwcon  the  carbon  and  coppor  burning  tho  carbon  and  copper 


-  2  - 

and  male  ins  it  necessary  to  shut  off  tho  current  and  file  the  cop- 
por  points .  Half  an  hour  later  tho  second  lamp  formed  a  similar 
arc  With  like  results.  Tho  lamp  in  tho  photometer  was  allowed  to 
burn  tho  carbon  till  it  was  stopped  by  the  weight  roachins  the  end 
of  its  travel.  Instead  of  burning  off  and  opening  the  circuit  as 

it  should  do,  an  arc  formed  which  fused  the  copper  points  together 
which  cloned  the  circuit  and  mado  it  necessary  to  filo  the  points 
bo  lb re  the  lamp  could  bo  used  again.  After  dinner  the  copper 
points  of  both  lamps  were  carefully  filed  and  adjusted,  and  now 
carbons  were  put  in  both  lamps.  The  lamps  were  burned  an  hour 
and  both  burned  well.  Photometric  measurements  wore  taken  every 
15  in  tho  horizontal  plane  and  by  a  mirror  a  comparison  Was  mado 
betwoen  the  light  given  in  a  horizontal  plane  and  the  light  ^ivon 
downwards  by  the  lamp,  the  lamp  having  a  reflector  above  the 
light.  In  the  horizontal  plane  the  lamp  gave  240  candles  in  the 
best  position  and  10  Candles  in  the  shadow  of  the  copper  rods,  the 
average  candle  power  was  114,  being  149  in  one  tost  and  139  in 
another.  Tho  light  given  downwards  was  measured  by  roploction  as 
the  lamp  can  only  bo  operated  in  one  position  as  it  foods  by  gravi¬ 
ty.  This  measurement  gave  127.5  candles.  With  30  amporos  tho 
lamp  used  7  1/6  volts  on  the  average,  varying  between  7  1/4  and 
7  3/4,  the  light,  varied  with  the  volts,  as'  it  should. 

With  30  ampores,  7  1/fe  volts  and  144  candles  we  havo  ah 
efficiency  of  1.58  watts  per  candle. 

Tho  opal  shade  which  was  on  the  lamp  reduces  the  light  given 

by  the  naked  lamp  50#. 


-  3  - 

Yflien  burning  it  in  necessary  to  keep  tlio  lamps  steady  ac 
any  jar  may  shake  tlie  carbons  from  the  copper  points  and  causo  an 
arc  which  will  bum  tho'  carbon  anA  coppor  points.  Wo  could  not 
handle  the  lamp  whon  burning,  or  measure  it  in  any  position  other 

V  During  thi 

than  vertical  for  this  reason. 

i  above  tost  for  exactly  one  hour  at'  30  amperes 
J-bon  of  one  lamp  burned  away  4  3/ic  inches  and  the  carbon  of 
tho  ot^er  lamp  4  7/1 6  inches.  Tho  carbons  have  an  effective 
lcn?hjh^of  11  l/ii  inches  making  it  necessary  to  rcplaco  the  carbons 
every  f*jl/fe  hours. 

cThe  following  tables  show  tho  Photometric  measurement s if 

J  i  r  o  t  Tost:  Second  Tost. 

Anglo  Candles 
180  245 


























(signed:)  John  W.  Howell. 

Harrison,  H.J.,  November  5tli,  18S9. 

New  York,  December  18, . 1889. . 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir: 

DEC  18  1889 

Ans’d . i**,*.. .  188 

Referring  to  my  letter  of  May  S%  of  this  year,  calling 
for  the  payment  of  your  participation  in  the  Edison  General  Elec¬ 
tric  Syndicate,  and  stating  to  you  that  you  are  expected  to  hold 
the  securities  then  received  subject  to  the  order  of  the  Syndicate 
until  January  1,  1890,  X  beg  to  inform  you  that,  in  the  interest 
of  all  parties  concerned,,  the  Syndicate' has  extended  until  April 
1,  1890,  the  time  of  so  holding  the  said  securities  subject  to  its 
"order.  . 

Yours  truly. 

tu'  (t  * 


v?  ! 

„  ,'M^<ljyVG)  "h>  ^v 

'-■'  V^iv,>'V^$-vo  'Y/'^fr^syrXJj  ,/t#  ^~- 

d^/ir^  '  O/^V-p^V'-u^  6>J-..  „ Oms*  ■/  .  !, 

tM/A.  ;/i  W^X..  sirujyh  f^r-  , 

(^i/u)  rWv-k  &j2J2l£  SKJu?t^t  ' ;  a)'^lo^j'U'j^H^'' 

,  \;  (^j)  !  AT/O  ■  i  :  .:  I,  >1  I  ft  K-J. 



fl'T^j  | 

;  oj^AA:4 

1889.  Electric  Light  -  Edison  Lamp  Company  (D-89-39) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence,  reports,  and  other  documents 
relating  to  the  business  of  the  Edison  Lamp  Co.  Most  of  the  letters  are  by 
Francis  R.  Upton,  general  manager  and  treasurer  of  the  company.  Included 
are  letters  regarding  company  finances,  foreign  business  affairs,  and  the  fiber 
searches  of  Charles  F.  Hanington  and  James  Ricalton. 

Approximately  40  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  letters  of  transmittal; 
meeting  announcements;  routine  correspondence  regarding  orders;  bills  and 


3('.  /,  january  a^d,  JS8  9 

Samuel  Insull,  Esq., 

19  Dey  Street,  New  York,  N.Y. 
Dear  Sir:- 

I  want  to  speak  to  Yoy'regardi^g  'thlS;  natier,  and.  sen£ 
you  the  letter  of  Leonard  &.Izaid'titire^n^:Vou  of  ft. 

X  received  your  telephone,  message  at  your  office 

before  twelve,  noon.  X  expect  to  be  there  at  ten  thirty  in  the 
morning  to  meet  Mr.  Hammer. 


i.  T^r4. 

Dio*  by  H.W.L.  LeO N  ARP  •&.•  IZARD, 

Consulting  an&  Contracting  Electrical  Engineers, 

<  '  ROOM  425,  “THE  ROOKERY." 

,  . J)ec.,.28  th,  ,  1 88.-8 

'JAN  2  1880. 

/  4:" 

PCO,^  1  -A  * 

irs^or  .distribution’  among- 

■  Edison  Lamp  Co;, 

Harrison,  N.J. 


*'We  are  ge  tting^ut sorae^.i _  ^ 

such  parties  as  are,  e1ectric^light-;:.|| 

ifig',.  motors;-  etc,  principally  architects,  lighting  companies  and 
ers  of  cheap  power,  -and’ should  like  very  much  to  receive  as- strong 
air  indorsement  from  yon  as  yon  care  to  give, as  to  pur  electrical  abil~ 
ity,  responsibility  and- experience  in  the  electrical  field. 

We  enclose  herewith  copy  of,  circular  letter  sent  to  architects  .of 
.Minneapolis,  &  8U  Paul,  We  now  wish  to  get  our  circular  broader  in. 
its  scope  ,and  shall  hope  to  be  fevoxe£>ith  good  testimonial  from  yon. 

,  Yours  wary  truly,  . 

.'Leonard. -&iaard., . 

-  1  '  -A  Pwvi 

1  enclosure...  : 


eo.r-,  J. 

liEOJ'lR^t)  &  IZRRD, 

iun5v.iv«.(i|  Consulting  and  Contracting  Electrical  Engineers.  in.m 'K™" xi 


•  >  if"0 

‘The  wld^and,  consti^'y  extending  'demand  f6r  incandescent 
lighting  'in  0 f  fi c e  Bui  ^.di.ngs'i^^tpre^^^a^rfv^b^Dy^el  1  ings ,  renders 
it  almost  imperative  for.  Arch i Te'ctS  4 o  give  due  c^onsrde'r ation  to 
Electric  Wiring  in  connection  with  all  first -class  new  work-.^sX. 
•fe^'l^'Many  inexperie'nced  and  irresponsible  firms. 'throughout  the  $ 
country,  taking  advantage  of  the  fact  that  the  rules  and  regulations 
for  safe  wiring  are  not  generally  understood,  make  cheap  bids  and 
do;  very  poor  work,  knowing  that  close  inspection  is  often  impossibls 
building  is  finished,  and  trusting  to  get  paid  before  it 
nto  practical  service.  The  inevitable  result  is  unequal 
f  light,  frequent  grounds  and  crosses,  and  a  heavy 
rs,  or  it  may  become  necessary  to  re-wire  an  entire 


We  employ  none  but  thoroughly  competent  and  skilled  hands, 
and  guarantee  the  use  of  nothing  but  the  very  beet  material,  and 
having  had  many  years  experience  in  all  the  most  advanced  lines^of 
this  business,  we  are  enabled  to  make  our  charges  as  low  as  can 
possibly  be  held  consistent  with  first-class  and  reliable  work. 

Among  our  recently  completed  jobs  in  Chicago,  we  may  refer  you 
to  The  Rookery,  and  the  Phenix  Building,  and  among  other  work  on 
hand,  we  may  mention  the  Auditorium,  where  we  are  now  putting  in, 
under  contract,  the  largest  Isolated  Plant  in  the  country,  which 
■will  comprise  10  Edison  Dynamos,  having  a  total  capacity  of  10,000 
16  e.  p.  lamps. 

We  shall  be  pleased  to  draw  up  plans  and  specifications  for 
you,  and  to  bid  on  any  Electric  Lighting  work  you  may  Wish  to  have  : 

"Dear  Si r 

after  : 
is  put  in 
distribution  o 
bill  for  repai 


BURNHAM  &  ROOT,  Architects 
The  Rookery. 

CHICAGO,  ILL. ,  Nov.  5th,  1888. 

'  Messrs.  LEONARD  &  IZARD, 

425,  The  Rookery,  City.  -irii 

Dear  Sirs: 

'  ;in  ,l’‘eceiPil(.°f  yours  of  November  3rd,  and  take  pleasure 

in  recommending  you  and 'your  work  to  whoever  ne.eds.  •anythingxi'n’  four 
line,.'  .We  reg’ard  your  wiring  as  the  best  l.n  -the  .market  ,  and  know" you. 
to  be  thoroughly  skillful  in  your-. bpsines.s  and  entirely  reliable. 

. Yours  truly,  :  .... 

•.'.'’BURNHAM  &  ROOT.,-- 

'■  .  S;: 

CHICAGO,  ILL.,  November  5th ,  1888. 

...  ■  HOL'ABI RD'~-4  ROCHE,  '  ’1 

t!n  '  1  ^  Architect’s  , 

Montauk  Block,  115  Monroe  St r< 



We  take  pleasure  in  stating  that  such  contracts  as  haV;e 
been  awarded  you  by  us,  have  been  promptly  and  thoroughly  executed. 

Very  truly  yours , 


J.  L.  SILSBEE,  Architect, 
•52  and  53  Lakeside  Building. 



CHICAGO,  .ILL.  1  November  5th,  18: 


.-.It  gives  me  pleasure  to  be  able  to  state  that  the  differ* 
j obs , of  e lectrical  work  that  you  have  done  for  me  and  my  client: 

have  been  exceedingly  satisfactory  in  all  particulars. 

Yours  very  truly, 



Room  56  Borden  .Block, 'fehicag$$NoV;  5th,'lE!88, 

I  write  this  t  of^ri|r  odu  c  e  t'^our^f  a  v  or  able  notice:  Messrs. 
Leonard  &  Izard, who  have  beeri^forsa  number  of  y^ars  'the  Chicago 
^rrepr'esentatives  of  the  Edison  Light.  They  have  done  almost  all 'of 
the  electric  lighting  that  has  been  let  from  this  office,  and  also 
some  of  the- best  work  done  in  this  City  from  the  offices  of  other  ~ 


..  As  far  as  my  observation  and  experience  have  extended ,•  they 
have  shown  themselves  thorough  and  reliable  in  their  calculations, 
their  designs,  and  in  the  execution  of  their  work;  always  desirous 
of  accomplishing  the  best  possible  results,  and  never  cranky  or  un¬ 
controllable,  and  possessed  of  abundant  means  to  carry  out  all  their 
contracts.  I  think,  therefore,  that  you  are  to  be  congratulated 
upon  their  intention  to  establish  themselves  in  your  City,  and  I  be¬ 
speak  for  them  from  you  all  the  courtesy  and  consideration  that  you 
can  possibly  show  them.  ... 

Very  truly  yours, 

,  D,  /ADLER. 


u,  9(.  J-., . J.anuary...3r.d., . 188  9 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq.,  Secretary, 

Edison  Electric  Light  Co.  of  Europe,  Limited, 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

a/fa-'-^y.'} uftr 

We  enclose^  s  tat  emeift  of  the  royalty  due  for  the  6  months 
ending  Deo.  1st,  1888.  Y/e  desire  to  pay  this  amount  by  check,  and 
to  give  a  new  note  to  cover  the  old  t 

i  issued  by  us.  We  enclose 

statementof  the  j 

Yours  truly, 

By  e 





h, . January  3rd, . /SS  9 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq.,  Secretary, 

Edison  Electric  light  Co.,  Of  Europe,  Limited, 
Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

The  royalty  due  the  Edison  Electrio  Digit  Co.,  of  Europe 
Limited,  for  lamps  sold  in  Erance,  Italy,  Belgium,  Russia,  Austria 
Hungary,  Denmark  and  Germany,  amounts  to  $964.79. 

We  herewith  enclose  you  our  Six  months  note; dated  January 
9th  for  $1770.72,  also  check  for  $1018.80. 

Old  Note,  due  January  9tl?,  J.889  $  2-,  735  .,51 

Royalty  .  '  964.79 

New  Note  . . .  $1,770.72 

Interest  on  $1,770.72,  6  roos.  at  Q%  $  54.01 

Amount  of  Royalty  964.79 

Check  . 

Yours  truly, 



$1,018 .80 



STATEMENT .  01?  LAMPS  SOI,])  by 
ARTvmRP  ASEmY,  from  January  1,  1888  to  Doc  an^r 


For  which  tho  Reason  Lamp  Oo.  pays  a  royalty  to  the 
Rrlifson  Klee  trio  Lif^ht;  Jo.  of  Europe  L't'd.  ( Contract 
■T’.mo  ana,  1887) 

Italy,  Belgium 
Austria,  Hungary 

ttfc  :'Q  $«44.8S 

Lc‘  _ HO  ■  11 

Touts  very  tmly, 

Philip  S»  Dyer,  A.-jont. 

Pi  is  si  a, 
<MO%;  trcj'mony 

( fll/gi&fl ) 


A,  0.  Tate,  Esq., 
Orange,  N.J. 
Dear  Sir:- 

Private  Secretary, 

V/e  return  letter  of  prof.  Roberts,  we  have  given  orders 
to  have  the  set  of  the  parts  mounted  and  sent  to  him. 

We  note  how  distinctly  you  write  your  signature  with  much 

Yours  truly, 



9(.  J-., . l.wmarx...MAh.,/88  9 

A.  0,  Tate,  Esq. ,  Private  Secretary, 

Laboratory  of  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

V/e  enclose  a  note  of  the  Lamp  Conpany  which  we  desire 
Mr.  Edison  to  endorse  personally.  This  note  does  not  increase 
our  liabilities,  and  simply  takes  up  another  note  of  exactly  the 
same  amount  and  endorsed  in  same  manner,  i^L  the  German  National 


Our  bills  payable  on  November  1st,  1888  were  421 . 38 ,  to- 

a-7  - 

day,  .>76,978.57  showing  a  reduction  of  §17,442.81.  v/e  expect  to 
cut  down  our  bills  payable  $6, 400 ^before  the  end  of  the  month. 

Yours  truly,  >  , 




^SKtoSkATJJD  MESSAGE,  and  b  delivered  b; 
THOS.  T.  ECKERT.  Gonoral  Manaeor. 

imount  of  toltapold  UjeiwclMf’tainy  ^Se  wbae^SLSto^ mi  prcaeS^ljQwniS'vrtSIn  rtxty  diiji 

NORVIN  GREEN.  President. 


2-  3  f}»OuX 

OJ&MjmM  m  x  £/<*  •  „00  7 

_^W  v 

— ‘  '  '  :  ■  ' 

e/o _ 


...  -fe.  . 

r~j  - *grv  tF?f¥ 

..'.  • _ . 

.  Ovwu 

'.  0  f>  ,  - 

..'  J^UAJrU^v^  Ajuyrv.  ■ 

3  ft.  ' 


Pf.  J-.,,....  /8S  9 

A,  0.  Tate,  Esq.,  private  Secretary, 

Laboratory  of  T.  A.  Edison, 

Orange  ,  N.J. 

Regarding  the  contract  with  Mr.  Edison  and  the  Company 
Continent ale  in  Paris,  I  have  not  a  copy  of  the  contract  at  hand, 
but  in  accordance  with  the  telephone  conversation  with  you  this 
morning,  I  am  decidedly  of  the  opinion  that  it  does  not  provide 
for  the  payment  of  Mr.  Edison's  experimental  expenses. 

The  contract  docs  provide  that  in  case  Mr.  Edison  desires  to 
sell  his  patents  abroad  that  he  Should  in  Prance  offer  them  to 
the  Prench  Co.  at  a  price  to  be  fixed  by  arbitration  and  that  in 
other  countries  in  Europe  he  should  give  15  days  notice  to  allow 

the  Prench  Co.  to  accept  proposals  at  the  same  terms  that  other 
parties  would  accept. 

This  wa s  the  carrying  out  of  the  spirit  and  intention  of  the 
original  contract  with  Mr.  Edison  and  the  time  runs  with  the  time 
that  the  French  Company  pay  royalty  to  the  Company  in  New  York. 

I  thank  you  for  the  letters  enclosed  in  your  letter  of  Peb. 
lst<  Yours  truly, 


9(.  jj-.,  /SS  9 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq.,  Private  Secretary, 
laboratory  of  T,  a.  Edison 
Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Our  trade  for  Norway  is  done  through  Mr.  Dyer  who  is 
our  agent  in  Europe. 

Appropos  of  the  Berlin  Co.  competition  in  Japan,  I  desire 
that  you  draw  Mr.  Edison's  attention  to  the  advertisement  in  the 
las  London  Electrician  on  the  third  page  of  the  advertisements 
in  which  this  advertisement  states  that  the  Berlin  Company  are 
prepared  to  close  contracts  for  the  erection  of  Central  Stations 
in  any  part  of  the  world. 

Yours  truly, 

Treasurer . 


9(.  Fcbruary...fi3rdj . IS8  9 

«■  /Vn 

c  * 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.,  / 

Dear  Sir:- 

Enclosed  you  -all  find  a  memorandum  of  the  pressures 
upon  the  First  District  Station  of  Boston.  This  shows  hofhclosc- 
ly  regulation  is  under  control  in  this  station  and  Guarantees  to 
us  good  life  ofd  high  economy  lamps  .  Kindly  return  the  tost  to 

Yours  truly, 


-'Hf  ^ 

THOMAS  A.  EDISON,  Pmmimiit.  »  FRANCIS  R.  UPTON,  Gbn’l  M’o’r  and  Trkas. 


9{_.  J- . Hah.ruar v  26th,  !XX  9 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. , 

Orange,  N.J. 

Boar  Sir:- 

Enclosed  is  cop','  of  letter  sent  Mr.  Henry  Villard,  "" 
dated  Feb.  23rd. 

Yours  truly, 


Harrison,  N.J.  3?ob.  23rd, 1889 

Henr  y  Vi  Hard ,  Esq., 

Mills  Building,  Broad  St., 

Now  York  City. 

Dear  Sir:- 

By  directions  of  Mr.  Edison,  I  call  your  attention  to 
the  finances  of  the  Edison  Lamp  Company. 

On  October  31st,  18S8  when  you  last  received  a  memorandum  of 
our  books,  our  surplus  profits  were  §232,379. 33.  On  January  31st, 
1889  our  surplus  frogits  were  §272,732.86. 

On  October  31st,  1888,  the  Company  owed  §156.038.16.  on  Jan. 
31st,  1889  the  Company  owed  324 . 08.  If  the  business  is 

actively  pushed  I  feel  assured  that  this  rate  of  profit  can  be 
easily  maintained  throughout  the  year  to  come.  Of  course  to 
maintain  this  rate,  we  shall  need  an  active  trade  in  the  fall  to 
offset  the  dull  months  of  the  summer. 

If  the  statement  of  the  examiners  had  been  made  on  the  31st 
of  January  1889  instead  of  the  31st  of  October  1888,  it  would  have 
added  about  §19,000.  to  our  statement  of  profits  of  the  year,  as 
on  our  profits  last  year  in  tho  three  months  mentioned  was  $21,000. 
in  place  of  $40,000.  this  year. 

Yours  truly, 

Treasurer . 



X ,rJ88  9 

Regarding  Mr.  Ricalton,  should  we  adjust  accounts  di¬ 
rect  with  him  or  through  you  ? 

V/c  think  that  the  best  way  is  for  us  to  handle  it  directly, 
for  in  this  case  there  can  be  no  misunderstanding  of  any  kind,  as 
there  has  been  with  Hannington, 

Have  you  cabled  McGowan  to  return  yet  as  mentioned  by  Mr.  y.r. 
Edison  the  other  day  ? 

Yours  truly, 



7vW  O'*. 

THOMAS  A.  I5DISON,  Phbridkmt. 


P(.  J.., February  37th, . 188  9 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq,,  Private  Secretary, 

Edison's  Laboratory,  Orange,  N.J. 

Lear  Sir:-  •  . 

Enclosed  letter  from  Mr.  Hannington.  If  you  will  state 
a  time  we  will  make  an  appointment  for  Mr.  Hannington  to  come  to 
the  office  at  Harrison  and  go  over  the  whole  matter  of  the  account 
between  us  and  Mr.  Hannington. 

This  is  the  best  place  for  the  meeting  as  all  the  papers 
and  accounts  arc  here,  and  any  questions  that  may  arise  can  be 
inmcdiately  referred  to  the  correspondence  and  verified. 

Yours  truly, 




&W.  Qlv 

l\M^»varUi  cUw<$  ' 

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v/  (4ccCo .. 

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-a-  -efcit, 

4“n^ .  ^*wi  U"  tw  tvc  Jff  *  ^  f  Vr^  a^-.'WsLtft  it! 

w  (v-  i 

tPV\^  T-  l1^.  T^  uvAv^i  u,  <Jt 
•  .•  >*** 


9(.  J-.,  ..Mar.ah.uls-.t_, _ 188  9 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

V/e  have  your  letter  regarding  Mr.  Ricalton.  v/o  will 
endeavor  to  see  Mr.  Ricalton,  and  adjust  the  account. 

Yours  truly, 


Treasurer . 



. . /SS  9 


A.  0.  Tato,  Esq., 

Laboratory  of  T. a. Edison, 
Orange,  M.j. 

Dear  Sir:- 

If  Tuesday  morning  of  next  week  suits  you  to  meet  Mr. 
Hannington,  kindly  write  him  and  make  an  appointment  to  have  him 
come  here  at  half  past  ten  o’clock. 

I  expect  to  be  hero  at  that  time,  we  have  a  note  from  Mr. 
Hannington  stating  that  he  can  be  here  any  time  that  suits  your 
convoni once . 

i  truly, 


Treasurer . 


c ‘M'CL.'U, 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq.,  Private  Secratary, 

Laboratory  of  T. A. Edison, 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Eegarding  the  account  between  Mr.  Edison  and  the  Lanp 
Company.  After  deducting  the  bills  rendered  to  you  on  account  of 
the  Paris  Exposition,  we  find  that  there  is  a  balance  due  to  Mr. 
Edison  of  about  §3,000.  We  will  have  a  full  statement  made  up  to 
the  first  of  the  month  in  a  day  or  two,  and  will  send  you  a  check 
covering  the  amount. 

Yours  truly, 




P^.  J-.r .,..„ . /8S9 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq.  ,  Private  Secretary, 

Laboratory  of  T. A. Edison, 

Orange,  M.J. 

Lear  Sir:- 

Regarding  the  letter  of  the  Allegcmeine  Elektricitats- 
Gesellschaft ,  the  objection  that  Frazar  &  Co.  make  is  that  the 
goods  are  sold  in  Japan  using  the  name  of  Edison.  It  is  to  this 
that  the”  great  objection  has  been  made.  That  others  should  be 
using  Edison's  name  in  Japan,  thus  robbing  yr.  Edison  of  the  use  of 
his  n-=mo  which  is  his  own  property,  to  t'nc  benefit  of  those  who 
have  received  no  license  to  use  it,  and  give  him  no  benefit  for 
such  use. 

I  think  that  strong  influences  might  be  brought  to  bear  upon 
the  German  Company  by  which  they  will  withdraw  from  the  that  the 
whole  world  belongs  to  them,  thus  leading  to  active  competition 
between  tho  various  Edison  interests  in  all  parts  of  the  world.  If 
this  can  be  done,  of  course  it  will  be  far  better  than  just  stoppig 
them  from  the  use  of  Mr.  Edison's  name  in  Japan. 

Yours  very  truly, 



9(.  J-.,. — MaJcch...J.2tliy. . /SS  9 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq,,  Private  Secretary, 

Laboratory  of  T.  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.J. 

Lear  Sir:- 

Yonr  letter  of  March  9th  received.  We  herev/ith  enclose 
you  a  list  of  our  notes  bearing  Mr.  Edison’s  endorsement,  as 

p/*  0ur  Six  months  note  favor  of  Corning  Glass  works  due— Maseeh 
-aath  for  $4000.00 








Six  months  note  favor  Corning  Glass  Works  due  April  2nd, 
for  $4000 . 00 

Six  months  note  favor  Corning  Glass  works  duo  April  22nd 
for  §5000.00 

Six  months  note  favor  Corning  Glass  Works,  due  April  30  the 
for  §5000.00 

Four  Months  mote  favor  German,  National  Bank  due  April  29th 
for  &2500.00 

Six  months  note  favor  Corning  Glass  ’"orks,  due  May  27th 
for  $4500.00 

Six  months  note  favor  Corning  Glass  Works  due  May  31st, 
for  $5000.00 

Five  months  note  favor  German  National  Bank,  due  May  26th 
for  $2500.00 

Tate ,  Esq.,  Private  Sec.  Mo.  2. 

Pour  months  note  favor  German  national  Panic,  due  May  29th 
•  for  $5000.00 

Pocir  months  note  favor  Cornigg  Glass  Works,  due  June  10th 
for  $10,876.49 

Pour  months  note  favor  German  National  Bank,  due  June  12th 
for  $5000.00 

Pour  months  note  favor  Gorman  national  Bank,  duo  July  5th 
for  $5000.00 

Yours  very  truly, 


SCa-tsU^^n.,  $(.  _ Maxsfo  1  :■.  *h  !SS  g 

Thomas  A.  Eli  son,  Esq., 


Orange,  N.j.  "" 

Boar  Sir:- 

Shall  we  ceaso  paying  James  Rioalton  his 
Yours  truly, 





salary  ? 



<?•  .*/«o 

THOMAS  A.  EDISON,  Pimsmimr. 


9(.  J-., . iat!.u},..../5<5  9 

A.  0.  Tatn,  Esq.,  Private  Secretary, 

Edison's  Laboratory 
Orange,  N.J. 

Lear  Sir:- 

Encloscd  is  memorandum  regarding  Mr.  Hannington's 
trip.  »e  desire  to  know  if  y  we  shall  transfer  the  charge  which 
we  have  made  of  $350.00  to  TTannington  to  expense  for  Jamacia  trip 
If  this  is  the  case,  we  wish  you  to  render  us  a  memorandum  stat¬ 
ing  that  $350.00  have  been  expended  in  Jamacia  trip  as  per  in¬ 
structions  of  Mr.  Edison,  If  you  will  render  us  this,  we  will 
then  close  out  the  account,  and  $20.00  will  be  credited  to  Mr. 
Hannington  which  deducted  from  the  $149.50  which  he  acknowledges 
owing  us,  will  leave  him  owing  us  $129,50/ 

Yours  truly, 





The  Edison  Lamp  Co„ 

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A.  0.  Tate,  Esq>(  Private  Sec’y, 
Laboratory  of  T. A. Edison, 

Orange,  N.J.  r*  \  o?  "  ‘ 

Dear  Sir:- 

y(.  ., . 188  9 

■  ?.  9/2/ ■  r. 

Have  you  heard  anything  from  McGowan  when  he  will  re- 

>--4..  .  * 

THOMAS  A.  EDISON,  Pisrswrnt. 


Laboratory  of  T. A. Edison, 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

The  following  is  an  extract  from  letter  from  Hr.  Dyer, 

"The  Edison  &  Swan  Co.  feel  strong  now,  and  I  would  not  be 
surprised  at  any  move  they  might  make  to  keep  us  out'  of 

"England.  X  have  not  a  copy  of  the  English  contraot;  so  do 
"not  know  whether  the  E  &  S  Co.  can  be  compelled  to  sell  our 
"lamps  or  not.  Wish  you  would  read  over  the  contract,  which 
"Mr.  Edison  no  doubt  has,  and  give  me  your  opinion  on  thitf 
"point. ■ 

If  you  will  send  us  a  copy  of  anything  in  the  English  contract 
that  bears  upon  this  matter  we  would  consider  it  a  favor  .  \  we 
will  forward  same  to  Mr.  Dyer. 

Yours  truly, 


Treasurer . 


9(.  ^..  AprU  S  th, _ 188  e 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 


Orange,  T'N.  J  . 

Dear  Sir;- 

The  following  is  quotation  from  letter  of  Mr.  p.  s. 


.*  **“  *°r:  ^at  you  are  troubled  with  competition  in  price 

+  6?  °erits  is  near  the  Pr°Per  price  for  a  good 

lamp,  X  do  not  think  it  will  go  lower,  but  the  day  of  high 

■-601e^t«a?r+1haS  B°T  Past-.however  the  cost  of  a' good  lamp  at 
60  cents  in  the  cost  of  an  installation  is  so  small  that  the 
price  is  low  and  still  allows  of  a  good  profit.  Lamps  are  sold 
in  Germany  all  around  (50  cents)  2  marks.  "Schuckert"  pays 
about  2  marks,  so  he  told  me  lately,  but  the  general  price  in  n 
most  parts  of  Europe  is  around  SO  cents  , (4  francs)  X  am  now 
"after  an  order  for  South  America  about  1000  monthly,  and  Tail 
reserve  about  20  %  royalty  for  the  Edison  Company.'  The  Paris 
0°.  are  now  fighting  Siemens  &  Halske  and  may  break  with  them, 
hope  they  will.  The  Paris  Company  claim  that  Seimens  &  Halske 
have  been  underselling  them  in  Russia  and  Austria  where  they  had 
a  contract  to  keep  the  price  up,  I  believe  to  5  francs  stiff 
I  feel  that  if  our  lamp  keeps  up  in  quality  &c,  that  we  will’ do 
"a  good  business  in  Europe  this  fall  and  winter." 

Yours  truly, 




.,../<5<J  9 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq  ,  > 


laboratory.  Orange,  N.J.  /L  ^  Js'l# 

Dear  Sir:-  ' 

We  have  received  a  cable  from  Dyer  as  follows 

"Can  I  promise  Milan  10  O.P.  lamps,  3  watts  and  when  ”.  we 
have  replied  to  him  "Promise  Milan  November". 

We  feel  certain  from  results  obtained  in  the  laboratory 
tests  that  no  difficulty  will  be  met  in  making  10  C.P.  lamps  to 
take  3  watts  per  candle.  We  have  therefore  accepted  the  respon¬ 
sibility  of  promising  delivery.  There  is  no  question  that  if 
you  can  make  a  10  C.P.  lamp  of  this  economy,  .we  can  very  largely 
increase  our  lamp  sales,  as  there  is  a  large  demand  for  this  unit 
of  light  for  decorating  purposes  in  all  public  places  like  cafes 
in  Europe.  The  whole  intention  is  to  make  the  most  show  and  to 
have  the  smallest  unit  of  light,  so  as  to  point  out  that  they 
have  many  hundreds  lamps  in  their  place.  The  people  are  not 
educated  19  to  a  clear  appreciation  of  candle  power,  but  to  an 
appreciation  of  the  number  of  lamps  in  use. 

Yours  truly, 





.....Apr.iX...llth,  /8S  9 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 


Orange,  M.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

X  have  had  the  figures  upon  your  paper  for  the  past 
two  days.  I  intended  to  go  up  and  see  you  this  afternoon,  but 
am  compelled  to  go  to  Philadelphia  regarding  a  matter  that  I 
consider  of  importance  there. 

I  hope  to  see  you  either  to-morrow  or  Friday  and  then  lay 
before  you  some  corrections  on  the  paper,  and  also  some  remarks 
regarding  the  price  of  lamps  which  I  have  been  preparing  for  you, 
Yours  very  truly, 


Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange ,  N.J. 

Dear  gir:- 

9[.  J-., . Ap.ri.l....l.'it)x, . /SS  9 

In  speaking  with  Mr.  Steringer  regarding  Tacoma,  I  find 
that  there  is  a  plant  there  put  in  by  Mlchell  &  Spaulding,  under 
the  supervision  of  John  Ward.  This  plant  has  1200  volts  E.M.E. 

3  Wire  system  using  600  volts  upon  a  side.  The  plant  is  a  thor¬ 
ough  success  and  gives  great  satisfaction  to  the  people,  and  is 
proving  to  be  .very  profi  table .  The  lamps  used  are  Municipal 
lamps  with  Municipal  Cut  Outs.  These  lamps  are  used  in  stores  and 
for  all  uses  where  electric  lighting  is  desired. 

Yours  very  truly, 


Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Dear  Sir:- 

ets.  We  desire  y 
Boston  Company  as 
If  you  do  no' 
sition,  kindly  sti 


9(.  J., . ,>. . 188  9 


Orange,  M.J.  U 


'fk  | 


(h  7 

d  correspondence  regarding  the  exchange  of  sock- 
our  approval  of  the  proposition  made  by  us  to  the 
we  wish  to  make  it  to  other  companies, 
t  approve  of  the  general  nature  of  the  propo¬ 
se  what  modification  you  desire  us  to  make . 

Yours  very  truly, 




$CaAA*ib,o-n,,  9[.  _ Ap.r.i.l^  ie  th^ /gg  9 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Enclosed  you  will  find  the  cost  sheet  for  1888. 
Yours  truly, 

EDISON  LAMP  CO.  .  /! 



!  the  Lamp  Company  sold 

1,206,603  lamps 

The  Cost  of  each  lamp  per  .the  Cost  Sheet  which  is 
made  up  distributing  all  items  of  expense  to  each 
part  o'f  tT^fe^gadJi'ufacture ,  was . 1 .  $0.2864 

The  ecjst  of  each  lamp  found  by  dividing  the  gross 

cog^Tof  mamifacturing  lamps  in  the  year  1888  by  the 

number  of  lamps  produced,  makes  the  cost  of  each .  $0.2838 

The  average  of  those  t?/o  figures  makes  the  cost 

of  the  lamp  during  the  year  1888  $0.28  l/2 

In  the  United  States  during  the  year  1888  there  were  sold 

were  sold .  1,006,578  lamps 

These  lamps  brought  . . .  $o  ..42 

This  mokes  a  profit  per  lamp  sold  in  the  United 

States  of . V .  80.14  l/2 

The  Lamp  Company  sold  to  the  Illuminating  Com¬ 
panies  in  the  United  States  in  the  year  1888  602,919  lamps 

The  Lamp  Company  sold  on  account  of  the  Light  Co. 

in  the  year  1888, . . .  403,659  lamps 

The  Light  Company  received  as  royalty  for  lamps 

during  the  year  1888, . $.  83,500. 

If  the  Light  Company  had  received  full  royalty 

upon  this,  they  would  have  received . $  165,500.19 

The  increase  from  lamp  renewals  does  not 
increase  as  the  natural  increase  is  more  than  met 
by  the  inroads  of  our  competitors,  who  can  make  a 
profit  of  -s 35  cents  by  selling  to  our  customers. 

Atithe  present  rate  that  the  Edison  Company  is 
lot  sing  customers  the  Edison  Light  Compands  inc orae 
v/ill  diminish  one  half  inside  of  two  years.  This 
in  its  turn  will  raise  the  cost  of  the  lamp  in  the 
factory  of  the  Edison  Lanp  Company  two  or  three 
cents  per  lamp,  if  the  sales  to  the  Illuminating 
Companies  do  not  increase  to  make  up  the  deficiency. 

Now  let  us  see  if  v/e  cannot  devise  a  scheme 
that  will  not  only  ruin  the  lamp  renewal  business 
of  our  competitors,  but  give  to  the  Edison  Company's 
business  commercially  an  increase,  so  that  more  money 
will  be  made  than  now  by  the  Edison  Light  Col,  and 
Edison  Lamp  Co.  together.  From  estimates  made  by 
Mr.  Sterj.nger  the  total  lamp  output  of  the  competi¬ 

tors  of  the  Edison  Company  is . C  ll,000daily 

Last  year  the  Edison  Lamp  Company  made  M 000  daily 



Suppose  the  Edison  Company  sell  all  lamps 
at  40  cents.  If  tills  was  the  ease  the  Edison  light 
Company  and  the  Edison  Lamp  Company  combined  would 
lose  just  the  amount  the  Edison  light  Company  now 
make,  under  the  conditions  that  there  was  no  in¬ 
crease  in  the  sales  of  lamps. 

Now  I  can  devise  a  change  in  the  method  of 
making  lamps  that  will  save  just  5  1/2  cents  per 
lamp,  this  reducing  costing  price  to.  .  /JO.SS 

The  5  1/2  cents  for  lamps  upon  the  sales 
of  1888  makes  a  saving  of . $  gg  368.11 

This  reduces  the  loss  of  the  Edison  Light 
Company  and  the  Edison  lamp  Company,  at  selling 
lamps  at  40  cents  each  to . §  17  132. 

The  lowest-  price  that  competitors  of  the  E 
Edison  Company  can  make  lamps,  ship  and  sell  same 
for  is::::::::;;; .  $0.50 

This  being  so,  and  as  the  Edison  Company 
can  offer  bettor  lamps  for  40  cents,,  it  is  reason¬ 
able  to  assume  that  we  shall  get  a  large  fraction  of 
their  trade.  Assuming  this  to  be  less  than  one  fifth 
of  their  out  put  or  2000  lanps  a  day  that  is  gained 
by  the  Edison  Company,  the  nature  of  the  lamp  busi¬ 
ness  is  such  that  the  general  expense  per  lamp 
largely  diminishes  as  the  output  increases. 

I  estimate  that  an  increase  of  2000  lamps  a  day 
or  600,000  lamps  a  year  will  reduce  the  cost  of  the 
lamp  3  cents,  that  is,  from  23  cents  to  20  cents. 

That  is  the  three  cents  saved  upon  the  original  out¬ 
put  upon’ 1; 206^6130 lamps  is . $  36  200. 

This  changes  the  loss  of  §17,132.  to  a  gain  of§  19,067. 

Now  the  profit  upon  2000  extra  lamps  a  day  or 
600,000  costing  20  cents  each  and  selling  at  40 
cents  is . . . §  120,000. 

Adding  to  this  the  gain  made  upon  the  original 
output  §19,067,  this  would  make  a  total  gain  on  the 

output  on . ....1,806,613  lamps 

ot . . . §  139,067. 

That  is  if  the  combined  Companies  are 
§139,067  better  off  than  they  were  in  1888,  Shd 
the  universal  price  throughout  the  United  states 
is  40  cents  which  is  10  cents  lower  that  the  oppo¬ 
sition  companies  now  make  lamps  for. 

My  improvement  mentioned  by  which  5  1/2  cents  a  1 
lamp  is  saved  will  make  the  difference  on  the  esti¬ 
mated  output  at  selling  price  of  40  cents  ofl 
1,806,693  lamps  of . . . . . g  99  367,. 

Included  in  this  improvement  is  §139,067.,  there¬ 
fore,  if  there  is  no  improvement  in  the  cost  of 
lamps  due  to  the  methods  of  manufacturing  lamps, 
can  bo  sold  at  an  average  price  of  40  cents  each 
and  the  business  be  more  perfectly  controlled  thaji  to 


today  ajid  still  a  profit  be  made  of  . $  39,699 

I  propose  that  the  Edison  Company  first  yv..v.,::o 
reduce  the  price  of  Isolated  renewals  to  60  cents  !<: 
to  the  customers  of  the  Edison  companies.  This  to 
be  a.  .temporary  expedient  to  prevent  the  customers 
of  the  Edison  Company  leaving  the  T'aigcm  Company 
too  rapidly.  Then,  try  to  get  the  renewals  from 
the  opposition  companies  at  40  cents,  or  what 
would  perhaps  be  better,  offer  our  lamps  at  60  cents 
give  guarantee  and  agrde  in  case  the  customer  7/ill 
agree  to  take  all  lamps  from  us  for  two  years  to 
give  him  a  rebate  that  wili  bring  the  price  to 
40  cents.  To  get  customers  from  other  companies 
v/e  should  give  our  sockets  at  cost  or  make  lamps 
for  competitors  sockets. 

Supposing  lamps  7/ere  sold  at  35  cents 
each,  the  loss  of  5  cents  on  1,806,693  lamps  will 
amount  to  . §  90,334. 

This  taken  from  the  gain  of  $139,067.  7ri.ll  leave 
still  a  gain  of... . $  48,733 

If  this  reduction  of  price  would  enable  us  to  take 
1000  lamps  more  daily  or  300,000  lamps  a  ye  ar,  this 
7/ould  add  to  the  profits  mentioned  above  an  additional 
profit  of  $45,000.  making  a  total  profit,  while 
selling  price  of  lamps  was  35  cents  each,  of . $  93,733. 


Sumnarv,  85  cents  and  42  cents  selling  price, 

Year  1888,  Profit  lamp  Co. 

Light  Company 

§  138,523.07 



f  222,023.07 

Estimated  40  cents  selling  price  all  round, 

Sales  1,800,000  ,  Profit  per  lamp  of  20  cents 

Edison  Light LOdjiRoyalt  y  .  "'ll;  ty 

6  360,000. 


Larrp  Co.  will  net 

Gain  1888 


$  138.523. 

Gain  to  Lanp  Co.  0VGr  isss, 


At  35  cents  selling  price  all  round  sales 

2,500,000  or  equal  to  present  capacity,  Lairp  Co. 

adding  only  to  rooms  for  socketing  and  packing 

Profit  10  cents  per  lamp 

$  400,000.  ^ 

1 100. 000. 

$  300,000. 


Gain  to  Lamp  Company,  over  1888, 

$  161,477. 

Year  1890  at  32  1/2  cents  selling  price  all 


Sales  3,000,000 

Profit  32  1/2  loss  18  14  l/2 

$  435,000. 


$  335,000'. 


Gain  to  Lanp  Co.  over  1888 

§  196,477. 


9(.  m..m, . is® 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq,,  Private  secretary, 
laboratory  of  T.  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  showed  the  memorandum  from  letter  of  Mr.  Dyer  to  Mr. 
Edison,  and  he  made  no  remarks  on  same.  I  think  these  extracts 
should  be  in  your  files,  so  send  them  to  you. 

Do  you  khow  anything  about  Gourauds  relations  with  Haniner 
regarding  the  Phonograph  ? 


27 .£*-  £  f«/‘j 

You  must  also  understand  that  X  do  not  feel  like  launching 
out  into  new  schemes  for  the  developement  of  our  european  busi¬ 
ness  until  X  know  the  policy  which  the  New  Co.  wish  to  pursue  over 
here.  I  feel  that  wo  have  a  future  that  will  assist  the  manufac¬ 
turing  Companies  in  handling  their  out  put,  but  until  the  New  Co 
get  ready  for  business  it  is  a  matter  of  waiting  for  their  decision 
to  do  something  in  a  certain  way,  or  use  my  judgement  and  do  the 
best  I  can,  At  present  I  am  bn  splendid  terms  with  the  factions, 
even  the  Berlin  Co.  acknowledge  the  force  of  m-y  argument,  and  are 
willing  to  sell  the  American  Edison  lamps,  altho',  the-'r  had  flatly 
refused  to  do  so  some  two  months  back. 

The  Italian  Co.  are  now  being  pressed  hard  by  the  "Kholinsky" 
people  who  are  introducing  lamps  into  Italy,  and  selling  them  at 
52  cents  P.O.B.  Milan.  The  JC.  people  are  anxious  for  the  Milan  Co, 
to  make  a  fair  test  of  thoir  lamps,  and  offer  to  make  lamps  of  any 
efficiency  2—2  l/4; — 2  1/2—3. —  3  l/2, watts  per  candle  with  guar¬ 
anteed  life  respectively  of  200—300 — 500 — 700 —  and  1000  hours. 
Lamps, of  any  C.P.  above  8  with  these  efficiencies,  and  with  any 
form  of  terminals,  Enterprise  of  this  kind  is  hard  to  beat,  and 
if  we  did  not  have  a  good  friend  in  Milan  our  lamp  trade  in  that 
quarter  would  give  me  a  lot  of  trouble.  The  largest  customer  of 
the  Italian  Co.  is  the  Gas  Co.  at  Rome  lately  they  have  wanted  a 
10  O.P.  lamp  of  3.1  watts  per  candle  but  I  could  not  supply  better 
our  now  16  C.P.  at  10  candles  4.14  watts  per  candle. 



Hope  this  will  satisfy,  but  if  not,  the  Italian  Co.  might  lose 
this  customer,  and  it  would  be  a  hard  blow  to  them.  I  am  sending 
you  this  week  10  C.  3  watt  lamps  made  by  "Khortinsky"  Swan  Factory 
"Kalk"  and  Vienna.  My  business  here  is  fair.  I  am  promised 
orders  from  the  Paris  Lamp  Co^  after  they  get  rid  of  the  stock 
of  lamp s  loft  on  their  hands  by  the  Cie  Continentale  Edison'40 
or  60  thousand,  but  as  they  are  mostly  8  C.  45  volt  lamps  they 
will  soon  need  some  16  C.P.  lamps  from  my  stock. 


Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Orange,  N.J.- 
Dear  Sir:- 


., . /8$> 

9n^,y  f 


.  Attached  to  this  is  memorandum  showing  per  cent  of  . 
Sawyer-Mann  lamps  used  on  Edison  Isolated  plants  in  Boston,  Mass 
as  reported  by  Mr.  Card. 

iA/"  " 


Yours  very  truly, 


3y  '  _ 

Treasurer . 



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Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 
Orange,  N..T. 

Dear  Sir:- 

c 9{.  J-.,„ .,. . I  S3  9 

These  are  extracts  from  betters  written  to  Bergmann  &  Co. 
by  their  traveling  salesman.  We  shall  have  our  inspector  soon  go 
over  the  route  visited  by  this  man,  and  investigate  the  complaints 
brought  to  us  through  Bergmann  &  Co. 

Yours  very  truly, 


1  enc  . 



Rochester,  N.Y. 

In  regard  to  the  lamps  used  at  this  station,  they  are  all 
of  "Edison  pattern",  but  the  lamps  are  giving  poor  satisfaction. 

It  is  the  same  story,  of  "loss  of  candle  power"  that  I  hear  all 
along.  The  lamps  are  bright  enough  on.  the  start,  but  after  they 
have  boon  run  from  four  to  six  weeks,  they  slacken  and  lose  can-  ' 
aie  power  to-  such  an  extent  as  to  cause  the  consumers  to  complain 
of  the  same.  Naturally,  the  first  thing  that,  suggests  itself  is, 
that  the  lamps  have  been  overrun,  but  I  am  given  to  understand  that 
this  is  not  the  case,  and  that  the  fault  is  with  the  lamp  alone. 
This  being  the  complaint  all  along,  there  can  be  bo  doubt  as  to 
the  above  being  authentic.  This  station  is  now  running  about 
9000  lamps,  and  although  the  Edison  lamp  is  being  used  through¬ 
out,  it  is  a  matter  of  question  as  to  whether  they  will  continue 
to  do  so.  There  was  nothing; said  as  to  the  possibility  of  the 
Sawyer-Mann  lamp  supplanting  the  Edison,  but  on  the  whole  this 
signifies  nothing.  Time  alone  can  tell  how  long  they  will  eontin 
ue  to  use  the  Edison  lamp.  In  regard.JJ;ti6‘  the  lanp  question  as 
applied  to  the  company  at  LOCEPOKT,  I  would  state,  that  they  have 
given  up  the..  Edison  loro  entirely  ,  and  are  making  use  of  the 
Sawyer-Mann  lanp  now  altogether.  The  reason  is,  that  the  price  ofJ 
the  Edison  lamp  is  too  high;  and  the  loss  of  candle  power  is 
unwarrantably  rapid. 

As  to  the  lamps  at  ALTOONA,  this  Company  are  having  the 
same  experience,  viz:-  Loss  of  candle  power,  breakage  frequent  &c. 



They  were  loud  in  their  complaints  as  to  the  lamps,  and  were  par¬ 
ticularly  anxious  to  know  if  the  Lanp  Co.  were  going  to  give  them 
a  better  lamp  and  how  soon. 

Lamps  were  what  the  Manager  of  the  station  at  BELLEEONTE 
had  most  to  say  about,  ntey  have  had  a  hard  time  with  the  "High  ' 
Economy  Lamp"  A  new  defect  in  the  lamp  is  that  the  current  will  ‘ 
in  some  cases  arc  across  the  platinum  legs,  at  the  top  ot  the  seal, 
and  blow  the  seal  to  pieces.  The  usual  complaint  as  to  loss  of 
candle-power  and  breakage  was  made,  and  particular  stress  was  laid 
on  the  breaking  of  a  large  per  cent  of  the  lamps  when  first  set 




Thomas  A.  Mis  on,  Esq., 
Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 


Enclosed  herevrith  is  copy  of  Mr.  B.  E.  Card’s  report 
upon  a  number  of  stations  in  New  York  City,  showing  the  per  cent 
of  Sawyer  Man  lamps  in  use. 

Yours  very  truly, 



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Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Laboratory,  Orange,  M.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

The  following  is  an  extract  from  a  letter  which  I  re¬ 
ceived  from  Francis  Jchl,  dated  Brunn,  March  21st. 

"X  have  seen  the  lamps  I  wrote  to  you  about.  It  is  not  exactly 
"as  I  then  thought.  It  is  a  lamp  that  emits  light  by  means  of  an 
"incandescent  body,  but  is  in  no  way  similar  to  the  present  lamp, 
"that  is  like  ours. 

"This  figure  will  show  you  how  the  lamp  is; 

"It  consists  of  two  electros  or  plates  of 
"platinum  or  carbon,  A.B.  as  shown  (not  in 
"connection  but  simply  facing  each  other)  asn 
“when  a  current  of  a  certain  description  is 
"connected  at  the  ends  C  &  D,  there  is  a  small 
"blue  arc  t=  in  the  beginning  and  then 
"all  at  once  these  plates  become  incandescent 
"and  give  out  light.  The  Dr.  intends  only  to  use  carbons  electros 
"as  with  platinum  ones  the  heating  point  is  too  low  and  they  melt. 
"I  have  seen  some  lamps  having  platinum  electros  and  with  about 
"3000  volts  they  glowed  very  brightly  and  the  distance  between  them 
"was  about  8  m/m.  There  is  a  vacuum  in  the  lamp  but  not  very  high. 
"If  the  vacuum  is  high  the  spark  will  not  junp,  and  if  very  low 
"there  will  be  a  sparking,  but  the  plates  or  electros  will  not 
"glow.  He  is  now  working  on  carbons  plates  and  intends  to  use 
"gases  in  the  lamp  rarefy  to  the  extent  required.  In  the  lamps  of 
"carbon  plates  the  electros  are  vary  near  to  each  other  perhaps  a 
"about  1  m/m  apart.  I  have  seen  some  lamps  and  they  gave  a  pretty 
"good  light.  Now  the  other  part  of  his  system  has  also  some  good 
"points  as  it  saves  copper  in  the  conductors.  He  does  not  send 
"3000  volts  from  the  station  to  the  place’  of  consultation  as  one 
"might  at  first  suppose,  but  his  system  is  something  as  follows 

T. A. Edison,  Esq . ,  Mo.  2. 

A  is  a  continuous  current  machine,  one  having  very 
"little  or  no  self  induction  anrl  giving  say  400  volts  or 
"anything  we  please  according  as  we  wish  to  save  in  the 
“conductors.  The  current  passes  through  the  lines  1  &  2 
"into  a  dis junctor  B,  (an  apparatus  for  reversing  the 
"direction  of  the  current).  This  current  charges  a 
"condenser  C  which  discharges  through  a  sort  of  induction 
"coil  D,  the  sec  ondary  of  which  is  connected  with  the 
"extremities  of  the  glow  lamp  E. 

"One  is  apt  to  think  that  it  is  not  possible  to 
"change  the  direction  of  a  current  in  a  dynamo  machine 
"without  causing  a  cross  or  interruption  and  sparking 
"This  however  is  not  so  in  this  case,  because  when  the 
"current  charges  the  condensers,  and  the  condensers  are 
"charged,  there  is  no  current  flowing  in  the  line  at 
"that  moment  and  because  the  tension  off  the  condensers 
"is  the  same  as  that  of  the  dynanw,  but  opposite,  thus 
"equalizing.  At  this  moment  the  poles  are  changed  at’ 

"the  disjunctor.  He  used  a  very  high  rate  of  discharge 
"or  rather  reversal  very  much  more  than  that  used  in 
transformators.  He  carries  the  low  volts  up  to  the  lamp 
"and  only  at  the  lamp  the  high  volts  are  generated  as  he  intends 
"each  lamp  or  group  of  lamps  to  have  such  an  induction  ciil  "B" 
"which  in  itself  is  very  small,  being  about  8  centimeters  by  4 
"large.  He  has  also  shown  me  this  same  system  of  distribution 
"working  our  lamps,  that  is,  instead  of  his  lamp  at  »E"  one  of 
"our  lamps.  Of  course  in  this  case  the  induction  coil  "D"  was 
"wound  differently.  I  have  thus  given  you  the  outlines  of  this 
"system  which  will  help  you  to  form  an  idea  of  it.  You  have  asked 
"me  if  you  can  tell  it  to  Mr.  Edison,  why  certainly,  I  consider 
."myself  always  yet  belonging  to  him,  as  today  I  am  in  the  company 
"yet  to  which  he  sent  me.  I  heard  Mr.  Edison  had  an  accident,  but 
"was  very  happy  to  hear  afterwards  that  it  was  not  serious." 

Yours  very  truly, 


c 9(.  J-., 1 88  9 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq.,  Private  secretary, 


Orange,  N..T. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Vle  have  referred  all  the  correspondence  regarding  ad¬ 
vertising  in  the  Official  Catalogue  to  Hr.  Dyer?  y;e  think  that 
if  any  advertising  is  needed,  which  by  the  way  we  do  not  think 
essential  to  Mr.  Edison's  reputation,  that  it  should  go  in  the 
name  of  Mir.  Dyer  as  selling  agent  for  Mr.  Edison's  material. 
Yours  truly, 




.,. _ /SS  9 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 


i-  ■ 

Enclosed  is  letter  from  the  Piqua  Company  which  -..-(you 
vri.ll  kindly  return  to  us  after  reading. 

Mr.  Edgar  of  the  Boston  Company  reports  tbr;us  jnthat  in 
selling  new  plants,  that  in  40  hours,  and  never  less  than  60 
hours  from  time  of  starting,  he  receives  word  that  the  lamps  are 
not  giving  the  light  that  they  should  give. 

Yours  truly, 


enclosure . 

Tr casurer . 


^,, . /SS9 

A.  0,  Tate,  Esq.,  Privat 
Orange ,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  desire  to  read  through  all  Mr.  Edison's  contracts 
regarding  electric  light,  if  Mr.  Edison  will  give  me  permission 
so  to  do.  Will  you  kindly  let  me  know  where  I  can  find  them  and 
to  read,  and  when. 

Yours  very  truly, 



9(.  J-., ., . 188  9 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.,  $(-'<■?<  fyf'f  C-y  3 //f  <y 

Laboratory,  Orange,  N.J.  v. - - - - - - - - 

Dear  Sir:- 

With  this  are  drawings  of  the  Furnace,  we  have  no  means 
of  blue  printing  in  our  factory  and  send  you  the  original  drawings 
which  you  will  kindly  return  to  us  when  you  are  through  with  them. 

We  have ’all  the  material  on  the  floor  of  our  machine 
shop  for  the  erection  of  the  furnace  in  accordance  with  these 

drawings  at  half  scale. 

Yours  truly, 





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-L.CiL.B-H,,  9(.  JJ-., — ,Max_giai». _ /ss  9 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq.,  Private  secreatry, 

Laboratory  of  T.  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.J.  / 

Dear  Sir:-  / 

Your  letter  of  May  31st  regarding  Gas  Furnace  Drawings 
received.  These  drawipfes  were  nj/t  what  Mr.  Batchelor  required 
therefore  he  returne/  them  to/us, 

7  Yours  truly. 



HARRISON,  N.  . 1889 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

laboratory,  Orange,  N.J. 
Dear  Sir:- 

Your  favor  of  the  24-th  inst.  in  regard  to'  thPoOTnilaiir 
of  Hr.  Brook  is  duly  received,  and  v 
’•'/0  have  colled  Mr.  Holzea 

j  note  your  remarks  thereon. 

;  attention  to  this  matter  and  ho  says  he 
v/ill  see  you  to-day  about  it.  Y/e  will  have  Mr.  Marshall  make  a 
personal  investigation  of  this  matter.  The  great  trouble  is  at 
Paterson,  that  these  lamps  are  placed  on  Power  looms  and  the  vibra¬ 
tion  is  something  tremendous,  in  fact,  we  have- had  to  devise  a 
special  arrangement  in  the  socket  to  prevent  the  lamps  from  falling 
out.  Vihon  the  lamps  wore  first  put  in  they  fell  out  at  the  rate  of 
three  or  four  per  night,  owing  to  the  enormous  vibration  of  these 
Power  looms.  There  may  bo  something  is  this  that  causes  the 
breakage  at  the  point  of  clamping. 

Yours  trul  y, 


<±jCc*  i- 


HARRISON,  N.  J.,...J.ul.y....26.thr.. 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq.,  Private  Secretary, 

Laboratory  of  T. A. Edison, 

Orange *  K.J. 

Bear  Sir:- 

Mr.  Deshler  at  the  Laboratory  has  a  number  of  lamp  bas  o: 
and  sockets  of  the  Sawyer-Man,  V/estinghouse,  United  States  and 
other  competing  companies.  Vie  desire  to  get  two  of  each  of  those 
as  soon  as  possible,  and  should  be  obliged  if  you  would  give  in¬ 
structions  to  have  same  shipped  to  the  writer  of  this  letter. 

Yours  truly, 


Edison  Lamp  Co., 

'  <*J- . 

. M V  ? 

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A.  0.  Tate,  Esq.,  Secretary, 

Orange,  N.J.  e*/ £* 

Dear  Sir;-  . _ _  / 

Enclosed,  I  beg  to  hand  you  minutes  of  the  Meeting  of  the 
Edison  Lamp  Co.,  held  at  the  Laboratory,  July  31st.  Mr.  Upton 
desires  that  you  v/ri  te  these  in  the  minute  book  in  due  form.  X 
will  sign  the'  Minutes  some  day  Mien  I  am  up.  at  the  Laboratory. 
Yours  truly,  ■ 


Edison  Lamp  Co., 





Minutes  of  a  meeting  of  the  Board  of  Directors  of  the 
EDISON  LAMP  CO.  held  pursuant  to  call  of  the  President,  at  the 
Edison  Laboratorv,  Orange,  N.J.,  on  Wednesday,  July  31st,  1889. 
Present,  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Erancis  R.  Upton, 

Charles  Batchelor, 

Samuel  Insull, 

William  Holzer. 

Mr.  Edison  in  the  chair. 

It  was  moved  by  M±.  Insull  that  Mr.  W.  H.  Meadowcroft  be  ap¬ 
pointed  Secretary  pro-tom.  This  motion  was  seconded  by  Mr.  Upton 
and  carried  unanimously. 

Mr.  Upton  moved  that  Mr.  Samuel  Insull  be  appointed 
Assistant  Treasurer  of  the  Edison  Lamp  Company  with  the  same 
Powers  as  the  Treasurer.'  This  motion  was  seconded  by  .Mr.  Batchelor 
put  to  vote,  and  unanimously  carried. 

Mr.  Insull  moved  that  the  President  of  the  Company  be 
authorized  to  endorse  all  securities  owned  by  the  Company  for  pur¬ 
poses  of  transfer  and  sale;,  and  that  the  Treasurer  or  Assistant 
Treasurer  be  authorized  to  sell  or  exchange  such  securities  as  he 
in  his  discretion  may  decide.  This  motion  was  seconded  by  Mr. 
Holzer,  and  on  being  put  to  vote  was  unanimously  adopted. 

On  motion  the  meeting  then  adjourned,  subjett  to  the  call 


THOMAS  A,  EDISON,  Piibsidbui. 


HARRISON,  N.  J.,...0c.t, . PA.tK, . 1889 

Charles  Patohelor,,  Rsq., 

Laboratory  of  t. a. Edison, 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

V/e  are  desirous  of  obtaining  a  small  alternating  current 
machine,  and  Mr.  Xnsull  said  ho  thought  you  might  be  able  to  give 
us  some  information  concerning  same.  We  would  be  greatly  obliged 
if  you  could  tell  us  whore  we  could  find  one. 

We  desire  to  try  an  alternating  current  machine  in  the 
manufacturing  of  lamps,  as  an  experiment,  and  a  second  hand  ma¬ 
chine  would  answer  our  purpose,  to  make  the  trial. 

Trusting  that  you  can  give  us  the  necessary  information, 
we  remain,  Yours  truly, 



General  Manager, 

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The  Edison  Lamp  Co„ 

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1889.  Electric  Light  -  Edison  United  Manufacturing  Company 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
business  of  the  Edison  United  Manufacturing  Co.  Some  of  the  correspondence 
is  by  Charles  E.  Chinnock,  vice  president  of  the  company.  Several  of  the 
letters  pertain  to  problems  in  the  installation  of  electric  lighting  plants  and  to 
sales  competition  in  the  Midwest  from  the  Westinghouse  and  Thomson- 
Houston  electric  companies. 

Approximately  60  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  letters  of  transmittal- 
meeting  announcements;  other  routine  business  correspondence. 

Related  material  can  be  found  in  D-89-43  (Electric  Light  -  United  Edison 
Manufacturing  Company). 

Die.  by  H.WiL.  .  L  EO  N  A  R  D  •  &  •  |  Z  A  R  D, 

(Consulting  anb  Contracting  Electrical  Engineers, 


Mr.  Samuel  Insull,  pr  Aju,  S"T 

•  ■  ;Ed*eea4fa :ejhfeJjBo»fca>....v;vU  , 

;  Sohorteeiady,'"Ht  Y. 


Dear  Sir:-- 

:  ®ave  UP  their  agency.,* e  were  offerred 

rt  P  ni  hold  by  a  letter  from  the- Edison  United 
,  ^^.signed  -C.E.Chinnock,  Yice-Prest  »  the  date  ' 

S  ^rie^?epii  24  th‘  The  proposed  were  not  satis- 
discussed  the  matter  for  some  time,  by  letter.  We 

A^n+«.  !  the  ins  illations  closed  in .  the  name  ;of  the 

Agents  .  As  this  was  just  what  we  wanted^to  do  and  were  oreoareH  -to 
do  -we  accepted  the  proposition  under  date  ofoS!  18'h  St 

~  “ 2S,C|;  STTJSsgZr*-?  “  ^rltlon  *M°“ 

Nov,  29  ih.  We  enclose  heMw?th^nw^  *La  Cepted  by  otIr  *•«**  Qf 
"ttnited  Company, which  we  have  marke^*BthiM+  ^°P®s^ti0n  from  the 
Ur.  Chinnock  wrote  us  rtsSe-% Ka2SK1*V Kl 
that  the  renewal  bus  iness^m..  the  letter  -in  such  a  way 

our  hands.  This  we  declined  to 

Ing  to.  the  United  Company  endeavLS  £  Vf^er  °n  we  kept  writ- 

■*«?.  ,«ar.8  «*=  SSHt  25STr£o£i£  ST  <k!  oo“te'«* 

sent  us  no  stock  of  any  iteSil!,  :Stoc^' ;9to‘  They 

deal  of#axp,ense  and  trouble  hv  ^batev®r>and  inv’0ived  us  in  a  great 

riyed  . we  foTind.  ourselves  in’  a  •uositi«n,«#1^  f?pa^y  Iw^on.-Eebruaiy  ar*  <. 
•efintract  under  whichv  the  f Uhited^cMcanw* f  having  thoroughly  definite  >  > 

®g  ■■•  _ 



S.t,  -2« 

■Wh^n  Mr.  'Chinnock  was  out  here  in., February  at  the  Edison.  Convention, 
we  spent  a  couple  of  days  in  discussing  between  ourselves:  and  with 
Messrs,  ttjtbh,  Bergmnn.  &  others j, the  terms  of  a  contract  between  us. 
Filially  Upbn  Feb.  10  th.'we  mutually  agreed  with  the  terms  of  a  eon- 
send  you  a  copy  of  this  contract  herewith, marked'  ‘Exhibit 
B"  This  was  the  third  contract  we  had  agreed  to,  the  first  one  be¬ 
ing  our  acceptance  of  their  proposition  to,  do  the  ;work  in  our  own 
name  and  pay  cash  for  the  goodsa  second  the  acceptance  of  exhibit  A 
third  -  exhibit  B.  After, Everything  was.  thoroughly  agreed  to, 

.  lar.Chinnock.  declined  to  sign. the  contract,  stating  that  he  wished  to 
if*??  himself  of  responsibility  as  far  as  possible, but  assured  us 
that  it  would  be  put  through  exactly ;  in  accordance  with  exhibit  B. 

?°r  back  Eas.t  he  sent  us  another  Contract  which  was  entirely 
different. in  a  great  many  vital  points.  This  we  declined  to  accept. 
^The  .matter  was  under  .discussion  for  a  couple  of  weeks  and  finally 
.under  date  of  Feb.  24  th.  he  sent  us:  a  :propositlon,a  eopy  •  of -which- 
:  we  send  herewith  marked  ‘Exhibit  C“.  This  was  not  satisfactory  and* 

|°r  a  m?ath  ®?r?  »  discuss9d  the  matter  by  letter.  Finally  on  March 
f!at!d^haLw?vmust  9ither  accept  that  contract,  or  none, 
and  under  date  of  the  28  th.  we  sent  a  conditional  acceptance, which 
b»  a„d!finite-  accePtance  of  the  proposition  in.  his  letter 

of  March  30  th.  This  ‘exhibit.  C‘  is  the  contract  we  are  at  present 
operating  under..  ■■■ 

Several  months  ago  Mr.  Chinnock  without  cause  and  without  any  no- 
tioe  whatever  j  sent  us  notification  that  he  would  discontinue  from 
I  ^Wanoe  of  $333  a  month.  We  replied  denying  that  he 
right  to  •  do  so  j  and.  notifying  him  that  in.  case  the  $333  a 
monthiwere  di  scontinued  that  we  should  '  no  t  "continue  . -as  agents  -  under 
the  remainder  of  the-  -terms of  the  contraet.  Upon  Oct.  19  th.  he 

;'  Uf  OTi^ei1'  *°tice'that-  our  agency  would  be  discontinued 
t2  c0imi^4?«S  ?0m  i  l  date. Since  that  time,X-bei'ieve  no  writ¬ 
ten  comunication  has  passed  between  us  in  regard  to  the  matter  other 

■  S  the  l8^h  ofS4Mnt  °f+Ih'  receipt  0f  the  n°iification.  Therefore 
tMf  month  oar  agency  with  the  United  Company  will 
terminate  as  matters  at  present  stand.  1*-.  Chinnock  we  believ6pre- 
tends  to  claim  that  he  had  a  verbal  understand  with  X  t£t  IS 
^Pb00Jer  J™11  for  only  one  yeari  We  denied,  absolutely  any 

tSt  wrsr+p  bl^md0  by  ns-  The  contract  clearly  states  ? 

that  we  are  to  receive  $333.  per  month.  Even  had  aiy  verbal  agreement 
of  IS  Chinnock. would  have  deprived  himself 

w beoe:£*t  .of  11  by  *he  iast  clause^of  the  agreement, which  he  in- 
If  '■  WOrdff^°ivhe  effect  that  any  agreements  verbal 

tb?  ab<>ve  ,are  to  be  considered  null  and 
void.  We  wrote  Ifr.  Chinnock  a  long  letter  detailing  the  various  ex- 

fT  J*??®  of  this  letter  was  Oct.  16  th.,and  we  enclose  a  copy  of  it  • 
herewith, narked  Exhibit  D‘,  which  will  give  to  you  the  arguments 
•  froni  our  standpoint  as  to  the  necessity  of  such  an  allowance  being  :J:: 
^gnted  by  the, United  Company  In  supporting  an  office  here  in  'Chicago 

^  ^  P'>.  ■  , 

S.s.  -3- 

We  beg  to  call  your  attention  to  the  fact  that  .the  Chicago  Agency 
of  the  United  Company  .is  different  from  any. .other  ,  agency  in  the 
country.  .  Chicago,  is 'recognized  as  headquarters  of  all  this  Western 
country, and  every first  class  concern  operating  throughout  the  coun¬ 
try  is  expected  .to ■:  have  ;. headquarters  at  Chicago  as  well  as  at  New- 
York.  Furthermore  all  supply  houses  carry  a  large  stock  and  all 
goods  are  sold  F..  0.  B;  Chicago  •  ■  In  addition  to  this  .natural  teiri- 
dency  demanding  a  comprehensive  representation  . a, t.  Chicago;  with  full 
stock  of.  supplies, etc'|:fKthe.  fact  that  the  Westerii  Edison  Co.  handled 
the  territory  immediately|,surrouhdihg  Chicago  for  a  number  of  years 
and  carried  a  full  stock  of  all  kinds  of  materials  which  the  plants,'  - 
required  and  had  full  authority  to  transact  any  business  .which  might  \ 
be  presented.  This  fact, as  I  say,  makes  it  absolutely  necessary  that  r 
/  the  United  Company  .'have  in  Chicago  not  only  a  full  stock  of  all  kinds 
;  of ’materials  which, can  be  shipped  by  .express  oh- short  notice,butlt  % 
jgustalsri.have  representativeswith  pretty  broad  authority  to  act  as 
promptly  as  necessary,  and  it  is  essential  that  such  representative 
.  by  not  dependent  in  any  way  upon  New  York  for  estimates,  determina- 
.  tions  and  similar  points  of  information  which  are  required  in  impor¬ 
tant  cases  unexpectedly.  All  other  prominent  electric  light  company 
les  have  in  Chicago  a  representative,  with  practically  unlimited  au¬ 
thority,  and  if  they,  lose  the  job  upon  which  they  are' competing, it  is 
merely  because  they  do  not  wish  to  take  it  at  a  price  which  they  have 
full  authority  to  make  but  do  not"  choose  to.  .Wei, on  the  other  hand, 
find  ourselves  with  certain  well  defined,  bed  rock'  price, which  is  the 
lowest  price  under  any  .'circumstances  at  which  we  can  hope  to  secure 
■  the  apparatus  .  The ^  . United  ,  Company  :has  . never  in. -  any.  case;  given  .us  the 
slightest  assistance  of  any  character  in  securing  any  plant  in  our 
territory.’  •  We  have  been  repeatedly  assured  by  Mr.  Chinnoek  of  his 
inability  to  make  any  further  reduction  in  price, and  have,  therefore 
never  made,  any  such  request  except  in  a  .general  way, asking  for  a  gen¬ 
eral  reduction  in  the  price  of  the  apparatus  on ’the:  NOs.  1;  .2,  3  &  4 
plants.'  On  the  other  hand  the  United  Company  quotes  45  o/o  off: list  to 
any  party  in  our  territory  who  request  :  figures,  thereby  making  the 
price -of;  the  apparatus  definitely  fixed  at  45  o/o  off  list.  This  is 
the  maximum  price  we  dare  quote,  as  otherwise  the  United  Company  will 
underbid  us,and.  the  prospective  purchaser  will  lose  all, confidence  in 
Vs;  Thus,  under  existing  methods, 15  o/o  commission  upon  the  price  oto 
tained  by  taking  45  o/o  off  list, is  the  .  greatest  commission  we  can 
hope  to  make  in  selling  Edison  apparatus  for  'the  United  Company.  Any 
further,  profit  than  this  which  we  make  is  made'  as  constructors,  and 
as  the  pur chaser&almos  t  invariably  demands  a  price  upon  the  apparatus 

and  upon  the  .construction  separately, our  construction  bid  is  in  com- 

.petition  with  other  first  class . constructors .  We  therefore  claim 
***  as  Agents  of  the  United  Company, tta*  the  most  we  can  possible  make , 
which  should  be  credited  to  the  fact  that  we  are  agents  of  the  United 
Compapy,is  15  o/o.upon  the  price  of  the  apparatus.  The  selling  price; 
of  the  listed  apparatus  is  about  $4.00  per  lamp.  The  commission  would 
therefore  amount  to  60  ets..  per  . lamp  in  dynamo  capacity,  The';  expense 

0Ur  °ffloe  emP1°JrinGr  the  necessary  traveling  sales- 

■  ’  i.*,'  ,  ,  „  '  »  r  ;  *  '  .  *?" 

S,t  ,  -A'-  ;  >.  ■  ,4 

men,ainouni  tb  $12, 000. a  year.  If  we  sell  in  our  territory  20,000  lamps 
he  commissions  upon  the  apparatus  sold  would  pay  the  expense 
Ofmlintalning  our  office,  hut  we  as  a  firm  would  not  have  made  one 
eent  out  of  such  commissions.  In  addition  to  the  commissions, however 
'  ourrtfirrT+ow±te  ^  f^lr  Profit  *on  the  sale  of  renewal  supplies  in  ’ 
2LlSS?£*i  S,V TOre  all0wed  t0  handle  this  renewal  business 
andhuiid  it  up  as  much  as  possible, we  presume  we  could' 

fl‘°m  ihe-  sa*e  °f- Edison  patented  renewal  sup- 
'SJ^A^Li?J?,1,di5?4la?llW»''  nei  uS  $200  or  $300'  Per  month.  With  a 
i^ML^rit0iy  thls  renewal  business  would  of  course  amount  to  pro- 

7  Preseni  ^rangement.  Therefore  if  we  sell-  ^  ' 

£y  tSe  SenSef  r  Mssl0™  derived  therefrom  would 

the  .expenses  of  doing  the  business, and  we  would  have  left  for 
Hfit  lh  the  business,  *all  profit  derived  ftom  sale 
H  000^er?earten^r+neWa4  4s?pplies>  together  with  the  a  licence  of 
4l2  00o  ”f  tL  nS,  r  11  in  ano*her  the  total  expenses  being 
,the  United  Company  pays  $4,000  of  this,  we  would  have  to 
wouLi1!’^^1®  r?aci*y  per  year  in- order  that  the  commissions 
Our  prSfit  then  ^uSTe^h000'  °« f pens!  maintaining  the  business.  :  : 
™ »■,,  ?  vd  b  the  profli  due  to  renewals  and  the  commis- 
1  the^  ^  a111-  la“Ps  beyond  13,000  per  year.  Carrying  it  a  step  f£- 
ihai  we  wowld.  have  to  sell  10,000.  lamps  capacity  per 

Jange2nt  Md  Ke  c6n+  • *  °f  ^f°r  ourselves  nnder  the  Sesent  ar-  ' 
Ch-f^rWr-L^+^f  we  oontmued  the  .agency  without  the  $4.000,as  Mr. 
netTcent  S  m,S.Te70U^  ^ve  1°  sen  16,000.  lamps,  before  we  could 
ourselves,,  allowing  $3300  for  renewal  profits  which  is  ex- 
libera!  and  based  upon  futures  principally.  With  prevailing 

that  hSess  it  f+geit“f  ±U  The  Edison  Company  will  find 

cxtremp.  ^e  IpresuS' £?a^ff in^SiS^1^®3 

ii  4nc2descent  flighwS  if Sh  °etitfal  station  which^s^S  best  fSld^. 


*  l.i 

S.X.  JR-- 

Eort  Wayne  Jenney;  In  small  plants  our  competitors, if  the  ■  Edison 
Manufacturers  statements  be  correct,  must  lose  money,  but  they'  seem 
to  be.  willing  to  do  this  for  the  sake,  of  the  renewal  profits.  X  wrote 
one  of  cur  best  agents  who  is  up  in  the  lumber  mill  regions  in  Wiscon¬ 
sin, a  very  strong  letter  urging,  that,  he  sell  Edison  plants  at  cost  if 
necessary  rather  than  to  get  left.  X  enclose  you  herewith  extracts 
•  from  this  letter  of  ours., together  with,  his  reply ,which  speaks  for  it¬ 
self.  We  have  sent  to  the  United  Company  any  quantity  of  similar 
letters  from  other  agents.  Our  concern  and  all  our  employees  are  thor¬ 
oughly  loyal  to  the  Edison  Company,  and  should  like  to  remain  with  it 
exclusively* provided  we  could  make  a  fair  return  by  so  doing.  !Bui 
when  we  find  it  necessary  to  spend  about  half  the  profit  on  con-  „ 

'.■.;sjl'P1®t,ion  for  the  privelege  of  selling  Edison  apparatus  in  our  ter- 
J  ritoryjarid  find  .plenty,  of.  construction  work  to  .be  had  independent  of  : . 

,  the  agency,  we  are  forced  to  the.  conclusion  that  if  Mr.  Chinnock’s 
proposition  is  the  best  we  . can  secure, it  would  be  best  for  us  not  to  1 
:  accept- it.  We  have  made  repeated  requests  for  additional  territory, as 
•.  -.we.  could  readily  handle  four  or  five  more  states'  from  this  office  with 
■3po  appreciable  additional  expense.  We  had  hoped  that  next  year,  our 
^’territory  might  be  increased,,  and  that  the  business  organization  of 
the  Edison  Company  in:  the  East- might  place  us  in.  such. position  that  • 
we  would  be  able  to  meet  the  competition  and  do  well  for  ourselves  and 
the  Edison, Company  as -well.  We  have- made  a  great  many  sales  in  other 
agents  ;  territory .  In  one  ease  we  sold  a  plant  in  Montana, and  after 
having  made  sale  Mr., :  Chinnook  declined  to  fill  the  order  for  -the  .  ap¬ 
paratus  .  We  spent  a  good  deal  of  money  in  securing,  the  sale j'fcfiskwas 
wasted.  In  every  instance  where  we  have  made'  a  sale  in  other,  agents  * 
territory  we  have  received  only  one-half  commissipn,and  in  one  in¬ 
stance,  the  agents, Hughs  &  Browning,  declined. to  give  us  any  portion 
of  the  commission:,  and  the  Only  profit  we  made  was  that  due  to  eon- 
struction.  The  fact  that  no  other  agent  has  made  ary  sale -in  our 
territory  *«r  that  an^  agent  ever  asked  us  for  the  privelege  of  at¬ 
tempting  to  make  such. a  sale, ni»r  that  aaf  agent  ever  quoted  figures 

°Yr ^  terri^ory  as  far  as  we  know,  tends  to  show  that  our 
territory  has  at  any  rate  received  more  attention  than  the  territory 
surrounding.  We  should  like  very  much  if  it  were  possible  to  effect 
some  arrangement  by  .which  we  could  represent  the  Edison  Company  under 
terms  satisfactory  to  both  of  us,  in  Minnesota,  Dakota'  Iowa  .Illinois 
Michigan, Ohio  &  Kentucky.  Dakota  at  "present  has  " 
uatA+I  1^t^4ttenti0n»  :and' as  nearly  all  -communication  with 

phieaS9»  Minneapolis  &  St;  Paul, we  think  we -are  very 
well  located,  to  take,  care  of  this  state.  St.  Paul  ^Minneapolis  are  ’ 
2f+Sdw?arJerf  °f  v1  buslness  in  Minnesota  and  the  Northwestern 
^sconsinjand  we  have  a  well  organised,  force  in  Minneapolis 
a?f  Pau*  ^  charge  of  Mr.;  Andrews.  We  have  the  exclusive  right  to 
all  Edison  Isolated  business  in  Minneapolis  &  St.  Paul  for  a  term  of 

TT± th  ihs  local  companies . •  Chicago  is  the  natural  _k 
f 11  *U«SSS  in  Illlnois,lndiana, Iowa.Wis consin  &  Michigan" 
a!so  portion  of  Ohio.  .  We  should  like,  to  establish  a  branch  “office'  in 


th®  t&iited  Company  there  and  also  the  local 
Edison  Company  at  Cincinnati, who  are  doing  practically  no  isolated 
business, although  there  is'  a  large  amountof  isolated  wk  being  done 

dea^Mth^s^r^  of  sKon* 

isrliisf  Ss£=™i?H=™;,i 

construction  work  for  this  section  of^tb^  ^  +aleS  and  sive  Us  ihe 
iness.  provided  our  SieS  are  re^on^^  °0Untry  for  ^  Edison  bus-  , 
.we  will  make  no  arrLgemLt  +n  ™  blf’  Can  state  Positively  that 
to  the  Edison,  butl^Spwt  “te80nlstic 

all  -Sirph  a  expect  to  do  construction  work  for  anv  or 

down  to  first  eojt  of  apparatus^n^ind^id  bl>ine  thS  COmPe^1'tion 

ferent  systems^ThomsonSst^  S  fUperl0rty  of  the  dif" 

others  of  lesser  imno-r+anao  °“\™d  tlie  Westinghous.e  Companies  and 
to  have  us  acrLSrSnaIiftVr -SSWed  «s  ^  their  willingness 
promised  us  all  work  which  the^r?11^130^^1*110^'1011'  for  ai:L  and  have 
We  shall  hn-na  +J,+  wl~°h  me  Priee  would  warrant  them  in  giving  us 
United  Compai|, aM^if wil1  b®  satisfactory  to^the* 
we  may  continue  to  ■  act^^agents  ^for  th^uSted  ^Company .  by  which 

■  Yours  very  truly,  . 

’Leonard  &  Izard. 

fy/tU  1 



The  Edison  United.’  Manufacturing  Co. 

New  York, November  19,1887. 

Messrs..  Leonard  &  Izard. 

^  3.85  Dearborn  St.,  Chicago,  IUs. 

Dear  Sirs:  — 


wlich  you  have)  made  to  aen+r>»T  c+l-u  *s’>  Tawast  price  (copy  of 

tSliS5tS: Sra^esf' 10  °”  '“•"““J  W.-ilK  b.. 

'•*"  °*  **ttorncy,ro- 


m**  central  Sn^n  $££££5  whether 

accompany  the  order.  asis  of  an  isolated  piant^must 


‘  "  -2- 

Seventh,  You  to  have  the  exclusive  right  to  settle  all  disputed 
claims  and  the  proportion  of  the  amount  collected,  to  be  allotted 
pro  rata  and  upon  notice  of  thirty  days,  ire  to  have  the  right  to  re¬ 
call  above  in  any  particular  instance. 

Eighth,  It  is  agreed  that  all  patented  materials  manufactured  by 
the  shops,  required  for  plants  sold  in  your  territory, are  to  be  or¬ 
dered  from  this  company. 

Ninth,  In  case  you  sell, in  one  year, -(in  your  territory, or  out¬ 
side  of  it  with  approval)  more  than  8,000  lamps, figured  on  the  lamp 
capacity  of  the  dynamos  sold,  you  to  be  allowed,  on  all  purchases 
from  us  beyond  that,  an  additional  seven  and  one-half  per  cent  in 
addition  to  the  regular  discounts.  This  to  cover  renewal  supplies 

as  well  as  for  original  installations. . 

Truly  yours  , 

;-The.:Edison  United  ifenufaeturing  Co. 

;  by 

,  . C.  E.  Chinnock ,  ' 

f,  ■  .  Vice-President. 


Chicago  ,Peb.  10  th.  ,1888.. 

Messrs.  Leonard  &  Izard. 



Referring  to  the  agreements  a*  present  in  force  between  us, by  vir- 
letteLS  °f  SeI>U  24  th*  1887  and  our  letter  of  Nov. 
Council^  mder,wf' represent  us  in  Wisconsin, Iowa  except  in 
Council  Bluffs,  and  in  Illinois  except  in  .that  portion  south  of  a 

t^r+aVpekihr?Ueh  Louis»  now  you  the  following  proposition 
to  take  the  place  of  our  letter  of  concessions  of  Nov.  19  th.  1887. 
+w?S<Lthat  “y.^ause  of  the  present  letter  is  in  conflict  with 
rJlingw!  9f  S-ept *  thi »  :*he  PFfsent  letter  to  be  considered  the 

wipl  allow  y°u  H,000  per  annum  to  be  used  in  the  payment 
+«“d  eXpe?fnS ,of'  iraveling  agents  in  your  territory.  You 
wLn  U*  vouchers  . covering' s uch  salaries  and  expenses 

iSw  to^you  a  check  in  settlement  of  the  same:  said 

io  be^made, payable  to  the  agents  themselves.  We  herebyau- 

untS  Lytos  seS^S0^^  SUCl1'  °heClC  fr0m  any  agent  in  yew.  employ 
n+L™!*  fettled  with  you  any  amounts  due  you  from  him. 

to ^be 6 torero t^3an  receiving  such  payments .  direct  from  •us',  said  agents 
to  way  entirely'  ^  yQur  control,  and  we  hereby  agrefJot  • 

to  interfere  in  any  way  with  such  control. 

.Jtl1  eontracis'  t0  be  “ade  on  forms  mutually  agreed  upon  between 

si sras  -  si,™2 


We  agree  that  we  will  not  in  any  wav  inter fer&'  . . 

“e  pmolas*rs 

It  is  understood  tint  in  are  to  carry  a  stooi  of  all  such  supplies 


for  renewals  as  will  enable  you  to  meet  the  demands:  of  customers  in 
W^™r+J°ry*  LaJPs’  and  armatures  to  be,  accepted  from  such  supplies. 

0  cafiyjf2r,  the  Plants  in  your  territory  one  armature ?of 
each  ^nd  .required  to  supply  the  demand  of  you^territory, you  to  keep 
f  °d  repair  wi^°ut  further  expense  to  us.  In  case 
J°.purchas?  armatures  to :  carry  -.for  renewals , they  are  to 
b  t+T?'  h!d  ^  y°  same  prices  as  other  renewal  supplies. 

if  understood  that  orders  for  renewals  of  every  description  in 
y  ur  territory  are  to  be.  sent  . to  you, and  we  agree  to  not  furnish 
been1 Sf/”  y0Uf  territory  at'a  P^ice  less  than  the  consumer  has 
been  paying  for  such  supplies  .previously,  and  that  in  case  we  fill 
order^we  are  to  bill  the  same v to  you  at  fifteen  (15)  per 
■  te  ooSr  a?°Ve  nf  v°St  t0  "S'*  and' thai  y°u  **11  -tte  BOOds^o 
ip ' be •  ^ceP*»d •  **<>»  this.  In  the  case  of  lamps, 

Tf  Sus  o?  w4^  y°u  all  profits  derived  from  the  sale 

01  lamps  of  all  kinds  in  your  territory. 

supplies  for  renewals'. are  . to  be  furnished  to  you  at  10  o/o 

agreed  that  you  are  to  represent  us  exclusively  for  tie  same 
!£pplles' and  apparatus  as  we  control;  and  to  case  that^' 
SI aijft, "  rtl1  w>*»*-ro-.ia  your 

i/voS  W?lihat  al*  EflS0n  patented  materials  required  for  plants 
your  twratory  are  to  be  ordered  from  this,  company.  In  case  vou 
?+0m  **  in  fiy  one  year  installation  sullies  either  for 
SOOO^Zn^Z  °J  0Utsid®  Gf  it>  Mth  our  approval,  for  more  than 
list  i^  +n  hf  r^P0^  lamP'  eapacity  of  dy^antos  by  the  present 
list,  you  to  be  allowed  on  all  purchase^  from  us  beyond  that  in  said 
year, and, required  for  three  months  from  date  0^X0^  an  aJdlSon- 
al  seven  fc  one-half  per  cent  beyond  the  regular  discomt!  l£is  is 
In  case^Srfor^v1^  aswellas  those  for  original  installations, 

£ SR  s 

}?L 2J,  contra°t .  Similarly , you  are  to ;  give  us  three  months*  no¬ 
tice  in  case  you  wish  to  annul  this  contract  at  axy  time. 


r,  The  Edison  United  Manufacturing’  Company. 


New  York,  Eeb  .  24  th.  ,1888. 

Messrs.  Leonard  &  Izard. 

185  Dearborn  St.,  Chicago .Ills. 

Gentlemen: — 

. .  '  Uith  the.  understanding  thatyou  accept  the  terms,  condi-. 

oa1^S  foor.°bli^'^i0ns  as  la^<i  doim  in  our  circular  letter  of  Sep.t 
Ite  except  such  portions  as  conflict  with 

°?®sslons>  this ,  company  hereby  agrees  to  appoint  you 

°*m\Tsir’  l0’a>  »«* Sou 
Si  IS?  ’  “°eptl°S  t!,at 

aoS^’hTliS11  ■oetli  to  be  used  in  the  pav., 

“S  t  flSS8La“  ^a  0,  traT»1U^  a@nts  Jour  territory!  ■ 
f ir™T' M°  us  monthly  vouchers  Covering .  such  salaries  and  ex- 

■  El  °*a  report ,  giving  in  detail  the  territory  cKvassed! 
ZJT*  t0  a  .check  Cinosettleinent  of 
ize  to  Tri+hbAT^10  ^ya?le  t0  aU0nts  themselves.  We  hereby  author- 
iettlSd^e*^ h  °hCcl  fw*“  "O'  «s«t  iiiyonr  employ  SStil  ho  taS 

S^r^SrTirS  SSS  ^  ^  *“*•  fU-  5* 

or  the :»mt  due  you, ,4  to  SS^°IOrtlS” 

chaser,  whether  it  is  a  aa<?h  Mr.4i.-i  sivlnU  the  name  of  the  pur- 
the  contract  price  an^suelrsalientiioints'Stolatire^te^th84  ♦ 
as  are.  necessary  for  us  to  receive  tn  m. iL  *  ^  ^  c0nteact 

1 ‘g®*;*11:  ‘“totiono  aad8OT 

Your  are  to  have  the  exclusive  right  to  settle  all  disputed  , 



be^e!n  yourselves  and  ihe  purchaser  of  Edison  apparatus,  we 
nSeJ  hf+wSt  ^  Wll^in  m  ™y  interfere  with  such.  settlement  of  dis- 
ffeen  yourselves  and  the  purchaser,  except  after  thirty  days  . 
notice  to  you  to.  that  effect..  ■  .  y  yb 

is  understood  that  you  will  carry  a  stock  of  such  supplies 
4?™  Purposes  as  will  . enable  you  to  meet  the  demands  of  euzito- 
territory,  lamps  and  armatures  to  be  excluded  from  such 
St ure'o-F  e  carry,fbr  ^  plants  in  your  territory,  one 

of  eac^  ,°£ *he  new  type  of  dynamos, required  to  supply  the 
wiS/K^^^^i  you  to  keep  such  armatures  in  good  repair 
6Xpense  t0us»  11  ^ing  understood,  however ,  that  you 

"r*  riist  «**■* 

?Up?lle!  for-  renewals  are  to  be  finished  to  you  at  -  ‘ 
m  e?'  Sv  ®  f  net  C0S't  0f  same  to  you  to  receive  the  bene-  • 
22;  reduction  in  price,  to  us;  such  supplies  for  renewals  pur-  • 

Sttout  interest  ySL^°n1>r^etiled  for  montlJLy  by  nine  months  notes, 
SS2  v  *  •  orders  for  renewals  are  forwarded  to  this 

^Compa-ny  direct^  by.,  the  .  purchaser,  we  agree  to  bill  the  same  direct  to 
v2ce^n0?ost^,C+hdit  you  wl^h  the  difference  between  15- o/o  ad- 
ITcovZse St^fo  fCeived  for  the  renewals,  we  agreeing, 

you^  SclusSe  ^Lhff £ *!r' 3  ln  any  to  interfere  with 

la^lettS  I*  S? 1 M  the  territory  allotted  you  under-  our  circus 
+«  ?  the  above,  renewal  lamps  are  excepted,  and' if  you  wish 

aL^fof  6  S  thB  Pr°fits  of  the- same, we  agree  tS-d?vide  Sth  you 
!  tb®  renewal,  lamps,  providing  the  expense  of  carrying 
thi^  rL,™?9^  *■  0Vf  business'  is  borne,  equally  by.  yourselves  and 
SS  0f  pr°“‘  ■*Uo*<1-  .Utfr-Oafew  teins 

£  tMs  Company,  ,  In  Sf  yoVp^cSse  gom  g’ 

i  “  Tf 1  installation  supplies ,  either  for  your  territo^  or 

^ni  ?L°  p  n^^hen  SUCh  S£ile  i£  made  by  you  with  our  approval  for 

lSSa^^of  J°,bear -even  date .  witl^ur  settlement’  of  January  1  st 


cular  letter  of  Sept,,  24  th.,  1887  and  price^tlccS^n^sa^.61" 
Truly yours,  . 

(Siped)  The  Edison  United  Manufacturing  Co. 
by  C«  E*.  Chinnoekj,V\  P* 


t'L  C%* 

Chicago, Oct.  16  th.,1888. 

/  <QXJi 

Mr.  C.  E,  Chinnoek;  • 

Viee-Prest.  Edison  United  Manufacturing  Co., 

65  Fifth  .Aire*,:  New  York  City,  N.Y.  ' 

Dear  Sirs— 

way, we  shall  expect  the  allowance*1  contraet  in  any 

Wffih  ?2ZF&P 


at  present  aid  that  we  2*SLS?S  Y9ry 

in  fact  a  amch  larger  one  “  «*P9<=ting  the  allowance  and 


urged  to.  We  have  five  travel! ^  ^  " 5<iison,though  frequently 
—  Paid  and  receive  JSS^S'igt  &°k£?  Tf^  **»*- 
a  commission.  The  salaries  alone  of  +^°<,^10G»a"d:  in  addiiion  receive 
ioonth,and  the  expense  average  ,$120- per .  ■aitttf^SS’Sr-^oJS!- ffit 

we ’$666  ° o r a j us tatwic e^as h^l ’ °°0  p<>i  aontll*you  are  Paying  $335  and 

Our  offic^sffiief  entSe™  ouSidTof  S  .?  f  *  *W  pef^bnth. 

Our., store-room'' salaries'  amount  ■  to  $201  17  t0  $3pG*65 

are  $100  per  month.  Our  incSentai$e™58*  °  Testing-room  salaries 
averages  $98.00  per  Mo  expense  connected  with  the  business 

ing  for  our W^^.aetk 
are  operating  an  important  aSy  $?55  ***  “®nth,you 

nof  $333,, we* "are paying  but  $1920.00  wheth^^ 

we  have  been  swi^tte^s^d1?^  ^Sre^ha^^'  3,8  ®Sents»but 
nnfair  that  yon  should  force  .. 


.  C.E.C.  -2- 

s pend  $4,000  per  year  more, or  else  sacrifice  what  we  have  expended  and 
let  you  receive  all  the  benefit  of  it.  But  i'f  after  knowing  all  tie 
facts, you  still  insist  on  our  taking  our  choice  of  these  two,wev  shall 
certainly,  take  the  latter,and  charge  our  loss  to  misplaced  confidence. 

We  have  just  closed  contract  with  the  Minneapolis  Company,  by  which 
we  handle  all  their  isolated  business  for  two  years, and  shall  estab¬ 
lish  a  fine  offiee  ini  the  dumber  Exchange, with  our  Mr.  Andrews  in 
charge  of  that  office,  This  a  decided  benefit  to  your  business 
in  Wisconsin  &.  Minnesota. 

We  wish  to  continue  operating  exclusively  with  the.  Edison  Company, 
and  we  trust  that  you  will  not  cancel  our  contract.  If  you  will  take 
the  trouble  to  come  out  here, you  will  return  convinced  that  the  al¬ 
lowance  is  just, moderate  and  'that  it  has  been  well  used"  The  trouble 
is  you  are  not  posted  about  the  situation  here, and  never  will  be  by 

From  Oct.  18  th.  1887  to  Aug.  18  th.,1888  (10.  months)  we  paid  you  ‘ 
$24081. 87, or* a  rate  of$28,896.00  per  year.  If  you  will  give  us  10  o/o 
discount  .from  present  .prices,  Excepting  renewal  lamps,  we  will  accept 
this  in  lieu  of  the  present  allowance.  In  that  case,  if  we  did 
little  or  no  business  we  would  sustain  all  the  direct  loss, and  we- 
would  have  to  increase  our.  sales  50  per  cent  in  order  to  get  an 
amount  equal  to  present  allowance.  We  have  bought  more  supplies  from 
you  than  the  Western  Edison  Company  ever  bought  in  same  period, omitting 
lamps,  and  yet  we  have  ordered  nothing  for  Chicago  proper,  which  used 
to  furnish  at  least  half  their  business*  Under  this  latter  propos it 
iion  you  risk  absolutely  nothing, and  we  risk  everything. 

Remember  that  you  have  not  been  bothered  by  any  troubles  of  any 
character  with  plants  in  our  territory.  Youhave  billed  the  goods 
to  us  as  though  they  were  coal  or  iron,  and  have  never  had  to  look 
outside  ..of  x  us  for  any  collection.  You  have  made  absolutely  no  bad 
debts.  You  are  dealing  with  practically  one  conoern,and  that  a  re¬ 
sponsible  one./  We  are.  the.  ones  who  stand  the'  disputes ,  complaints 
and  financial  losses.  The  plants  are  constructed  as  we  11, if  not  bet¬ 
ter,  than  any  in  the  country,  and  will  always  be  a  credit  to  you, and 
the  amount  of  business  we  do  is  as  much  as  any  one  could  do, and  is 
rapidly  increasing.  Eli  these  considerations  are  valuable  ones, and  we 
hope  you  will  weigh  them  carefully  before  cancelling  our  contract. 

Yours  very  truly, 

Leonard  &  Izard*  ‘ 
per  H.  Ward  Leonard. 



Figures  from,  propositions  on  incandescent  plant,  received  by  City  of 
Lyons,  Iowa. 

§  °  3 
8-8  S? 

,®  8 
3  S 

o  ta 
w  §> 



Dynamo  capacity  16  c.  B. 





2-  6  s 


Conductors  * 






Converters  for  -■ 





No.  of  16  C.P.  lamps 





|  500 

No.  of  sockets  • 





:  500 

Guaranteed  damp  life  in  hours 

800  ; 



!  800_^„ 

!  600  "  ... 

Price' 16  c.  P.  lamps  for  r.enei 

TciXs  75i 

(.  75js  . 


Less  3 i 

|  if  butts  returned, 

Loss  in  efficiency  in  con¬ 

sed  5e/ 


ductors  guaranteed  not  to  exc 

0  5  0/0 

|  5  0/0 

3  0/0 

1.8  0/0 

Guaranteed  lamps  per  H.P.  in 



— — 

12  , 


.  Lampsw  wired  for  inside  cleat 




.  500 



Contract  price  ■ 





*£  $7358.50 

Terms-  days  after  plant  star 

ts  60 




■Y/estinghouse  Company  agreed  to  furnish  them  all  the  .switches  wanted 
free  of  charge. 

There  were  15,l/4  miles  of  .wire.  in.  our  system.  Poles  line  furnished  by 
the'  purchaser. 



Extract  from  letter  to  Mr.  Pierce.. 

Mr.  R.  H.  Pierce, 

Green  Bay,  Wis. 

Dear  Sir;  — 

»I  Sboultl  be  willing, however,  to  seir  at  absolute  cost  if 
necessary  for  the  present,  in  order  to  try  to  sake  a  fair  stewing 
to?  the  Edison  people.  Please  bear  this  in'  mind  and  endeavor  in  every 
^ay  possible  to  secure  all  the  Edison  business  you  can  in  the  Med¬ 
iate  future.” 

Yours  very  truly, 


•  ••  Leonard  &  Izard, 
per  H.W.L.  M 


Extract  of  Mr.  Pierce’s  letter. 

%  Dec.  31  st*-,  18)38. 

Leonard  &  Izard. 


B  Yours  of  the.  26  th.  at  hand.  Your  remarks  con- 

earning; the  Edison- .business  noted.  As  to  the  small  isolated  business, 
I  have  discussed  that  with  you  already.  Unless  I  can  catch  a  man 
without  competition  I  can  get  no  price  in  this  territory, as  other. 
Cos.  bid  below  the  net  cost  to  us.  .  The  econo*/  of  the  lamps  cuts  no 
figure  except  as  it  affects  price, and. the  life  of  lamps  is  not  much 
considered,  as  we  guarantee  no  more  than  others.  I  have  spent  a  large 
amount  of  time  and  money  on  this  work  already,-  but  I  do  ubt  believe 
there  is  much  money  in  selling  at  cost  and  spending  $10,  to  $20  a  trip 

for  several  trips  to.  try  to  sell  a  plant  in- a  saw  mill.  If  I  am  ex¬ 
treme  in  -*/-  opinion  I  cannot  help  it.  You. have  seen  letters  stating 
that  the  Edison  was  preferred  and- -would  be  used  at  an/  where  near  the 
same  price,  And  after- cutting  the  profit  to  less  than  the  expenses, we 

have  failed  to  secure  the  jobs.  I  am  doing  all-  I  can  at  Kaukauna 
and  the  prospect  is  fine.  Am  working  on  De  Pere  also.  Anti  go  is  also 
a  matter  of  the  way  they  will  raise  the  money.  I  hope  to  put  in  some 

^S^  S0°n’  if  Wttle  business  is  done  by  us  in  this  coun¬ 
try,  the  Edison  People  ean  thank  themselves  cheerfully,  for  it.- Let  th 

try  to  work! this  territory  and  let  us  take  some  other  system  and  the; 

■  will  find  out  what  is  what.  I  am  just  as  much  struck  on  the  Edison 

businesses  ever',  but  for  saw  mills  the  other  people  can  at  least 



knock  all  the  money  out  of  the  business." 

Yours  very  truly, 

(Signed)  R.  H.  Pierce. 


Extract  from  Mr.  Brown’s  letter, Jan.  4  th., *89. 

■  The  Milwaukee  Bridge  &  Iron  Works  purchased,  a  Brush  Plant.  The 

Moore  Mfg.  Fdy.  Co.  have  done  same.  The  Brush  Co’s  hid  for.  the  plant 
was  about  $600.00;  bur  bid  was  $800.00.  It  would  he  easier  for  us  to 
'make  some  sales  of  small'  size  dynanas,if  we  could  compete  with  the 
Brush  Co., and  ope  or  two  Others  in  price. 

to  .«ho  case  of  toe  Mitoaobee  Brld6e  Co’s  plant, w  fioures  for  cost 
Wire  about  $  740. 00 j.  bow  thoy  oaimot  supply  it  for  $000.00  I  cannot 
see.  It  was  a  No.  2  plaint  (9o  lbs)  .» 




9lc U)  ^J'o r I’i , . JAN  1 . 1889 . I S8 

/Ss^/lc. . 


The  Edison  United  Manufacturing  Co.,  <$*. 

No.  65  Fifth  avenue. 




The  Edison  United  Manufacturing  Company, 

/  65  Fifth  Avenue, 


. Jan-.--44-thr-l€fl9"." 


Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.., 

Llewellyn  Park, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir.-  — 

At  Mr. . Chinnock's  suggestior 
a  test  we  have  recently  made  on  e 
large  dry  goods  store  there. 

I  enclose  you  herewith 
i  Edison  plant  we  installed  at  Buffl 
The  architect,  as  well  as  his 'ifxpert  represents-  . 
tive,  when. we  started  in  were  both  strong  United  States  men;  but  as  a  result  of 
the  installation  of  this  plant,  and  the  test  thereof,  we  can  confidently  say  that 
they  have  been  converted  to  the  advantages  and  superiority  of. the  Edison  system. 

I  think  the  report  .has  some  data  of  quite  recent  date,  that  will  no  doubt  prove 
of  interest  to.  you,  particularly  in  regard  to  the  use  of  compound  dynamos  in  mul¬ 
tiple. arc,  and  also  their  regulation,  and  the  results  of  tests  in  regard,  to  lamps 
fulfilling  the  guarantee  made  for  them. 

If. you  have  time  at  any  time,  and. I  am  not  troubling  you  too  much,  I  would 
be  glad  to  receive  an  expression  of  opinion  from  you  in. regard  to  it. 

Yours  very .  truly., 

Chief  Engineer. 

rmna*-  f.  inn  8. 

The  Edison  United  Manufacturing  Company, 

65  Fifth  Avenue, 

In  replying  please  address  .Dictated. 

-The  Edison  United  Mra  Co»  ^  ^  NEW  YORK, . iJan.-llStll.  :18R9. 

Mr.  A.  0.  Tate, 

January  30,  1889. 

Mr,  Kennell  y,~ 

Is  the  United  Company  doing  aiything  .’’&•' 
in  regard  to  Burke's  installation? 

A.  0. 



5  Lh,  'tu 

llu.  I 


_ w  It  Hiu-  & 

iCyJxi  {$*-/  rrvvCkfcn 

(lui }\^aJLa) 

1  .  a.  I  . 



The  Edison  United  Manufacturing  Co. 

65  Fifth  Avenue. 

New  York, Feb.  1,  1889. 

W.M.  Laffan,  Esq.. ,  Manager, 

N.Y.  Sun,  Park  Row,  City. 

Dear  Sir: - 

You  have  now  been  using  the  Edison  lamps  for  a  period  suf¬ 
ficiently  long  to  enable  you  to  determine  whether  or  no  our  represen¬ 
tations,  made  to  you,  to  induce  you  to  replace  the  Sawyer -Mann  lamp 
with  ours,  were  correct. 

As  you  will  readily  see,  having  used  these  lamps  from  the 
time  we  equipped  your  entire  plant,  they  have  had  a  life  of  over  one 
thousand  hours  and  we  understand  less  than  ten  per  cent  of  the  number 
originally  installed  by  us  have  actually  burned  out,  therefore  you 
have  undoubtedly  made  an  economical  change. 

Will  you  kindly  advise  us  if  our  statements,  as  above,  are 
correct,  and  oblige. 

Very  truly  yours, 

The  Edison  United  Mhfg.  Co. 

New  York, Feb.  5th  ] 

Edison  United  Mhfg.  Co. 

New  York,  N.Y. 

Dear  Sirs:- 

Replying  to  your  inquiry  of  the  1st  concerning  the  Edison 
lamps  with  which  we  have  recently  equipped  our  building,  and  which 
have  now  been  in  use  for  nearly  two  months,  we  would  say  that  so  far 
they  have  justified  all  you  claimed  for  them,  and  although  the  first 
cost  may  be  a  little  more  than  those  we  formerly  used,  the  longer  life 
makes  them  cheaper  in  the  end. 

Very  truly, 

V/.M.  Laffan,  • 

•  _  Manager. 

The  Edison  United  Manufacturing  Company,  • 

65  Fifth  Avenue, 

In  replying  please  address  Dictated. 

"The  Edison  United  Mfg.  Co."  ,  NEW  YORK, . . 5th,  1889. 

'  ''ip  9EP/Ht&1ENT. 

Mr.  A.  0.  Tata, 

Private  Sec. 

Edison's  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Si««We  have’ your  letter  of  JaL  31st  regarding  the  outside  wiring  at 
Mr.  Burke's.  As  this  was  bought  at  the  time  of  the  Edison  Wiring  Co.  and  the 
agreement  with  Mr. Burke  was  that  lead. covered  wire  was  to  be  used,  we  have  done 
tne  best  we  could,  and  laid  It  in  a  trough.  . I.  think  the  trouble  lies  in  the 
wire  itself,  and  do  not  think  we  ought  made  to  bear  the  entire  expense  of 
laying  new  cable. 

Wnat  db  you  think  of  the  advisability. of  asking  Mr.  Burke  to/bear  with  us 
s  right?  Or  could  your  electricians  figure  what  will  be  required 
tubes  to  take  the  place  of  this  underground  wiring,  and  how  much  it 
We  did  not  make  ...any  money  at  this  part  of  the. plant,  as  it  was 
done  for .Mr. Burke  at. cost,  charging  him  for  material  and  time  put  in. 

Awaiting  your  reply.,  we  remain,  • 

to  fix 
in  Edi 
will  cost? 

■  Yours  very  truly., 

Wiring  Department. 

Edison's  Laboratory, 

Edison  United  M’fg  Co., 

jVao  York, — Eab...._21sir . 1.88SL  fS 

to  the 

•The  Edison  United  Manufacturing  Company, 



C *"**  1  ^  (oTl^Tl 

I4«U  yWA  Aai<  W  ^  ^ 

!du~?t'Ut  e—~t^  ^r~iu  &^cu 

Asbazt,.  at  QJJ.U  u^a  TjL-t^^- 

^  /Ucv{  U.O  /x  tdUL  14a±  ^UjlIXJU  fu-sr^Tu 

u  /^4J- .  sucLy  fad  tz, 

|  wMi  TTiZ^^' iL  u  j 

^  Ow  %=fLLw^  _ _ 

f*  Ac  ^  ^ 

CfW^,  ~TSfet_Cb.-6  ,U**L^  tow 

The  Edison  United  Manufacturing  Company, 

H.  REECE,  Aot.. 

*S/Au^  Hu,  i,  -Um 

($£^  ^  OrxsvJ  %i  (Art  ^  ^ 

Gl,  4u,  >£c, 

^“•  u ,  »C<i  'Yiu  u^aU  zir^^ 

IALa.  [X-i-Gi.^  ^  saGsia^a 


'tu  A  Atictk^ 

^VU-XjC^f  C{/A^J  , 

$-!f?  flnAx^^  (k;f  -fAisL/f-  u 

J  '  M  ,~z^ 

The  Edison  United  Manufacturing  Company, 

65  Fifth  Avenue, 


A.  0.  Tata  Esq., 

Orange,  N.  J. 
Dear  Sir:  - 


Enolosed  you  will  find  a  letter  directed  to  Mr.  Edison,  which  I  have 
written  at  the.  suggestion  of  Mr.  Chinnock.  Will  you  kindly  present  this  matter 
to  Mr.  Edison  at  onca,  so  that  we  may  loose  no  time  in  the  matter,  it  being  an 
important  installation  and  a  large  one. 

Yours  truly, 




The  Edison  United  Manufacturing  Company, 

65  Fifth  Avenue, 


New  York,_.  March  6,_  1889. 

\fM.  ISbv 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir: - 

We  are  asked  to  make 
power  20  miles,  to  -be  delivered  in  the  Mines  of  the  Comstock.  It  is  proposed 
to  furnish  a  Company  with  a  half  of  a  million  dollars  capital  to  put  in  this 

,,  ivuAZi  oJJ-. 

h  Ij. 

to  ^rvte  ~ 

estimate  on  a  plant  for  transmitting  500  horse 

We  have  figured  on  putting  in  dynamos  of  1250  volts,  running  two  in 
series  so  as  to  have  2500  volts  at.  the  generating  and.  We  have  figured  on  a  loss 
of  20?  in  the  line,  and  a  loss  in  the  motors  of  20?..  With  this  arrangement, 

there  would  be  required  for  the  line  40  miles  of  copper  rod  one  inch  in  diameter 
whioh  would  oost^B176, 000.00  This  of  course  is  a  largS  investment  but  the  whole 
plant  would  certainly  come  within  the  proposed  oapitaltmv. 

As  this  is  a  very  important  plant,  and  we  are  going,  to- make  a  special 
effort  to  get  it,  we  write  to  you  to-  ask  if  you  think  the  above,  is  the  best  ar-' 
rangement  in  your  opinion  to  carry  out  this  purpose.  If  it  is  not;  willyou 
kindly  indicate  what  would  be  the  best,  and  w4  think  that  if  you  were  to-  write  us 
in  suqh  a  war  that  we  oould  show  the  letter  out  there,  and  your  recommendation 
would  oarry  with  it  a  strong  probability  of  selling  the  plant. 

We  regret  to  trouble  you  on  a  matter  of  this  kind,  but  we  think  its  mag¬ 
nitude  will  interest  you  and  fee  our  excuse  for  troubling  you. 

.  Yours  truly, 



The  Edison  United  Manufacturing  Company, 

65  Fifth  Avenue, 

New  York,  . 

. l$3ha 

'•  Tata>  Ksq.  ,  private  ccct.y. 

T.  A.  Edison,  Esq.,  Llewellyn  Lark, 
Ovanes,  o  w  ,]  Q  r 

De  ar 


We  aj 

'  the 
uoir  t 

i  for 

nresj  ondenco  re  the 
burke '  s  liouao. 


rabis  Comrany,  stating  that  the  trouble 
tion  and  that  they  f of use  to  make  r.ood  the 
;ij  assuned  the  liabilities 

'i  ng  Company  ,  as  your  let  .  _  _ _ 

■e  common eci  to  make  g>  od  the  underground  work,  'and 
.your  offer  on  behalf  of  Mr.  Edison 
cost  not  to  exceed  One  Thousand 

;he  Stand  a; 
caused  by  clier 
r  bau  v/orlc. 
as  well  as  t! 

,orim)-'lias,  consequently 

X  feel  tha.t°" 
with  that  end 

to  substitute  -^dison  tubes  at  a  cost  not 
hollars  f $1,000.  ). 

The  installation  being  so  near  you,  and  they,  of  course,  will 
insist  upon  calling  on  you  to  make  any  repairs  ,  I  believe  the  - 
be  .tor  way  would  bo  far  you  to  assume  all  responsibility  in  connec- 
_™  „_j.  ..  o;<  coed  the  amount  named 

Trusting  you  will  f 
tion  with  any  further  in 
I  remain, 

orward  me  an  acceptance  of  this  pioposi- 
formation  that  you  c onsidor  necessary, 

The  Edison  United  Manufacturing  Company, 

65  Fifth  Avenue, 

N ew  York, Mar..c.h....l.a, i  ana  _ 

A.  0,  Pate,  Ksq.  ( 

Llewellyn  Faik,  Orange,  N. 


Dear  Six::  — 

Your  favor  of  the  14tli  ins  t- at  hand.  In  answer 
t0  8Mte  that  1  re«rat  Dundee  standing  your  com  muni  oat  Jon. 
Please  Lear  in  mind  that  we  have  no  one  who  thorou^ly  understands 
the  undeigiound  system  and  we  do  so  little  of  it  that  we  have  not 
u  necessary  to  have  a  sufficient  force  to  handle  the 
<ound  system  eydnron  a  small  scale.  . 

You  are  right  in'  supposing  that  I  realize  the  necessity  of 
sa  tisfying  a  customer  and,  wi  th  that  idea  in  view,  have  forwarded 
8  Utt!lr'^icatl0»  *0  Edison  Machine  Works,  asking  thorn  to  send  a 
c  wipe  ten  t  man  to  consult  with  Mr.  Kennel ly  with  a  view  of  handing 
US  an  estimate  for  tbo  underground  conductors  required  to  make  Mr. 
Burke  s  installation  satis  factory. 

0„  receipt  of  their  bid  you  can  rest  assured  the  matter 'will  ' 
r°  08  1  70  rranr^attontion.  Believing  this  will  be  satisfactory, 

I  remain, 

Truly  yours  , 


■Jzf:  (S'f/t/Jwl. 

0.  K,  Ohinnook ,  Nsrj., 

The  Edison  United  M'f'g,  Cio., 
New  York  flity. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  beg  to  refer  to  you  the  enclosed  letter  which  I 

have  reoeived  from  Mr.  Joseph  .Stern,  New  York  Oity,  relative  to 
delay  in  installing  an  electric  lighting  plant  din  his  premises. 



!•'■  P?7z-&z ■/</  SStS' 

^SjaC  *S 


yCttyd’ crjpeL^'.  cts  J  e?<7 

i  G^oictsvrf*  (TroC^ ,S<iiy?'  OfuyO  oe/SifO  <9>?aSBcscv6 

I  C^fciy  S~  a™.  ^>e7/L<££a  ^Ccx~,^~-  .Ct/f  S~ 

1  Set/.-  S?t/ /weiS flfey,  /yxS /&e*v  <? ewf&eSe'Tc  /7>*S 

/We* 'S/cmc/w*?  Sro  y^y^g  a^)  (/SLircS 

,  /nf£^e-c(  Cfiyi^  £ty?vtSa*y  SfS'  ct*,a  fobs 

^SSi/i/Saj  w,  a,  c~)  &w(^  arsoy  /&6~ 

ftvty/yiS/rt  ^ trrutfrzy  OJ  4/ 

I  /Lot# cfl  &ot„e/  S &-$  ySb  sSe.o  otS 
|  ^jSooca^  Sui  Sc/teii  S/y>c,(ici  $/■ 
i  Sfcrf  efcfT*  <rry/  QjSw ^fec^Si  S*/ 

(? E^\_  ifSit  d^t-i  oy(s-  a  &rt 

I  S'  ^  * 1  c 
A&S^  /l^Sy  orcX/  <s~S£y 

$Ly4 syyz&jy, 

-eyv^C  fpT^Hs&ct,^ 


i  ondoi  him  voi  . 

.Mr.  CJi  innock ,  '  . 

„  ,  .  *n  r<JSara  to  tho  Joseph  Stern  riant,  I  would  say 

•  -ms  plant  is  one  that  was  secured  by  Mr..  Hubbell*  after  it- had 
h'i'jn  vi;  tual  I  ,  nomisod  to  Mr.  Mac  Lean  .  Mr.  Stem  had  in  his  ros- 
sossion  at  the  time  an  estimate  f i  om  Mr.  Mac Loan  and  in  all  r,0ba- 
b  ltty  • 11  •  I'tibbe  1 1  was  aw  ire  of  it  and  he  secured  the  order  by  cut- 
tLi,  .  Since  .. he.  order  was  secured  aim  goods:- ordered  there  ins 
been  s one  influence  at  wort  with  Mr.  Roclh  ana 
mocli  dissatisfied  with  the  treatment  lie  had  re 

Oomrany.  While  I  do  not  wish  to  accuse  Mr,  Publcl!  of  Wthlngof  ■ 
t.  at  n  a  y  'ju  o ,  t.7  ^  <3  inct  that  Mi*.  ^  to  i  si  has  audio  ssou  a  lo  ttoi  x  o  iij*. 
Ldison  is  to  my  mind  pima  facie  evidaico  that  Mi*.  Enlbel 1  h-is  to 
instrumental  ,  to  a  cei  tain  extent,  in  causing  tho  dissatisfaction" 

.*  ai  t  01  ■  S  tern.  I  would  state  that  Ur.  Stern’s  cor  plain 
ls^ontiroly  unfounded,  inasmuch  as  tho  cruel  foi  shafting  was  giv  :n 
to  th.e  bdison  Machine  V/oiks  .and  -  a.  delay  of  tin  so  weeks  was  caused  ■ 
.reioby.  'Hie  baits  were  ordered  by  Ur  Klein  and.  weio  not  of  the 

manufacture  that  conti  act  called  for.  Kowovoi  ,  as  I  now  under st  mu 
it,  eveiy  thinr.  is  satisfactory  ana  plant  is  now.  1  unn  irif;. 

April  1,  1SS9,  ■  .  V/  A  Willard, 

fc  U  *  C 

ur.  .will 

Please  give  me  a  detailed  report, 
.fo;  delay  in  the  plant  sold  to  Joseph  St  ern. 
the  order. that  Mr.  MaoLoan  secured,  or  worked 
yithont,  notifying  us,  closed  it  by  cutting  thb 

March  /ib,  HS9, 

d:  owing  the  reason 
•  Py.  the  way  t-  is  is 
up,  and  Mr,  Hubboll, 

C  K  Rliinnoek. 

The  Edison  United  Manufacturing  Company, 

65  Fifth  Avenue, 

N EW  YORK, . April  11. . 1889, 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq. ,  President, 

The  -^dison  United  Manufacturing  Co.  , 
Llewellyn  Park,  Orange,  now 

Dear  Sir:  — 

Notwithstanding  the  fact  that  you  ate  exceedingly 
busy,  I  consider  the  enclosed  corresrondence  of  sufficient  import¬ 
ance  to  lay  before  you. 

I  am  compelled  to  admit  that  in  my  opinion  Messrs.  Leonaid  & 
Izard  have  not  exaggerated  the  state  of  affairs  in  the  West. 

I  am  in  possession  of  proof,  about  Which  'there  can  bo  no 
doubt,  showing  conclus  ively  that  the  V/es  tinghouse  and  Thompson- 
Houston  Companies  receive  §9,000.  for  a  2500  light  alternating 
dynamo,  without  lanps,  sockets  or  converters.  This  is  simply 

Prom  my  observations  I  feel  quite  positive  that  we  aie  not 
receiving  one-quarter  of  the  business  wo  should,  although  our  sales 
amount  to  more  than  last  year. 

Truly  yours. 

£um  c, 

..  The  Edison  United  Manufacturing  Company, 

1 .  65  Fifth  Avenue, 

"Th“ United  d\*aht®! ^  NEW  YORK,  . . April  12th, . 1889. . 

Mr; A.O.Tata, 

Private  ■  Sect.,  f. A. Edison,  Esq.', 

Orange.,  N.J. 

Dear.  Sirs  — 

Your  .letter  regarding  the  .underground. work,  at  the  'residence  ; of  ■  Mr. 
John  Burke  Is  received.  In. reply :we  .beg  : to  . say  that  we  have  notified  the  Edison 
Machine  Works  to-  proceed..with;the.  work  at  ;once. 

Trusting  this  will  be  satisfactory, .  we  remain, 

Yours  very  truly, 




M  .  ,  1  haVf  supplied  two  of  our  dynamos  to  a  Mr.  Her,  of  Omaha, 

Nebraska,  to  be  used  for  the  purpose  of  purifying  and  ageing  liq- 
1  0  \Ilur  1S  a  v/oalthy  •'nan.  ^  one  of  the  officers  of 

the  Whiskey  lrust,  and  he  owns  the  controlling  patent  for  this  pro¬ 
cess.  The  process  from  my  personal  observation  has  proven  vorv 
satisfactory.  Mr.  Iler  is  no  electrician,  and  he  has  no  electri¬ 
cal  knowledge  at  his  command.  He  has  laid  the  matter  before  —  --- 
it  is,  and  has  now  placed  the  whole  matter  with  myself  and  Mr 
lor  perfecting  m  detail  and  getting  in  shape  for  the  market. 

he  trouble  arises  through  the  magnets  not  being  properlv 
wound  to  give  the  best  results  from  our  dynamo,  nor  are  they  prop¬ 
erly  built  to  distribute  the  magnetism  throughout  the  tank . c onta in- 
lng  the  liquor.  No  calculations  have  ever  been  made  to  ascertain 
the  exact  relations  between  the  power  of  the  magnet  and  the  amount 
oi  liquor  passing  through  the  tank. 

The  process  consists  of  an  inner  magnet  wound  Bround  a  shell 
core,  which  sets  over  a  solid  core  cast  on  the  framo,  which  covers 
the  magnets  and  makes  it  water-proof,  so  that  the  liquid  cannot  got 
to  the  magnets.  On  the  outside  of  this  inner  magnet  is  another 
magnet  wound  around  another  casting,  oast  on  the  outside  of  the 
inner  magnet,  the  whole  of  which  is  encased  in  an  iron  cylinder 
with  water-proof  cap,  through  which  the  wires  are  brought  to  the 
surface  and  attached  to  the  wires  loading  from  the  machine.  The 
1 dn  which  constitutes  the  cores  of  those  two  magnets  are  brazed 
nto  a  brass  bottom  so  as  to  make  it  water-proof j  The  only  ex¬ 
posed  iron  surface  of  the  magnet  being  the  edges  of  these  two  cy¬ 
lindrical  cores  at  the  bottom,  the  smaller  of  which  is  about  two 
inches  in  diameter  and  the  larger  about  4  1/fe  inches  in  diameter, 
ihe  entire  cylinder  is  about  eight  inches  in  height  by  six  inches 
in  diameter,  and  the  arrangement  has  heretofore  been  to  place  one 
or  more  of  these  cylinders  in  a  tank,  through  which  the  liquor  is 
1 lowing  from  bottom  to  top,  the  magnetism  having  the  effect  of 

^is^sfru:rs0oid^.the  iiquor’ -  — 

tJoatin^  the  :  aH  the  samples  he  now  has  from 

ed  so  that  w^  wiir,  ”dS  °1!  liquors>  and  ala0  samples  to  be  treat¬ 
ed,  that  we  will  have  a  good  starting  point  at  which  to  begin. 

Mr.  Her  has  a  3on  whom  he  has  thus  far  trusted  with  the  hand¬ 
ling  of  this  matter,  and  whom  he  wishes  to  have  go  on  to  your  labor¬ 
atory  and  remain  during  the  time  that  the  experiments,  etc.,  are 
being  conducted,  so  that  he  will  be  well  fitted  for  visiting  the 
different  distilleries  and  introducing  this  method  when  we  shall 
have  the  apparatus  perfected  for  them. 

Mr.  Iler  stands  ready  to  pay  for  the  experiments  of  any  one 
that  you  will  put  at  that  work;  ho  al3o  agrees  to  purchase  all  of 
the  apparatus,  including  dynamos  and  magnets,  from  the  Edison  Com¬ 
pany,  and  if  you  will  perfect  it  for  him  he  will  give  you  any  fair 
interest  in  the  business  which  you  would  ask. 

I  do  hope  you  can  do  something  to  help  us  out  in  this  matter, 
as  if  you  had  seen  this  process  like  myself,  you  could  not  help  but 
believe  in  it,  and  if  we  once  perfect  it,  the  amount  of  money  which 
it  would  bring  in  would  be  enormous.  To  show  how  large  a  revenue 
this  would  produce,  Mr.  Iler  could  easily  get  one  cent  a  bushel  for 
each  bushel  of  grain  used  in  the  distillery.  An  average  distillery 
uses  1000  bushels  a  day;  this  would  bo  a  revenue  of  $10  a  day  from 
each  distillery,  and  as  the  apparatus  would  cost  about  $300,  you 
can  see  what  an  immense  revenue  there  would  be  from  a  small  outlay. 

I  can  also  assure  you  that  this  is  not  the  only  use  to  which 
these  magnets  can  be  put,  as  we  know  an  engineer  who  has  been  treat¬ 
ing  the  water  which  he  uses  in  his  boiler  with  this  process.  Before 
using  the  process  the  boilers  always  had  a  heavy  incrustation  of 
hard  scale,  and  since  the  process  has  boon  used  no  scale  at  all 
forms . 

Will  you  please  adviso  mo  what  you  will  do  in  this  matter-  I 
hope  very  much  that  you  will  take  hold  of  it,  as  I  know  it  will  re¬ 
quire  very  little  of  your  valuable  time  to  have  it  perfected,  and  I 
believe  that  there  is  loads  of  money  in  it  for  UQ  all,  and  no  elec¬ 
tric  sugar  case  either. 

Very  respectfully, 

r)  C 


Roanoke  Elect. Lt. Co.  Roanoke, Va. 

American  Glucose  Co.  Buffalo, N.Y. 

Hackensack  El.Lt.A  P.Co.  Hackensack,!'!.  J. 

San  Francisco,  Cal. 
Philadelphia,  Pa. 
Lake  Placid, N.Y. 


West  Ppint,N.Y. 
Baton  Rouge, La. 

Union  Iron  Works 
Gloucester  Perry  Co. 

Estey  Organ  Co. 

J. A. &.  G. A.  Stevens 
Bluffton  Land,  ■.  Ore 
&  Furnace  Co. 

U.S.  Government 
Capital  City  Oil  Mill 
Silver  Plate  Cutlery  Co.  Birmin^/lam,  Conn. 
Portland  Hotel  Co.  Portland, Ore. 

ICrehl, Hauser  &  Co.  Girard, Ohio. 

Jos. (Turner  A  Sons  Mfg. Co.  Cleveland, Ohio 
Augusta, Ga. 
McCook, Neb. 
Stafford, Conn. 
Pittsburg, Pa. 

Jersey'  City,N.  J. 

Sand  Hill  Hotel  Co. 
R.R.  Woods 
Phoenix  Woolen  Mill 
E.G.  Aches  on 
Central  R.R.N.J. 

N.Y. C. &  II. R. R.R. 
Brooklyn  Annex  Co. 
John  Schuette 
Menominee  El.Li.Co. 
Gloucester  Ferry  Co. 
Woburn  El.Lt.Co. 
Union  Depot 
Elgin  Watch  Co, 

Penn.  R.R.  Co. 

Tfin.  Rockefeller 
Clifton  Mfg.  Co. 
Morgan  Iron  Works 
Morgan  Iron  Works 

New  York, N.Y. 
Brooklyn, N.Y. 
Menominee, Mich. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
Woburn, Mass. 
Ogden, Utah 
Elgin, Ill. 
Altoona, Penn. 
>Tarry  town,  N.Y. 
Clifton, S.C. 

New  York  City 
New  York  City 

Business  Lamp  Capacity. 

Central  Station  1000 
Glucose  Wks.  1000 
Central  Station  650 
Sir. SanFraneisco  1200 
“  Sylvan  Glen  75 
Organs  20 

Hotel  225 

Foundry  115 

Military  Academy  75 
Oil  Mill  115 

Silver  Plate  Ware  40 
Hotel  1250 

(Tannery  40 

Woolen  •  Mill  400 
Hotel  200  Inc 

Central  Station  450 
Woolen  Mill  75 

Laboratory  10 

Str. “Sandy  Hook“ 

Railroad  Depot 
Str. “Butterfield"  75 
Central  Station  1800 
u  "  75 

Str. "Sylvan  Dell"  75 
Central  Station  300  Inc 
R.R.  Depot  150  Inc 

Watch  Factory  5000 
Shops  225 

Residence  750 

Mill  750 

0. S. S. " Concord"  240  YkPM 
U.S.S. “Bennington"  240  Aw? 




The  Edison  United  Manufacturing  Company, 

N ew  York, . 3.., iaaa, 

Somebody  ought  to  drop  a  no  te  to  Mr.  Baker  of 
Boston  and  inform  him  that  the  scroll  work  is  simply  carbon  fila¬ 
ment,  excepting  where  the  lamps  are  connected  and  tint  these  fila¬ 
ments  are  supposed  to  be  up  to  a  reasonable  amount  of  incandesconc 
so  as  to  allow  the  artistic  wo.rk  of  the  designer. 

V/e  are  exceedinly  obliged  to  you  and  also  to  Mr.  Baker,  and 
vra  feel  quite  positive  that  the  armature  will  not  be  short-circuit 
ed  as  long  as  the  filaments  are  of  high  resistance. 

Truly  jours, 


A.  0.  Tate,  Esq., 

Llewellyn  Park, 

0  rang  e ,  N.  .1 . 

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New  York,  December  5th,  18S9 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Dear  Sir;- 

X  inclose  you  copy  of  letter  addressed  to  me  by 
Mr.  A.  Reasoner,  Superintendent  of  the  D.  L.  &  w.  R.  R.  Co.  which 
proves  most  conclusively  that  I  virtually  secured  the  contract 
for  the  Edison  Electric  Light  plant  in  their  new  depot  and  sheds 
at  Hoboken,  N.  J.,  and  yet  Prank  Chinnock  ignoring  his  pledged 
word  to  me  "that  he  would  divide  his  commission  with  me  if  the 
contract  was  secured",  not  only  absolutely  ignores  my  claim,  but 
refused  my  request  of  the  small  stun  of  $50.,  although  my  canmission 
would  foot  up  over  $250.,  exclusive  of  engines  and  wiring,  and 
calls  me  a  blackmailer  in  addition.  This  plant  consists  of  two 
45o  light  machines,  one  eighty  horse  power  N,  Y.  Safety  Engine 
with  wiring,  fixtures  etc. 

During  the  period  of  eight  months  that  I  was  connect 
ed  with  the  Edison  Co,  I  secured  about  eight  contracts,  none  less 
than  $2000  and  at  regular  list  prices,  and  I  think  I  fairly  earned 
my  $150  a  month  and  an  average  of  not  to  exceed  fPiveiDollars 
a  week  for  expenses,  or  a  grand  total  of  about  $1375.  paid  me  in¬ 
clusive  of  necessary  expenses  for  the  sale  of  the  above,  yet  I  was 
engaged  upon  a  guaranteed  salary  of  $1800  a- year  and  15#  commis¬ 
sions,  and  when  .1  refused  to  resign  year  was  up,  and  by 

the  advice  of  Mr.  Batchelor  sued  the  company,  three  of  the  offic¬ 
ials  swore  I  was  engaged  by  the  month,  and  I  lost  the  case.  I 
have  made  several  demands  for  a  statement  of  my  account  but  could 
get  no  satisfaction.  I  expected  that  I  -would  have  had  your  sup¬ 
port  so  long  as  I  did  my  duty,  and  was  successful,  but  I  was 
cruelly  disappointed.  Mr.  Tait  said  to  me  the  other  night  that 
had  you  not,  as  it.  were,  forced  me  upon  Ch'innock  he  would  have 
treated  mo  differently,  he  simply  resented  yo^r  interference  with 
his  perogative,  and  I  suffered  accordingly.  I  have  paid  over 
$200  for  furniture,  supposing  I  was  permanentlyengaged,  and  as  it 
was  purchased  on  the  instalment  plan,  I  was  forced  to  give  it  up, 
and  lose  what  I  had  paid  as  well  as  my  home. 

You  are  an  old  telegrapher,  so  am  I.  You- were 
once  poor,  and  I  am  now,  and  I  only  ask  justice  of  you,  will  you 
give  it  to  me?  I  shall  trouble  you  no  more,  however,  in  this  way. 


Hoboken  Station,  Nov,  29,  1889, 

Mr.  C.  J.  Hubbell, 

Dear  Sir:- 

At  your  request  ,  T  am  perfectly  will¬ 
ing  *h  in  order  to  corroborate  your  statement  made  you 
say  to  the  Edison  United  Mfg.  Co.  and  their  agent  for  this 
State,  Mr.  Prank  Chinnock,  whom  you  first  introduced  to  me 
to  say  that  I  endorse  your  claim  that  you  wirtually  se¬ 
cured  the  contract  for  the  Electric  Light  plant  at  this 
Station,  that  it  was  primarily  upon  your  representations, 
and  personal  efforts  and  recommendatipns  that  ths  matter 
was  considered  and  entertained  by  me,-  You  spent  consid¬ 
erable  time  and  had  several  interviews  upon  tlB  subject  aiH 
submitted  a  proposal  before  introducing  Mr.  Chinnock. 

Yours  truly,  , 

1  ‘A,  Reasoner, 

Supt. . 

1889.  Electric  Light  -  Foreign  -  General  (D-89-41) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
electric  light  business  in  various  foreign  countries.  Some  of  the  correspondence 
concerns  competition  in  Japan  between  the  Allgemeine  Electricitats 
Gesellschaft  and  Frazar  &  Co.  Other  letters  pertain  to  Edison’s  stock 
transactions  with  the  Edison  Spanish  Colonial  Light  Co.,  the  quality  of 
Siemens  cables  in  Europe,  and  a  royalty  dispute  between  the  Canadian  Edison 
Manufacturing  Co.  and  the  Edison  Electric  Light  Co. 

Approximately  70  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  letters  of  transmittal 
and  acknowledgement;  meeting  announcements;  other  routine  business 

r  •  '  ioc  >»c«ile 

WM.  t.  m.  mottram, 


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. ,rA^M,/ 

-  — - - January  10th /S'6‘  9. 

Orange,  N,  J* 

Dear  Sir:- 

On  considefat  ion  1  think  that  the  interests  of  Ur,  Mi  son 
and  the  other  Stockholders  of  the  Bdison  Spanish  Colonial  Co*  liar. 
in  favor  of  paying  Mr,  Navarro  for  his  advanoes  of*  aay(  #40,000* 
by  an  iasae  of  that  amonnt  of  increased  Coital  Stock,  rather  than 
by  giving  him  a  portion  of  the  Stoek  of  the  Havana  Co. 

As  I  understand  it,  there  is  a  chance  of  the  Havana  Co,  pro¬ 
ceeding  to  obtain  concessions  outside  of  Havana,  in  which  case 
that  company  gives  us  a  corresponding  compensation  to  tint  now 
promised  when  the  Havana  grant  is  signed,  the-  value  of  ttese  ex¬ 
pectations  it  is  difficult  or  impossible  now  to  estimate.  But 
tttleea  that  value  is  at  least  V*  of  th0  present  Oath  value  of  our 
Capital,  we  shall  lose  by  not  increasing  our  Stoek,  1  get  at  this 
ream  in  this  way:  We  are  entitled  to  about  l/s  of  the  Havana 
ce»s.  Sto*  Of  #1,500,000,  The  Oaa  0o„  I  am  to34.  has  offered 
to  consolidate  interests  and  to  issue  to  the  Havana  Co.  a  million 
of  Css  Stock  jaw  said  to  be  worth  40  to  COIN  cash.  Our  interest 
therein  l/b  ^800,000  Stock  worth,  say  0QN  =  #100,000,  or  par  of 
our  present  Capital  of  #100,000.  If  this  is  correct  it  will  ftl- 

<>>*«•  .\I8» 


1*  If  we  add  $40,000  to  our  present  capital  each  share  of 
the  new  Sto<*  win  be  worth  $70.,  plus  lSoo  of  the  chances  under 
future  contracts, 

2,  If  we  pay  our  indebtedness  of  $40,000  fcy  transferring  an 
equivalent  in  Havana  Stock,  we  reduce  our  holding  of  thA  from  an 
assumed  present  cash  value  of  $100;006  to  $00,000,  Then  each  shar 
of  our  St  ode  is  worth.  $00,  pldi .  irfoo  of  the  value  of  the  ohanoes 
of  an  interest  in  future  contracts. 

If  we  take  the  latter  course  we  give  up  now  l/7  of  the  as¬ 
sumed  present  eaeh  value  of  each  of  our  Colonial  shares  and  get 
in  return  what?  Nothing  but  the  difference  between  l56o  and  ltocT 
of  the  value  of  those  Ohanoes, 

Suppose  the  value  of  the  concessions,  iby  the  balance  of  the 
territory  outside  of  Havana  is  1/4  of  the  value  of  the  Hayana  con¬ 
cession,  In  that  case,  on  the  above  basis  the  outside  conoes- 
sion.  are  worth  $186,000  and  the  interest  therein  of  the  Colonial 
Co,  (J/fc)  a-  $gfli000r  If  we  increase  our  Capital  Stock  each  share 
will  then  get  twiT  of  1u>0,000  -  $70 

J  Of  $85,000 


:  3. 

•  If  we  don’t  increase  each  share  wiU  then  g«t| 

iooo  of  $eo,ooo  -  ecu 

1000  .  85,000  -  25. 


I  will  send  Mr.  Edison’s  shares  as  soon  as  I  get  MW*  Lowroy 
Trustee’s  signature. 

You-  s 

J-p  6 



"ot/i  S^S'/rio  ?y"rS/^(£c?  dac/t, 

'S^rupo  Mt  ^£u». 

tMvf&roacJ 6%^  ouikDtHoj  J&&&U. 

January.  25th, _ /dfo*. 

T*  A#  Edison,  Esq., 

Oran  get,  N.  J, 

Osar  Sir:- 

1  enoloae  certificates  for  250  Shares  of  Edison  Spanish 
Colonial  light  Company  Stock  transferred  to  yon  this  day  by  0*  P. 
Iowray,  Trustee,  -  one  for  167  aid  the  other  for  83  shares.  Please 
si*i  the  ‘transfer  on  the  bask  of  the  eertifioate  for  83  shares 
made  to  Porter,  lovrey,  Soroi  A  Stone  and  return  it  to  me,  and  I 
will  amid  you  that  film's  receipt  for  the  same. 

Please  also  sign  and  return  to  me  receipt  for  the  two  cer¬ 
tificates,  as  under,  and  oblige 

Yours  <fco## 


Received,  New  York,  January  25th,  1889,  of  G.  P.  lowrey. 
Trustee,  under  agreement  made  between  myself  and  otharB  and  the 
above  named  G.  P.  Lowrey,  Trustee,  dated  May  3d,  1882  relating  to 
the' issue  and  distribution  of  S00  shares  of  the  Capital  Stock  of 
the  Edison  Spani  di  Colonial  Light  Company,  certifiaate  No.  1  for 
187  shares  and  certificate  No.  2  for  83  shares, -being  together  the 
250  shares  of  stock  required  by  said  agreement  to  be  transferred  to 
me  by  said  Trustee. 

(Signed)  Thomas  A,  Edison. 


&  &S$cujr/<zt/C, 

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-  Tv'  _ 






124  WATER  ST., 

New  York. 

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KEeb.  19th,  1889. 

A.  0.  Tate  Esq., 


Dear  Sir: 

Mr.  Erazar  being  extremely  busy  today  with  an  inward  China  and 
Japan  mail,  desires  me  to  own  receipt  of  your  favor  of  the  16th 
inst.  and  to  mention  that  he  regrets  not  having  seen  you  here  to¬ 
day,  as  stated  in  same,'  He  would  like  no  meet  you  at  this  office 
sometime  Wednesday  forenoon,  and.will  be  pleased  to  have  you  tele¬ 
phone,  stating  when  you  will  reach  here. 

Yours  very  truly, 



Eingozahltos  Capital:  12  Mlllionen  Mark. 

So^^slai,  19*Fe^r  188* 

Herrn  Th .  A .  Edison, 

Orange  N.  J. 

Jhr  geehrtes  Sohre  iben  vom,  31.  p.  ist  zur  Hand  und  wir  ha- 
ben  auch  Jhren  Brief  vom  Vi'November  riohtig  erhalten.  Wir  bit¬ 
ten  sehr  am  Entschuldigung?dass  wir  die  Beantwortung  des  letz- 
teren  bisher  unteriassen  tiatten,  dooh  wollten  wir  fiber  den  Jn- 
halt  zunachst  einige  Erkundigungen  einziehen,  die  bei  der  Ent- 
fernung  der  in  Frage  konineriden  Lander  von  dem  unsrdgen  lange 
Zeit  in  Anspruch  nehnen. 

Wir  konnen  Jhnen  naoh  Durehsioht  unserer  Bucher  und  Cor- 
respondenzen  mittheilen,  dass  directe  Lieferungen  vcn  Glfihlam- 
pen  nach  Japan  und  China  von  uns  .nioht  bewerk  steUigt  worden 
sind  und  bleiben  zunachst  zweifelhaft,  ob  es  si  oh  bei  den  He- 
olanationen  Jhrer  Agenten  auch  thatsaehlioh  um  unser  Fabrikat 
handelt, welches, wie  wir  leider  wissen,  vielfach  imitirt  wird.- 



A.  E.  0. 

Dies  erledigt  jedoch  nicht  die  principielle  Seit.e  Jhrer  Jnter- 
peilation.  Dieselbe  lasst  die -That saohe  ausser  Aoht,dass  wir 
ira  vorigen  Jalire  alle  Verpflichtunge n  gegen  Jhre  Reehtsnaoh- 
folger  in  Europa,  die  Compagnie  Continentale  Edison  in  Paris 
mit  enorraen  Opfern  abgelost  haben  und  s either  nioht  mehr  in  ' 
dem  von.  Jhnen  .bezeiehneten  Verbal  tniss  einer  auf  ein  bestimm- 
tes  Gebiet  bes  <fcrankten  Ed  is  on- Company  stehen.  Wir  arbeiten 
.  auch  durchaus  nicht  nur  anter  den  mit  der  hiesigen  Fima  Sie¬ 
mens  &  Halske  geme  ins  chaft  lich  erworbenen  Edis  cn-Patenten,  son-, 
dern  besitzen  vieLe  andere,  speciell  aueh  solohe,die-bei--unse- 
rer  Fabrikation  von  Gliihlampen  Anwmdung  fiinden.  Der  Markt  fur 
unsere  Pabrikate  ist  der  Wei taarkt,  und  wir  kdnnen  der  Verwen- 
dung  derselben  ebenso  wenig  Schrariken  ziehe n.wie  dies  z.B.die 
Herren  Siemens  &  Halwke  Oder  andere  Pabrikanten  von  Gluhlampen  denen  wir  uns. durchaus  in  gleicher  Situation  befinden- 
Niohtsdestowebiger  bedauern  wir  lebhaft.dass  Sie  sich 
durch  uns  in  Jhren  Unternehmungen  ges  ohadigt  geglaubt  haben 
und  warden  uns  sehr  freuen.wenn  diese  Aufschlusse  zur  Kla) 
stellung  der  SachXage  beitragen,  denn  wir  wiinsohen  nichts 



T.A.E.  0. 

sehr,  als  freundliche  und  'angenehne  Beziehungen  z.u  dem  Manne,. 
dem  wir  unsere  hochste  Wer ths chatzung  entgegeribr ingen. 

,  Hochachtungsvoll 


— -  A 



Berlin,  19th  February,  18'S9. 

Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  .T . 

Dear  S  i  r 

Your  letter  of  January  31st  is  at  hand',  and  we 
also  received  yours  of  7th  of  November.  We  ask  your  par  dan  that 
we  omitted  to  answer  the  latter  before  this.  We  intended  to  get 
some  information  bearing  on  the  c'ontents  o  f  the  sane,  wh- «h  took 
us  a  long  time,  as  the  distance  of  the  countries  in  tjuestion  fttom 
our  oiountry  is  very  great.  We  now  can,  after  having  examined 
our  books  and  correspondence,  notify  you  that  the  direct  shipments 
of  incandescent  lamps  to  China  and  Japan  have  not  been  done  by  us, 
and  we  remain  at  present  in  doubt  if  the  complaints  of  your  agents 
really  refer  to  our  product,  which,  aB  we  know  to  our  regret,  is 
frequently  imitated. 

All  of  the  above  does  by  no  means  satisfy  the  question  of 
principle  referred  to  in  your  letter.  You  have  not  taken  into 
consideration  the  fact  that  we  have  during'  the  last  year  entirely 
discharged  all  the  duties  towards  your  rightful  successors  in 


Euatvpe,  -viz. ,  the  Compagnie  Continentals  Edison,  Paris,  Eraioe, 
at  an  enormous  expenditure,  and  sine®  we  have/  accomplished  this 
we  do  not  stand  any  longer  in  the  position,  as  you  describe  it, 
of  one  of  the  Edison  Companies,  confined  to  a  certain  territo;iy. 

We  also  do  not  work  exclusively  under  the  Edison  patents, 
acquired  in  common  wiitti  the  firm  of  Sianens  &  Halsk®,  but  we  own 
many  more,  especially  such  ones  which  find  use  in  our  mwmfacture 
of  incandescent  lanp®.  The  market  for  our  product  is  the  entire 
world,  and  we  cannot  restrict  ourselves  in  the  sale  of  the  same; 
any  more  than  do  Siemens  and  Halske  and  the  other  manufacturers  of 
incandescent  lacps,  with  all  of  whom  we  are  in  the  same  position. 
Nevertheless,  we  regret  that  you  believe  yourself  to  be  injured  by 
us  in  our  enterprises,  and  we  would  be  vffl-y  glad  if  the  above 
conclusions  will  help  to  clear  up  the  situation,  as  we  desire 
nothing  as  nueft  as  to  have  a  friendly  and  agreeable  intercourse 
with  a  man  for  whom  we  feel  the  highest  respect. 

{ Signed ) 


Montreal , Feb . 19th . 1889 . 

A. 0. Tate  Esq. 

C/o  T. A. Edison  Esq.  I 

Llewellyn  Park 

Orange, N.J. 

Dear  sir: 

Possibly  you  remember  still  that  about  a  month  age  I  was 
in  New  York  and  Orange .not  of  course  simultaneously. 

At  that  time  I  was  informed  that  all  details  of  the  new 
arrangement  of  the  Edison  Electric  Light  business  would  be  arranged 
within  a  month, and  I  have  been  daily  expecting  to  hear  something 
definite  from  Mr.Insull  about  the  Canadian  business, but  so  far  in 

Can  you  inform  me  what  is  being  done, so  that  I  may  know 
what  arrangements  to  make  for  myself, as  I  am  not  over  anxious  at 
any  time  to  remain  idly  awaiting  results  Micawber  fashion, however 
idleness  may  be  remunerated, but  prefer  to  be  doing  useful  work. 

Kindly  let  me  hear  from  you  and  oblige. 

Sovty  Q+r£*,^._ 

EDISON  ELECTRIC  LIGHT  CO.  ■»  »  nnuAn  stjcbbt, 

New*--.188!9., _ 

I  enclose  herewith  a  declaration  which  it  is 

necessary  for  Mr.  Edison  to  make  before  a  Notary  Public  in  view  of 
the  fact  that  the  patents  taken  out  in  the  Argentine  Republic  ap¬ 
pear  in  Mr.  Edison's  name  and  the  local  Company  just  formed  in 
Buenos  Ayres  requires  some  legal  evidence  of  Mr.  Edison's  Assign¬ 
ment,  to  us.  May  I  trouble  you  to  have  this  executed  by  Mr.  Edison 

in  the  presence  of  a  Notary  and  return  to  me  not  later  than  tomor¬ 
row  nighty 

Yours  very  truly, 

To  A.  0,  Tate,  Esq.  Private  Seer 
Edison's  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  J> 

Secty  &  Treas. 

■  <£* -UUjpt- 

9* °  Shanghai  Cotton  Cloth  Mill  Company, 


: . Z.£..S . /Mf, 


(TLf%  A.  iEoUktru.  fit* 


*  ~u,  y. 

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CstruPy^dr  'unJffc '  uytn^y  ^ctaJc  ,  )6&tc0ve  iMawt 

JrT  ***  CiLcfcy^ 

'26m*/  ^  V-tTc  -  /6  J^ST,  Ou^oC  As?  li  *0  SvALA&i/ . 

yu.  e*Aoi  tUsh*.  ' 

If  s5^^Uc>C  be.  A.  j&**iscstts&o  'tajse  Sfc- 

-  -  „  -  - 

cO^s^r^  Zir^/Js^fy- 
fcyyAs&i^/l  fi  tU C^i/^UuAc^ 

■yWA^f  t^CA^'  LAtfK  ~usi&.  eyu+e3  Y 


.  -I  '  rj  tu 

“>**y  Jsut&in^  pidtauAa  bry  PtuJo  --z^ 


gam  to  the  invasion  of  China  and  .Tapan  by  the  Berlin  Edia>n  Co. 
This  matter  has  been  put  aside  for  the  last  few  months,  awaiting 
until  affairs  had  developed  to  such  tin  extent  that  you  could  ap¬ 
proach  Mr.  Villard  and  obtain  his  assistance.  V/hat  Prazar  ob¬ 
jects  to  is,  the  use  of  Mr.  Edison's  name  in  China  and  Japan  by 
the  Berlin  Company.  He  says  he  is  not  afraid  of  their  competition 
if  they  compete  under  their  own  name,  but  he  does  object  to  their 

Samuel  In3ttll,  Esq,, 

19  hey  St . ,  Now  York . 



124  WATER  ST., 

New  York.  May  9th,  1889, 

Thomas  A,-. Edison  Esq,, 

The  laboratory,  Orange,- 

Dear  Sir: 

I  have  just  received  from  Yokohama  another  special  letter  on 
the  .subject  of  the  Berlin-  Edison  Company ''s  supplying  Edison,  dyna¬ 
mos  and  lamps  for  Japanese  direct  from  Berlin.'  One  Japanese  naned 
Niwa  who  called  upon  you  some  time  ago  la'tely  told  our  Edison  elec¬ 
trician  Mr.-  Brenner,  in  Tokio,  that  they  had  given,  their'  order  some 
time  ago  for  an  Edison  plant  of  1,000  lights  as  a  commsnceraent  to 
the  German  Edison  Co.;  in  Berlin  and  that  the  dynamoB  and  lanps 
would  be  received  from  there.;  My  partner  adds  that  it  is  only 
through  the  experience  that  the  Niwas  have  got  through  the  intro¬ 
duction  and  use  of  the  valuable  Bergmann  goods  in  Tokio  that  they 
expect  to  have  same  duplicated  in  that  oity^and  that  by  going 
about  and  copying  from  central  stations  now  running  there  these 
Japanese  are  enabled  to  assemble  a  plant  modelled  after  the  Edison 
system.'  These  latter  infringement  s^in  the  absence  of  copyright 
and  patent  protection  in  Japan^you  cannot,  of  course,  help;  but 
the  more  serious  one  of  the  direct  competition  now  being  put  for¬ 
ward  by  the  Berlin  Company  is  one  to  which  I  must  again  call  your 
serious  attention.'  Purther  than  this,  iny  Shanghae  partner  writes 
me  by  last  mail  that  he  had  good  hopes  of  installing  an  Edison 
plant  in  the  new  cotton  cloth  ccmp any  in  Shanghae,  but  the  manager 

ctt  Lf-  < 


“  FRAZAR  &  00.,  SHANGHAE, 



who- 19  a  personal  friend  of  Mr.  We.traore’s  candidly  told  him  that  he 
■had  serious  doubts  whether  he  (Mr,  W.)  would  receive  the  order  ,  as 
some  Germans  had  just  been  offering  all  sorts  of  inducements  to 
the  directors  who  are  chiefly  Chinese  to  buy  their  incandescent 
plant  from  them;  and  so  you  see  that  both  in  Japan  and  China  the 
Gentians  feel  themselves  free  to  introduce  your  own  special  inven- 

Will  you  do  me  and  my  partners  the  personal  favor  to  confer 
with  Messrs.  Insull  and  Villard  and  see  if  sane  immediate  steps 
can  be  taken  to  have  this  matter  arranged  as  suggested  by  you  to  me 
when  I  was  in  the  laboratory  on  Feb*  22  last?  As  stated  to  you  on 
my  last  call,  my  firm  is  offering  very  fair  teams  to  Japanese  in 
contracts  for  Edison  plants;  but  if  we  are  to  come  into  active  com¬ 
petition  with  the  Germans  in  this  same  class  of  goods,  we  well  know 
what  this  means,  Viz*:  that  there  will  be  no  bottom  or  basis  of 
prices  whereby  the  Japanese  will  be  willing  to  go  on  and  increase 
the  use  of  electric  lighting.'  It  is  a  matter  demanding  our  most 
serious  consideration,  and  I  shall  be  pleased  to  hear  from  you 
shortly  after  receipt  of 'this.' 

Mr..  Churchill  has  now  arrived  in  Japan  and  we  are  at  once  tak¬ 
ing  steps  for  the  introduction  of  the  Phonograph.'  I  hope  to  get  fav^ 
orable  reports  very  shortly;? 


(COPY.  ) 

Berlin,  V/.,  28th  April,  1Q39. 

Dear  Mr. Dyer: - 

I  was  glad  to  see  from  your  letter  that  you  are 
alive  and  kicking'.  So  am  I  and  getting  on  famously. 

In  the  matter  of  Siemens  Cables  I  wish  to  tell  you  what  I 
have  heard.  At  the  bottom  of  the  whole  matter  is  that  bl-ck  --  g-d 

Rat - an,  of  Schlegel  Strasse,  who  took  occasion  to  tell  Professor 

Forbes  of  London  that  Siemens'  cables  went  to  the  deuce  after  three 
years1  use.  Mr. Forbes  read  a  paper  on  Continental  Elec.  Stations  in 
the  Institution  of  Electrical  Engineers,  London,  and  mentioned  what 
R.  had  told  him,  (he  greatly  appreciated  however’ all  the  arrangements, 
shunts,  switchboards,  etc.  constructed  by  1/Ir.F‘ritsche,  whose  name 
however  was  never  mentioned  of  course.)  Afterwards  Mr. Siemens  read 
a  paper  in  the  Electrotechnische  Verein  of  Berlin,  the  gist  of  which 
you  find  in  the  Electrical  Review  of  April  the  18th  lSOi. ,  v.  445. 

He  was  down  upon  Rathernan  of  course,  and  for  the  future  will  be  his 
sworn  enemy  even  more  than  he  has  been  hitherto.  Perhaps  the  dispute 
will  bo  superfluous  when  the  new  "Fritscho"  cable  becomes  known. 

We  are  going  ahead  with  our  dynamo  works.  A  250  H. P.  engine 
for  testing  is  being  put  up,  One  of  the  largest  Electrical  Companies 
in  England  have  secured  the  English  and  American  patents  after  having 
been  over  here.  We  are  further  building  a  lamp  factory  for  1,000 
lamps  a  day,  which  we  hope  to  start  in  October  next. 

Yours  faithfully. 


Hugo  Pischon. 



Director  F.Uppencorn,  one  of  the  best  electr.  experts  in 
Germany  says; -about  as  follows :- 

cat>les  are  laid  so  that  they  are 

Si  1  ^°„;ns°han^al  ^erects  or  chemical  action,  they  Joeep  indeed 
v.ry  ull.  A  iortmght  ago  I  examined  8  Siemens  cables  lying  in 
Munich,  each  about  200  meters  long.  The  isolation  of  each  cable 
amounted  to  50  megohms  per  1,000  meters.  There  occurred  certainly 
nSirlT* itS  in  Beriin’but  a11  of  th^‘  be  considered  as  caused 
r  da?fBSf--iln  con!32quence  of  this  experience  the  Allgemeine 
Elektric.  Geselischajt  m  future  intend  to  use  bare  conductors  and 

°^s;?n  P°rcl-  insulators.  There  has  much  been  talked 
m  the  Berlin  Elektrotechnische  Verein"  about  the  lead  cables" 

Ifr.  Taussig,  Mgr.  of  the  Allgemeine  Elektr. Gesellschaft, 
branch  office  Munich,  says:- 

,  concerning  Siemens  cables,  their  use  for 

street  conductors  is  not  practical,  as  they  are  easily  aff*ected  by 
acids  and  ammonia  water.  Especially  in  cities  like  Berlin,  where 
k!  a?ff  ,  a"d.  °nly  a  few  centimeters  in  the  ground,  they  are  liable 
to  be  attacked  by  everything  that  causes  chemical  action,  etc." 


(Copy. )  'Milano,  May  20th,  13:39. 

Dear  Friend  Dyer:- 

Your  favors  of  April  50th  and  May  11th  ca:rie  duly 
to  hand.  In  regard  to  the  infor. nation  you  ask  about  the  Siemens  Ca¬ 
bles,  I  would  say  that  y/s  are  doing  finely  in  Milan,  and  I  have  un lim¬ 
it  ad  confidence  in  them  for  high  or  low  tension  currents.  Direct  or 
alternate  according  to  which  they  were  constructed  for.  I  consider 
that  Prof. Forbes  was  misled  by  information  he  received  from  soma  par- 
ties  interested  in  depreciating  the  Siemens  cables.  There  are  proba¬ 
bly  more  of  thorn  in  use  in  Italy  than  elsewhere  and  under  more  trying 
conditions  (2,000  volt  alternate  current)  and  tr.ey  give  perfect  satis¬ 
faction  everywhere.  I  consider' the  Siemens  cables  the  best  made  and 
most  reliable  in  the  market  and  we  continue  to  use  t.uem  on  a  large 
scale  for  our  underground  work,  especially  high  tension  circuits. 

Yours  tic. 

Signed  'J.W.Lieb. 





June  7th,  1889. 

My  dear  Mr«'  Tate: 

Enclosed  I  hand  you  copy  of  letter  received  from- Shanghae# 
Will  you  kindly  read  and  pla  ce  sane  before  Mr#  Edison?  This  is 
the  moBt’dkagg^oaBe  of  interference  on  the  part  of  Germans,  who 
are  offeringAelectrio  lightsmade  in  Germany,  of  anything  we  have 
yet  encountered.? 

We  have  secured  an  order  for  450  lights  for  the  Shanghae  Cot¬ 
ton  Mill  of  which  Mr.'  Danforth,  whan  Mr.:  Edison  has  met,  is  the 
chief  engineer.?  Being  a  friend  of  our  Mr.  Wet  morels  he  has  succeed 
ed  in  securing  the  order,  but  upon  a  basis  whioh  will  not,  as  I 
make  it,  leave  us  5  %  commission,  out  of  whioh  we  have  sundry 
cable  and  other  expenses.?  It  is  very  necessary,  however,  if  we  are 
to  keep  the  business  or  hare  any  hopes  of  doing  anything  in  it, 
for  the  future,  tha£  we  should  not  let  slip  an  opportunity  to  put 
in  an  American  Edison  plant  in  order  td  secure  further  business 
with  the  Chinese.?  We  have  ordered  the  dynamo  and  other  fixtures 
and  expect  to  ship  the  plant  within  10  days# 

In  case  Mr#  Edison  should  be  going  to  Europe  during  the  pres¬ 
ent  summer  I  shall  be  glad  if  he  will  make  a  special  exertion  to 
see  the  Berlin  people  and  do  his  best  to  stop  their  interference 
with  our  Japan  and  agencies.  We  have  taken  a  great  deal  of 

time  and  trouble  andraS?  under  a  heavy  expense  in  the  introduction 
of  the  Edison  light  Into  these  countries,  but  it  looks  today  as  if 
we  were  going  to  meet  with  competition  in  the  very  sane  class  of 
goods  with  the  very  worst  competitors  in  the  world.-  the  Germans, 
who  are  content  to  work  for  nothing  if  they  can  simply  keep  otherB 
from  getting  contracts  Which  they  may  seek.:  I  have  lived  in  China 
and  Japan  for  many  years  and  know  of  what  I  speak.?  My  letter  files 
are  filled  with  instances  of  this  competition,  As  we  todc  this  bus 
iness  and  worked  hard  and  honestly  in  Ur#  Edison*8  interests,  as 
well  as  our  own,  I  know  that  he  will  fully  appreciate  our  position 
and  will  do  everything  in  his  power  to  aid  us.-  Within  the  past 
six  months  we  have  paid  the  Edison  Maohine  Works  $6,500  for  dynamo 
apparatus  alone,  besides  orders  for  many  thousand  of  lights  from 
the  Edison  Eamp  Co.?  and  sundry  fixtures  from  Bergmann  A  Co# 

Asking  you  to  plaoe  the  above  information  fully  before  Mr,. 
Edison,  believe  me. 

Yours  very  truly, 


Copy  of  Letter  Received  New  York  May  27th,  1889. 

Shanghae,  April  26th,  1889. 

Everett  Frazer  Esq., 

New  York, 

Dear  Sir! 

With  reference  to  the  order  for  aleotrio  plant  sent  you  by  last 
mail:  Mr,  A.  W.  Danforth,  through  whom  the  order  was  obtained,  wish 
es  us  to  ask  you  to  remind  Mr.  Edison  that  he  is  the  same  person 
who  called  on  him  two  or  three  years  ago  about  a  plant. 

Mr.  Danforth  telld  us  that  the  Germans  who  competed  with  us 
offered  to  supply  a  plant  from  the  Edison  light  Agency  in  Germany 
at  a  prioe  which  would  not  have  covered  cost  to  us.  Whether  they 
could  do  this  at  a  profit  to  themselves  or  whether  they  were  will¬ 
ing  to  submit  to  a  loss  in  this  case  in  order  to  secure  larger 
game  to  themselves,  the  fact  still  remains  that  their  ability  to 
procure  Edison  light  from  any  source  interferes  materially  with  us 
and  perhaps  may  render  the  agency  valueless  to  us,  after  all  the 
time,  labor  and  expense  incurred  by  us  in  trying  to  get  the  light 
introduced  in  this  country. 

We  remain, 

Yours  very  truly, 

(Signed)  Frazer  &  Co. 

,<%„/£„  <%**&*,,■ 


•££*«*•**  -XQ#<  &  S$*R*«Oo^  0/£i 

'-'"""  ""'•  tyfe.^ty/'o,./-,  Gfy- 

Z/VJtf/',  Zrc'Mtr,t6r/.  June  17th  1889 

_..Sam.'l  Insull  EsqPresldent 

19  Dey  Street .New  York 

Dear  Sir: 

I  am  in  receipt  of  a  letter  from  Mr  McClement, Comptroller 
of  the  Edison  Electric  Light  Co  requesting  that  I  send  him  with 
■cheque, a  statement  of  royalty  due  to  his  Company  on  sockets, regu¬ 
lators  .ammeters  and  sales  of  dynamos, since  April  15th.  ' 

In  a  conversation  with  you  I  understood  you  to  say  that 
you  would  take  up  this  matter  of  rdyalty  and  see  the  Edison  Eleotrfc 

—Light  Co  in  person, in  connection  therewith. 

Since  the  15th  April  last  the  manufacture  of  sockets, 
regulators  and  anmeters  has  been  literally  nothing, at  the  factory 
and  of  dynamos, but  one  has  been  completed  Since  the  advent  of  our 
Company^ v5c*:  quul.  •**.***■  (njuu.^  — 

When  I  closed  up  Mr  McClement* s  matters  as  Agent  for 
the  creditors  I  gave  to  tte  Edison  Electric  Light  Co  a  statement, 
as  will  be  shown  by  reference  to  the  last  statements  furnished  to 
...Mr  MpOlement.the  royalty  due  on  the  articles  above  enumerated  that 
were  mahufftotured  pt  date  and  taken  up  as  finished  manufacture! 

articles  and  which  form  part  of  th6  assets  turned  over  by  hhs  J.H. 
McClemenb,  Agent  to  the  Canadian  Edison  Manufacturing  Co. 

The  demand  for  the  above  articles  has  been  very  limited 
in  the  past  month  owing  to  the  fact  of  few  sales  having  been  made 
by  the  Edison  Company's  Agents  hero, of  plants.  What  regulators  and 
ammeterrthey  requited  were  taken  from  our  stock  of  finished  manu¬ 
factured  articles  and  credited  to  that  account  in  my  ledger, and 
until  we  manufacture  sockets, regulators  &c  there  of  course  could 
be  no  royalty  due  to  the  home  Company. 

Will  you  kindly  see  Mr  McCieraent  in  person  in  this  con¬ 
nection  and  should  any  further  explanation  be  necessary  kindly  ad¬ 
vise  me  and  I  will  give  it  prompt .  attont ion.  In  the  meantime  I 
have  simply  acknowledged  Mr  McCl ement's  letter  and  stated  the  fact 
of  ny  having  written  you  fully  .requesting  you  to  call  and  make  a 
personal  explanation* 

Youtb  truly 




i^or  proportion  of  profits  on  calcs  of  .dynonoa  ns  under' 


Shoo  price 


Sold  at 

Set  profit 

:  8b  #3  . 

S800 . 

8b/:  1 .46 

8380.  ' 

888.34  •  • 

98  -t>6 





■  96  -7-d  • 





97  48 

678 . 



'  878.8V 

:■  98  -ft<  : 



880 . 

'894. M3 

-Jill  -M  . 

/;•!() . 

■  ii  7.8/ 

.  488. 
1:18793 .80 

198. uu 

V  Realized  on  sales 

Shop  price 

difference  to  credit  tof  Edison  Electric  Light 

I'Or  royalty  on  the  following  sockets  L  receptacles 

'arch  f!/<d! 

, ,  11/1-9 

Apvil  18/89 

,,  i/l  '/Ed 

800  l/g  key  sockets  1  ■  etc  ijiyg.OO 
120  key  roceptaoloslS  ,,  “l.oO 
MOO  key lose  ,,  38  , ,  89.00 

1800  1/8  key  socket  sit  ,,  833.00 


/  on  following  regulators  manufacturer]  -d, 

.  ...Sherbrooke  . _ 

Shop  price  Soiling  urico  / 

tlo.tO  1 

^14.78  38.37 

Soiling  price 
Shop  price 

!>•//  .88 
81  .tv 

Era'  royalty 

on  f ol lovang  ammatoro  manufacturer!  at 

Shop  price  Selling  price 

87.18  818.88 

7.18  ’  18 .88 

7.00  Vr.'i 8 

¥306  ¥87717' 

Selling  price  17V.17 

Shop  price  /•! -26 

For  proportion  of  profit  on  sundry  sales  as  represented  by 
credit  balance  of  thin  account, v its bv821 .07 

Edison  Electric  Light  Company , one  half  Sbei'tS-i 

Representing:  ’ 

FRA2AR  4  00.,  SHANQHAE, 



\  124  WATER  S 

New  YoRK,June  26th,  1889.' 

My  dear  Mr.-  Tate:  -  «vV 

I  am  nuoh  pleased  to  learn  from  your  special  letter  of  the 
21st  Inst..'  that  you  are  intending  to  take  a  trip  to  Europe,  leav¬ 
ing  July  2nd,  and  that  you  will  be  glad  to  take  up  personally  with 
the  Berlin  Co.,  the  matter  of  my  firms'  agencies  for  Me..  Edison's 
incandescent  lighting.-  What  we  desire  and  felt  confident  all  al¬ 
ong  would  result,  is  that  we  shall  maintain  the  agency  of  the  Edi¬ 
son  light  in  Japan,  China  and  Korea,  without  interference  from  the 
Berlin  Co.  If,  however,  you  find  that  it  is  impossible  by  legal  or 
other  means  to  stop  them  from  making  Edison  dynamos,  armatures  and 
lamps  and  sending  them  to  these  countries,  selling  in  direct  compe¬ 
tition  Yfith  us,  some  arrangement  should  be  made  whereby  my  firms 
can  have  exclusive  control  of  the  nerne  Edison  ,  when  attached  to  . 
electric  material  for  Edison  incandescent  lighting*'  I  ought  to  com 
muni  cate  with  my  partners  in  Japi  n  and  China  upon  this  subject  be¬ 
fore  outlining  any  special  arrangement,  but  of  course  there  is  no 
time  to  do  this  previous  to  your  leaving  on  July  2nd.  Can  you  not 
favor  mo  with  a  call  within  the  next  few  days,  letting  me  know  by 
note  or  telephone  at  about  what  time  I  may  expect  you  and  I  will 

arrange  accordingly..  Perhaps  a  mutual  personal  conference  may  su( 
gest  to  us  some  mode  of-  proeoodure  satisfactory  to  all  concerned 
under  the  circumstances.;  Please- lot  me  know  at  convenience*; 

G-, A.  ..y  Yours  very  truly, 

- /nz&v  Jl.  -X  SfsX*  ■ 



.  ,-AT LA NTI C  CAJ^E/(mE 

Senders  of  Messages-  will  save  considerable  time  by 
handing-  in  their  Messages  direct  to  the  Company’s  Offices'^ 
through  which  they  must  pass  before  they  can  be  sent  to 
their  destination. 

/f  \  y„,  ofWor(l3  • 

No  inqniry^cotinc  this  Mcssngo  cnai/o  nUendcd  to  without  tho'proaOoBSK'if  this  paper, 

,  .  U  '  „ 

Li  yf^Lo  -Co 

L-ix./A.AA-Y  ^  ^-rjc^/i  C^uAi 

LtjK  £; 


■  . i 


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Exprcs  paye . XP  Accuse  de  reception .  CR 

Reponse  payee. . .  RP  TelcJgramme  rccommande. .  .  TR 

TiSliigramme  collationnc .  TC  Tclegrammc  it  fairc 

Dans  Ics  depecbcs  imprimdes  cn  caraclcrcs  remains  par  1’opparcil  telegro 
nombre  qui  figure  apris  1c  nom  du  lieu  d’origine  est  un  numdro  d’ordre, 

Ic  noinbre  dcs  mots  taxis ,  les  autres  design  cut  ki  date  ct  1'Jicurc  do  depdt. 

In  vote  ttic'graphique.  (Loi  du  29  novembre  i85o  ,  art.  6.) 

~  Depot  le 

- ??  PARIS'  BERLI  N  4.,+  4-12  65  '1.6/8  12-26  S  - 




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PARIS  t^P9«ITtg>H 

New-Uersey  U.S.A. 


Borbau  Edison 




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•Acw  .i^-y/L>iilov.  TK|  T«ao 

A. 0. Tate,  Esq,, 

Private  Secretary, 

Dear  Sir: 

In  compliance  with  your  request,  received  through  Mr.  Simpso*, 
I  spn4  you  enclosed  a  copy  of  letter,  addressed  to  Mr.  Edison  by 
the  Cpjppagiiie  Continent  ale  Edison  re  Spanish  patent, for  your  files. 

Very  truly  yours, 


Th.  A.  J 


Cie  Continentale  Edison, 
Paris,  28  October  1889. 

Esq. , 

mge  near  New  York.  U.S. 

Dear  Sir:  - 

Re  Spanish  Patent  Set  9.  Y/e  bee  to  hand  you  enclosed  copy 
we  received  from  Messrs  Eaton  &  Lewis,  120  Broadway,  M.Y.  Goneral 
Counsel  of  the  Edison  E.L.Coy. 

In  reply  to  this  letter  we  beg  to  say  that  the  Spanish 
patent  Set  9  in  question  was  dropped  by  this  Company  by  decision 
of  the  Board  of  Directors,  which  decision  was  brought  to  your  notiCf, 
through  our  registered  letter  dated  30  September,  1884.  On  the 
same  date,  copy  of  that  lot+er  was  forwarded  under  registered  cover 
to  the  Edison  Electric  Light  Company  of  Europe,  Limited,  to  enable 
our  friends  to  uphold  on  their  account  the  patent  in  question 
should  they  have  co  sidered  it  advisable. 

Will  you  please  eventually  communicate  with  Messrs  Eaton 
W- Lewis,  bringing  these  facts  to  their  notice. 

Yours  very  truly 

Compagnie  Continentale  Edison 

L1 Administrateur  Delegue 
Loui s  Rae . 

<£-/,  M  -  FvB^.ce. 

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A.  0.  Tate  Esq., 

Orange, New  Jersey, 

Dear  Sir:- 

By  Major  Eaton's  direction, I  beg  leave  to 
acknowledge  receipt  of  your  of  the  3rd.  inst . ,enc lo sing  a 
letter  from  the  Compagnie  Continental  Edison, addressed  to  Mr.. 
Edison, stating  that  the  Italian  Edison  Company  does  not  desire 
to  continue  the  Edison  patents,,  Set.-lO  (meters)  and  Set^llf  dynamos ). 



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/2fJ  Equn 


Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq,', 
Dear  Sir:- 

Re  Electric  Light  Patents  for  Johannesburg  and 
the  South  African  Republic.'  Replying  to  Mr.  Tate's  letter  of 
the  20th,'  inst,, asking  whether  the  above  territory  belongs  to  the 
Australasian  Company, wo  beg  to  say: 

(1)  We  cannot  ascertain  for  a  certainty  whether  any 
patents  whatever  are  granted  in  the  South  African  Republic.- 
Neither  Carpmael  nor  Abbott, in  their  works, makes  mention  of  this 
country,-  The  presumption  is  that  there  are  noJ  patents  granted 
in  th&t  country. 

(2)  In  case  there  are  no  patents, does  the  agreement  of 
March  1*1883, between  Mr.  Edison,  the  Marquis  of  Twooddalo  and 
others, cover  good-will?  The  language  of  the  contract  is  •"priv¬ 
ileges,  fights  and  interests."  It  is  difficult  to  say  just  what 
is  covered  by  these  words, but  probably  they  would  be  held  to  cover 

(3)  Is  the  South  African  Republic  covered  by  the  said 
agreement  of  March  1,1883?  That  is  to  say, does  it  belong  to  the 
Australasian  Company?  There  aro  two  sides  to  this  question.- 

It  may  bo  that  the  said  agreement  was  meant  to  cover  only  the 
English  colonies, but  this  is  not  clearly  expressed.  The  recitals 
in  the  agreement  specifically  mention  the  English  colonios,  but 
V  the  agreement  itself  speaks  of  South  Africa  without  any  restrict¬ 
ion,  Probably  all  of  South  Africa, including  what  is  now  known 
as  the  South  African  Republic  (no  matter  what  it  was  known  as  in 
1883 )is  covered  by  the  agreement, and  belongs  to  the  Australasian 

(4)  Assuming  that  there  is  no1  law  for  patents  in  the 
South  African  Republic, and  remembering  that  the  question  is  in 
doubt  whettier,as  stated  above, the  said  agreement  covers  the 

South  African  Republio.and  remembering  also  that  good-will  is  poss¬ 
ibly  also  not  covered  by  the  said  agreement,  can  you  safely  sell 
a  plant  for  Johannesburg?  The  best  answer  to  be  givon  to  tins 
question,, with  the  limited:  information  now  before  us,  is  that 
you  must  do  so  at  your  peril.  it  is  impossible  to  give  a  yes  or 
no  answer  to  this  question, by  means  of  the  papers  now  be-ftore  us. 

If  it  should  turn  out  that  you  had  no  right  to  make  the  sale, you 
would  probably  have  to  turn  over  your  profits  and  nothing  more. 
Whether  you  care  to  take  that  chance, is  a  practical  business 

1889.  Electric  Light  -  Foreign  -  United  Kingdom  (D-89-42) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  pertaining  to 
the  organization  and  management  of  Edison’s  British  electric  lighting 
companies.  Included  are  letters  relating  to  the  Edison  &  Swan  United  Electric 
Light  Co.,  Ltd.;  Edison’s  Indian  &  Colonial  Electric  Co.;  the  Australasian 
Electric  Light,  Power  &  Storage  Co.;  and  the  Metropolitan  Electric  Supply  Co., 
Ltd.  Also  included  is  a  newspaper  clipping  regarding  Edison’s  opinion  of  the 
electric  lighting  business  in  Great  Britain.  Among  the  correspondents  are 
Waterhouse,  Winterbotham  &  Harrison,  Edison’s  British  patent  attorneys; 
Samuel  Flood  Page,  secretary  of  the  Edison  &  Swan  company;  and  John  B. 
Verity,  a  director  of  the  Metropolitan  company. 

Approximately  60  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  letters  of 
acknowledgement;  meeting  notices;  other  routine  business  correspondence; 
duplicate  copies  of  selected  documents;  documents  that  duplicate  information 
in  selected  material. 


January  3rd.  1889. 

T.A.EDisor,  Esq. 

Dear  Mr.  Edison,  / 

I  am  only  8  days  away/from  you  as  far  as  trav¬ 
elling  is  concerned, but  still  it  is  a  l^rig  way  and  facts  and  things 
get  somewhat  distorted  wherf  they  hav/travelled  all  the  distance  from 
London  to  you.  j  / 

T  have  been  knovjj  as  an  Edisonirfan  up  to  now, and  therefore, you  and 
others  may  think  it  strangest hat  a  Company, The  Metropolitan  Electric 
Supply, of  which  I  am  a  Director  should  give  a  contract  to  The  Westing- 
house  Company; therefore  I  want  to  take  up  your  valuable  time  to  put 
myself  right  with  you.  - 

Conditions  in  London  are  very  different  to  what  they  are 

in' the  States.  It  is  absolutely  impossible  at  the  present  time  to  run 
underground  cables, although  we  hope  to  do  so  shortly,  if  we  want  to  do 
Electric  Lighting  now, it  must  be  done  with  aerial  wirfes, these  even, 
being  only  permitted  on  suff ranee.  If  we  attempted  to  string  heavy 
cables  across  the  streets  such  as  would  be  necessary  for  say, a  three 
wire  system, the  Local  Authorities  woftd  at  once  get  an  injunction. 

^  "Therefore  if  any  Electric  Lighting  from  a  centre  is  to  be  done  in  Lon 
don  immediately, the  high  tension  system  must  be  employed, and  of  the- 
Companies  working  on  this  plan, our  Consulting  Electricians  held  that 


that  The  westinghouse  took  the  lead. 

With  regard  to  yourself  you  have  astaunch  adherent  in  our  Chair¬ 
man  Sir  John  Pender  JC.O.M.G.  who  constantly  mentions  your  name, and  who 
also  remembers  Mr.  Johnson  very  well.  Doctor  Hopkinson  again  who  is 
our  leading  Consulting  Electrician, is  an  advocate  of  the  three  wire, 

It  would  however  be  absolutely  impossible  to  put  down  in  the  present 
conditionof  things  in  England, what  is  known  as  an  Edison  Central  Sta¬ 
tion  pUrd  and  simple. 

When  T  tell  you  this  I  am  sure  you  will  believe  me, and  I  assure  you  T 
am  just  the  same  as  when  my  Uncle  and  I  helped  Mr.  Johnson  to  get  up 
the  Grand  Show  at  the  Crystal  Palace  7  ytears  ago.  I  feel  it  is  hdeess 
ary  for  me  to  write  this > as  I  have  not  been  to  the  States  for  a  long 
time  now, and  people  forget  one, and  fancy  and  say  all  manner  of  things. 
In  conclusion  I  hope  the  time  may  come  when  it  may  be  possible  to  lay 
down  a  good  Central  Station  on  the  lines  of  your  many  successful  Sta¬ 
tions  in  America: and  that  we  may  have  the  pleasure  of  seeing  you 
amidst  us  next  year  to  give  us  the  required  impetus. 

Be lieveme, Yours  very  faithfully, 

WA'ASlS  (J(a>  teUy^yxy, 


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S  V.  O'  ^ 

JAMES  S 1 AATS  FORBES,  Esquire,  Chairman. 
FREDERICK  RICHARDS  LEYLAND,  Esquire,  Deputy  Chairman. 



1.  The  Directors  herewith  present  their  Report,  and  the  Accounts  for 
the  year  ending  30th  June,  18S9. 

2.  The  sale  of  lamps  and  fittings  has  progressed  in  a  satisfactory  manner 
during  the  year,  and  has  resulted  in  a  credit  balance  of  ,£47,729  5s.  pd.;  to 
this  must  be  added  the  sum  of  .£25.1*3  9s.  /d.,  the  balance  of  account  for  the 

— }tear.Gndtfig-3oth-JtiP.e--i-888— mak-ing-artOi-al^ol— i-5S'^j;d"ouir*i)T  which — 

the  Directors  have  appropriated  the  sum  of  ^28,815  i4s.  2d.  to  meet  losses 
realised  on  finally  disposing  of  sundry  installations  taken  over  at  the  date  of  the 
amalgamation,  and  have,  under  Clause  89  of  the  Articles  of  Association,  created 
a  reserve  of  .£4,595  10s.  iod.,  and  they  recommend  the  appropriation  for 

dividend,  in  accordance  with  clause  S7  of  the  Articles  of  Association,  of  7  per 
cent,  upon  the  amount  paid  up  on  the  A  Shares,  in  respect  of  the  year  ending 
30th  June,  1889,  >l«d  of  3  per  cent,  further  on  account  of  the  arrears  of 
.preferential  dividend  on  the  A  Shares,  in  respect  of  the  year  ending 
1  30th.  June,  1884. 

o-  1  he  Supply  Companies'  are  establishing  Central  Stations  in  London 
and  thp  Provinces,*  which  must  lead  to  a  considerable  extension  of  the 
business  of  the  Company. 

4.  I  he  appeal  of  the  Company  from  the  decision  of  Mr.  J  ustice  Kay 
was  heard  before  Lords  Justices  Cotton,  Lindley,  and  Bowen,  who  reversed 
Mr.  Justice  Kays  judgment,  and  decided  that  Mr.  Edison’s  Patent,  10th 
November,  1879,  was  valid. 

5.  file  Brush  Company  gave  notice  of  their  intention  of  appealing  to 
the  House  of  Lords,  but  a  settlement  has  been  arrived  at  by  which  the 
case  will  not  be  carried  to  the  House  of  Lords.  The  Brush  Company  give 
up  manufacturing  incandescent  lamps,  and  they  pay  the  taxed  costs  of  the 

6.  Viscount  Anson,  and  Mr.  Ernest  Villiers  retire  from  the  Board  and 
offer  themselves  for  re-election  as  Directors. 

7.  Messrs.  Wei.ton,  Jones* Co.  (late  Messrs.  Qi.  ji.teu,  Whi.ton  &  Co.), 
tiie  Auditors,  also  retire,  and  offer  themselves  for  re-election. 

By  Order, 


,0°*  VlCT0R,A  Stkkbt-  S.W.  :  Manager. 

.  1 3  th  July,  tSStj. 

The  Edison  and  Swan  United  Electric  Light  Company,  Limited 

BALANCE  SHEET,  80tii  Juki 

Dr.  PROFIT  AND  LOSS  ACCOUNT  rou  tiih  Yeah  ended  30th  June,  188T  Cr. 


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S1R  SSiS  M-P-  “  *  *  «•*  Construction'  and- 

■  '  AnJ??«R«  M‘  F0WLER-  BART-  M-P-  AMcnnan  (Messrs.  Dimsdalc,  Fowler,  Barnard  &  Co  V 
ADM1RAL  SIR  GEORGE  H.  RICHARDS,  K.C.D.,  F.R.S.,  Managing  Director-  of  the'  0 
Telegraph  Construction  and  Maintenance  Company  Limited.  . 

JA?ri^TtJUER,S^1  Manas'ns  Director  of  the  Eastern  and  the  Eastern  and  South 
African  l  elcgraph  Companies,  &c. 

Ji-  C  D^T„fRlEX^.yne  bircCt0r  °f  th°  Atondra  <N<^  “a  S»“*«  Wa'es) 

-Si™  « 

h.  ^  Company  Limi,ci' 

<  • .  . . . ®®n*nlting (Engineers.  • 

Professor  GEORGE  FORBES,  F  R  S  E 

—  -  -  __Dr.  JOHN ;HOPKINSOn“^S,  fS.¥'  ■ 

1889.  Electric  Light  -  United  Edison  Manufacturing  Company 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to  the 
business  of  the  United  Edison  Manufacturing  Co.  This  company  was  organized 
in  1889  as  a  successor  to  the  Edison  United  Manufacturing  Co.  Much  of  the 
correspondence  is  by  Jacob  H.  Herrick,  president,  and  J.  C.  Henderson,  chief 
engineer  of  construction,  and  deals  with  comparative  costs  of  wiring  systems  for 
central  stations,  canvassing  of  potential  districts,  and  franchise  negotiations  for 
installing  electric  light  distribution  systems. 

Approximately  60  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  letters  of  transmittal 
and  acknowledgement;  other  routine  business  correspondence. 

United  Edison  Manufacturing  Company, 

65  Fifth  Avenue, 


New  York,  July  17th,  1889. 

Dear  Sir:  — 

Under  the  recent  consolidation  of  the  various  Edison 
Electric  Companies,  the  United  Edison  Manufacturing  Company, 
at  65  Fifth  Avenue,  becomes  the  successor  of  The  Edison  Uni  ted 
Manufacturing  Company,'  and  will  liquidate  their  business. 

To  faciliate  this  liquidation  hereafter  please  draw  all 
checks  to  the  order  of  the  United  Edison  Manufacturing  Com¬ 
pany,  addressed  as  above;  also  address  all  communications 
to  them. 


Truly  yours, 

United  Edison  Manufacturing  Co. 


The  Edi: 

i  United  Manufacturing  Co.. 
Thomas  A.  Edison,  President. 


U  £f-lCr 


Mills  Building, 

New  York,  September  5,  1889. 

Thomaw  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir: 

I  beg  to  inform  you  that,  at  a  meeting  of  the  Executive 
Committee  of  the  Board  of  Trustees  of  this  Company  held  on  the 
29th  ult.,  you  were  appointed  a  member  of  the  Technical  Committee. 
I  am,  dear  Sir, 

Yours  very  truly. 

United  Edison  Manufacturing  Company, 



N EW  York, _ October  33, . 1839, 

I'hoas.  A.  Edison,  Esq,  , 

Llewellyn  Park,  Orange,  N. 

Lear  'lir: — 

Have  beai  figuring  over  the  question  of  comparative 
cost  of  the  two,  three,  four,  five  six  and  seven  wire  systems  and 
bee  to  forward  you  here  ith  tabulated  statement  of  the  oo  nd  usi  P.?)s 
to  which  I  have  come. 

■  I  think  the  table  ’.rill  be  self-explanatory.  I  havo  assuned 
all  neutral  wires  of  the  same  size  as  the  outside  wires.' 

If  my  figures  are  correct  the  additional  complication  of  the 
five-wire  system  does  not  seem  to  be  justified  by  the  saving* 

If  we  could  use  155  Volt^orT^ihe  three-wire  system,  it  wouldbe  as 
cheap  as  100  Volt  lamps  on  the  five  wire  system,  and  we  could 
operate  at  any  loss  desired,  without  difficulty  as  to  regulation. 

If  the  results  do  not  seem  sufficiently  clear,  or  appear  to  he 
incorrect,  should  be  pleased  to  have  you  criticise  them, 



2-Wire, 3-Wire,  4-Wire,  5-Wire,  6-Wire,  7-Wire 

Comparative  cost 
same  %  loss,  same  dis¬ 
tance  and  same  volt-  100. 
age  lamps, 

Saving  over  pre- 
viotis  column,  - 

Saving  over  3-Wire,  - 

Saving  over  2-Wire, 

Comparative  distance 
for  same  cost,  same 
%  of  loss  and  same  1 

voltage  lamps, 

Comparative  area  for 
same  cost,  same  %  of 
loss  and  same  volt-  1 

age  lamps, 

Comparative  %  of  loss 
for  same  cost,  same  . 

distanoe  and  same  volt:33>/i 
age  lamps, 

Voltage  of  lamps  on 
3-Wire  system  to  make 
same  cost  at  same 
distance  and  loss  as  61.3 
lanps  under  the  va-  TwC 

rious  heads,  . 


40.  8# 



62.5%  77. 8^2  84.  4/5  88.^ 

(y  sr  $2-1  ft'i  fi-1- 









4.  5 

.  1 



15.  7^5 


10.  ^ 

7.2  ^ 








9.  72 



90.  3^. 

8.33  10.28 


N  yL 




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Thomas  A?  Edison,  Esq?, 

Orange,  N?  J? 

Bear  Sir 

Your  favor  of  the  31st  noted:?  I  have 
sent  Mr?  de  Ereoe  to  obtain  the  resolution  of  the  Board  of  Alder-, 
men  of  1880  or  1881,  which  he  promises  to  obtain  in  a  few  days* 
whfen  1  will  send  it  to  you  promptly? 

1  have  also  the  honor  to  acknowledge  your  favor  respect¬ 
ing  the  alternating  current  system,  and  1  heartily  concur  with 
your  views.  I  sent  you. those  papers,  as. jit.  seemed, to  be  my  duty 
to  do  so? 

Yours  very  truly. 


New  ro/*,..HQy^'...2,....188.9., _ 18 

Thomas  AS’  Edison,  Esq1?,  <r\ 

Orange,  N#  jj  t^f  fa/f 

Ivly  Dear  Sir  II 

I  have  had-  some  difficulty  in  obtaining  / 
copies  of  the  resolutions  requested,  but  perseverence  and  a  friena 
at  court,  have  secured  them;  and  I  have  the  pleasure  of  handing  them 
to  you  herewith-,^  T->p  ' 

Yours  very  truly. 


W  r-< .«  (& 

(2j;  J  ..  L. 

\J  CKO  K 

U>0  uvx.#-^-4-.  1<W) 



RESOLVED.'  That  the  Brush  Electric  Illuminating  Co;-  of 
New  York  is  hereby  authorized  and  empowered  to  lay,  erect,  and  con¬ 
struct  suitable  wireB  or  other  conductors,  with  the  necessary 
poles,  pipes  or  ,  other  .fixtures. .injiyon,-  over,  and  under  the  streets, 
avenues,  .public  parks, ^  City  of  New  York  for  con- 
ducting  said  ..dis^tr ibuting.j electricity.  =and  to  theJ  fdli'’extent  that, 
could,  •,withjtjie^0c<^entl..pfulthq.  i^runicipal  authorities  of  the  City 
of  New^York,  be  jgiyen,  tp^jggjjk  gas,.;light  company' unde*"  or*  toy'  reason  of 
or  in  pur suance  ^o.f  an^  appli^tipn.made  by  any  of  the  corporations 
especiallyjpeferred^  toain..caiap,v  512[„of  the  geiierar'  statutes  of 
New  York  for ^18.79. ^  ^All, excava,tipns  in  street^rOTOviais  and  re¬ 
placements  of  pavements^  or^  si dewalks0Jo  be  done  urfdor ‘and  accord¬ 
ing  to  the  direction  of  the  Commissioner  of  Public  Works,  and  under 
such  further  conditions  as  to^seourity  against ’damage  to  sewers, 
water  pipes,  gas  pipes ^or  othe^  pipes „as  may  be  prescribed  by 

his  Honor  the  Mayor,  Comptroller  and  Commissioner  of  Public  Works^ 

s  and  •ino’.O.atovs-  of  company,-  .« 

who  are  now  by ; law authorized, to, make  provision  for  lighting  the 
streets  of  the  city. 

Whenever  at  any  time  any.  permit  shall  be  granted  to 
open  the  streets,  pavement  or, sidewalks  for  the  purpose  of  laying 
the  tubes,  wires,  conductors,.  sor  insulators  of  the  company,  a  sum 
equal  to  one^cent  per  lineal  foot,  of  streets  occupied  under  such 
permit  shall  be  paid  to  the  city. 

Nothing  herein  contained  shall  be  deemed  to  authorise  the 


laying  of  any  mains  or  pipes  for  conveying,  nor  the  erection  of 
any  lamps  or.  lamp  posts  to  be  used  for  illuminating  by  gas® 
Adopted  by  the  Board  of  Aldermen  April  12,  1881® 

Received  from  Mayor  April  12,  1881®  In  Board  adopted  May  3,  1881, 
3/4  of  all  the  .members,  ^elected  voting  ,in  favor  thereof® 


■COPY*  "ft  *  “ 

RESOLVED.  That  the  United  States  Illuminating  Co.  of 
Hew  York  is  hereby  authorized  and  empowered  to  lay  tubes,  wires, 
conductors,  and  insulators,  and  to  erect  lamp  posts  in  the  streets, 
avenues,  parks,  and  public  places  in  this  city,  for'J'the  purposes1  of 
conveying,  using  and  supplying  electricity,  or  electrical1  currents-; 
for  purposes  of  illuminating,'  all  excavations  in'  streets', "  removals,  - 
and  replacements  of  pavements  or  s'idev/alks  to'  be' done' under  !and  c 
according  to  the  direction  of  the  Coninissiorier'‘bf  Public  'Work's, ‘  " 
and  under  such  further  conditions  as  to  security'against  damage's  - 
to  sewers,  water  pipes,  gas  pipels,  or  other  pipes cas ’may  rbtf  pre-o:p 
scribed  by  his  Honor  the  Mayor,  the  Comptroller  and  the  Commis¬ 
sioner  of  Public  Works,  who  are  by  law  now  authorised  to  make ipro^0 
vision  for  lighting  the  streets  of  the  city.  ~  ^  .  i 

Whenever  at  any  time  any  permit  shall  be  granted  to  J  ' 
open  the  streets,  pavements  or  sidewalks,  for  the  ’purpose'' of  laying 
the  tubes,  wires,  conductors  and  insulators  of  the  company, 'a 
sum  equal  to  1  c.’  per  lineal  foot  of  streets  occupied  under  suoh 
permit  shall  be  paid  to  the  city. 

Nothing  herein  contained  shall  be  deemed  to  authorize 
the  laying  of  any  mains  or  pipes  for  conveying  gas,  nor  the  erec¬ 
tion  of  any  lamps  or  lamp  posts  to  be  used  for  illuminating  by  gas.' 

Adopted  by  Board  of  Aldermen  April  12,  1881*  Received 


from  his  Honor  the  Mayor  April  19,  1881,  with  his  objections  there¬ 
to?  In  Board  of  Aldermen  May  3,  1881,  taken  up,  reconsidered, 
as  provided  in  Sec?  13,  Chap?  335,  Laws  of  1873,  and  adopted,  not¬ 
withstanding  the  objections  of  his  Honor  the  Mayor  3/4  of  all  the 
members  elected  voting  in  favor  thereof?  '  * 


New  yor/c',. ,.MoVLJ._7^_1889  f  is 

Thomas  A?  Edison,  Esq.1, 

Orange,  N?  Ji  - 

My  Dear  Sir  s' 

.1  have  the  honor  to  acknowledge  your 
favor  of  the  3d  instV  I  may  say  in  reference  thereto  that  we 
have  been  negotiating  for  franchises  in  Jersey  City  with  Governor- 
elect,  Abbe tt,  who  at  one  time  intimated  through  a  second  party 
that  he  would  be  able  to  get  them  for  us.  Mr?  Hix  has  also  done 
some  work  at  Newark;  so  that  if  we  do  not  at  present  show  results, 
it  has  not  been  for  lack  of  effort,  which  will  be  continued* 

1  sent  Mr®  Hix  to  Baltimore  last  week.  He  looked  over 
the  ground  and  reported  that,  until  after  election  he  was  doubtful 
if  efficient  work  could  be  done.?  The  legislature  meets  this  year, 
and  Hix  is  very  sure  we  can  accomplish  something  this  season?  I 
shall  spare  no  effort,  and  will  go  .to  Baltimore  myself  if  I  find 
that  I  can  accomplish  anything,  which  may  be  possible,  as  I  have 
a  personal  acquaintance  with  Senator  Gorman,  who  is  a  great,  polit¬ 
ical  power  in  Maryland.  1  really  expect  to  get  a  station  into 
Baltimore  this  winter? 

I  will  take  up  the  suggestion  contained  in  your  favor  of 
the  Gth  about  Judge  Andrews'*  decision  and  the  Even-ing^Pos.t  and  see 


United  Edison  Manufacturing  Co., 

Department  of  Engineering. 


Thomas  A*  Edison,  Esq. 

Orange,  K.  Ju 

Dear  Sir  :  - 

The  bearer  Mr.  H.  T„  Edgar,  whom  I  mentioned  as  just 
having  completed  canvassing  Omaha  and  Sioux  city,  and  whom  you 
wished  to  see  personally  in  the  Buffalo  matter,'  will  present  this,. 
He  has  one  of  my  canvass  field  books,.  Please  see  if  you  have  any 
additions  or  Alterations  to  make,  and  oblige, 

United  Edison  Manufacturing  Co., 

Department  of  Engineering, 


N  EW  York, . .November...- 12th, . 1  &9 

Mr,.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N.  J* 

Dear  sir  :  - 

.££-■  M“°" “»•  ~u^.ri‘;’4srSiLS£i.. 

These  plants  were  installed  by  the  old  Construction  Com- 
Tru sting  these  will  serve  your  purpose,  I  remain, 

Very  truly  yours, 

Mr.  Tv.  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  H.  J„ 

Dear  sir  :  - 

J.  O,.  Henderson, 
Chief  Engineer  of  Construction. 

New  York,  November  15th. 1889 

Very  trulyvours, 

def  Engineer  of  Construction. 

United  Edison  Manufacturing  Comp 




■  Thos.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Llewellyn  Park,  Orange,  1I.J. 

A  Mr.  Chas.  T.  Snedekor  called  yesterday  morning  to 
say  thathe  had  invented  an  insulation  for  wires  which  ho  claims  is 
botli  fire  and  moisture  proof.  Ho  desires  that  we  make  a  tost  of 
this  insulation  for  him,  and  he  proposes  to  send  us  for  tliis  pur¬ 
pose  a  sample  of  500  or  1000  feet  of  his  wire. 

Knowing  that  you  have  ample  facilities  for  making  such  tests, 
we  write  t  o  ask  you  if  you  w ill  make  this  one  for  us,  when  the 
wire  arrives,  and  also  whether  in  general  you  are  prepared  to  make 
such  tests  for  us  from  time  to  time,  and  about  what  your  charges 
will  be  for  the  same. 

Mr.  Snedekor' s  address  is  #1  Exchange  Building,  Chicago. 

Truly  yours, 

k/*  /3~.  _ ^ 

Ass't  to  Gen' 1  Manager, 

United  Edison  Manufacturing  Co., 


Department  of  Engineering, 

Tw  A..  Edison,  Esq. 

Orange,  N.  j„ 
My  Deal’  Sir  :  - 

/Nov.  15th^l889 . 1 8 


As  the  Central  Station  for  Milwaukee  cannot  possibly  be 
in  operation  before  the  spring  of  1890,  there  is  abundant  time  for 
us  to  install  Direct  Triple  Compound  Steam  Dynamos  and  at  once 
erect  our  Central  Stations  on  the  most  approved  plan.  It  will 
reduce  space  and  first  cost  to  a  minimum,  while  getting  the  maximum 
efficiency  of  fuel,  with  the  least  amount  of  labor,. 

If  this  meets  your  views  I  will  put  the  matter  through 
at  once  and  then  submit  it  to  you  for  correction  and  alteration. 

I  remain. 

lief  Engineer  of  Construction. 

United  El^son  Manufacturing  Co., 

Department  of  Engineering, 



. /2-Wk. 

Ou^O  -  jffCte  S^. 


fc  07'? 

V/f-90  ■  L.U, 

-£a ^<3toVe  Wl (VuA 

a  •tAA.UMTK  rur.  V’LA^  — 

A^cUVcaU,  vuV^Aur^  Ncee^w^oe^ 

\MrtL_  S\^  O.  Co^gv^cvliy-jL  OA^uj^l 

Oaa-  Caaaaa^v. 

v-o  ~tb  ^ik( 

>W  C\ 

-  CX^rCXA^-\tjt  YMM^U- 
Wi),.  \i.  '■Hr..'-  t 

^  Lfes^s*r 

irrrs>‘t(w,  *»^GW  «-. 

Itw  '■»  t"  *-*-,  ^ 

0  A  01  . 


.  . ' . . •  . .  . 

United  Edison  Manufacturing  Co., 

Department  of  Engineering, 


INI  ew  York,. . . 1 8 . 

Mr.  Ohas.  Batchelor, 

Edison's  Laboratory, 

Orange,  N.  j.. 

Dear  Sir  :  - 

Mr.  Edison  stated  to  me  yesterday  that  I  could  get  the 
drawing  of  his  "Direct  Connected  Multipolar  Dynamo",  from  you. 

He  also  stated  that  he  has  them  from  100  to  1200  amperes 

output . 

■What  we  desire,  as  soon  as  possible,  is  blue  prints  of 
about  400,  600  and  1200  ampdre  machines,  of  about  140  volts  each, 
running  at  say  220  revolutions. 

If  you  will  lot  me  have  these  as  soon  as  possible, {  as  we 
want  to  embody  them  in  drawing  of  our  new  engine, )  I  will  be  great 
ly  obliged. 

Chief  Engineer  of  Construction. 

United  Edison  Manufacturing  Co., 

Department  of  Engineering. 


Mr.  Hastings  having  informed  me  that. you  intended  to  look 
into  the  matter  of  the  proposed  extension  forNewport,  R.  I.  -  I 
enclose  the  whole  data  with  reference  thereto;  among  them  blue 
print  of  the  district  requiring  lighting.  It  is  from  a  canvass 
in  1884.  I  wrote  to  find  out  if  any  changes  had  been  made  since 
then^in  case  a  new  canvass  was  required,  Mr.  Whipple  answered  say¬ 
ing  he  did  not  think  so;  if  in  your  opinion  however,  a  new  can¬ 
vass  is  necessary,  I  will  have  one  taken  immediately. 

Yours  obediently, 

Chief  Engineer  of  Construction. 


( /£HC 

toy  the  contracts  rn;ulo  between  you  and  the  Edison  Electric  Eight 
Co.  I  refer  to  shipments  to  Japan, Sandwich  I  si  cauls , Norway , Sweden , 
Portugal  and  other  outlying  countries.  You  will  remember  that 
these  countries  and  a  number  of  others  are  neither  owned  toy  this 
Company  nor  toy  any  of  the  European  or  Australasian  Companies , ope¬ 
rating  under  contract  with  you.  It  is  dosir^that  we  should 
fill  all  orders  of  tJiis  kind  oomire;  to  us  for  apparatus  for  elec¬ 
tric  light  purposes,  I  would  suggest  to  you  the  advisability  of 
naming  to  us  a  royalty  on  shop  prices  which  wo  can  pass  to  your 
credit  without  any  further  communication  with  you.  All  these 
matters  will  come  through  my  hands  and  I  will  myself  bo  careful  to 
see  that  no  plants  are  shipped  into  territories  covered  toy  existing 
contracts  of  yours. 

Yours .truly, 

first  Vice  Prosideht. 

United  Edison  Manufacturing  Company, 


isolated  plants.  New  YORK, _ November  33.  1839 T 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq.,  Private  Secty. , 

Edison’s  laboratory,  Orange,  H. J. 

Dear  Sir: — 

Have  to  acknowledge  receipt  of  your  favor  of  tls 
sand  inst,  in  regard  to  testing  of  the  insulation-  invented  by  Mr. 
Snedakor,  for  which  please  accept  our  thanks.  v/e  have  written  to¬ 
day  to  Mr.  S. ,  requesting  him  to  forward  the  wire  to  us  at  once 
and  will  send  it  to  you  as  soon  as  received. 

Truly  yours, 

Ass't  to  Gen' 1  Manager 


CU_rCr  JUjl  a  5^0.3 

CU  U~  L^eOZjQi 

P  *  ,^-4a^a^(^Tfcc 

l|^jia_  (cc^1 

United  Edison  Manufacturing  Co., 

Department  of  Engineering, 

P'Cri’ATH)  TO  iJTjflSOGlUPHliTi.  44  WALL  STREET, 

New  York  „  io 

’ . November  •29th; . '  °  8 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.' 

Orange,  N.  j. 

Bear  sir  :  - 

1  beg  to  acknowledge  the  receipt  of  your  favor  of  Nov. 
25th.,  stating  that  the  canvass  I  sent  jrcu  on  the  22nd  of  Ochre 
Point -Newport ,  would  not  answer  your  purpose. 

If  you  will  kindly  return  to  me  all  the  data  that  I  sent 
you,  I  will  send  a  man  to  Newport  at  once,  and  will  forward  to  you 
the  new  data  as  soon  as/received. 

Yours  very  truly, 




Mw  York .  1S3S .  18 

A. 0. Tate  Esq., 

Edison's  Laboratoiy , Orange ,  N.J. 

I  have  your  flavor  of  the  7th  enc  Hosing  letter  from 
L. Oscar  Browning  &  Co.  ,  Johannesburg,  South  African  Republic. 

Do  you  know  whether  thi  s  territory  is  con  trolled  by  the  Aus¬ 
tralasian  Company?  Will  you  please  look  iip  Mr. Edison's  contracts 
in  relation  to  this  matter  and  advise  me  further? 

United  Edison  Manufacturing  Co., 

Department  of  Engineering, 


N  EW  Y ORK, . Deo. ember... 1 8 89 

ThomaB  A.  Edison, Esq.  J  J 

/y  tf 

Dear  Sir  :  - 

Enclosed  herewith  please  find  copy  of  letter  dated  Nov. 
26th.  to  Mr.  Prank  MoGowan,  and  his  reply.,  to  same,  under  date  of 
December  7th. 

Please  let  me  know  if  his  reply  emobodies  your  views, and 


Acting  Engineer- in-Chief. 




Mr.  Prank  McGowan, 

oare  of  The  laboratory, 
Orange,  N.  j. 
Dear  Sir  :  -  § 

Novanber  26th.l889 

In  regard  to  the<  oahyae|  of  ORIMOO  that  you  aaK.d  for 
yesterday,  I  beg  to  a,.,,  fhji.^r  e.rofhl  j.arjh  doth  ai  the 
vault  end  In  tht.  offl.e.  .j  f&d  *  hay,  nothin,  hat  ,h.  .any... 
«ade  in  1887,  on  ,hieh  theodetJn^M ion  ...  Adajfor  the  preaon, 
station.  'p  *  a  .2 

The  oenyasa  «»t|,ou|d«|Sr..  I  an,  under  the  hapresa,™ 
•a.  mad,  by  the  .ho  oontrolled  minol. 

and  three  adjoining  States.  ■' 

Theee  pap  era  I  have  not  ‘control  of,  neither  do  I,  know 
where  they  are'* 

If  the  canvass  of  1887  will  be  of  use  to  you,  I  shall  be 
pleased  to  furnish  it,  and  remain, 

Very  truly  yours, 

Signed,  j.  c.  Henderson, 
Acting  Engineer-in-Chief. 


„  6crc> 

Copy*  Orange,  N.  J.  December  7.1889 

J.  C.  Henderson,  Esq. 

New  York  City. 

Dear  Sir  :  - 

Replying  to  yours  of  the  26th.  ulto.  have  to  say  that 
canvass  of  1887  of  Chicago  will  answer  Mr.  Edison's  purpose.  I  have 
been  absent  from  the  Laboratory  for  the  past  10  days  whieh  accounts 
for  delay  in  writing  sooner. 

Yours  truly. 

Signed.  Frank  McGowan, 

Tate  informs  me  that  data  relative  to  Ochre  Point, Newport,  has 
been  sent  you. 

United  Edison  Manufacturing  Co., 

Department  of  Engineering. 


N  EW  Y ORK, . December.-lOth.. . 1 8  89 

T.  A.  Edison,  Esq. 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir  :  - 

Along  with  this  I  mail  you  two  blue  prints  of  the^Oehre 
Point  District  of  Newport,  copy  of  letter  from  Mr.  Whipple  in 
answer  to  mine,  also  oopy  of  my  letter  to  him. 

It  was  a  very  difficult  matter  to  get  at  the  measurements 
of  the  different  houses  from  side  walks,  etc.  as  the  owners  all  be¬ 
ing  away  permission  to  enter  the  grounds  was  absolutely  refused  in 
almost  every  instance.  Our  canvassers  however  with  Mr.  Whipple's 
aid  and  insurance  maps,  were  able  to  get  at  distances,  and  also  the 
number  of  gas  jets  contained  in  each  dwelling,  quite  a  large  number 
of  the  buildings  having  already  been  wired  by  Mr.  Whipple  in  anti¬ 
cipation  of  the  lighting  . 

The  soil  all  over  this  district  is  easily  excavated  being 
of  a  gravelly  and  sandy  nature. 

The  streets  and  side-walks  are  all  macadamized, and  are 
separated  by  a  granite  curbing. 

Medium  size  trees  are  planted  along  the  streets,  at  about 
20  feet  apart.  There  are  no  poles  in  the  district,  nor  will 

any  be  allowed  under  any  consideration  under  City  Ordinance. 

I  also  send  list  of  the  number  of  lights  corresponding  to 

th.  „u»b„  *  dr.lling  Ihe  llght>  for  iMe80 

4c.  arc  inolud.d  th.  to,...,  and  awal  M 

lights,  and  for  lodges  about  5, 

Green  Houses  are  marked  thus  P"\[ 

Stables  and  Lodges  thus 
The  four  buildings  marked  "49 »,  a x 
eaoh  with  25  lights. 


group  of  similar  oottages. 

Trusting  that  this  ,»m  „a  .u  th.  ingona.tion 

I  remain, 



Newport,  R.  I.  December  9th. 1889 

J.  0.  Henderson,  Esq. 

44  Wall  Street, 

New  York  City. 

Dear  Sir  :  - 

I  return  Blue  Print  as  you  desired.  Feeders  in  yellow. 
Mains  in  red.  Feeder  A.  eomtains  520,000  C«  M.  Feeder  B.  112,000 
Feeder  C.  150,000.  All  Mains  contain  80,000  C.  M. 

Truly  yours, 

Signed.  John  Whipple, Jr 



New  York,  December  7th. 1889 

Mr.  John  Whipple,  Gen'l  Mgr. 

Edison  Electric  Ill-.  Co. 
Newport,  R.  I. 

Dear  Sir  :  - 

I  mail  yon  under  separate  cover  a  blue  print  map  of  your 
territory,  on  which  Mr.  Edison  desires  to  have  marked  IN  RED  the 
location  of  every  main,  and  the  size  of  same,  and  IN  YELIOW  the 
location  and  size  of  each  feeder,  showing  the  route  of  the  wires, 
and  more  particularly  the  point  at  which  they  stop.  This  will 
enable  him  to  obtain  an  intelligent  understanding  of  the  situation 
regarding  the  lighting  of  Ochre  Point. 

In  my  letter  of  the  6th.  I  desire  -to  correct  the  sent¬ 
ence  reading  ■  especially  with  reference  to  where  they  start  ft-cro 
station.  "  This  sentaioe  should  be  "especially  with  reference  to 
where  they  stop  or  end.  « 

Kindly  return  this  map  with  the  desired  data,  at  your 
earliest  opportunity,  and  oblige. 

Very  tiuly  yours, 

Signed.  J.  0.  Henderson, 

Acting  Engineor-in-Chief , 


Map  No.  No.  Lights, 













































































49  4  cottages  ea.2! 

I5<I  Green  Houses, 

)<  Stables,  Lodges. 

The  Lights  for  Stables  and  Lodges  are  included  with  the 
Oi^cy-  -j- 

houses,  and  ^pte/stables  10,.  Lodges  5. 

San  Francisco,  Cal.,  Dec.  26th,  1889. 

My  Dear  Edison; 

X  enclose  you  two  letters  from  WeekSs, 
which  will  explain  themselves. 

Please  render  him  any  assistance  you  can,  as  he  is 
having  a  very  hard  fight  of  it  in  Kansas  City.  He  has  a 
Station  of  6000  Lamp  Capacity  when  there  is  a  demand  for 
15,000;  but  the  stock  cannot  be  placed  in  Kansas  City 
becaus-  ev„ry  man  there  places  his  money  in  real  estate, 
and  the  Arc  Company  s  stock  is  worth  150,  par  value  100, 
simply  because  they  Trnve  a  large  contract  with  the  City. 
Weed's  is  trying  very  hard  to  place  some  more  st.ock.- 

There  is  a  fair  prospect,  of  pla*4gg  a  Company  of 
$200,000,  in  Salt  Lake  City,  Utah.  R."  M.  Jones,  (Whom  you 
W  is  pushing  it  all  he  can;  and  if  anybody  can  place 
stock  in  Salt  Lake  City  demanding  30  per  cent  on  first 
capitalization,  and30  per  cent  on  all  increases,  I  think 
Jones  will  do  so.' 

iS  the  bsst  city  for  a  plant  that  1  have  seen. 
Gas  is  very  high,  because  Oas  Coal  is  imported,  and  is  very 
poor  at  that.  There  is  an  Arc  Company  wi  th  the  ^ush 
System  ana  v.r,  few  IdowdewtoW  dimwit,  mu  „„ 

to  get  franchises,  as  we  are  so  tied  up  here  with  the 

Ladd  Estate  that  X  wfl.1  not  make  any  move  whatever  without 
consulting  a  lawyer,  so  as  to  prevent  any  lav/  suits  or 
complications  hereafter. 

The  details  1  have  written  to  Mr.  Herrick,  and  have 
kept  him  fully  posted. 

Wishing  you  a  Merry  Christmas, 

1  remain. 

Yours  Truly, 

1889.  Electric  Railway  (D-89-44) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
Edison’s  involvement  in  electric  railways.  Some  of  the  documents  pertain  to 
the  acquisition  of  the  Sprague  Electric  Railway  and  Motor  Co.  by  the  Edison 
General  Electric  Co.  and  to  related  stock  transfers  involving  Edison.  There  are 
also  two  reports  dealing  with  the  financial  condition  of  the  Sprague  company. 

Approximately  60  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  meeting 
announcements;  letters  of  transmittal;  requests  for  information  about  Sprague 
products.  ‘  ' 

Related  material  can  be  found  in  D-89-38  (Electric  Light  -  Edison 
General  Electric  Company). 

v  |f 

J 6.  flyy  fHsitrr  |J 

*Q~ y 

~^iry~  &  A)  I^ot  CX-CAMJ. w>  f.  j 

J-f  /tyl  (jlXsts^-e^r^i---  : 

:xplahatioii  or 

Machine ; 


ihinery  anl  Plant  at  their  Pact  ory.  in  West  30th.  St , 

it  ion’,  have  ever 

vie, 'and  the' above  char&v 

as  above 

ic  count  s' 

pcriormad  on,  Street  Railway ■ 

joiap'i  etod. 


Or.  the  i 
ovi  futur 
the  bur;i 
of  futur 

iications  are  that  there,  is. a  net  profit  of  22  64/1000  *5 
Street  Railway  Contracts.  .The  factor  oncost  of  securing-' 
!SS  is  Prov^ed.  for  .in  the  'estimated- cost ,  but  not  the  cost 
re  experiment  s  and  other general  charges.. 

The  Company. have  just  developed  a  new  horse  car  motor,  which 
3S  lb  h.p.-  .instead  of  7 h.p. '.the  present  capacity,  and  the 
•  j.-« nurture  is.  buu  slight iy  increascled.  With  the  advantages 
secured  and  the  reforms  inaugurated  and  to  be  inaugurated, . 
exits  for  the. ensuing  year  should  be  secured. 

JS.  General  Conclusions 

From  my  estimation  I  believe. 

There  is  money  in  the  business  if  properly  handle 
— nd ;  Motor n  e n j oy  a  goo d  reputation  and  have  been  wide 
ly  advertised. 

_5rdi  The  Street  Railway  business  if  poperly  conducted 
with  ample  working,  capital  and  ftsth  good  manage¬ 
ment  will  yield  handsome  profits. 

_4thj_  The  Company  is  capitalized  entirely  too  high  for 
its  property,  rights,  patents  and  good  will, 

_5thi_  It  is  not  under  good  management  in  some  depart¬ 
ments,  but  is  being  improved. 

_0thi  It  is  costing  too  much  to  conduct  the  business. 
_7thi_  If  -the  reforms  indicated  above  are  carried,  I 

think  the  Company  can  soon  take,  .a  turn  towards 
prosperity.,  etc.  '  .  $27,072.77 

Value  of  Jiateraal  chai'K'6d,;  . 


Value  of  Patent  Property  and 


a  uov  c 


the  boohs  -the  amount  of  dash  realized 

from  sales  oi  Stock  amounted  to’ 

Met  Assets  -per  a oo vc-  stab einjit 

'end  e;-:perii!>£j 

dovel’ppintf  business 


Expenses  increased  as  follow: 
Street'  Railway:  Experimental 
:  'Standard  iic-ior  .  do  ' 
Experimental  Expenses 
Pump  Kot  or.  Experiment  s; 
Elevated  Motor, 

V  1,335.45- 
2,0 75, BO 
$«/*8 , 150,  j)o 

In  ail  iairness.  it  niignt  oe  said  that  while  a  large  part 
of  the  a'oovo  represents  actual  Experimental  Expenses ,  I  consider  a 
larEe  percentage.  is  m  reality  henoral  Expenses,  especially  the  item- 

Respectfully  submitted, 

Signed',  J.  a.  NCClement ; 

New  York  January.  51st,  lB8s 



•other  Experimental  Accounts,  Besides  these  irdstaitesia  larfp  arrount 
•  of  apparently  unnecessary  work  in  the  nature,  or  experiments  was  per¬ 
formed  without  finishing  any  one  thing';  in  other  words,  systematic  re¬ 
sults  were  not  achieved  or  carried  to  their  logical  conclusion,  jwr.-  •.• 
Johnson  has  realized  these  facts  and  ordered  the  factory  shut  d, ' 
and  ail  work  done  at  The  Edison  machine  Worns  Or  other  places  under 
contract.  This  is  a  good  move,  and  will  place  the  oversight  of  the 
business  in  the  hands  of  chiefs  of  the  various  departments  who  can 
follow  a  thing  to  its  conclusion,  and  be  held  responsible  for  results. 
This  will  keep  is . Sprague  in  check, 

It  will  be  noticed  from  the  report  that  the  'Railway  work  has 
proved’  unreraunerat iv.e  thus  far.  I  subjoin  report"  of  completed  con¬ 
tracts  to  date  with  a  fair ' percentage  of  General' Expenses  added  to  the 
cost,  Showing  actual  loss  of  $.58,207.44. 


This  business,  has  developed,  anil .  is  developing  Rapidly j  but  h 
been  pushed  during  the -past  year  as  much  as  it  night  have  be 
to  the  best  energies  of  the  Company  having  been  devoted  to  t. 
business.  • 

.  they  haVe  established  a  reputation  in  r 
Street  Railway  Work  and  have  a  large  number  of  contracts'  on 
will  yield  a  good  profit,  if  the  business  is  properly  manage, 
hoped  that  west  of  the  mistakes  and  experiment:;  have  been  :,*i 
they  have  developed  a  commercially  acceptable  Railway  System, 
therefore  a  question  of  management  and  competition  as  to  whel 
will  lose  or  make  money  in  the  future  on  this  branch  of  the  ; 

X  subjoin  a  statement  of  contracts  on  hand  and  the 
cost  of  same.  ‘  ‘  " 

Respectfully  submitted, 

Signed,  J.  ii.  McClement.. 


as  not  -o 
en,  owing 
ho  Railway  ' 

egard  to 
I: and  which 

It  is 

.her . they 


New  York  Jan. 51,1339. 

(u  4  ^ 

(  EQU ITAB  LE  B  U I LD I N  G  ) 

Bab.  15th.  /ffijjr 

A. 0.  Tate  Esq.,  Private  Secretary, 

Deal*  Sir: 

n,i.  Rq  E*bo**l«  Railway  06.  of  the  U.S-.  nr  am 

about  proparinc  a  statombni  of  ihd  cxistinG  Htfi  &  6f  MfitedTs  m 
i'1*  **»*<*»  Railway  Co.  pat^^.TmfjS. -T 

loiT^'tZi  1  *“d  llk“  toba  «»  *>"  I  hav4  ta„w).5°‘of 
lettltf/fff  °Tf ‘f*  If  ym  wila  Rindly  refer  to  my 
letter  to  Mr .JEdisoi, dated  Oct.  1,1388, you  Wl  1  flind  a  conpiete 

sS  Mvfmff  Contl!lot^  80  as  I  then  had  knowledeo  of  the 
lir-ht  Pf SSi°n  is  that  7m  Gained  information  from  the 

Sfjjif  aone  °ther  source, -of  the  exigence  of  one  o' 

*  0  attracts, not  included  in  my  said  list,  ^ill  ' 

'fff  falfn°  tbis  matter  carefully  and  let  me  know  if  you 

said  Ts?no?oTl  °fTr:rraf8  ■«*  add*tion  *°  those^fm"  : 
parties  JhereJo!*  ^ ease  sho  ne  dates  and  n«<*  of 

would  like' ^  °f  -°  &ive  t;his  *«*  ^ly  attention, as  I 

ThSf vffi  work  on  rnyu-epopt  as  early  as  possible, 

Thankinc  you  in  advance  for  your  troubl  e,I  renain. 

Very  truly  ydtrs. 

i  f 

Delaware  House,  Port  Jervis, N.  Y.  Nov.  13,  lugg, 

Thos*  A.  Edison, 

0  range, N.  J. 

Dear  sir,-  r'  j 


1  am  about  constructing  an  Electric  Railway  in  this  town^j 
The  authorities  are  desirous  that  it  should  be  the  storage  system;-  | 
To  my  mind  it  is  not  practicable,  it  is  my  intention  to  uSe  the 
Sprague  system. 

Will  you  kindly  give  me  your  opinion  as  to  the  unpract-^ 
xcability  of  the  storage  systems  of  the  present  day.  it  will  aid  t 
me  very  materially,  when  1  called  on  you  some  eight  months  ago,  ^ 
you  expressed,  that  it  was  a  failure.  1  desire  to  use  y0ur  opinion^ 

With  the  Board  °r  Aldermen.  Hoping  to  hear  from  you  at  an  early 
date, 1  remain, 

Very  Respectfully  yours 

*$Z  : 

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i&C&T. yeitkjZ& 


Essex  Passenger  Railway  Company  and  Newark  and  Irvington 
Street  Railway  Company. 

Jie.wtncd,  That  tile  Essex  Passenger  Railway  Company  and  the  Newark  and  Irvington  Street. 
Railway  Company  lie  granted  permission  to  substitute  electrical  or  chemical  motors  lor  horse  power 
on  all  their  lines  within  the  limits  of  the  city  of  Newark,  New  Jersey,  on  the  following  terms  and 
conditions : 

First.  That  said  motors  lie  of  the  best  quality  of  such  pattern  and  construction  as  the  Common 
Council  shall  approve. 

Second.  Before  doing  work  of  any  description  on  the  streets,  the  Companies  shall  file  a  plan 
with  the  Committee  on  Streets  and  Highways,  to  be  approved  by  the  Common  Council  before  work 
begins,  and  the  same  shall  be  completed  within  one  year  from  the  date  of  such  approval.  The  same 
Committee  may  employ  an  expert  to  supervise  the  work,  at  an  expense  not  exceeding  live  hundred 
dollars,  the  cost  of  same  to  be  defrayed  by  the  Railway  Companies. 

Third.  On  the  line  extending  from  Second  River  through  Washington  and  Belleville  avenues, 
Broad  street  and  Clinton  avenue  to  Elizabeth  avenue,  storage  battery  jir  other  independent  motors 
may  be  run,  and,  on  the  above  route  (excepting-  as  herein  specilied)  no  overhead  wires  or  poles  shall 
he  allowed.  On  all  other  lines  now  operated  bjr  the  above  Companies  (excepting  as  herein  specified) 
poles  and  wires  may  be  used  on  the  following  terms,  viz.: 

(«■)  All  materials  shall  be  of  the  best  pattern  and  selected  by  the  Common  Council,  as  pro¬ 
vided  for  in  Article  Two  of  this  agreement.  .  /' 

(*•)  On  Broad  street  between  CSSKrtfr  avenue  and  Market  street,,  and  on  Market  street  between 
Arlington  and  Perry  streets,  no  additional  pMes  shall  be  allowed,  but  wires  may  be  strung  (with 
consent  of  owners)  on  poles  already  standing,  or  the'  Railway  Companies  may  arrange  with  the 
Electric  Lighting  Companies  in  these  districts  for  new  and"  more  shapely  poles,  which  shall  serve 
both  as  lamp  posts  and  guys,  the  object  being  to  lessen  the  constructions  already  existing  in  the 
sections,  named.  A  like  arrangement  may  lxj  earned  out  wherever  practicable,  in  other  parts  of 
the  city.  In  no  instunde  shall  poles  be  allowed  in  the  centre  of  a  street. 

(c.)  All  operating  wires  shall  be  furnished  with  safety  guards  to  prevent  telephone  or  other 
wires  falling  thereon.  No  currents  shall  be  permitted  which  could  in  any  wise  endanger  life. 

(d.)  Whenever  storage  battery  or  other  independent  motors  are  available  on  the  Newark 
guides,  they  shall  be  substituted,  and  the  overhead  wires  and  poles  removed. 

The  Common  Council  may  designate  by  resolution  the  time  of  such  removal. 

Fourth.  For  such  times  ns  poles  (nmy  be  allowed,  the  City  shall  have  the  light  to  attach 
thereto  a  suitable  number  of  wires  for  public  use>  and  when  poles  are  abandoned,  such  of  them  as 
may  still  be  needed  for  police,  fire  or  otluT  city  wires,  shall  be  left  standing  and  become  the  property 
of  the  City.  ' 

Fifth  '.  The  Companies  shall  riiri  a/auitalile  number  of  open 
all  seasons;  Also  special  curs  whenevef 
nrid  well  lighted'  the  year'  round!  Cars 
hour,  its  the  Common  Council  may  detcri) 

summer,  and  closed  cure  in 
Wssary.  All  caw  to  be  properly  heated  in  cold  weather, 
be  Tim  at  . such  headway, 'hot  exceeding  twelve  miles  per 
)iine.  '/'•  ■  •  ••  '  ... 


Sixth;  The  Companies  to  give  transfers  over  their  own  lines  (and  'each  others  lines)  lor  a  single 
hire,  and -with  Other  Companies' bn  suchjtermsns  may  be  arranged  with  such  Companies,  or'  in  case 
of  fniliiraCo  agree,  by  the  ubitmtors  hereinafter  provided.  ■ 

Setivnth.  Iii  addition  to  the  payment  of  the  general  tax,  and  conformity’  to  all  ordinances  of 
the  city  now  in  force,  or  which  hereafter  may  be  enacted,  the  Companies  shall,  on  the  first  day  of  May 
of  each  year,  pay  into  the  City  Treasury  two  per  cent,  of  their  gross  earnings,  for  the  previous  year, 
upon  such  lines  as  may  have  been  equipped  with  niotors,  said  payment  to  be  accompanied  by  a  sworn 
earnings  shall  be  understood  to  include  all  receipts 

statement  of  anoflicerof  the  Company, 
from  railway  tin  flit; 

KUjlith:  In  case  of  aiiy  disagreement  between  the  City  and  the  Companies  named,  on  any 
matter  connected  with  this  permission,;. or  \pth  respect  to  any  change  in  motive  power,  or  as  to  any 
compliance  with  the  terms  of  this  agreement, >,the  company  interested  shall,  on  demand  of  the  City, 
submit  the  same  to  the  decision  of  three  arbitrators,  to  be  appointed  ns  follows:  One  to  be  the 
■  Mayor  of  the  City  (or  in  his  absence  or  failurejto  act,  some  members  of  the  Common  Council,  to  be 
appointed  by  that  body,)  another  to  be  a  representative  of  the  Railway  Company,  and  a  third 
,  ..chosen  by  these  .two,.  _  .  ,  i 

Ninth.  Any  failure  on  the  part  of  the  Companies  to  comply  with  the  terms  of  this  agreement, 
or  with  the  ordinances  of  the  City  (except.  nnder  orders  of  the  Court,)  shall  be  deemed  sufficient 
cause  to,  and  shall  authorize  the  Common  Council  to  revoke  and  amiul  this  permission,  and  the 
same  is  granted  on  this  express  condition.- -2 

Tmtl,.  Refore  exercising  any  permission  hereby  given,  said  Companies  shall  make,  execute 
and  deliver  to  the  City,  a  contract,  embodying  tile  terms  herein  expressed,  the  same  to  be.  approved 
by  the  City  Counsel. 


v  i  JOHN  F.  YOUNG, 

■"  V/  Committer,  on.  Jlailroadu  and  J>'runcJiises. 

Introduced  it 
.  .onlered. printed. .... 

a  Common  Council  by  Alderman  Ketclmm,  Dcceiiiiier  20,  1880.  Laid  over  and 



*>£-  <4^C  ^_  .x 

'/  <?  '  ^  /: 

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1889.  Exhibitions  -  General  (D-89-45) 

and  maMg“ of  the  — 

Approximately  90  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed  The 
to °f^°CUmTtS  have  not  been  filmed:  documents  relating 
documents  ”  EdlS°n  dld  n0t  participate;  duPlicate  copies  of  selected 

Dear  Mr. Tate: - 

Yours  of  the  2d  inst.  was  duly  received,  and  please  ac¬ 
cept  thanks  for  the  information  contained.  1  telegraphed  you  a  day  . 
or  two  afterward  about  account  of  Phonograph  at  Crystal  Palace  Exhibi¬ 
tion,  London,  as  I  wanted  to,  if  possible,  obtain  an  account  but  fear 
you  may  not  have  understood  the  message  fully.  Will  you  kindly  tell 
me  if  you  have  such  an  account,  or  where  I  could  obtain  one,  as  I  want 
very  much  to  refresh  my  memory  about  that  particular  occasion,  which, 
as  I  recollect,  was  in  last  July  or  August.  If  you  will  please  let  me 
know  as  soon  as  convenient,  it  would  greatly  oblige  me.  Kind  regards 
to  Mr. Edison,  if  he  has  returned. 

Yours  very  truly. 



Elfcclriclly  a  Specially. 

Dear  Mr. Tate:- 

Yours  of  the  8th  is  received,  for  which  I  am  obliged. 

The  matter  of  the  Phonograph  at  London  Crystal  Palace  Exhibition,  that 
1  have  reference  to,  was  about  the  showing  of  the  machine  there  some 
little  time  after  Col.Gouraud  and  Mr. Hamilton  went  to  England  last 
summer  with  the  machine.  I  think  that  it  showed  action  there  such  as 
the  reproducing  in  a  large  hall  of  the  chorus  and  instruments,  making 
it,  practically,  an  exhibition  machine.  Am  I  correct  in  my  supposi¬ 
tion?  I  do  not  find  account  of  it  in  any  of  the  papers  here,  although 
I  think  it  was  in  the  Herald  some  time  last  August.  There  was  quite 
an  account  of  it  but  I  fail  to  find  it.  If  you  have  such  an  account, 
or  any  account  of  the  performance,  or  can  get  it  or  put  me  in  the  way 
to  obtain  it,  I  would  be  very  greatly  obliged.  I  .am  sorry  to  trouble' 
you  but  I  hardly  know  how  to  get  at  what  I  want,  otherwise.  An  early 
reply  will  oblige, 

Yours  very  truly, 



gastTnd  electric  light  fixtures,  Ere.,  Ere 

Office  and  Works,  527  to  531  West  34th  Street 

£  <^u)  gyyuy,  _  <^» 

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manufacturer  of 


Office  and  Works,  527  to  531  West  34th  Street, 





The  Electrical  and  Industrial  Exhibition,  1889, 

Executive  Committee’s  Offices, 

corporation  Street, 


^  otoCcCt^)  SA-t^-t  6~<*/  er^- — 

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- EXHIBITS  y- . - . . 

Will  lie  Received  at  the  Hall  between  MONDAY.  JULY  ,5tlt  S  MONDAY,  JULY  send  onl 
<W"l'io'J  wM  **  fte**#  to  MpppCtj.  pxMciUot, 

•apoiv  application  -Gc-ing.  ntaSe  I'o  thaiz,  911-ai 

T.  C.  SHARP, 



following  noblemen  and  gentlemen. 

Section  No.  l.  electrical. 

■mcl  ariel) — Switch  Boards-^ersX  Men!  r  Gmbmarmo,  subterranean, 

iizizr>  a°"“’  sm-’  s,.,.o„ 

Section  No.  2. 

*«-  — 

Electric  Transmission  oi  Power.  Systems  for 

Section  No.  3. 

Telegraph  and  Telephone  Apparatus-Phonographs-Electric  Bells  and  n  , 

Electric  Welding — Electric  Smelting — Electrotypinc _ EloXn  Xa  ' 

^Telpherage  Working,  to.,  and  all  kinds  of  Electric  Machinery  Ld  Ap^liancef  ** 


Section  No.  4.— MANUFACTURES 

Chemical  Tmdes-Opticians-Ch«sing-].h^^^^ 

SgXX^  Chocolate 

'Sr  Pi0rai,’^i“  °"“»  Wes  of  all  hinds  of  Manufacturing 

Section  No.  5.— MACH  I NERY. 

Portable  and  Eixcd  Steam  Emmies _ Gas  i, . 

I  Lie  e^t-B  I  fi  ,d  Appli  ,s-T  I  I  \[  ]  Jj  e' 

Driving  Belts  and  Bands. 

«*  •<  in 

Section  No.  6.— HARDWARES. 

*-a  s»”“-  ■»  *»»«£  -sss 

oTfBS^2°^P'E“"EBNT8-  , 

-English,  Dresden,  Persian,  Japanese  and  o  her  P  !  °glally-f1 ““^-Statuary 
P“"M  «. 

Section  No.  8.-BUILDING  TRADES. 

Machine-made  Joinery — Conservatories — Greenhouses _ Bostic  G„,.d  a,  „ 

of  Heating  Booms  by  Hot  Air,  Hot  “JX  7  Arbours-Systoms 
Chandeliers— Gas  Fittings- LainnR-W„ii  v  *  !!  Steam— Smoke  Consumers— 
Appliances— Terra-Cotta  Goods— Mosaic  Tiles  8 1  Mftclie  Go°ds— Sanitary 

Section  No.  9.— GENERAL. 

proof  and  other  Paints-Specialities  in  Zdt„"&e?r  e^ « -K. re-proof  Safes-Kre- 

'  Ol'ltf&ty  "Exhibit,-  Birmingham. 

The  Electrical  and  Industrial  Exhibition,  1889, 

The  Electrical  and  Industrial  Exhibition,  1889, 





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Department  of  justice,, 

Ottawa,  25th  Hune,I889 

Re  application  for  admission  of  certain  Patents 
to  tho  St  John  Exhibition  . 

She-  Department  of  Agriculture  might  answer  the 
^plication  as  follows 

The  Government  will  not  abject  to  the  bring¬ 
ing^  the  goods  in  question  into  Canada  in  bend  for 
the  purpose  raentionjfed^but  cannt  bind  third  parties 
or  guarantee  the  patentee*  against  proceedings  at  their 

Signed:  Robt  Sedgewick 



The  Electrical  and  Industrial  Exhibition,  1889, 


Executive  committee’s  offices, 

County  Chambers. 

corporation  Street, 


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Edison  [iaboratory. 

The  Electrical  and  Industrial  Exhibition,  1889,' 


executive  committee’s  offices, 

County  Chambers, 



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"'  tffa/wr&nZ—  M  pfewi'  /cSieZ/'-  OmM  Mss' 

*  HtvtA/  M^ZctruLs  Z^ ZffrZosnaZ— 

"" fit  oZ/e*/  Strife  Zi/Za*iZ~  - -  f  ^ 

*  ^tste#ni/Zys  OrtiM  #0?i&/iaZ'  ZaMe'-an^  ^ 



JZyvrjvsj  C'oj/swjv?’. 

v s»Pt,  12th.  & 


SEpJ?  )«:■;<; 

Thoms  A* Edison, Esq*  f 


Dear  Slrj . 

Without  doubt  there  will  b»  aa^*p..l4ton  hold 
»n  »*«  V-h  In  1892  **  if  ..""this  camp.ny  wtil 
W  a»kt  to  Urge  on  othlbit  as  passible,  wa  should, 

•*  «*urss,  ffltko  an  exhibit  *f  our  different  typo,  of  Bn- 
ftnas,  Standard,  Ceapeund,  Triple  £*panslon,  Double, 
Direct  Connected  Ond  Vertical,  but  wa  feel  that  wa  should 
do  wore  than  this:  that  having  been  the  Pienaars  m  the 
Hlfh  spaed  Engine  buaines.  connected  with  .jactno 
lighting  and  having  nOw  the  leading  wannfaoiery  m  the 
world  dovotod  to  thl.  class  of  w.  ,h#uld  .h0w  .. 

«onjr  Snglnas  *t  war*  *,  pa.eible, 

Tour  Company  om  no  doubt  make  a  Special  dis¬ 
play  and  ta  'take  time  by  the  forelack*  aur  present  eb- 
in  anting  is  t.  i»f.rn  yeu  that  this  Cempany  will 

'-nlch  y.u  with  Enelno.  th„  y.u  w  requirei 

dUr,”e  'h’  •*Wb“‘«  *“■*•“*  »  y.u  anticipate 

’h*’,"S  inJ  <‘90“1’'1  **'■»•  *»  electrical 

requiring  ,  Sp,e,.,  ,yp,  „  gopla,i  „  pl<M<d  M 

e-.P.r.,.  „,h  y<u 

might  dee  Ire  te  build  aerae  Special  generater  el  unueual 
el«.  requiring  a  quleh  running  direct  c.nn.ct.d  Engl.,- 

If  by  giving  uc  an,pl.  p,.„M  t> 

mast  yaur  wants. 

we  write  thu.  early  that  there  may  be  ample 
«•  -wer.  up  mat,.,..  .„d  .ball  b.  pleac.d  h,ar 

I  am 

y«urB  truly 

The  Committee  for  the  International  Exposition  of  1892. 


By  direction  of  the  Mayor  I  have  the  honor  to  request 

your  presence  at  a  meeting  of  the  Committee  for  the  International 
Exposition  of  1892  at  the  Governor’s  Room  in  the  City  Hall  on  the 
afternoon  of  Thursday,  October  the  Tenth,  at  three  o'clock. 



Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq're. 

fatnrUts  Fn.'r  _  flj. 


Financial  Editor  SUNDAY  MERCURY  - - 

and  tyifeutant  Editor  of 

Tiie  Financial  &  Mining  Record 


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tJUit  J  ££L4 ' /lruM'^tki 

.  p^ZIZ 


I  ornor  tho  Stnto  will  liavo  on  lionost  and  able 

It  is  just  ns  woll  to  toll  iho  trull,  about 
ihoso  mottora.  Such  n  courso  mny  not  suit 
bliml  partisans  and  professional  pollti  ' 
ont  it  consorvcK  ih«  _ 

Tho  Kxi»osUIon-.Enst 

Everything  in  this  pnrt'ol  mo  country  is 
harmoniously  working  toward  the  success 
o£  tho  inlornationnl  opposition  in  1892.  r 

to  incorporato  tlio  undertaking  in  order  that 
it  may  lia  trnly  nntionnl,  aud  tko  Oommittoo 
on  linauco  lias  agreed  upon  a  plan  lor  rais- 
iTh£“?  '  ■r'.‘0,0",lro  anterprise,  so  far  as 

Aoonvontion  o £  dologntos  pledge- ... 
onro  tko  exposition  for  the  West  lias  mot 
st.Josopii,  Mo.,  and  adopted  a  long  and 
ridiculously  inaoonrato  dooumont  oontalr 
“l!”®3  tl10  Mlowlngt- 
■  til o  West  i>oaso«»Ing 

_ 6^0  (ft 

Edison  L!ab0ratory. 

. (FjCA, f. 

. .  . . 

^,.74.4^ . . . - - - 

<pU-r^>  ~  ~  7  _  “  • 


The  Committee  for  the  International  Exposition  of  1892. 


passed  by  the  Committee  for  the  International  Exposition  of  1892 
at  its  meeting  at  the  Common  Council  Chamber  in  the  City  Hall  on 
October  the  Tenth,  and  a  copy  of  a  resolution  passed  by  the  Com¬ 
mittee  on  Finance  at  its  meeting  at  the  Chamber  of  Contr.erce  on 
October  the  Sixteenth. 

Under  these  resolutions  One  Hundred  Thousand  Dollars  is 
to  be  raised  by  the  members  of  the  General  Committee.  There  are 
one  hundred  and  eighty-six  members  of  this  Committee,  exclusive  of 
the  members  of  the  sub-committees.  Will  you  kindly  send  to  me 
your  check  toward  this  fund. 


.  Secretary. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq're. 


The  Committee  for  the  International  Exposition  of  1892, 



'8Hp«r,Tc^“  New  York,  October  18th,  1889. 

Extracts  from  the  minutes  of  the  meeting  of  the  Committee  for  the  International 
Exposition  of  1892  at  the  Common  Council  Chamber,  City  Hall,  three  o’clock, 
October  10th. 

On  motion  by  Mr.  Flower,  seconded  by  Mr.  Shepard,  the  following  resolution  was 
adopted : 

Whereas,  Ihe  present  plan  of  the  Finance  Committee  provides  for  the  raising  of  Funds  only  in  case 
Congress  decides  to  locate  the  Exposition  in  New  York,  and  \  \ 

Whereas,  Clerk  hire,  maps,  stationery,  and  other  incidental  expenses  will  have  to  be  provided  for 
before  that  time,  ^  ' 

Resolved ,  That  the  Executive  Committee  of  the  Financ'e 
formulate  a  plan  asking  for  subscriptions  in  money  to  the  amo 
Committees.  Vx 

Committee  be,  and  is  hereby  empowered,  to 

Extract  from  the  minutes  of  the  meeting  of  the  Committee  on  Finance,  at  the 
Chamber  of  Commerce,  on  the  16th  of  October: 

That  the  Committee  on  Finance  contribute  the  sum  of  $25,000,  and  that  the  Chairman  be  authorized 
to  confer  with  the  Mayor  and  the  Chairmen  of  the  Committees  on  Legislation,  Site  and  Buildings,  and 
Permanent  Organization,  and  state  to  them  that  it  is  the  opinion  of  the  Committee  on  Finance,  that  each  of 
the  four  Committees  should  contribute  $25,000  towards  the  preliminary  expenses,  and  that  the  Committee 
on  Finance  would  subscribe  that  amount,  and  that  the  balance  should  be  contributed  by  the  General 



No.  36  Nassau  Street, 

Member  of  the  General  Committee  for  the  International  Exposition  of  1892. 

§f  have.  ficc-M-  •Uiab&uci'cb  6t.j  tPic  jpoi-n-mittee  o-m.  finance,  to 
to  -you  -fcPic  cncFoiob  i|t.i&ao®iptiou  |§ooft,  onb  aaft.  -tjo-w.  to 
cvsc-tiTct to.  tl’io  mwic  among  I'll c  tscibc  o®  p’So^cooioH  t-j oti-  eepteoont,  cutb 

ooCictt  3u&oc®tptioMa  to  the  §5,000,000'  $§«a®cmtce  ^-uwb. 

^oi-M.m-U'tee.  aPao  «ec|i.ioat  tPiat  -t-j on.  aei-ib  to  tPic  ■ti-nbccatg-Mab, 
at  tPic  ^oomo  of  tPae  (pPia'm&e®  of?  (Som-h-hc'Sco.,  |jpo.  36  Ipasoan.  §l/sect, 
•f^o®  pu&Cicatton,,  a  bciiTi.j  ®cpo®t  of?  tPic  anGootiptlono  ®ccct,uc&. 

^c®t).  tfeopeotfuTPy, 

<  Loo 

The  Committee  for  the  International  Exposition  of  1892. 


October  26,  1889. 

Dear  Sir: — 

I  have  the  honor  to  acknowledge  the  receipt  of  your 
check  for  §537.64  towards  the  preliminary  expense  fund  for  the 
International  Exposition  of  1892. 


Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq're. 

r  y?> 





Oct. 30th. 1089. 

To  our  Associate  friends :- 

Much  discussion  has  been  had  by  the  differ¬ 
ent  Companies  in  regard  to  the  subject  of  Exhibits.  Maj. A. w. Clancy 

went  to  St. Louis  two  or  three  days  before  their  great  Exposition  of 
1309  which  lasted  forty  days  ,  and  arranged  with  the  management  to 
make  a  display  and  give  an  explanation  of  the  use  of  the  Phonograph 
and  Graphophone.  He  was  assisted  by  Mr.  J.Y, ’.Moore  the  Secretary 
of  the  Company  and  a  number  of  other  experienced  persons.  The  re¬ 
sult  of  this  exhibit  to  the  Company  is  highly'  satisfactory  as  we  thin 
nk  it  has  not  only  adyertised  the  machine  successfully  in  our  own 
teritoryCMissoui’i  ^  Arkansas  and  Indian  Territory)  but  it  certainly 
has  had  a  very  great  influence  in  the  neighboring  States  and  Territo¬ 
ries.  We  had  tails  f^om  Illinois,  Indiana,  Tennessee,  Texas  Nebr¬ 
aska  ,  Kansas  ,  Colorado  and  Iowa  in  great  numbers  ,  and  many  of  the  gen¬ 
tlemen  from  these  outside  States  were  inquiring  for  the  names  of  the 
Companies  controlling  their  territory,  whom  they  should  address  in 
order  to  be  supplied  with  Phonographs.  The  following  is  the  gen¬ 
eral  work  and  result  of  the  exhibit. 

500000  visited  the  Exposition. 

P.50000  of  these  at  least',  saw  and  listened  to  Phonographs. 

10  Graphophones  were  on  exhibition. 

16  Phonographs  were  on  exhibition. 

24  people  constatly  employed  as  assistants. 

55000  people  received  definite  and  thorough  instruction. 

,  $400  paid  to  newspapers. 

$2500  in  general  advertising. 

80000  dodgers  were  used. 

P0000  prospectus  ,  giving  general  history  of  the  Phonograph 
and  Graphophone. 

20000  circulars  of  general  information. 

1000  special  attention  cards. 

1000  complimentary  tickets. 

1000  special  invitations. 

5000  extra  circulars. 

The  Phonographs  were  exhibited;  (I)  By  reproducing  loud 
band  music  without  the  use  of  ear  tubes  ,  accompanied  by  a  brief  his¬ 
tory  of  the  machines;  (2)  Persons  were  brought  near  the  machines 
and  full  explanations  as  to  how  to  record  and  reproduce  the  human 
voice  ,  were  given  with  illustrations;  (()  The  business  use  of  the 
machines  wer*  given  by  competent  clerks  copying  letters  with  the  type 





e  north  AMERICAN  Phonograph  co. 


writers  and  with  the  pen. 

,,  ,  ,  Mr. Edison’s  talk  v/as  highly  appreciated  and 

“  be0“*  taora  that  *  had 

coMn,  Terence  ,0  the  SiVSat 

nr  ?rr^Wi11  j°in  in  advertisi^,  ^Tst\ne  lLZr  A  ^ 
ing  thf  machines  a  success  among  the  people  generally. 

Yours  very  fnily  ? 

Missouri  Phonograph  Co. 

In  view  of  the  Electrical  Exhibition  to  be  given  by  the 
St.  Louis  Universal  Exposition  Association  next  year,  I  have  been 
importuned  to  wait  upon  you  at  your  heme  in  the  East  for  the  pur¬ 

pose  of  ascertaining  the  possibility  of  inducing  you  to  honor  St. 
Louis  with  your  presence,  and  the  display  of  seme  of  the  intorest- 
inc,  and  useful,  inventions  of  your  wonderful  genius. 

I  beg  further  to  say,  that  the  Administration  sincerely 
regret  the  groundless  attack  made  upon  you  by  Mr.  Whipple,  their 
last  Chief  Electrician,  and  hepe  that  such  will  not  reflect  upon 
them,  nor  in  any  way  deter  you  from  helping  than  through  the  com¬ 
ing  event . 

The  public  have  read  of  your  greatness,  and  clamour  for  a 
sight,  of  those  wonderful  inventions  that  have  so  astonished  the 
world . 

Paris  can  see  you,  but  St.  Louis  is  deprived  of  that 
pleasure .  The  Directors  of  the  caning  exposition  have  promised 

Committee  of  the  Woman's  Exchange  yesterday,  announcing  your  in- 


tention  to  arrange  for  exhibition,  the  date  of  the  opening  to  be 
Easter  Monday,  April  6th,  possession  of  building  to  be  had  two 
weeks  previous.- 

The  Steam  Heating  Company  have  their  building  adjoining,  : 
and  we  can  hire  from  300  to  600  power  from  their  boilers.  There 
is  also  a  vacant  lot,  on  which  it  is  contemplated  to  erect  an 
electric  light  plant,  and  it  is  expected  to  have  one  furnished 
by  our  company.  I  am  negotiating  for  the  same  with  Mr.-  Prentice, 
President  of  the  steam  Heating  Co. 

Mr.  Villard  suggests  that  communications  be  entered  into 
at  once  with  Europe  for  such  duplicates  as  can  be  procured  of  the 
Berlin  and  Paris  expositions;  also  for  cylinders  of  Bismark,  Em¬ 
peror  Y/illiam,  Von  Moltke,  the  Austrian  Bnperor,  etc,  etc. 

Can  you  make  an  appointment  to  inspect  the  premises 
with  me  as  soon  after  your  return  as  possible  ?  Awaiting  further 


44  WAZ,It  STREET, 

New  YorkJlv.X8.ahSA: 29t, h .  . 

A.  0.  Tate  Es-i.  , 

Eais on's  Laboratory , Orange . 

New  Jersey. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  1'iave  your  favor  of  the  27th, and  return  you 
herewith  Mr. Dyer's  letter. 

I  think  it  would  be  a  big  mistake  for  Mr. Edison  to  make  any 
exhibit  whatever  at  Edinburgh.  He  has  made  a  tremendous  show  at 
Paris, at  a  very  great  expense, and  all  the  credit  that  can  be  at¬ 
tached  to  such  a  thing, he  has  gotten.  He  could  not  obtain  any 
further  recognition  by  any  exhibit  at  Edinburgh, neither  would  it  be 
of  any  business  assistance  to  us.  Furthermore, inasmuch  as  the 
exhibit  tli ere  would  be  nothing  as  compared  with  tlio  Paris  exhibit, 
comparisons  would  be  made  to  the  actual  injury  of  Mr. Edison  and  his 
business . 

I  would  very  much  like  you  to  show  him  this  letter  when  he 
reads  Mr. Dyer  ' s. 



erh't'1'o.Tj  .  ej.nborr^:  nth 




,  Adrcsse  TOfgrapliique  : 

DYER  (Anvers). 


Small  Battery  Edison  Lamps,  Surgical 


Electric  Light  and  Telegraph  Dynamos, 

ital  Strips  mark* 

Edison  Phonographs, 
American  Switches,  Cut  Outs,  Sockets, 
Glass  Fusible  Safety  Plugs, 

All  Devices  for  Theatre  regulation. 


Capital  t  75,000 

/Zjtr  / 


(//ct  •  p/iA  t/yy*i6 

'stAsj  UroL/  /H#Y~  — 

^  ^  -^ULa  j 

N^-z ^  -A/U  i  (7^  , 

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Dear  Sir  :  The  substance  of  the  following  letter 
has  been  discussed  with  other  members  of  the  several 
committees  on  the  World’s  Fair  in  New  York,  with  many 
representative  engineers  and  architects,  and  with  numer¬ 
ous  intelligent  visitors  to  Paris  during  the  past  Summer. 
Every  one  thus  consulted,  without  exception,  has  expressed 
concurrence  in  the  views  presented  by  the  letter,  the  only 
doubt  being  as  to  the  expediency  of  discussing  the  mat¬ 
ter  at  the  present  time. 

The  primary  questions  relating  to  the  great  project 
must  be  determined  by  Congress,  and  are  now  about  to 
come  before  it  for  discussion.  Time  is  one  of  these,  and 
the  arguments  concerning  it  apply  irrespective  of  locality. 
If  these  views  commend  themselves  to  your  judgment  it 
is  hoped  that  you  will  give  such  expression  to  them  as 
will  tend  to  promote  the  object  which  is  sought. 



Hon.  Hugh  y.  Grant:  Chairman  of  Committee  on  International 

Exhibition,  Hem  J'ork. 

Dear  Sir: — In  an  address  delivered  November  19th  be¬ 
fore  the  American  Society  op  Mechanical  Engineers,  I  sug¬ 
gested  the  expediency  of  securing  more  time  for  the  work  of 
preparation  for  the  proposed  International  Exhibition.  So 
much  publicity  has  been  given  to  that  suggestion,  and  it  has 
been  so  generally  misstated,  that  I  am  prompted  to  repeat  it 
in  its  complete  and  correct  form,  and  to  thus  submit  it  to  the 
consideration  of  those  who  have  the  welfare  of  that  great 
National  project  at  heart,  and  who  are  concerned  that  it 
should  be  in  all  respects  worthy  of  the  Nation  and  of  the 
event  which  it  is  to  commemorate,  and  that,  therefore,  it 
should  fully  represent  the  best  that  we,  as  a  people,  are  cap¬ 
able  of  doing. 

My  suggestion  is  this:  that  we  would  needlessly  antici¬ 
pate  the  anniversary  of  the  great  discovery  by  Columbus  by  a 
celebration  commencing  in  May,  1832,  more  than  five  months 
before  the  proper  date,  and  that  it  will  be  better  and  more 
fitting  to  commemorate  that  event  upon  its  precise  anniver¬ 
sary,  October  12th,  1892,  by  the  unveiling  or  dedication  then 


M*  4-  &-am  <S*»  '”L  ' 

^  0/  J  /■• 

<p>6n£tr-v\ J 

^  ’V 

Z^£,  ^tsiAgLA 

World’s  Fair  Site 

/  A-4-jecL*e. 


C,tryu^~i,  tsQaT^  ts(  7^ 
(_/rL+-<- C-M.  tTlkZ4  6CSI 

— 7M»  ifrif«. 



1889.  Exhibitions  -  Paris  Exposition  (D-89-46) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  concerning 
Edison  s  exhibit  at  the  Paris  Universal  Exposition.  Also  included  are  letters 
relating  to  disagreements  between  Edison’s  agents,  William  J.  Hammer  and 
George  E.  Gouraud.  Related  items  regarding  the  contract  for  electric  lighting 
at  the  Exposition  can  be  found  in  the  Miscellaneous  Legal  Series. 

Approximately  90  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine 

correspondence  pertaining  to  shipping  arrangements  for  exhibition  items;  letters 
of  transmittal;  duplicate  copies  of  selected  documents. 


teon  fioii^e  “8,”  Noi'tliuinbeflkiicl  Svenue,  H.W. 

Referring  to  your  letter  In  regard  to  the  Parle  Exhibition 
1  verl1  Phased  t°  reoeiye  the  inf ormatiicn  that  it  contains  and  think  you  are 
'tuirate  in  your  choice  of  a  representative.  whose  efficiency  fc  dte^-fully  de- 

the  westbeh  um©3sr  HUBoam  seiiFAif. 

T.A.Edison  Esqr. 

Dear  Sir, 

Your  letter  of  January  11th.  concerning  the  Paris  Exhi¬ 
bition  will  have  crossed  mine  to  you  answering  your  former  iajt'er 
in  this  connection.  Your  letter  at  present  under,  repi^proposes 
that  I  shall  share  equally  with  yourself,  the  expenses 'of  exhibiting 
the  Phonograph  on  that  occasion, and  you  ask  me  for  any  suggestions 
I  may  have  to  make  in  connection  with  this  proposed  exhibition. 

I  have  no  objection  to  sharing  expenses  directly  attendant  upon  the 
exhibition  of  the  Phonograph,  and  presume  you  will  consider  it  to 
your  advantage  as  I  do  to  my  own,  that  in  that  case, I  should  have 
control  of  that  expenditure.  I  presume  that  whatever  is  done  with 
the  Phonograph  on  that  occasion  will  also  be “direction,  as 
it  will  not  answer  to  have  anyone  acting  in  Paris  ^connection  with 
the  Phonograph  independently  of  myself;  this  view  I  presume  is  only 
anticipating  your  own,  but  I  mention  it  to  you  in  order  to  show  that 
I  am  carefully  considering  all  the  aspects  of  any  suggestion  you 
may  be  good  enough  to  make  to  me. 

1  cordially  sympathise  with  the  plan  of  having  the  Phono¬ 
graph  a  part  of  your  general  exhibit  under  such  circumstances,  es¬ 
pecially,  as  it  will  be  the  attraotion/and  an  Edison  exhibit  without 
the  Phonograph ( would  be,  obviously, the  play  of  Hamlet  without  Hamlet. 

As  regards  the  suggestions  you  invite  concerning  this 
exhibit! on, I  am  so  completely  ignorant  of  everything  appertaining 
to  the  exhibition  in  general  that  X  do  not  feel  competent  to  make 

any,  but  when  I  go  to  Paris,  which  will  be  soon,  I  shall,  of  course, 
be  further  informed  and  will  then  be  able  to  consider  your  request 
and  will  write  you. further. 

The  only  things  I  have  already  thought  of  X  might  mention 
here;  First,  to  have  constant  Phonogramio  communications  passing 
between  London  and  Paris  arriving  from  London  at  the  exhibition  fcy 
every  mail,  so  that  people  could  see  the  actual  Phonogram  mails 
coming  in,  opened,  and  hear  them.  1  should  employ  someone  here  and 
there  to  do  nothing  else  but  attend  to  these  communications.  I 
should  endeavour  to  get  distinguished  people  to  send  messages  from 
either  end  to  friends  at  the  opposite  end  and  send  a  postcard  inti¬ 
mation  by  the  same  mail  informing  them  of  the  faot^that  on  oalling 
at  a  place  which  shall  be  indicated  --  possibly  tlie  offices'  of  the 
Company,  which  are  now  settled  in  Edison  House,  Northumberland 
Avenue,--  where  they  could  be  interpreted,  or  rather  listened  to. 
This  would  be  a  great  card,  showing  most  forcibly  the  enormous 
practical  value  the  new  and  coming  system  of  communication  has. 

Seconds  If  your  portable  Phonograph  is  ready  by  that 
time,  I  should  have  mounted  tricycle  messengers  in  uniform  flying 
all  over  Paris  as  well  as  London  delivering  these  communications 
and  interpreting  them.  This  Would  be  the  finest  card  conceivable 
worth  thousands  as  an  advertisement  and  do  more  towards  a  spfey  de¬ 
velopment  of  the  practical  phase  of  the  Phonograph  than  can  be 
imagined.  I  have  practically  settled  upon  the  form  of  tricycle 
and  it  would  carry  a  mast  bearing  a  little  tin  pennon,  on  which 
would  be  written  the  words  "Phonogram  Express" 

■"rr-.i'w.i'p  i,.™™.™  farth9r  sugge stions  that  ocour  to  me  I  shall  be 
pledsed'  to0  cdmi tunicate  to  you 

i  c;’;n'un 

Faithfully  Yours, 

.Kfpfrfflro  ,  .Q.E.gouraud.  jTt 

— Any— 



!  •  ,.n . 


i  v . ,// . : 

New  York,  Jan.  31,  1889. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Llewelyn  Park,  N.  J. 

Bear  Sir:- 

This  Commission  is  in  receipt  of  an  application  for  al¬ 
lotment  of  space  for  Edison's  Electric  Pen.  The  application  is 
made  by  John  William  Godfray,  .78  rue  de  Richelieu,  Paris,  Prance. 

I  bri nr,  this  matter  to  your  attention  for  the  purpose  of  ascertain^ 
ing  v/hethor  you  will  make  an  exhibit  of  your  Electric  Pen,  or  if 
you  will  approve  of  the  .exhibit  made  by  Mr.  Godfray. 

Asst.  Com. -General. 

PctsKs*  fv . 

Referring  to  oui-  telegram  of  even  date,  elsewhere 
confirmed,  with  relation  to  material  for  the  Paris  Exposition,  we 
beg  to  say  that  we  have  been  endeavoring  for  the  past  four  or  five 
days  to  obtain  full  shipping  instructions  from  Mr.  Hammer,  but 
without  success. 

We  this  morning  received-  60  Shipping  Tickets  for  use  in  con¬ 
nection  v/ith  this  shipment.  Three  of  these  tickets  have  to  be 
tacked  on  each  case,  and  the  number  we  have  received  would  there¬ 
fore  be  sufficient  for  but  20  cases,  vfhereas  wo  have  35  cases  all 
ready  to  go  forward.  We  have  figured  up  approximately  and  find 
that  we  will  requiro  144  tickets,  but  for  safety  150  should  be  sent 
us.  We  do  not  mean  150  additional,  but  150  less  the  GO  xtawns 
referred  to  above. 

The  Invoices  state  at  the  bottom  that  the  exhibitors  name  must 
be  written  thereon,  and  we  have  taken  the  liberty  of  signing  it  in 
order  that  no  delay  will  occur  in  the  first  •  consigrsnent ,  which  goes 
forvmrd  to-day.  We  have  never  been  informed  as  to  whether  these 


—%-rA (2)  1-^1-iawQ _ 

Invoices  should  {jo  to  you  Tor  signature  or  not. 

Mr.  Ilemmcr  has  sent  us  numbers  from  1G  to  40  inclusive  to  be 
placed  on  each  case,  stating  that  he  would  send  us  a  further  lot  o 
numbers  later  on,  but  these  have  not  yet  come  to  hand.  We  have 
the  re  for  eus  eel  our  best  discretion  and  continued  numbering  them, 
placing  before  each  number  the  letters  "E.M.W".  If  we  are  to  get 
this  material  on  board  the  Steamer  by  the  15th.  of  February,  we 
shall  have  to  have  full  instructions  as  to  exactly  how  we  are  to 
proceed  at  once.  Will  you  kindly  turn  this  letter  over  to  Mr. 
Hammer,  with  whatever  comnents  yon  may  think  proper  in  the  prcmi3 

(fi  d  SZ&uA' 


T.  A.  Edison  Esq., 
Orange,  n.j. 
Dear  Sir:- 

The  French  Govt  are  preparing  tor  the  Paris  Univer¬ 
sal  Exhibition  an  exhibit,  whloh  Is  called  the  "Exhibition  of 
the  history  or  retrospective  work  and  ot  anthropological 
sciences."  This  exhibition  embraces  all.  original  inventions 
and  is  under  the  dlreotlon  ot  the  Conservatory  of  Arts  and 
Metiers  ot  France.  Col.  laussedat  the  Director  ot  the  Con- 

‘r  you  11  you  would  Kindly  . loan  ■ 

for  this  exhibition  one  of  your  first  “Phonographs.”  col. 
laussedat  adds  that  although  a  young  man  your  fecondlty 
in  inventions  is  such  that  you  may  justly  be  called  not  only 
a  father  but  an  ancestor  of  science,  and  he  desires  that  you 

should  have  a  place  In  the.  “Palace  consecrated  to  the  history 
of  work." 

If  you  will  Kindly  favor  me  with  an  early  reply, 

I  will  have  the  Director  address  you  his  request  officially. 

Yours  very  truly, 

<ZsisvZZ<\Z^  ^  C&  Z?U2^^  cJ^i^L-^. 

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u  ^<tffcfocJA — - 


The  “Thorne”  Machine  comprises  a  dis¬ 
tributing  ns  well  as  a  setting  mechanism,  either 
of  which  may  bo  operated  independently  or 

a  few  shillings. 

Composes  with  the  almost  ccltrily  and  at 

Through  tile  courtesy  of  Messrs.  Allen, 
Scott  and.  Co.,  30,  Bouverie  Street,  London, 
E.C.,  the  presentation  of  this  card  will  obtain 
an  inspection  of  their  “Thorne"  Machines  in 
practical  operation. 


Hugh  Hamilton, 

Managing  Director, 

z,  Copthall  Buildings, 

Angel  Court,  London,  E.C. 


Dear  Sir, 

It  is  our  intention  to  publish  in  the  "Revue  de  1 'Exposi¬ 
tion  Universal"  a  work  that  will  appear  weekly  during  the  period 
of  the  Paris  Exhibition  and  will  eventually  form  a  volume  of  last¬ 
ing  interest  both  from  a  literary  and  artistic  point  of  view  -  a 

series  of.  articles  upon  -the  great-  intellectual . and- scientific -move¬ 
ments  of  the  century.  Among  eminent  men  who  have  already  promised 
contribution  are  M.  Pasteur, —  on  his  discoveries;  M.Alfexandre 
Dumas  —  on  the  present  condition  of  the  stage;  M. Jules  Simon  —on 
progress;  M. Ernest  Renan  —  on  the  philosophy  of  the  century;  M. 
Theodore  de  Banville; —  on  the'  poets  of  the  century;  and  M. Eiffel 
—  on  iron  structures. 

We  feel  that  such  a  series  of  articles  would  not  be  complete 
if  the  subject  of  the  development  of  electrical  science  and  its 
application  during  the  present  century  wore  omitted.  We  therefore 
venture  to  address  ourselves  to  you,  as  the  highest. authority  on 
the  triumphs  already  achieved  by  electricity  and  its  potentialities 
as  yet  undeveloped  in  relation  to  modern  life,  and  beg  that  you 
will  do  us  the  honor  of  being  allowed  to  include  your  name  with 
those  of  our  other  contributors. 

If  an  article  dealing  with  the  subject  of  electrical  science 
would  impose  too  severe  a  tax  upon  your  leisure,  it  would  give  us 
much  pleasure  to  publish  any  autobiographical  sketch  with  which 
you  might  be  so  kind  as  to  favor  us. 

We,  Sir, 

Faithfully  yours, 

«0  ks 


T.  A.  Edison  Esq., 

Dear  Slrl- 

Please  accept  ray  thanks  for  your  kind 
letter  of  the  28th  ulto  contents  of  which  I 
have  cabled  to^Col.  Laussedat. 

^ _ 

*>  •  -  • .-  -v  - ": I>""  ~ -:t:Msisl 

.  ,0  -■/-?*& 
no. pro  s  ojj  filfxj:^ 




W^lhi'do.n\hodM’fjj  Co. 


March_6  th  188 9 . 

1/  -'C 

Thos.  A.  Edison,  Esq., 


"Paris  Exposition,  " 

Orange,  n.  J. 

Dear  Sir:-  j  /UC  >.  y 

Regwaing  the  M>  belt  which  we  are  to  furnish  you  r„r 
use  at  the  Paris  Exposition,  would  inquire  over  what  site  pul. 
ley  it  is  to  rua,  so  that  we  nay  determine  upon  the  best  Had  or  belt  - 
to  send  you.  Mr.  p.  H.  Underwood  the  President  of  The  Underwood  Mfg. 
C.,  who  intends  to  be  in  Paris  to  superintend  the  putting  on  of  the 
belts  wishes  to  know  if  the  length,  i.e.  75  feet  of  18-  given  in  yours 
of  27th  wit..  is  a  very  fair  approxination  of  its  length,  as  he  wishes 
to  send  enough,  and  still  does  not  wish  to  have  a  piece  of  a  few  feet 
cut  off  when  it  arrives  in  Paris.  He  also  wishes  to  know  if  you  are 
to  send  wen  from  this  country  to  put  up  the  naohinery  l„  Paris,  and  if 
so,  when  they  will  leave  herej  and  further,  if  there  is  any  special 
rate  that  can  be  secured  for  an  excursion  ticket. 

Awaiting  your  early  reply,  I  remain, 

Very  truly  yours. 




Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  N,  J, 

Dear  Sir:- 

In  reply  to  your  inquiry  of  the  8th  inst.,  the  bill  for 
trucking  should  be  paid  direct  to  C.  J,  Ohallar  &  C0,,  160  Pulton 
St.,  New  York.  In  this  connection  I  would  add  that  bills  for  truck¬ 
ing  of  previous  Exposition  goods  have  been  sent  to  Messrs.  Berg¬ 
man  &  Co.;  The  Edison  Lamp  Co.;  Edison  Machine  Works,  Sohneetady; 
and  to  the  various  points  where  the  goods  in  each  instance  origi¬ 
nated.  Should  these  have  been  sent  direot  to  you* 

Asst.  Com. -General. 

Referring  to  yours  of  the  8th  inst.f  case  No.  270  went 
forward  by  the  steamship  "Germanic",  which  was  an  error  in  so  far 
that  the  ease  has  gone  to  Liverpool  and  not  to  Havre,  and  there¬ 
fore  Mr.  Hammer  if  in  Paris  should  look  it  up,  and  not  expect  to 
find  it  with  other  consignments  of  your  goods  through  this  Ootanis- 
sion.  This  is  the  only  cas?  which  has  not  been  shipped  "through 
this  Comnission,  and  the  purpose  of  our  letteb  to  you  was  t^at  you 
might  be  advised  where  to  look  for  this  case,  as  you  would  proba¬ 
bly  hold  this  Commission  responsible  for  its  delivery. 

Yours  truly, 

. . . . . . . ,  Asst.,  Com.-General. 





New  York,  N.  Y.,_ 

. try 

packages  containing  articles  tor  exhibition  at  the  Paris  Universal  Exposition  of  1889, 
at  Paris. 

From... . /■<?■  . . j  ^o. . . ±J 

on  which  the  following  charges  are  due  by  the  exhibitor  above  named. 

Transportation . 

Terminal . . . 

Total _ 

Exhibit  No . /.yV 


For  the  Oommissioner-Qenernl, 


Wew  Yovk*  23,  1889. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  New  Jersey. 

Dear  Sir:  — 

Messrs,  c.  J.  Challar  £  Co.  hare  brought  to  our  atten¬ 
tion  a  statement  of  account  of  cartage  on  your  exhibit.  No.  144, 
which  account  is  herewith  enclosed  for  your  inspection.  It  *»- 
pears  that  these  individual  bills  and  receipts  for  each  shipment 
have  been  forwarded  in  some  instances  to  the  Labratory,  Orange, 
the  Edison  Machine  Worts,  Schenectady,  N.  Y. ,  the  Edison  Limp  Co., 
Harrison,  N.  J.,  to  Messrs.  Bergnan  «  Co.,  end  various  other  points 
where  your  cases  of  exhibits  have  originated. 

y°°  Please  see  that  this  statement  is  put  in  the 
proper  channel  Tor  the  payment  of  the’ bill. 

Yours  truly. 

Aw  Cr 


Gdison  F?ouse  “B,”  Ro^jhhumbbrland  Avenue, 
LONDON,  20th  Mareh1fiBQ 


9(.  . Ap.r  il_  3rd, _ /ggg 

A.  0.  Tate,  Esq.,  Private  Secretary, 
laboratory  of  T. A. Edison, 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  enclose  letter  from  Mr.  Hammer  which  you  will  kindly 
return  to  me.  Mr.  Hammer  is  instructed  to  report  regularly  and 
fully  to  me.  His  address  at  present  is,  care  of  the  Edison  Co. 
Paris.  You  will  note  that  he  will  obtain  a  telegraphic  address 
which  he  will  send  to  me  by  next  mail.  I  will  have  any  letters 
I  receive  from  him  forwarded  for  your  perusal.  I  desire  that 
you  call  Mr.  Edison’s  attention  to  the  letter  enclosed. 


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R  _  /,:. 


"  PHONOQRApfij  LOf^DON."  No 


LONDON,  2nd  AprU#1889. 

J. Hammer  ESqr, 
Qrand  Hotel., 

Dear  Slrr- 

favorable  reply  to  my  tele- 
y  use  ;*Phonograph  London* 

Thanks  for  your. prompt  ai 
gram,-  In  telegraphing  again  you  need  ( 
or  if  cabling  me  8unday;*6ouraud . Norwood*. 

1  aupposeby  what  you'say  about  arranging  for  a  Phono¬ 
graph  Temple  In  the  Exhibition,  that  you. mean  you  have  got  consent  to 
make,  a  charge  for  .hearing  the  phonograph  somewhere  within  the  Exhibitloi 
grounds.  -Is  this  so?  othertlse .1  am  of  the  opinion.  In  whloh  you  se< 
to  oolnolde  with  me,  that  it  mould  be  better  to  have  the  work  of  the 
Phonograph  -lectures,  loud  &  low  reoordAeto  -  for  the  general  publio, 
at  some  other  place  than  In  the  exhibition  Itself, . because  we  would  thereby 
not  only  reduoe,  but  Indeed  entirely  eliminate  the  question  of  expenses 
for  Mr  Edison  and  myself  to  bear, as  regards  the  Phonograph  exhibition, 

and  would  besides  hav«  a  large  surplus  to  the  balance;  In  which  latter  . I 
should  be  happy  to  give  you  a  substantial  Interest  for  your  personal 
supervision  of  It,  If  you  iwould  undertake  lt._ 

.1  have  been  told  that  the  rules  laid  down  prohibit 
any  charge  for  any. purpose  within  the  Exhibition  grounds  proper,'  but 
whether  that  be  so  or  not,  if  you  make  a  dErong  representation  of  the 
■  case  to  the  Authorities  they  .will  no  doubt  grant  you  the  exhibition 
rather  than  have. such  an  attraction  as  that  taken  away  from  the  Exhibitloi 
grounds!  so  I  am  sure,  unless  you. haw*. already. done  so.  It  will  only  be 
necessary  for  you  to  take  a  strong  stand. of  either  .having  .-it -in  the  Ex¬ 
hibition  with  the  right  to  charge  for  admission,  -or  .have  . -it  outside  where 
we  would  be  perfectly  free.  You  will  of  course  make  it  clear  that 

there  will  be  phonographs  In  the  Edison  exhibit,  aud  one  Phonograph  as 
we  agreed,  should  there  be  available  to  dls tlngulehed  persons,  ■SSf'the 
public  Interest  is  so  great  In  this  question,  and  they  are  so  ready  to 


pay  for  the  privilege  of  hearing  it  in  proper  circumstances,  that  it  would  be 
sheer  folly  for  us  to  add  any  expenses  in  that  conneotlon;  especially  so  in 
my  case  personally^as  flor  my  purposes  it  is  pot  necessary  for  ms  to  pay  out 
any  money  beyond  the  very  large  expenaes  already  incurred  in  bringing  the  thing 
before  the  public  as  I  have.  m  i  _ '  . 

^  ' 

7lf. (. 


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-Gts-i^a^i  /0^»- 


ic^e^U^  J&iviszy^'  d 

^  ^  ^  I  <^1 


tmireitsal  WxhihUim,  flam,  1889, 


SJWI-CMRNOT,  President  of  the  Republic, 

Editor  L.  DANEL,  PARIS  and  LILLE,  FRANCE. 

Sole  :  BEIRGHEilEe  Sc  O 

60  Boulevard  Haussmann,  PARIS. 


draw  y°l,r  attention  to  the  fact,  that  the  OFFICIAL  CATALOGUE  is  by  far  the  most 
fgj»  important  medium  for  Manufacturers  wishing  to  make  known  their  Products,  not  only  in 
f  European  Markets,  but  in  Japan,  China,  Australia,  and  all  other  Countries  exhibiting 


ONE  PAGE,"  ;  t  — .  -7 - .  -  $200.00 

HALF  “  .  .  125.00 

QUARTER  PAGE,  ....  75.00 

THE  OFFICIAL  GENERAL  CATALOGUE — Eight  Volumes — Extra  large  8vo :  price  60 

cents  each.  Each  volume  represents  one  “  Group,”  as  per  next  page.  These  are  divided  in 
"  Sectional  Catalogues,”  which  will  be  sold  at  20  cents  each,  but  every  advertisement  appearing 
in  any  volume  will  be  reproduced  in  every  Sectional  Catalogue  of  that  group,  thus  giving  an 
immense  publicity. 

This  Official  Publication  Is  issued  by  authority  of  the  Administration,  and 
is  the  only  Catalogue  permitted  for  sale  throughout  the  Exposition.  It  will  con¬ 
tain  the  names  of  Exhibitors  from  all  Nations,  of  which  53,000  are  already 
entered,  and  will  also  be  used  Officially  by  the  Juries  of  Awards. 

B. --Provision  to  grant  this  exclusive  Sale  of  the  Catalogue  is  formally 
made  in  the  Bill  of  8ale  issued  by  the  Minister  of  Commerce,  by  Article  XVI, 
Paragraph  II. 





MOi  MTOjttAli  iWUOTl 


Volume  I. -Croup  l.-Works  of  Art. 

Section  1.  Oil  l'minlngs. 

"  3.  Various  Paintings  ami  Drawings, 

"  U.  Sculpture  anil  Medal  Engraving.  ' 

Higher  .  Instruction. 

.  Printing  and  Hooks. 

.  Stationer)’,  Hookbinding,  Painting  an 

.  tSeneral  Application  of  the  Arts  of  Dra\rin| 
and  Modelling. 

Photographs  and  Photographic  Apparatus. 

.  Instruments  of  Precision. 

.  Maps,  and  Geographical  and  Cosmographies! 
Apparatus.  Topography. 

Volume  3..  Croup  III.— Furniture  and  Accessories. 

.  Carpets,  Tapestry  and  otl 
.  Paper  Hangings. 

Volume  4.— Croup  IV.-Textile  Fabrics,  Clothing  and  Accessories. 

.  Shawls,  Lace,  Net,  Embroidery  and  Trimmings. 
,  Hosiery’  and  Underclothing;  Accessories  of 

Travelling  Apparatus  ami  Camp  Equipage.  . 

e  6.  Croup  V.-Minfng  Industries,  Raw  and  Manufactured  Products. 

1.  Products  of  Mining  and  Metallurgy. 

.  Products  of  the  Cultivation  of  Forests  and 
the  Trades  appertaining  thereto. 

.  Products  of  Hunting,  Shooting,  Fishing  at 
Spontaneous  Products ;  Machines  and  I 
struments  connected  therewith. 

I.  Agricultural  Products  not  used  for  Food. 

.  Chemical  Processes  for  Uleurhlng,  Dyeing, 
Printing  and  Dressing. 

,  Leather  and  Skins. 

v.,™.  a.  „W 

.  Apparatus  and  Processes  of  the  Ar 
and  Metallurgy. 

Implements  and  Processes  used  in 
tlon  of  Fields  and  Forests. 

1.  Apparatus  used  In  Chemistry,  Pharmacy  at 

!.  Machines  and  Apparatus  in  general. 

I.  Machine  Tools.  I 

I.  Apparatus  and  Processes  used  in  Spinning  nr 
Rope  Making. 

;.  Apparatus  anti  Processes  used  in  Weaving. 

•  Apparatus  and  Processes  for  Sewing  anil  ft 
making  up  Clothing. 

DivelHngs.  1  *Wl  °bJ“,S  f0r 

us.  Apparatus  and  Processes  used  In  Paper-making, 

Ca,[|aS“c  ‘“"S.  Wheelwrights’  Work, 

APPuWlc  WolPrdTc1d,emureEnEi,,"ri",;' 
IH.  Hygiene  and  Sanitation. 

IB.  Apparatus  for  Navigation  and  Life  Saving. 

00.  Materials  and  Apparatus  for  Military  purposes. 


Paris  Universal  Exfufcition,  4889. 


To  Messrs.  BERGER  &  CO.,  50  Boulevard  Haussmann,  Paris, 

Please  reserve  in  the  «<  Paris  Exhibition  Official  Catalogue  _ 

for  insertion  of  our  Advertisement  in  the  Volume  Number. _ 

for  the  sum  ofm _ ' 

r  .  - — — - - - - - — : — — ...I'.. _ Dollars 

W,lUk~  - —agreC  tA.  **  0,1  Presentation  of  proof  of  the  Advertisement  to  the  " 

order  of  Messrs.  J.  MUNROE  &  CO.,  32  Nassau  Street,  New  York,  for  account 
and  to  credit  of  Messrs.  BERGER  &  GO,  and  will  supply  matter  within  14  days  from 
//its  date.  ;  J 


Messrs.  MORI  &  FITZ-HATTON  will  be  pleased  to  give  Exhibitors  any 
information  of  whatever  nature  they  may  require  respecting  the  Exhibition, 
and  to  receive  their  communications  at  this  address  :  680  Broadway,  N.  Y. 




a  §  1  L"  B-A-NEL,  Official  Printer  &  Publisher.  —  LILLE  ! 

|  L‘  BERGER  &  C“,  Sole  Contractors  tor  Advertisement^. 

■3  i  50,  Boulovard  Ilaussmann,  PARIS  1 

2  is  ■  ; 


Piectsa  reserve  in  the  “  Paris  Exhibition  official  Catalogue;  V 

- page  for  insertion  of - advertisement  to  appear  in 

Uw  volume  of  Groupe  gng  in  dilutions  and  editions -of 

£ .  .  which  ...  .  - agree  to  pay  on  presentation 

of  pt-oof  of  the  advertisement.  j  * 

.  i**'  ~  f-11  Pay“onts  are  to  be  made  to  tie  order  of  Messrs  J.  Munroe 

&  0  ,  Bankers  for  account  &  to  the  credit  of  Messrs  L.  Berger  &  0*.  sble 
Contractors  for  advertisements  in  the  .General  official  Catalogue. 




P.  T.  0. 



f(.  /, — mkU _uih,_«a 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 


Orange,  n.  J 

Dear  Sir:- 

The  following  is  a  quotation  from  letter  received  us 
from  Mr.  Hammer 

"Please  ask  Mr.  Edison  whether  the  artist  who  was  painting 
"the  oil  portrait  of  him  has  the  same  finished,  if  30  it 
"should  be  sent  off  at  once.  We  certainly  should  have  a 
"good  picture  of  Mr.  Edison  here". 

Yours  very  trulv, 







New  Yores,  N.  ^^2jggg  ^ 


'-.  the  Paris  Universal  Imposition  of  1889, 

. exhibitor. 

on  which  the  following  charges  are  duo  by  the  exhibitor  nbovo  n/n 

Transportation . 

Terminal . — ' 

Exhibit  No,... 
Condition . 

total . 

Fcmtlie  Commissioner-General, 

(J2  i 

JU 'C-C^C-'  i&'C 

/  >  ii 


•  .JC^L  *^1  ■  uc..,4.-o-k _ (V . >0 


■—-<£?  ■  Csts(sCs{/ 


%cU-V-L,.'O^C‘  \_s. 




A.  0.  Tate,  Esq.,  Private  Secretary, 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Your  letter  of  May  2nd  enclosing  letter  from  Armstrong 
Knauer  &  Co.  Regarding  advertising  in  the  catalogue  of  the 
Paris  Exposition,  we  have  forwarded  your  letter  and  letter  of 
A,  X  &  Co.  to  Mr.  Hammer.  We  think  that  if  Mr.  Edison  advertises 
it  should  be  simply  giving  the  address  of  the  New  York  Company  and 
the  advertisement  should  be  in  the  name  of  the  New  York  Company,  or 
of  Mr.  Dyer  as  agent  for  the  sale  of  American  apparatus,  we 
enclose  copy  of  our  letter  to  A.K  &  Co. 

Yours  very  truly, 


By  t 'y^tn^u^o  ?{ ■ 

Treasurer . 


Harrison,  N.J.  May  3rd,  1889, 

Armstrong,  Knauer  &  Co., 

822  &  824  Broadway,  New  York  City. 

Bear  Sirs:- 

Mr.  Tate  has  referred  your  letter  of  April  29th  to  us 
regarding  advertising  in  the  Official  Catalogue  for  the  Paris 
Exposition.  Mr.  Edison  personally  considers  that  his  exhibition 
is  a  scientific  one  rcpeesenting  Ms  life  work.  As  it  is  of  such  • 
varied  character  and  representing  so  many  companies,  he  does  not 
think  that  he  personally  can  advertise.  Mr.  Edison's  agent  for 
Europe  is  Mr.  P.  S.  Dyer,  43  Rue  Osy,  Antwerp,  Belgium.  Mr.  Dyer 
may  see  fit  to  give  you  a  page  advertisement  rather  than  have  the 
Official  Catalogue  go  without  proper  notice. 

Yours  very  truly,  . 








w.c.  4th  May  1889.  .  /. 

My  dear  Edison, 

As  regards  your  letter  of  20th  April,  the  apparent 
.discrepancy  between  the  paragraph  you  quo^?^o<%I&^H^ier,  of  2nd  April 
and  th«.t  which  you  quote  from  my  letter  to  yourself  of  26th  March, *«is 
explained  as  follows:-  My  arrangement  with  you  as  to  ihRxsxprasBx  a 
division  of  the  expenses  of  the  Pa;ris  exhibit  of  the  Phonograph  was  per 
-fectly  well  known  to  Mr  Hammer,  because  I  read  to  him  in  this  office  at 
the  ^entire  correspondence  between  yourself  and  myself  on  that  point. 
The  large  surpj^suggested  in  my  letter  to,  Mr  Hammer  -  Swp^which  I 
proposed  to  give  him  “substantial  interest"  for  his  personal  supervis- 
— ion  —  referred  solely  to  the  probable  surplus  of  receipts  over  expen— 
-ses  tha.t  would  result  directly  and  exclusively  from  the  proposed 
lectures  and  exhibitions,  all  of  which  I  had  in  mind  as  keeping  entire 
-ly  separate  from  the  general  expenses  incidental  to  the  exhibition 
at  the  Exposition,  or  any  other  expenses  connected  with  the  introduc- 
-tion  of  the  Phonograph  iii  Paris.  I  referred  to  it  in  the  specific 
way  I  did,  so  that  Mr  Hammer  would  understand  that  if  that  course  were! 
adpptdd,  and  he  could  give  it  his  personal  supervision  and  without 
prejudice  to  his  other  duties  at  the  Exposition  the  “substant^fc,;. inter 
~est“  referred  to  would  be  from  the  net  receipts  of  that  of  which  he 
should  have  charge,  and  for  which  “personal  supervision*  I  would  obvio 
-usly  have  to  pay  somebod^else.  The  opinion  expressed  in  my  letter  , 
to  Mr  Hammer  that  there  *wttbe  a  large  surplus  from  this,  I  certain-! 
-ly  meant,  and  bolived  would  be  the  case  considered  only  from  the  poinj 
of  vaew  that  against  the  receipts  from  such  an  exhibition  of  the  Phono 
-graph  there  would  be  elfrged  to  it  only  the  expenses  directly  pertain- 

-ing  to  it,  and  the  words  in  the  same  paragraph  "entirely  eliminate 
the  question  of  expenses  from  Mr  Edison  and  myself"  meant  exactly 
h  it  says,  that  if  that  plan  were  adopted  I  should  have  out  of  thh 
same  receipts  first  paid  the  expenses  -  not  only  mine,  but  yours  - 
which  might  be  incurred  from  the  exhibition  of  the  Phonograph,  in  the 
Exposition,  and  in  my  conversation  with  Mr  Hammer  before  he  left  T,on- 
-don  for  Paris  and  before  I  wrote  the  letter  in  questional  made  it 
perfectly  clear  to  him  that  the  suggestion  of  the  lectures  and  exhibi¬ 
tion  outside  should  not  necessarily  be  to  the  total  exclusion  of  the 
exhibition  of  the  Phonograph  inside,  in  your  general  exhibit  as  I 
already  agreed  with  you  shovld^thj^ase.  The  apparent  cnnflict  in^&n 
intentions  upon  this  point  ^suggested  by  *e  words  you  underline 
in  my  letter  to  yxraxw «  Mr  Harrier,  d^thTWds  you  underline  in  my  < 
letter  to  yourself  4®  explained  by  my  having  on  the  26th  March  written 
to  you  under  the  idea  that,  as  ^/should  ta*e  the  risk  of  this  exhibit  : 
I  should  take  any  profits  that  might  result  therefrom. 

I  had  on  the  2nd  April  come  to  the  conclusion  that  although  I  took  the 
risk  of  the  outside  lectures  and  exhibitions,  if  profits  should  result 
therefrom,  it  would  be  only  fair  to  apply  these  profits  first  to  the  : 
reduction,  or  total  elimination  of  bur  share  of  the  expenses  0f  the 
Phonograph  exhibitjnside  the  Exposition,  and  before  counting  anting  I 
as  profits  to  myself  in  the  outside  exhibition,  the  whole  of  the  ex-  1 
-penses  -  your  share  and  mine  -  inside  the  .Exposition,  should  first' he! 
cancelled.  1  hope  you  will  see  that  this  is  a  perfectly  straightforward 
explanation,  and  the  apparent  descropancy  is  on  the  face  of  it,  if  you  i 
will  think  of  it,  utterly  inconceivable,  unless  I  have  lost  all  sense  1 
of  honor,  and  conroon  sense,  as  well,  of  having  written  you  something  I  1 
with  the  intention. to  decfdve,  almost  at  the  same  time  of  my  writing  J 

your  confidential. representative  in  Paris  witll  „  +  ,  M 

fans,  with  a  perfect  knowledge. 4 

that  anything -X  wrote  to  him  mast  be  the  same  as  writing  anything  to 
yourself.  Still  wishing  to  take  no  undue  offence,  and  being  far  from 
angry  with  you,  I  not  only  do  not  blame  you  for  asking  my  explanation 
in  this  connection,  but  I  am  grateful  to  you  for  enabling  me  at  once 
to  correct  a  wro ng  impression,  under  which  I  should  be  very  sorry  to 
rest,  and  must  have  rested  in  ignorance  had  you  not  informed  me  as  you 
■  have. 

However  you  may  have  understood  my  intentions  with  regard  to  the 
outside  exhibition  of  the  Phonograph,  or  even  of  its  exhibition  within 
the  Exposition,  because  although  you  did  not  mention  it  ,  I  did  contem-^ 
-plate  -  and  may  have  written  the  same  to  Mr  Hammer  -  that  arrangements 
might  be  made  within  the  Exposition  limits  for  an  exhibition  of  the 
Phonograph,  and  lectures  upon  it  to  be  paid  for,  in  ignorance  of  the 
fact  that  no  payments  were  to  be  allowed  of  any  kind  whatever  within 
the  Exposition  grounds.  It  was  equally  my  intention  -  and  only  my  inten¬ 
sion  in  connection  with  the  proposed  exhibit  outside  -  to  have  it 
done  by  competent  lecturers  in  various  languages,  and  this  X  still 
think  should  bo  done  in  Paris,  notwithstanding  your  opinion  to  the  con- 
-trary,  but  of  course  I  do  not  insist  on  this  against  your  wishes. 

I  cannot  refrain  from  one'  general  observation  in  connection  with  your 
extreme  sensitiveness  upon  this  subject  of  exhibitions  of  the  Phono- 
-graph  as  I  proposed; '  with  all  the  dignity  that  comes  of  lectures  upon 
the  scientific  principles,  as  well  as  exhibitions  of  the  practical 
uses  and  demonstrations  of  the  same,  that  on  the  occasion  of  the  intro- 
-duction  into  Europe  of  your  first  Phonograph,  which  occured  by' singul 
-ar  coincidence  at  the  time  of  the  previous  International  Exposition 
in  Paris,  that  the  Phonograph' throughout  that  Exhibition  was  open  to  : 
the  public  all  day  long,  and  all  the  evening,  for  ^re  I /^admission/ 

only  to  hear  a  few  words,. and  discordant  metallic  tones  in  reproductioj 
of  a  Cornet.  I  am  told  that  as  mush  as' 160, 000  Francs  profit  was  made 
on  that  exhibition,  and  I  suppose,  or  rather  had  supposed,  that  it  was 
done  with  your  knowledge  and  approval.  Indeed  upon  this  whole  question 
I  have  been  more  sensitive  that  I  had  reason  for  supposing  you  were 
yourself.  I  mention  this  not  to  alter  your  present  views,  but-  to  make 
as  clear  as  possible  to  you  the  whole  subject  as  it  presents  itself 
to  me. 

I  am  reminded  by  all  this  correspondence  of  a  remark  -fRat  Mr 
Hammer  made  to  me  while  here  to  -the  effect  -  in  answer  to  my  enquiries 
re  the  Gilliland,  Tomlinson  episode,  in  connection  with  which  other 
names  of  old  associates  of  yours  were  mentioned  with  doubt  and  suspis*? 
-  that  you  had  said  you  did  not  know  who  you  could  trust  any  longer, * 
and  this  I  fancy  affords  a  large  measure  of  both  explanation  and  excus. 
for  the  state  of  mind  under  which  both  your  letters  of  I2th,  and  20th 
April  were  written.  You  have  my  sincereest  sympathies  for  the  rude 
shock  you  have  received  in  the  connection  referred  to,  and  I  beg  you  to 
put  your  mind  at  ease  arid -not  anticipate  an  extension  of  the  experien¬ 
ces  in  question,  so  as  to  include  myself.  If  no  other  motives  or 
principles  existed  for  your  protection  in  my  case  I  can  only  assure 
you  that  the  value  I  attach  to  my  long  and  intimate  association  and 
identification  with  you,  and  my  respect  and  affection  for  you  wil\  of 
themselves  constitute  all  the  security  you  will  ever  need,,  and4n  say-  I 
-ing  good  bye  to  you  at  this  time  I  will  beg  you  to  do  in  the  future 
as  you  have  done  in  this  case,  so  far  as  promptly  asking  for  any  explai 
-nation  j 

-nation  which  in  circumstances  of  either  fact,  rumour  or  ,  and 
any  desire  on  your  part  as  to  what  I  should  do  where  your  name  and 
your  fortunes  alike  -  so  far  as  the  Phonograph  is  concerned  -  are  in¬ 
volved,  I  should  like  yo\i  always  to  write  me  .and-  ©«**  spare  me  con- 
-demnation,  criticism,  suspicion,  or  even  doubt  upon  any  point  whatevei 
without  first  hearing  what  I  have  to  say,  and  I  shall  rely  upon  one 
principal,  Bhich  I»  have  invariably  done  in  the  past,-  and  will  equally 
continue  to  do  in  the  future  vix:-  not  only  to. carry  out  completely  and 
entirely  the  letter,  but  as  well  the  spittt  of  my„agreement  with  you 
and  even  more  than  this  vix:-  to  consult  alike  your  preferences  and 
your  prejudices  to  the  utmost  of  my  power,  ev<m  where  they  might  ex¬ 
pend  beyond  my  obligations,  and  duties  to  you,  and  even  my  rights. 

Yours  faithfully. 

G.  ,E.  GOURAUD.  w. 

P.S.  i 

You  telegram  and  letter  expressing  xhxpxxxh  a  desire  to  pay  the 
whole  of  the  Paris  expenses  in  order  to  control  the  exhibit,  are  re¬ 
ceived.  You  have  no  doubt  instructed  Mr  Hammer  accordingly,  as  I  have; 
also.  I  raise  no  objection- whatever,  since  you  prefer  it,  but  1  am  bo,ui 
to  say  that  such  a  course  was  not  necessary  in  order  to  secure  what  Joi 

Mr  Hammer  will  no  doubt  explain  to  you  that  I  succeeded  in  obtain 
-ing  for  the  Phonograph  a  suitable  place  at  the  very  front  door  of  the 
American  Industrial  section,  a  pavilion  in  which  the ' Phonograph  dan 
be  placed  for  the  use  of  special  people  to  whom  it  will  bo  desired  to 
show  it  under  the  best  of  circumstances,  and  also  where  it  may  be  done 

in  a  separate  compartment,  to  the  general  public,  if  it  is  found  im- 
-possible  to  exhibit  it  properly  in  the  Machinery  Gallery.  That  it 
will  be  impossible  to  exhibit  it  without  possible  ruin  to  it  in  that 
place  I  have  no  doubt  whatever  -  an  opinion  shared  by  everyone  connec- 
-ted  with  lkhe  Exposition.  It  is  a  glass  house  of  enermous  size,  full 
of  enormous  machinery,  which  will  be  constantly,  in  motion,  with  an 
elevated  railway  overhead,  and  all  kinds ^of  machinery  in  motion  in  close 
proximity,  and  I  have  no  hesitation  in  saying  that  the  Phonograph  from 
a  business  point  of  view,  would  be  ruined  if  it  had  been  left  to  be 
exhibited  in  that  plac^only.  Everyone  I  met  who  knew  it  was  to  be 
exhibited  there  expressed  surprise  that  it  should  be  so.  Mr  Hammer 
equally  felt  that  a  better  position  for  the  Phonograph  should  be  found 
in  the  American  Industrial  section,  but  his  request  for  space  was  . 
refused  unless  he  surrendered  an  equal**  amount  of  space  at  the  genera] 
exhibit.  This  difficulty  I  overcame  through  the  intervention  of  Berger 
and  no  doubt  Mr  Hammer  -jf  who.  was  a?,  anxious  to  get  this  consession 
as  I  was  -  will  inform  you  correetly  as  to  the  facts  of  the  case,  and 
not  allow  you  to  reproach  me  in  the  future  for  trying  to  influence 
him,  or  taking  steps  fqr  getting  space  elsewhere  than  with  your  genera] 
exhibit,  and  thus  going  against  your  wishes  in  the  matter.  Phonographs; 
will  bo  in  the  general  Edison  ehhibit  also,  so  that  the  exhibition  of 
your  inventions  will  be  complete,  though  the  Phonographs  will  be  only 
shown  in  operation  there  to  the  extent  to  which  Mr  Hammer's  judgement 
deems  desirable.  But  in  order  not  to  the  Phonograph  exhibit  - 

to  whatever  extent  it  may  be  carried  on  in  the  Industrial  section  -  - 

detract  from  the  importance  or  attractiveness  of  the  Edison  exhibit  asj 
a  whole;  no  one  will  be  allowed  to  see  the  Phonograph  in  operation  ' 
in  the  Industrial  section  without  first  going  to  the  Edison  exhibit 
and  there— obtaiiri-n/y-n  _r.  ■  -  -  ■  .  ....  ........ _ j 

and  there  obtaining  a  tmcket  of  ^admission  to  the  Industrial  section, 
without  paymenjs  of  course.  •# 

The  place  I  had  secured  in  the  Industrial  section  had  been  reserevd 
for  the  Graphophone.  It  is  a  perfectly  quiet  place,  and  being  right 
at  the  main  entrance  from  the  Passage  of  Nations  to  the  American  In¬ 
dustrial  section,  and  in  the  midst  of  the  Electrical  section,  the 
Graphophone  would  have  had  a  prominence  and  importance  given  to  it 
by  that  position  most  objectionable.  It  is  in  consequence  of  my  arrange 
-ments  relegated  to  an  inferior  position,  such  as  it  deserves. 

I  sincerely  trust  that  you  will  agree  with  all  your  friends  upon  this 
point,  and  appreciate  the  services  I  have  done  in  overcoming  obstacles 
which  Mr  Hammer  -  with  all  his  ability  -  was  unable  to  cope  with,  and 
which  took  me  nearly  all  my  time  every  day  for  10  days  to  accomplish. 



Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

.•  v/e  se»d  an  extract  from  letter  ofMr.  Hammer  dated 
Apr.  26th,  a. .memorandum  of  material  wanted  at  once  from  the 
Laboratory,  as  follows:- 
v  Di  ckson '  s  Photo  graphs ; 

-<  Autograph  Telegraph; 

.  Direct  Current  Transformer ; s. 

Multopolar  Dynamo  (new) ; 

Special  Cylinder  Records,  especially  Mr.  Edi; 
Megaphone  Tubes. 

yfe  slUr'.  m r 

ion's  talking 

Yours  very  truly, 



Enclosed  Is  letter  which  vie  received  from  Mr.  Hammer 

dated  "Paris  Apr.  30th,  also  copy  of  our  answer  to  same.  Kindly 
verify  the  part  in  our  letter  that  refers  to  our  telephonic 
conversation  this  morning. 

Yours  very  truly, 



7b„r'  of  April  BOt*  to  hand. 

•  the  fact  of  '>o'.v  -r.iotv 

'  '  ''"-1  win  34 

1  have  reportc.i  to 
progress  have 

Regarding  your  arrangements  with  the  French  Edison  (Tempi,  ivg 
'jh  mentioned  in  my  letter  of  May  oth,  any  arrangements  that  you 
mikn  with  the  French  Edison  (Jo.  will  of  course  bo  subject  to  the 
approval  of  Mr.  Dyer.  So  far  as  X  know  there  is  no  reason  why 
the  arrangement a  proposed  is  not  thoroughly  a  proper  ono.  I  have 
jurt  communicated  with  Mr.  Edison  by  telephone  and  ho  nays,  he 
eccs  no  objection  to  your  lotting  the  French  Oo.  hove  the  use  of 
’tvm  phonographs,  provided  thefe  is  no  oharge  for  admission  made  by 
the  French  Company.  Mo  also  directs  that  whatever  is  done  should 
lie'  absolutely  under  your  direction. 

Regarding  the  signs  the'  French  Edison  Co.  push  to  put  up,  end 

having  o  man  to  represent  them  in  your  space,  this  is  something 

that  you  should  have  Mr.  Dyer's  approval  of,  os  he  is  more  directly 

obngornod.  Considering  the  relations  that  exist  between  the 

l.-lison  Co.  and  this  company,  I  sec  no  reason  why  Mr  pyor  should 
not  approve  of  having  the  French  Co’s  name  appear  on  signs  ouch  as 
vou  mention.  Yours  very  truly, 


« UtrirJSJMAL,"  Comml»*loner-e«n»r«l.  AMlltairt  CommlMlonor-Cono 


New  York  j  May  13,  1889. 

Mr.  Thomas  A.  Edison, 

Orange,  New  Jersey. 

Dear  Sir:- 

.  beg  to  call  your  attention  ■ 

i  bill  rendered  jrou  < 

April  19th  for  S38. oo,  extra  loading  charges  on  heavy  cases  of 
your  exhibit  by  the  Chapman  Derrick  &  Wrecking  Co.  I  would  re¬ 
spectfully  request  your  early  attention  to  a  settlement  or  this 
account  that  I  may  be  able  to  close  the  business  of  this  office. 

If  you  do  not  understand  this  charge^Jrcri’urther  ex¬ 
plain  it  to  you,  I  would  request  that  you  send  a  check  to  the  or¬ 
der  of  Haughwout  Howe,  United  States  Despatch  Agent, 

Yours  truly, 

By  direction  of  the  Commissioner-General, 

U.  S.  Despatch  Agent. 


. May_...38_th., . . /gg  9 

Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  N.J. 
Dear  Sir:- 

U  j £  V - 

Enclosed  is  copy  of  letter  received  from  w.  J.  Hamner 
regarding  the  opening  of  the  Exposition  at  Paris. 

Yours  truly, 



u  c  i'  r/.tx 

Z .S' 

<L.  y 


Paris,  May  13th,  1889. 

Francis  R.  Upton,  Esq., 

Treas.  &  Gen'l  Manager,  Edison  lamp  Co., 

Harrison,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

The  Exposition  has  been  opened  a  week  and  is  an  assured 
success.  On  the  day  of  the  opening  (laBt  Monday)  we  were  in  better 
shape  than  any  exhibit  in  the  Machinery  Palace,  and  the  only  place 
the  President  Carnot  and  his  party  stopped  in  the  building  was  in 
front  of  the  Edison  Department  to  examine  the  "Big  lamp",  Edison's 
bust  and  picture,  and  we  had  two  phonographs  with  loud  records 
one,  singing  the  "ijiarsellais"  and  "America"  and  the  other  shouting 
•Vive  Carnot",  Vive  la  France",  Viva  la  Republique",  about  250,000 
people  attended  did  the  illuminations  were  the  finest  the  world 
ever  saw,  the  illustrated  papers  which  you  will  receive  Tfill  give 
you  an  excellent  idea  of  the  opening  ceremonies.  I  regret  very 
much  the  delay  in  sending  me  the  spectacles  and  recorders  and  re¬ 
producers  as  a  tremendous  interest  is  manifested  in  the  Edison 
Phonograph  and,  I  have  only  one  maching  to  show.  I  must  either 
have  the  new  one  and  new  wax  or  the  old  one  and  old  wax.  I  ha  ve 
cable*  a  nitnber  of  times  for  the  parts  required  but  have  as  yet 
received  nothing.  After  rushing  the  Phonograph  building  and  de¬ 
partment  in  the  Machinery  Palace  and  the  Special  Phonograph  Tem¬ 
ple  in  the  U.  S.  Industrial  Section  with  all  possible  speed,  it 
is  too  bad  I  have  no  more  machines  to  show.  The  building  in  the 


Machinery  Palace  is  intended  for  the  reception  of  distinguished 
people  for  taking  piano  records  and  records  from  eminent .  soloists 
who  come  to  the  Exposition.  It  will  be  fitted  up  handsomely  but 
cheaply  being  made  of  rough  boards,  in  fact  it  is  one  building 
inside  of  another  and  the  intervening  space  filled  :with  sawdust 
to  keep  out  sound  and  make  it  cool,  this  rough  boarding  covered 
with  olotji  makes  a  fine  Edison  headquarters,  I  have  placed  one 
half  of  Holzer's  case  on  each  side  of  the  entrance  and  filled  the 
left  with  historical  telephonic  experimental'  apparatus  and  the 
right  with  the  Phonographic  Apparatus,  the  walls  are  covered  with 
the  phonographic  and  telegraphic  diagram,  Outcault  made  and  the 
whole  will  be  surmounted  with  some  novel^ffect  while  about  the 
building  will  be  the  tables  containing  telephonic  and  phonographic 

apparatus  &  c.  I  will  send  you  t 
ment  of  < 

pxe.tch  of  the  present  arrange- 

'  space  in  the  machinery  hall  and  now  enclose  a  very 

Wil1  ShW  a  feW  chaneea  from  the  plans  r  made 
in  Amerioa  whioh  I  was  compelled  to  make 

by  the  conditions  as  they  here  existed,  incidentally  i  will  re¬ 
mark  that  the  U.  S.  Commissioner 
have  been  more  bother  than  assist^ 
anoe  to  us  here  and  the  conpiaints) 

of  their  inefficiency  and  lack  of/ 

•  i 

attention  are  general,  however  N 
they  did  not  get  away  with  us 
though  they  have  tried  to  cut  up  ^ 
our  space  and  take  some  of  it 
away  on  various  occasions.  I  have 


held  on  to  all  I  had  and  secured  niore  in  the  Industrial  section. 

We  have  nearer  9000  feet  than  8000  now  to  constitute  the  largest 
and  most  important  exhibit  in  the  show,  ther  is  certainly  not  one 
attracts  the  general  attention  it  does  and  we  are  not  through  by 
any , means  although  far  ahead  of  most  of  the  exhibits,  the  Phono¬ 
graph  Tenple  in  the  Industrial  Dept,  is  1  shaped  and  is  arranged 
as  best  we  could  "do  with  the  space  we  secured,  it  combines  Col. 
Gouraud's  Hamilton's  and  my  ideas,  and  will  I  believe  give  entire 
satisfaction.  The  parties  who  wish  to  hear  the  Phonograph  under 
its  best  conditions  or  who  wish  to  hear  it  in  their  own  tongue 
must  secure  a  card  with  Edison's  Phonograph,  (by  which  we  can  re¬ 
gulate  the  crowd  and  at  the  same  time  cause  the  people  in  our 
Industrial  Sections  to  visit  the  more  elaborate  Depts.  in  the 
Machinery  frail.  The  doors  will  eb  removed  in  the  day  time  and  be 
replace^  by  curdairis  over  each  entrance  is  an  American  Shield  with 
the  American  and  other  national  flags,  each  operated  7/orks  two 
phonographs,  each  section  will  contain  ten  to  twenty  people  at  a 
time,  phe  section  nearest  the  main  facade  of  the  Gallery  of  Na- 
tions  is  occupied  by  the  American  &  English  Phonograph  with  Ameri¬ 
can  &  English  flags  over  the  door,  next  comes  the  American  and 
Erpno*|  flags,  next  the  American  &  Russian,  American  &  Spanish, 
and  there,  are  departments  for  Italian,  Horwegian,  Swedish,  Chinese, 
Japanese  &c.  the  building  is  made  principally  of  glass  upon  whloh 
will  be  inscriptions  in  each  langtage  and  over  the  cornace  will  be 
inscriptions  of  Edisonts  Phonograph,  stairs  lead  to  the  roof  which 
is  railed  in  and  carries  a  handsome  piano  for  making  records  and 


and  here  will  he  placed  the  loud  speaking  telephone  which  will  be 
connected  with  the  .other  section  in  Machinery  Hall,  opposite  our 
aide  entrance  is  the  show  of  the  "Taint or  Graphophone"  as  it  is 
called  (Bell  ia  not  in  it)  their  man  told  me  they- were  "making 
hay  while  the  sun  shone"  as  people  would  not  notice  them  much  wheti 
we  wers  started.  t.Vll  knock,  them  out  but  send  me  machines. and  send 
all  I .asked  for,  for  I  need  them  and  I  have  great  hopes  of  catch¬ 
ing  that  great  special  prize  of  100,000  francs  for  the  best  thing 
in  the  Exposition,  either  and  invention  or  an  exhibit.  I  am  using, 
every  effort  to  get  it  on  both  the  entire  exhibit  and  the  com¬ 
plete  garner  of  handling  and  showing  the  phonograph  together  with 
its  great  intrinsic  .merit  .  You  will  find  the  latest  crowd  in 

The  Machinery  Hall  about 

'  exhibits  and  just  wait, a  little,  the 

&igliah  eahibitbrs  held  .  meeting  la„t  ^ 

Warn.*  unanimously  to  .over  „  and  Olo„  thelr  exhlbUa  ^ 
sway,  M  .hen  I  «w  through  the  entire  Xpgllsb  t  Mrl,m 
*****  «h«  »■*  Sunday!  x  ...  o„,y  „a 

t.o  English  fix,,  transacting  business  or  open  out  of -the  hundr.d, 
and  hundred,  „  eahibitors,  and  the,,  „r,  I  think  m  the  MM, 
representatives,  the  n.  «.  authoriti..  .m  „o,  furnish  ate.,,  « 
the  state  Dept.  .rot,  fro,  Washington  to  the  u.  s.  Oom.  to  support 
ali  steps  taken  for  a  proper  observance  of  the  d»ricsn  sabbath. 

I  do  net  believe  in  Sunday  seeking  either  aa  a  matter  of  principle 
en  policy,,  and  ,y  men  having  b.  a,ek.  day  and  night  .in 
need  the  one  day  rest  or  they  .ill  b.  thysioslly  unable  to  ado 

k  and  with  our  elaborate  departments  it  will  be  one  conl4J 


continuous  "hustle”,  and  I  have  a  good  band  of  hustlers,  no  man 
could  ash  more,  than  they  have  done.  I  may  in  this  connection 
state  that  the  "Pairs  Exposition  of  '78,  the  Vienna  Expo,  and  the 
Expo,  last  year  in  Brussells,  all  saw  the  American  &  English  sec¬ 
tions  covered  on  Sunday.  Before  I  close  I  wish  to  say,  that  I 
have  comnunicatod  for  sometime  with  the  Paris  authorities  about  the 
meter  tests  and  find  I  can  readily  arrange  to  have  the  special 
meters  tested  at  the  same  time  without  agreeing  to  the  conditions 
dfl  the  test,  I  am  informed  (unofficially  by  the  officials)  that 
points  will  be  strained  as  far  as  Edison  is  concerned- but  it  must 
be  done  quietly,  and  X  think  I  have  it  all  right  now' with  their 
chief  man  at  the  Hotel  de  ViUe)  so  send  on  the  meter  with  full 
and  explicit  details  which  Crosby  &  X  will  attejtf  to  or  if  Mr. 
Edison  prefers  he  can  send  TIJirt  or  TOiite  over  with  them,  if  Ken- 
nelly  does  not  come.  I  will  write  further  on  this  matter  soon, 
and  will  only  add  that  the  Paris  Municipal  Authorities  do  and  ex¬ 
pect  to  do  very  little  lighting  their  idea  of  "this  test  not  being 
to  benefit  themselves  but  to  benefit  the  world  and  foster  an  im¬ 
portant  industry,  this  is  French.  their  chief  engineer  told  me 
they  would  let  three  firms  do  all  the  city  limiting  in  all  proba¬ 
bility  that  they  were  not  in  that  business  awl  would  probably 
never  increase  their  present  city  plant  now  that  the  Edison  and 
other  companies  were  taking  up  n&nicipal  lighting.  It  has  been 
somewhat  difficult  for  me  to  get  as  far  as  I  did,  but  I  think  it 
will  now  be  plain  sailing  and  X  will  weite  soon  again  on  this  sub¬ 
ject.  My  letter  is  already  too  long,  and  I  will  postpone  my 



writing  of  other  matters  till  another  letter,  please  show  this 
letter  to  Mr.  Edison  as  he  sent  me  some  messages  about  the  meter 
tests  through  JCennelly  and  wrote  and  cabled  me  about  the  Phono¬ 
graph  matters. 

Yours  very  truly, 

Wn.  J.  Haraner. 



9(.  ^.,.J.une....Sr.dr . /SS 

Thomas  A.  Edison  Esq., 

Orange,  N.J.  '  ///.^  fe  Lf/f  % 

Dear  Sir :  -  ^  ^ 

Enclosed  is  letter  received  from  W.J. Hammer,  dated  May 
22nd.  We  have  marked  a  passage  in  the  letter  with  quotation 
marks  to  call  your  attention  to  it. 


May  22nd,  1889. 

Francis  R.  Upton,  Esq.,  Treas.  &  Gen'l  Manager, 

Edison  La  rip  Company, 

Harrison,  N.J. 

Hear  Sir:- 

Enclosed  please  find  my  receipt  for  salary  for  May  1889 
I  trust  you  have  made  the  payments  as  requested  to  the  German  Nat¬ 
ional  Bank.  X  enclose  also  a  Petty. Cash  Memo,  up  to  Aprii  30th 
1889  inclusive.  I  have 'just  received  a  letter  from  Phi1  Dyer 
saying  he  was  to  sail  next  week  June  1st,  I  believe,  .The  Expo, 
keeps  open  toll  twelve  at .night  now  and  as  we  are  anxious  to  get 
everything  in  complete  shape  the  boys  are  all  working  extra  hours 
(without  compensation)  It  is  not  saying  a  bit  too  mush  to  say  the 
Edison  Depts.  are  attracting  more  attention  than  any  exhibits  in 
the  show,  we  show  one  phonograph  to  from  five  to  fiftee  n  thousand 
people  per  day  and  I  have  arrangements  completed  for  handling 
many  times  this.whem  Nr.  Edison  sends  us  spectacles,  cylinders  &c  ' 
he  cabled  me  some  were  on  the  way  after  I  had  cabled  four  times, 
the  Phonograph  certainly  ia  the -feature  of  the  Exposition,  many 
have  said  so  including  Gen’l  Franklin,  Mr.  Vanderbilt,  ttie  Rus¬ 
sian  Minister,  Mr.  Dredge  (Engineering)  and  many  others.  Outoault 
is  Baking  me  some  rough  sketches  of  our  Depts.  to  send  you  together 
with  a  picture  of  the  new  Phonograph  Pavillion  in  the  Industrial 
Section  (now  completed  and  waiting  for  those  slow  american  phono¬ 
graphs.  Mr.  Price  Editor  of  the  Elec.  Review  arrived  yesterday 
and  says  the  new  Phonograph  Pavillion  is  the  handsomest  thing  he 


ever  saw  and  j  certainly  think  I  have  invested  the  money  wisely 
and  well  especially  considering  the  disadvantage  we  were  put  to  in 
securing  a  space  owing  to  Col.  Gourauds  delays,  for  inside  of 
forty  eight  hours  after  I  received  the  cable  from  Mr.  Edison  to 
"go  ahead"  the  walls  of  the  pavillion  were  going  tip. 

"The  Graphaphone  Co.  are  very  much  exercised  over  our  new 
"pavillion  which  makes  their  place  look  like  a  wood  shed,  they 
"are  telling  people  that  Mr.  Edison  or  the  Phonograph  Co.’  pays 
"them  12.  for  each  mach  ne  made  as  a  royalty  is  this  so  ?" 

They  have  about  eight  graphaphones  working  we  haindle  more 
people  per  day  with  one  phonograph-  i  must  close  now  will  write 
soon  again, 

Yours  very  truly, 

Wm.  J.  Hammer 



tM'a,\A,Cb,o-n,,  9[.  ., _ 1889 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

,  Laboratory,  Orange,  N.J. 

Lear  Sir:- 

Enclosed  is  copy  of  letter  which  we  have  written  Mr. 
Hammer,  which  contains  copy  of  his  cable  to  us  and  our  cable  to 

Yours  truly, 




June  6th,  1889, 

W.  J.  Hammer,  Esq., 

Paris,  Erance, 

Dear  Sir : - 

Your  cable  as  follows  received,  "Am  offered  Presidency 
of  Association  American  Exhibitors  and  asked  to  preside  at  dinner 
to  Commission,  shall  X  accept  ?■  Y/e  cable  you.  to-day  "Accept 
with  our  congratulations".  This  is  done  with  Hr.  Fdison’s  ap¬ 
proval  . 

Y/e  hope  that  you  will  fill  the  position  with  modesty  and 
will  not  increase  the  sixe  of  your  hat  in  consequence  of  the  honor 
placed  tip  on  you. 

Vie  most  heartily  congratulate  you  upon  the  honor 
conferred  iqjon  you,  for  we  consider  that  a  great  honor  has  been 
given  you  and  know  that  you  will  do  justice  to  your  own  reputation 
and- credit  to  your  friends. 

Yours  very  truly, 


"  By 




^  <Z-<- 


<&Xi . .Jzzfy. . /£_ . _y<p  ?<? 


'~o~<  Z.Z-;  l%ZZlZ  ^ 

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^  ^Xe^c^Xv-  XtLaxiiS  X?  ^-<,0.^ 

xCe^<Xt^  *3  ^  </^&~*>  st^k-izX'  ^  ! 



POyJo  . 




No — J*C. _ 

dAPQ  ^3  ^89 

M  I  Ip  1  to 

all  parts  of  tho  World. 


•jJfKLEPIIOSE  So.  8110  John. 



BREST,  3b  ^  gt  y 

f  Connecting  with  all  FOREIGN  TELEGRAPH  Administrations,  | 


:o  the  following  Terms  and  Conditions  which  the  \ 


umJ  conditions  shall  also  bind  the  addressee  of  the  above  message. 

-  r  •  ‘  V 

tiiat  is,  telegraphed  back  to  the  originating 
e  regular  rate  will  be  made, 
nr  or  accept  any  liability  whatsoever,  cither 
heir  destinations  ;  nor  will  they  accept  any 
r  instruments,  or  from  errors  in  cypher,  or 
be  liable,  under  any  circumstances,  for  any 
delays,  mis-delivery,  non-delivery,  or. other 
e  of  repeated  messages,  of  that  portion  of 
lie  sender  for  this  and  the  other  companies 
iv  is  not  to  he  liable  in  any  case  where  the 
“age.  This  Company  is  hereby  made  the 
:r  company  to  reach  its  destination. 



*®"  To  reduce  the  risk  of  errors  or  delays  please  / lie  any  answer  to  this  message  at  one  of 
the  Company's  own  offices. 

£ytpe?  i 

'2=*  str? 

J|-.:.  CUTC  TV  a-<^JMA-AAAy<^  CUty- 

;  C'C-U.<-.A-  (  -/■ 

j  (5^tc4  a auola-o-z. 

as  A.&^hA <*/— 

(j  Uc<j  X  .u^e-tUy 

Jj<rUs  ^  X^Jb  jfo -CO-uJ-'bUAf  aIU-oiaa.^  ma.o.£Ciu- 

sbhJ>  cUif,  M  mU  ca/mCu  Xu,U 

\  Ucfb^b*  /  -CiVu^L  ut^  ^  A***Joa.  ■ 

j  S  >04^-  JbcvLJt*-^  ^LU4^f  A<-tAbu4^(r  Hc-v.OtXy: 
\  AauaaJL. 

y^&UAA-  ybtaJ^  • 


lie  I8S0 

Dirkcteur  :  .1.  BER KIN 

L'Ailmiuistrutiou  clu  Livre  d'Or  de /Exposition  Universelle  vous  a  ilddid 
le  Diplutno  Cmnmciniornlif  ile  l'Kipositina  Universelle  do  18811. 

En  vous  eonl'iirant  ee  Dipluine/symbolc  impdrissable  des  labours  quo  vous  vous 
etes  imposiis,  nous  desirous  perpiitu'or  le  souvenir  des  ldgitimes  rfoompcnses  et  du 
sureis  miiriLu  qu'ont  obtenus  vos  prbduits  dans  net  immense  Concours  International, 
letede  1'lndustrio,  de  /Intelligence  dt  do  la  Unix,  auquel  tons  les  pouples  do  l’Univers 
out  collabore. 

Veuillcz  agriier,  Monsieur,  I'assuranco  de  ma  cousiddration  la  plus  distingudo. 

[.a  IJirerliun 
.1.  IUCRK1N. 

NOTA.  —  Pour  se  couvrir  des  frais  d'expedition,  de  regie  gdne- 
rale,  de  timbres  et  autres,  fixds  par  /Administration  du  Livre  d'Or 
|  de  /Exposition  universelle,  "a  la  somme  de  2  fr.  75,  vous  voudrez 

I  bien  nous  adresser  par  le  bureau  de  poste  de  votre  looalitd,  un 

i  mandat  poste  international  do  2  fr.  75,  et  le  Diploma  commdmoratif 

z  de  /Exposition  universelle  qui  vous  est  destind  portant  dans  son 

'j  cadre  lies  recompenses  deceVnees. .  la  mention  do  vos  produits  expo- 

|  ads,  ainsi  que  le  pays,  le  groupe  et  la  classe  dans  lesquels  vous 

<  (lguriez.  vous  sera  expedid  do  suite,  sans  aucua  frais,  par  les  soins 

I  de  /Administration  du  Livre;  ’d'Or  de  /Exposition 

,[  .  '(Dimensions  >( u  lUpldme  ComiwUnoratif  33  centimetres  stir  55.) 

Triers  d'tulresser  toutes  corrcspondanccs  a  M.  J.  ttEIlKlN,  Mreeleur  du  Lien 
..  ...  ;':.[■()■, .,tu  tilix/io-iUion,  15,  rue  Sainl-Sulpice,  Paris,  en  nous  dormant  en  nUime  temps 
’  .  t'orlhopraphe  de  cos  mim,  prenoms  etc.,  ce  qui  nous  sereira  au  libelle  exact  de  oolrc 

■  ■dipMme.j 





Hammer  is  cutting  on  in  Paris,  the  hoys  are  all  hard  at 
work,  doing  all  they  can  to  push  things.  The  whole  thing  will  he 
a  grand  affair,  and  you  must  surely  arrange  to  come  over.  I  will 
remain  here  for  10  days  or  so,  and  then  go  to  Paris  for  four  or 
five  days  to  keep  pace  with  what  is  going  on.  Col.  Gouraud  treat¬ 
ed  Hammer  unfairly,  and  meanly  by  cabling  to  Hr.  Edison  to  cable 
Hammer  not  to  exhibit  his  Phonograph  in  Paris  before  Mr.  (Gouraud) 
had  given  his  exhibit  and  lecture  on  the  10th  inst.  Gouraud 
borrowed  Hammer's  Phonog,  pretending  to  need  it  for  some  "Ba-^y" 
lecture  in  England,  but  really  to  keep  it  out  of  Hammers  hand's-a 
in  Paris  as  long  as  possible.  Hammer  dropped  into  Gaurauds  net 

beautifully  and  now  feels  that  G -  has  played  him.  X  sympathize 

with  Hammer,  because  he  treated  Gouraud  in  such  a  fair  way,  giving 
him  his  lecture  to  copy  and  use,  and  lots  of  information  which  is 
a  help  to  Gouraud,  and  told  G —  in  my  presence  that  he  had  not  the 
slightest  intention  of  showing  the  Phonograph  in  Paris  in  any 
public  way,  unless  in  accordance  with  his  (Gourauds)  judgement. 

That  man  Gouraud  makes  me  tired,  and  X  feel  sure  that  Mr.  Edison 
also  will  be  somewhat  fatigued  before  ho  gets  through  with  him.  Y 
Your  reme  mber  two  years  ago  I  warned  you  against  Gi lie land.  Eor 
over  four  years  I  advised  my  brother  Dick  to  look  out  for  Tomlin¬ 
son  and  not  get  too  thick  with  him  " 

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1889.  Fort  Myers  (D-89-47) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence,  property  tax  receipts,  and  other 
documents  pertaining  to  the  maintenance  of  the  homes  and  properties  of 
Edison  and  EzraT.  Gilliland  at  Fort  Myers,  Florida.  Many  of  the  letters  are 
by  William  E.  Hibble,  caretaker  of  the  property. 

Approximately  70  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine  bills  and 
receipts  regarding  goods  purchased  and  services  performed  at  Fort  Myers. 


cJ=*^<r  SZ-J^ 

yuy^>  ,'tsK^.  >Ma^£xz 

Jan.  4th,  1889. 

y&iul*.-  3* T-r  my rr  . 



Mr.  A.  0.  Tate, 

Edison's  Laboratory, 

Orange ,  M. J . 

Dear  Sir:- 

1  enclose  herewith  copy  of  a  report  from  VJn.  E.  Hibblo, 
the,  man  who  is  in  charge  of  the  Florida  property.  His  first  year 
ended  on  May  1st,  1888  and  his  reporj;,  shows  disbursements  of  cash 
received,  up  to  the  first  of  the  present  year.  There  is  due  him 
from  May  1st  1888  to  Jan.  1st,  1889,  8  months  salary  at  $50  per 
month,  $400,  and  a  balance  from  the  previous  year  of  $68.59,  total 
$468.59.  One-third  of  all  his  salary  from  May  1st,  1887  to  Jan. 
1st,  1889,  80  months,  at  $50  per  month,  $1000,  should  be  paid  by 

3  3  3.3  */ 

me,  in  addition  to  which  he  has  disbursed  on  my  account  $886.46 

making  a  total  of  $569.80.  I  have  paid  him  during  that  time  $885. 

In  accordance  with  what  I  assume  would  be  Mr.  Edison's  wishes 

I  have  notified  }.[r.  Hibblo  that  -the  accounts  would  he  separated  in 
the  future  and  that  he  should  look  to  Mr.  Edison  for  balance  due 
and  his  regular  salary  hereafter.* 

If  Mr.  Edison  does  not  object,  Mr.  Hibble  can  continue  to 
look  after  my  place  and  I  will .pay  him  one-third  of  his  salary  as 


According  to  Hr.  Hibble's  statement  there  is  due  him 
from  Mr.  Edison  as  follows 

Salary  20  months  at  $50  per  month  $666.66 
Paid  oat  on  account,  of  Laboratory  B51.56 

Paid  out  on  acoount  of  House  305 , 57 


Cash  paid  by  Mr.  Edison  500. 00 
Balance  duo  Hibble  from  Mr.  Edison  A72B.79 

Please  acknowledge  receipt  of  this  letter  and  t; 
enclosed  report,  and  greatly  oblige. 



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W.  W.  FOOSE,  M.  D., Mayor.' 

L.  C.  WASHBURN,  M.  D., 

Health  Officer,  I 
C.  H.  STEBBINS,  Sec’y.  I 

L.  C.  WASHBURN,  M.  D„ 
|  :piea:lti-t  officer 



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January  IS,  1889. 

M  r.  E  d  i  s  o  n,- 

In  roferenoe  to  the  attached  correspondence, 
Gan  you  give  me  any  Information  in  regard  to  the  error  in  boundary 
lines  between  your  place  in  Florida  and  that  of  Mr.  R.  S.  Douglas? 

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new  york,  Jan.  31st,  1889. 

Mr.  A.  0.  Tute, 

Tho  Edison  Laboratory, 
Orange  ,  M.J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

Replying  to  your  favor  of  recent  date,  concerning 
Florida  property,  will  say  that  the  property  of  Mr.  Douglass  does 
not  adjoin  that  of  Mr.  Edison.  This  was  fully  explained  to  Mr 
Thomas,  the  agent  of  Mr.  Douglhass  and  a  plan  agreed  upon  between 
Mr.  Thomas  and  myself  for  straightening  out  the  bounderyyline 

The  maps  and  drawings  which  show  the  new  line  as  agreed  upon;  was 
left  by  mo  at  the  Laboratory  in  Orange,  together  with  some  other 
papers  and  drawings  concerning  the  Florida  property,  which  I  will 
be  obliged  to  you  if  you  will  send  to  me. 

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Rev.  W.  P.  GARDINER,  President. 

W.  W.  FOOSE,  M.  D.,  Mayor 
L.  C.  -WASHBURN,  M.  D., 
Health  Officer, 
C.  H.  STEBBINS,  Sec’y. 

’  ■  /*</&&> 

L.  C.  WASHBURN,  M.  D„ 

}  HEALTH  OFFICER  _  0  J 




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follows  : 

Value  of  Heal, 

Total,  - 

Hated,  Fort  Myers,  Fla , 

for  iS jfy'.  on  real  and  personal-  property, 

-  s 

.  fJz 


Collector  of  Town. 

£tntc  of  Florida,  / 
Sff  (fiountjt. 


'Receipt  j\o .  3,f  , 

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taxes  for  i3t^.  on  real  and  personal  property,  a 


Value  of  Heal, 
Personal,  '  ,■ 

'  Total,  . 

-  $  M 

fi'Zjps'S  ■ 

Description  of  Land, 
S&v&tl. &/r-.  .  JfL/_ 

i  Dated,  Fort  Myers,  Fla  Clcc-jZ4<fh/.^f?{,i8ff 

Collector  of  Town. 


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1889.  Glenmont  (D-89-48) 

t  ™s  f°lder  contains  correspondence,  bills,  and  other  documents  relating 
to  the  furnishing  and  maintenance  of  Glenmont,  Edison’s  home  in  Llewellyn 
Park.  Included  is  correspondence  from  Edwards  &  Co.  pertaining  to  the 
installation  of  a  burglar  alarm  and  bell  system.  Some  of  the  documents  deal 
with  floor  refinishing  and  covering.  There  are  also  letters  from  E.  T.  Burrowes 
talog  rCgardmg  3  Phot°graPh  of  the  house  to  be  included  in  their  sales 

All  the  documents  have  been  filmed  except  for  three  printed  enclosures 
to  Burrowes  &  Co.’s  letter  of  October  7. 

Related  documents  pertaining  to  miscellaneous  household  purchases  can 
be  found  ,n  D-89-09  (Edison,  T.A.  -  Bills  and  Receipts). 

Furpiturs  fakers, 

Inferior  Decopaforj 

VVood  Workers;. 

894-896  Bpo&Gtv/a^ 

IS  East'  Tweipfieft)  Sf. 

w1^J>]RHK;  May  11th,  m 

Mrs.  Thomas  A.  EeCd^on,-, 

Orange,  N.  J. 

Dear  Madam:-  ^ 

We  have  been  expecting  to  receive  a  few  lines  from 
you  in  relation  to  what  conclusion  you  have  arrived  at  with  regard 
to  having  the  additional  floors  at  your  house  done,  and  our 
Mr.  Sayles  tells  us  he  has  written  to  you  several  times  on  the 
sub j  ect  . 

Will  you  have  the  kindness  to  reply  to  this,  and 
inform  us  what  you  wish  to  do  with  reference  to  the  samples  and 
materials  sent  you,  thus  obliging,  i 

Yours  vory  truly, 



-  2#£s.  ft  -  d^ftftL 

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ew'vouk.  154  Fifth  Avenue^/ 

New  York 


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,  7-1'Uk  7/^4^ 

wU  &t>  <&A-  A 

'TflE- h/otlSG.  OFFICE  OF  ^ 



Estimates  Given  and  Contracts  Made  for  all  Work. 

Edwards  &  Co. 


&U, A. 


Patent  electric  bells,  .  .  Automatic  burglar  alarms, 

Poor  openers,  .  .  Electric  annunciators, . 

Thermostats,  .  .  Qas  lighting  apparatus,  etc.,  etc, 

8  72.  OFFICE  rillKD  FACTORY:  /fth  A  VE.  and  144th  ST, 


■  <L&s  oArrS“ 

:  7tTn.c&u*i  ,J.  *  A 

>•  &A3  fiEt- 



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"■  a-~£(Ls  o/a-irri*2  A~  ~Ae—)C.  ^  '  l 

Edwards  &  Co. 

Manufacturing  •  Electricians, 

Patent  electric  bells.  .  Automatic  burglar  aiarhr 



Established  1072.  OFFICE  JiFtfD  FACTORY:  /flh  A  VE.  and  I/tfth  ST., 


EZc?*-'  ^ d^EyC'cAy-  &  lZT-  sttCfJjf-  o^J- 

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O-^C-  £y  by  yEt  AoCeeZ  .  d-t.  EurtCyiyj  dbj->  ^2^7-^ 

Edwards  &  Co. 


Patent  electric  bells,  .  .  Automatic  burglar  alarms, 


Thermostats,  .  .  Qas  lighting  apparatus,  etc.,  etc. 

Eotabushed  18  72.  OFFICE  t/JSV©  FACTORY:  4th  A  VE.  and  144th  ST., 

New-York - 

'A  /,/' 

1..-'  & 

JL  /E-cn-tJ  A<rm'S  <y^3eLy  /<CdTTisl<^ 

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"**  3 jTdnn  -^Cv-  AErrT'>'tS 

U-tA-C.-  •r'/f't 


*  J>  'f-’jAuiz 

Edwards  &  Co. 


Patent  electric  bells,  .  .  Automatic  burglar  alarms, 

Poor  openers,  .  .  Electric  annunciators, . 

Thermostats,  .  .  Qas  lighting  apparatus,  etc.,  etc, 

18  72.  OFFICE  FACTORY:  /f?h  A  VE.  and  144th 

eet,  New-York, 

eA-  /jt/tc.  Ac.  — C- 

JlArr.t jfL- 
■  3  'j^trVY  tJ-rzrY. 

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»->.£. -^  *>  ou^o  cArnr  ^  fj/ ' $,***/}’ 

1889.  Mining  -  General  (D-89-49) 

This  folder  contains  correspondence  and  other  documents  relating  to 
mining  and  ore  milling.  Many  of  the  letters  are  by  John  Birkinbine,  a 
consulting  mining  engineer  hired  by  Edison  to  evaluate  mining  properties  and 
to  advise  him  on  related  projects.  Some  of  the  documents  pertain  to  requests 
for  information  about  Edison’s  mining  and  ore  milling  machinery.  Included 
also  is  an  undated  draft  contract  in  Edison’s  hand  regarding  a  proposed  Edison 
Iron  Concentration  Co.  of  New  Jersey. 

Approximately  50  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed.  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  blueprints,  drawings, 
and  descriptions  of  the  Siemens  &  Halske  electrolytic  process;  routine  requests 
for  information  and  agencies;  letters  of  transmittal  and  acknowledgement; 
duplicate  copies  of  selected  documents. 

Related  documents  can  be  found  in  D-89-11  (Edison,  T.A.  -  Book  and 
Journal  Orders);  D-89-30  (Edison  Machine  Works  -  General)  and  D-89-70 
(West  Orange  Laboratory  -  Suppliers). 

h*  jc4*f  At y  •  k*. 

%^y  k\JvTA&^  jjw  ykUsi  'k'sftLr 

Jij'iA'  4L&  tp,  AsCC  is/iA^/tiej  /HJbU\ 

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e^iiUc*  9t~*.  k%LZS-. 

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fa*  c^Cfis  /rtl&vCb 

07/  9kAs^  <^vL  jbv*  c'A'f-  //A~Sa  a  +  • 

^\  fix  C\A*  t%AA>  /'hi J  h**&k)'  • ' 

k*s  0*h*sU^1  fyjLsfiU)  (Zh£b  Is)  U^tsC^ 

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cy'f/'CsW  :/^ 

A-  Jv-j£b  /Ct»^(hty  £J  '<:XjjfUs  ca~  yAfu^ 

*^&/UJ  Ov^h^h&As  A^UCZ^  (7Lt^. 

r.  A.  Edison;  Esq.- 

■Beat  Sin 

I.  expected  to’ | 

put  lens  a,  but  on  account:  of  the  strom  I,  doubt,  whether  there  will  be:  mors:  thj,n- 
;hrea,  Mr 

Philadelphia.  January  -13th.  1883.- 

;  to-  Orahge:  tomorrow  with  a!  party  of  five:  or  six 

I.  expeot.  to--  arrive:  afc  the  Laboratory  betweaiv  12.®  and  l.P.M.- 



Phi  la.  .Tan.  24,  188:9. 

Jno.  Birkinbine,  Esq., 

Pear  Sii-.I- 

Since  my  exceedingly  interesting 
visii;  with  yon  to  Mr.  Edi  son's  Laboratory  it  has  occurred  to  me 
that  his  remarkable  process  of  separation  might  be  used  to  advan¬ 
tage  in  reducing  certain  losses  in  Rolling  Mill  practice  which  are 
at  present  endured  for  want  of  a  p roper  cure. 

In  the  Bessemer  department  tho  slag  from  the  Spiegel  cupolas 
contains  often  as  high  ar.  HR#  Metallic  Manganese,  part  of  which  is 
present  I  suppose  as  compound  silicate  and  part  as  "Shot,"  which 
I  think  could  be  readily  recovered. 

Of  course  the  amount  of  this  slag  is  comparatively  small,  but 
where  a  mill  has  need  of  e.  separator  for  other  purposes  the  Spicgo 
slag  could  be  saved  until  a  snffiei  <jvfc.  quantity  had  accumulated  to 
make  it  worth  while  to  run  it  through. 

There  is  too  a  loss  in  what  is  known  as  "ladle"  slag  often 
amounting  to  30#  of  t Vie  Spiegel  added  in  tho  converter, -that  is 
suppose  1.85#  Mn.  is  desired,  in  the  steel  to  obtain  this  it  would 
he/ necessary  t.o  add  an  amount  of  Sniagel  4H#  Spiegel  equal  to  5# 
of  the  metal  in  the  converter  (or  a  proportionally  greater  amount, 
of  a  lower  grade  spiegel).  Of  this  amount  of  Mn.  1.25#  goes  into 
the  step!  and  the  remainder  combined  with  various  impurities  goes 
to  the  slag. 

Vlhether  it  would  be  possible  to  separate  the  Mn.  in  this  con¬ 
dition  I  do  not  know,  but  it  might  be  interesting  to  make  +  ue 
trial .  J 

Then  too  the  "Spittings"  from  the  converter  are  generally 
'carelessly  swept  up  from  ground  and  in  most  cases  are  mixed  with 
•  a  largo  amount  of  dirt  which  the  separator  could  undoubtedly  rc- 
move.  Then  in  the  mill  the  scale  and  mill  cinder  is  usually  col¬ 
lected  in  sucl.  a  way  as  to  contain  considerable  foreign  matter  and 
as  all  this  material  is  sent  either  to  tip  blast  or  puddle**  fur¬ 
nace  it  could  be  vastly  improved  by  . "Magnet iS-:  treatment.  "  Just  . 
wlmt  the  logs  in  in  blast  furnaces  making  Spiegel  I  do  not  know,1 
but  it  is 4un reasonable  to  suppose  that  the  slag  will  contain  from 
10  to  IS#  of  Mn.  and  it  would  be  possible  to  recover  at  least  d 
part  of  this.  •  ' 

fhe  Penna.  Steel  Co.  would  huvc  ull  these  materials  and  as 
theA"1Ieaclls "  in  °r  Spiegel  slags  would  bo  worth  from  !>25 

to  SoO  it  would  probably  be  worth  while  to  make  the  experimen t. . 

VTALHJIM  &  CO.,  ■ 

’  aOR  r,o.  4th  Street, 
Phila. ,  Pa. 


There  are  no  doubt  many  other  places  about  individual  mills  where 
separation  of  desirable  from  undesirable  could  bo  made-  which  would 
sug;ost  thensolves  at  once  to  those  directly  interested,  and  I 
have  no  doubt  but  that  a  little  in'ftiry  am  or  if;  mill  men  would 
develop  many  cases  similar  to  those  cited. 

I  am  more  and  more  convinced  of  the  practicability  of  the 
separator,  and  only  hope  that  Vf.  jj,  TYalbaum  ft  Oo.  w.iU  be  given 
un  opportunity  to  dispose  of  part  at  least  of  the  ore  products. 

Again  thanking  you  for  the  opportunity  you  afforded  me  for 
meet  ini-  Mr.  Edison  and  seeing  hi  s  in  tores  ting  plant  I  remain 

Yours  very  truly, 

( Signed ) 

1,”  Philadelphia. 

4.7-4'  /PltU<s»  c  1  ,  Cable  address,  “  Walbauin 

Qcurnil  fQmljmibtsc  JJroktrs, 




Thos.A.  Edison  Esq. 

New  Jersey 

Dear  Sir- 

Wo  Mo  WAILIRAUM  <&  (C(0o9 

206  South  Fourth  Sired , 

Jan.,  29th. . 1889. .  ' 


V  Jt  z~~Zf~7rT~~ 

8«fferi„g  ,o», 

«h.  «  Mr.  Birkinbine  .rlt.r  .f 

’"1"8  *”  «  4«*iro  ..  reaind  yon  tb.t  ..  „„id 

b»  very  Ple.sed  t.  aak.  nw  .rr.ngeaent  whereby  n  nau  ,ot 
Agent,  in  t„.  pr.4o,t.  rr.„  „„ 

that  y#u  Will  bear  us  in  mind  if  you  deoiie  ta  sell  through  brokers 

Vaurs  Very  Truly* 

^  'V v  Wa^/lh^uo^  f  fa? 

!  at -Jahviafcy  • :  30thi.l889:: 

Edison-  laboratory;- 

Your  fawr  otf.  the:, 29th.  revived  ahd  In-  reply  would  say  that, I;  ata  a*.-  work 
Concentration-  ah-d  expect,  to,  bring  the:  draft,  of  It.  over 
ioi  Orahge:  next.-  week  ah-d  confer  with.  Mr.Bdlsony 

I!  al"  8lad  t0'  taow-  y°u  ha*e:  tbs:  othea:  arrangements,  in-  hah^if  .l;-oah-  aid 

'OU.  in-  ah-  way  .1;  expect.  to»  he:  on-  hah d  prepared  toi  doi  sot- 

Yours,  He  ot  fully;- 




-Ii.ahi.ln’.  reoelpti.  of  _your  _,faWor.  of.  the;- 30th.  hit;  returning  .Mr.  MoSlnness’i 
-letter  .ahd.  will.  see:,  hln.  about;  the;  satoplal  for  .your  .lnapantiori-jItf^purpoBe;  is,,  to-. 
Bone;  over,  tov  the;- IAboratOEy;next;  week;  with.  the_- general  jdraft;  of.  my.  paper  .on-,  the: 

lalnetto.oonoentratlon-.of  .lron-.ore^whtoh,!:.  desire;  tovsubnit;  tovyou;before;:  final 
revision-.-,  before;  fi  nail,  revision-.;  If -Wednesday,  or..  Thursday,  will.  sult;,you.:l;cah-.,  fix 
By;  tine;  toi  suit;  your  .oon-.wnlenoe;- 

;Yours.  Truly;  • 

. —Sheets,  No. . . 

Philadelphia;,  February.  5th.l889.  • 

.T.  A.  Edison;  Esq.- 


Dear.  Sirs 

.  I.  received  ai.'letter  from  Mr  W.  S-.  Mai  lory  of  Chicago:-,  asking  lor.  information 
.whtch.yould  assist.-. him, in  plaoin-g. the:  oonoentrate:d.ore-..'Ba:de:.a:t-  the: .Humboldt.  Bine 

the:  ntai-keti -I,  have,  written-  himaVlong  letter  giving  him  suob  data:  as  I;  believe 

will  be.  of  service,  to:  hiri.on  the:  (presumption-  that:  suob .  information  would  inci  dent-’ 

i.lly  *^.yoU, I;  merely  write:. this-. to' that;  you. may  know  what  I:. have  done:,ahd.s< 
;hat:. if. I.  ahi  in-  error  I.  may  be:  advised  not.-  to:  repeat  the:  mistake.- 
Yours-. Truly.- 

K0~/lU’  tsV  L-4CCC.  .  u\ 

l/UttJScu/  klA-  dWifci^  (fU  Jtfc-fcu:  „ 

■  OiuL\  ,^ci.  ~Ei-  i 'huJ^co  (fhcijut  (Ct^f  {^cu'/t4^j^ 

JkiO  Oiuu&uu)  j<v  fail  tiiuAAy.  aa-riiu>.  . 

^Mici  /V  toiuMTy  V.  Viccthzfc  yr  ill  SeuuuiRa^ 


%/><* uuha~  <%.  £cj 

m  .  *^7uztts  Aft-Jln'iSf 

(St,  ^  CctujUe/ A  \ 

■  $i,.  iuutuLc  Y  fzuAy  /Tuj  Vuae/uux,  u  /2  'C.  -ZA^A*^ 

tfuY  * 9und}  VutE  a,L6op  Al+.^o  0uc«<i£r_  /%,( cr$ 
tU'L't-zzujty-  Vu/ft.  ■  ~A~h  /A  ~~ >, 

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.  ,  |  --.  -<7 <  A&jk/Ic  _ 

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Lt/IHw'  i*0  iA 

i  ^  f':V 

'dAyu  ^  ^  cl  cvM,fiA5C/ 



N.  E.  City  Hall  Square, 

\  '  c. 

Fhilade'lpbiaV  February  12th.  1889.  • 

Orahge.-  N.-J.- 

Dear  Sirs  .  j 

I;  regret;  that;  I;  was.  unable:  to;  see:  you  yesterday  but.  think  that;  Mr  Tate:  will 
explain-  the:  suggestions  {;  made:  about;  the:  .paper,-  fla:d  I:  not;  expected  to;  .confer  with  ! 
you  ipersonally  I;  would  hate:  written-  off  adesorlption'  of  the:  aftpa'ra'tus^at;  the- 
Laboratory,-  I;  trust-  that;  you-  will  feel  free,  to- oritioiseNtthe:  .paper  in-  ahy  way;, its  j 
object-  is-  to;  discuss,  .magnetic  .concentration-  and.  your  .concentrator.!;  suggested  to'  / 
Mr  Tate:  that;  if  you  thought.-  it;  advisable:  i;  would  like  to;  hate:  you  write:  up  the:  \ 
o.peration'  of  the:  different; .machines,  from  the:  standpoint-  of  ah'  eleotrloiatt.either  ! 

as.  al  separate:  .paper;, or  that;  it- be:  embodied  in- this- paper  of  which  we:  could  take: 
the:  authorship  .jointly  as- you:  ipreferi-  ! 

I:  am  very  sorry  to;  learn  that;  your  work  in-  the:  ore:  milling  department;  is  ! 
Interfered  with  by;  the:  illness,  of  Mr  Dioksou-,If  my  .presence:  in;  Orahge'  will 
any  a'ssietahce:  to;  you  in- arranging  a  pro  gramme  for  the:  20thl,or  in- looking  after  | 
ahy  details'.  I;  dan-  arrange-  to- .come:  over  any  day  but;  tomorrow:,  ahd  will  be:  gratified! 

be:  of  service,-: 

Yours  Truly.-  .  j 


No.  25  N.  E.  City  Hall  Square, 

. Sheets.  No. . 

Philadelphia.  February  13th.l889.- 

O-.E;  Tate:  Esq.-  :  ! 

Edison-.  Laboratory.-  ,  Orahge.-  8.>J.- 

Dear  Sir: 

By  same:  mill  I.  spnd  you  some:  oo.pieS':o-f  the:  description’,  of  the:  Edison' 
la'gnetbc  Separator:, which'  appeared  in-  the:  Iron-  Age:,ah-d  which. I,  thought:  would 
srobably  be:' useful  to-,  you  at;  the:  meeting  of  the:  Acericah’  Institute:  otf  Mining 
!ngineers'.,at:  the:  Laboratory.-  ’■}  .  ,  , 

Yours- Truly;  • 


cfy-i*  . Feb.  18th. _ 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq.,  -(CONFIDENTIAL) 

ORANGE,  3.  J. 

Dear  Sir:— 

There  is  a  Btrong  corporation, both  f  inane  ially,  and  in 
business  talent,  being  formed  in  this  city  to  furnish  electrioal 
drills  for  mining  uses.  They  have  already  secured  control  of 
the  most  effective  Diamond  Rotary  Drill  in  the  market,,  for  all 
prospective  purposes,  eto. 

They  are  now  in  pursuit  of  a  percussion  drill, that  shall 
meet  the  requirements,  and  occupy  the  position, in  rock-drilling, 
in  connection  with  heavy  raining,  tunnel  work,etc/  that  is  now 
heldrby  their  Diamond  Drill, in  another  field. 

It  has  occurred  to  me,  that  you  might  be  willing  to 
offer  them  terms, upon  which  in  connection  with  their  present  drill, 
they  could  secure  the  one  that  you  have  nearly  perfected.  I 


have  been  to  b*  the  Exftfutive  Director,  of  this  Corporation, 

and  shall  most  liJcel^aocept  the  post.  If  yon  so  per¬ 
sons  but  ours  elves,,  shall  Know  the  nature  of  your  reply  to  me,aB 
none  but  ourselves  know  the  tenor  of  this  communication.  It  is  a 
matter  of  good  deal  Of  business  importance, that  I  have  a  pointer 
that  shall  give  me  a  direction, in  this  matter. 

I  could  to-day  insure  a  sale  of  SQ®  eleotrio  percussion 
drills,  if  for  the  efficiency  that  I  believe  yours  will  be,  at 
prices  ranging  from  $300.00/  to  $500.00  each.  -I  met  Engin¬ 
eers  at  the  laboratory  yesterday, one  of  whom  wishes  to  install  a 
plant, that  will  require  at  least  $100,000.  of  electrical  equip¬ 
ment.  I  enclose  you  blue-print  of  another  installation, where  we 
shall  require  about  $35,000.00  worth  of  drills.  I  would  be  very 
glad,  if  the  problem  could  be  solved  by  you,  so  far  as  the  per¬ 
cussion  drill  is  concerned,by  giving  me  the  definite  assurance. 

of  what  I  could  rely  upon,  in  the  matter. 

Awaiting  your  early  reply, 

I  am, Truly  yours, 

cJMp  - 

No.  25  N.  E.  City  Hall  Squaro, 

T.  A.Edison-.Es'q.- 

.  . . . Sheets,  No,, . . 

Philadelphia.  February  19th.  1889.  • 

,  Orahge.-  .  N./J.- 

Dear  Sir:1.'  •  . . 

I;  have:  delayed  writing  to-  you  expecting  every  day  to  receive:  front  you: 
the:  paper  whl-oh  I;  prepared  for  the: .meeting  of  the:  Americah  Institute:  of  Mining 


Engineers,  tomorrow^ fer  your  ha’s-  not;  yeti-oome:  to-  hahd.ahd  I  therefore: 
do:  not:  know  your  wishes-.-  Mrs.  Birklnbine's  health  has-  been-  such  that,  I,  have:  been- 
detained  in-  the:  City, but- 1:  hope:  toi  be:  able:  to-come  over  to:  the:  Laboratory  tomor-' 
hrow:  with^pa'rty  of  mining  engineers.- 

I,  have:  made:  sopie:  -modifications-  to:  the:  paper  ahd  when-  I;  get;  to--  the- 

Laboratory  a:  few  minutes,  conference:  will  probably  make:  everything  satisfactory;- 
Mr.MoGinness.  of  W.  0.  Walba'um  %  Co:, informs  me  that:  he:  has  the:  .mill  scale 
^  cinder  ready., ahd  has.  arranged  for  .convertor  spittings.-,  -c<|jvertor  pit-  sla'g.ahd 
spiege-1  cupola:  slag,  whi  ch  you  desired  to:  experiment:  with.- 

Yours  Truly.- 

Dear  Sin 

I'  regret  that:  I.  baa  so*  little:  opportunity  to:  oonfer  with  you  about:  ay 
paper.  I.  therefore:  spoke:  extewporaheously  so-  as  to-  take-  time:  to-,  revise:  the  natter 
with  you:  for  publication;-  I;  should  very  muon  like:  to-  spend  several  hours  with 
you:  in-  this  revision-  so-  that:  the:  paper  when-  it:  goes  to-  press  will  be:  truly 
valuable:  to-  you.-  There,  will  be:  ah  edition-  of  about.  1800  published  for  members.,- 
exchanges;, etc, and  in-  addition-  some:  1400  will  be:  printed  to-  be:  bound  in-  with  the: 
finished  Volume:  of  Tra'nsa'otions.-  As  a:  member  I:  haVe:  the:  privilege:  of  ordering  ah 
many  author's-  copies  as  I.  choose:  at:  the.  cost:  of  printing.-  It  seems  to-  me:  that.  :  j 
by  putting  this- .paper  in-  Awl. shape,  it,  oah  be:  widely  distributed  to- all  the:  iron-.? 
ore:  mines., blast:  furnaces.,  etc.,  ahd  present :  concentration-  to-  them  in-  such  a;  light-  j 
as.  will  be:  advantageous.- 

I.  therefore  think  it:  very  importaht;  that:  we-  take  up  the:  matter  in-  detail ! 
together.-  If  it:  will  suit:  you  I;  will  come:  over  soma:  tins  next:  weak.-  We:  should  J 
embrace:  a!  discussion-  of  magnetism  as-  it-  affects  the-  action-. of  your  own-  alvd  other  I 

I- think  it.  wall  also- to- s ketoh  in- a  general  way  your  Investigations  of 
various  forms  of  separators.,  to- show  that:  your  present.-  arrange  neat:,  is  the:  result:  1 
of  thorough  study  of  the  various-  methods  proposed  by  others-.  • 

Every  one:  was  delighted  with  the:  Concentrator., and  the  visit;  to-  the:  .  j 
>1  .  ' 
Laboratory  in-  general.-  I;  thlnk^ow  is-  the:  time:  to;  make:  the:  results  generally  knowt 

Yours  Truly.-  ! 



£rlic*'/— r- 



UiLCffcaSF^  -tir  Jb*  ^ 

/h^r  m  ^,„/j  /fo/L  c/  ; 

Cfactfoch^A.  fact.  (See/ ^Liistytf/nCi/y  JtX  //.,  tTo  /^-7t)~y^y  j 

(hit.  c&kJ"*  xltal'Tk~r<r^  _  &  (h^,  aL/&As6  SawujC  \ 

/u  act,  uAaytab^t.aut  Jb~£ia<j  ct>c<.  j*zzc<p  '  ! 

>^'r'  /aiOils  zncO  JficL.  — 

Orange.  N.J‘.  fiUyfc  OH  ^  (,  ^—£9 

I  have  just  returned  from  quite  an  interesting  visit  to  Canada,  which  I 
fell  disposed  to  bslieve  is  the  initiative  measure  for  the  erection  of  blast 
furnaces  for  the  use  of  magnetic  iron  ore.  The  deposit  which  it  is  proposed  to 
work  is  very  rich  ore,  the  drawback  being  sulphur,  but  as  sopn  as  an  industry  is 
established  I  think  there  are  a  number  of  lean  ores  in  the  vicinity  which  can  be 
nade  .available  by  concentration.  ]. 

I>had  an  opportunity  while  in  Ottawa  to  describe  your  separator  to  Sir 
John. McDonald  premier. Hon  Mackenzie  Bowel 1 'Sinister  of  Customs. Hon. tf.G.Perley  M.P. 
31  r  James  Grant  and  others, and  I  find  that  they  are  to  a  certain  extent  familiar  j. 
Kith  the  experiments  you  have  been  making'  with  the  Canadian  .McKee  ores. 

I  regretted  very  much  that  I  was  unable  to  see  you  before  going  to  Canada  i 
is, I  wished  to  advise  you  as  to  the  results  of  the  experiments  which  were  made 
■/ith  the  Monarch  and  Kenstrom  machines  at  Port  Henry.  I  feel  confident  that  the  ! 
Sdison  machine  will  do  what  neither  of  the  others  have  done, and  I  would  strongly  i 
irge  upon  you  making  such  an  experiment  as  would  demonstrate  this.  I  regret  the  j 

^understanding  which  seems  to  exist  in  your  mind  regarding  Messers  Witherbees,  r 
Sherman  &  Co.,  and  say  frankly  to  you  that  I  know- of  no  one  SHvn^UVom  I  would 
irefer  carrying  on  operations  than  that  firm. 

I  have  not  .yet  received  the  proof  of  our  paper  on  “Iron  Ore  Concentration 
>ut  as  soon  as  'it  comes  I  will  bring  it  over  and  confer  with  you,  or  .1  will  come 
iver  at  any  time  when  I  can  be  of  service..  i 

A  letter  has  been  referred,  to.  me  from  a  party  in  Blacksburg  S.C.who  are  1 
desirous  of  becomine  costed  - -  .  ..  'X  S 

Yours  Trul ^ 

Cl*.  iKc-VX'^c  |  Cab 

Qpurnif  QQm’rfjiiiibisr  groftc-rs, 

ITalbauni,”  Pliilmlclpli 


v<2;  Wo  Mo  WAMBAUM  <&  (B®. 

wtf  South  Fourth  Street , 

OTWMpe  May,  10  th.  2889 

c^-(T  ' 

Laboratory  of  Thos.A»  Edison  Ebi 
Ore  Milling 


We  have  recently  received  an  inquiry  from  S0j 
-lina  in  regard  to  the  eost  of  a  plant  ^complete  foj 
We  quote  from  their  lettei/^  fol/f 
ores  are  le 

founs  in  TaLese  st^te\i 
What  will  be  Vhe  entiL 

both  hapd^and  soft 
of  pl-dnt  to  concentrate 

tons  daily 

also  increased\cost Ao  concentrate  300  to  300 >  tons  da\/ly  and  what 
do  you  «ttat.W«4  cost  of J^S^tssuminK  or,  deliv- 

-ered  at  seperater/C - Include  cost  of  Inotiv9  power  _n  est._ 

-mate  and  give  H.P.  of  engine  required  to  operate  50,  100  and  200 
ton  plants.  ‘ 

Kindly  give  us  this  information  and  we  will  send  it  forward  prompt 
-ly  to  our  correspondents.  We  think  we  might  be  able  to  sell  quite 
a  number  of  plants  and  would  be  pleased  to  hear  from  you  in  regard 
to  some  arrangement  whereby  we  either  might  represent  you  in  a  cer- 
-taitf  district  or  receive  a  commission  on  any  sales  negoiatea 
through  us.  j 

We  have  called  upon  Mr.  Birfcbinbine  several  times  recently  but  have 

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©pnrrnl  $(irrfyiiubist  JJraknrs, 


RAILROAD  supplies, 

Wo  Mo  WAILMAUM  &  (G©,9 

206  South  Fourth  Street , 

ma, . Mayigth...i8a9 . 

b««n  unfortunate  in  choosing  times  when  he  has  been  out  of  the  city 
Awaiting  your  reply  we  remain. 

Yours  Very  Truly. 


/yU.  «h  ^  /^W6 

f J  siu^AjQ.  /d-aJ  >^4. 

Jj  d^c/J  a  tA,  0^<JL  <^~ 

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Orange.  N.J. 

Dear  Sir: 

Kr  BlrklnMne  bas  re<3“«ted  me  me  to  inform  you  that  two  gentlemen  who 
-  largely  Interested  in  the  Lake  Superior  Iron  ore  districts,  wished  to  see  y, 
re  concentrating  machine, and  if  it  suits  their  convenience  he  will  bring  them 
ver  on  Saturday,  Incase  that  date  is  not  satisfactory, then  at  some  subsequent 
lme  when  they  can  go. 

Yours  Truly. 

^2't^--d  ^  ^Ijrv-z 

4"  ^  /2Ly  ^  31?^^- 
^  Cr4^  &iT^ 

Dear  Sirs 

I  regret  that  I  did  not  see  you  when  at  the  Laboratory  on  Saturday 
-*u«l  I  would  have  waited  had  I  been  certain  that  I  oould  have  seen  you.  My 
expectation  is  to  go  West  about  the  15th  of  the  month  and  as  you  stated  that 
you  proposed  after  you  had  the  Bechtelsvllle  plant  in  operation  making  a  oomraer-' 
olal  test  of  say  50  tons  or  so  of  Port  Henry  ore, I  would  like  If  you  still 
desire  to  have  it  done,  to  arrange  to  have  the  ore  sent  there  prior  to  my 
departure.  I  think  an  arrangement  could  be  made  whereby  the  resultant  concent1 
trate  oould  be  disposed  of, so-  as  to  oompensate  you  for  running  i£  through  the  -  . 
works.,  and  have  the  nre  return  something  to  Messers  Wither bees, Sherman  &  Co. 


Orange.  N.J. 

Dear  Slit 

Messers  Sherman  S  C0i have  sent  me  the  proof  for  final  revision  of  the 
peper  .on  .riroh-.Ore- Concentration”'  upon  which  your  name;  end  mine  appear  as 
Joint  authors, and  stated  that  if  .1  desired  extra  copies  I  most  enter  the  order 
at  once.  I  have  ordered  100  for distribution  among .my  friends, and will  gladly 
enpply  you  with  part  of  mlne,.hut  If  you  wish  any  number  please  let  s*  know  at  | 
onee  end  I  will  put  In  the  order. Ke  only  have  to  pay  for  the  cost  of  printing  and| 

the  paper 

O^U^  '7'£'SU  J^y^.  0^4,  frrisCt^T^tl^O  ^vt>  Cl  ,» I 

✓Vv-  "*''  0-'^L4*y t-CS  ^yy^  Ac>r-4i^  ^2- /*-£-*& 

u^f  ^4"^c'yC 


<?Ct>i  'Z^w  ^ 

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IstsUZ  , 

ofit/b.  4^ 

T.  A. Edison. Esq. 


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As  ,1  find,  that  it  is  .essential  that  . I  attend  .aumeeting.,  in  .Bulntb  .ndktp 
week, and. as  I  maybe  somewhat  detained^  I  fear  that  .1  will  not^h^ve^an  c^ortunlty 

of  seeing,  you.  before,  you:  sail,  for -France,  which..  I  "understood -.ypu  wouiIl  dokwH 

August.,  1st. .  ,  I. therefore  .wish .that  .you.v/ouldadvise  .me . as .  to  .  anty:,d7a,tjLrs  Jfcliich 

you.  think;.  I  should. give  attention,  to  .especially,  doing  yaur^absence^and  also” 

V(jE>  _  ^  "'^**1 

communicate  .with .anyone:  in.your .  siekd^w^ftie-1  ycjtSOTe.away. 

investigating,  auehanoe.  for  concentration. which.  sj-riltias  me  favorably 
lin.  Maryland,  and.  am, promised^maps, and:  samples  .of. the  .material.  .It  the  deposit 

I  rVl 

_ _ _ V _ : 

state  .if  you  .wish  a 

.  turns -out.  as.  reported,  to. me*  it  ..will. pay.  someone,  to.  take  ,up;tbe.,properties:and 
;work;them.  .The  .ore: is :repor ted. as. crystals ;of .magnetite: in: a. soft 
.  sands  tone, whi  ch.  disintegrates:so  vteadi-ly:  as.  to, cause  .considerable;  deposits:of 
. maghetio. sands:along. the: stream. beds. -.As: soon :as. I. get  sbapevso- 
-that ,  you.  oan.beiwell-.postedvj  :will  .pra&ent..  it  .to  .you:  for  .your-.oonsi  deration. 

tI.;at;the' Cornell.. Min-esiand:.badi.a.. -long.  talk:.on 
concentration ..wltb.Mr-.Boyd:  the  Manager;. who: was-.rather:  skeptical. upon:theUoonomic 

. results. I . think  .1 .demonstrated. to. him .however  the.! act. that . there. was. a. decided 
.advantage. to. the  Cornwall  .Oiie. Banks  Co.i,  in concentrating. tbeir.leaner  ..ores;  and.he 
f  inally:  stated,  that  .he-,  would-,  like.  to.  have  another,  test  .made;:  and.. I.  suggested:  that 
-it  .would., have. a.  test. made.on.a.  thoroughly  Commefccial. scale, passing 

tons,  instead. of  .pounds,  and.,  that .he.  should. he  .present,  to  see.^he..operation. 

What  .would  , you. think. of.  the.iplan.of  having  him.  send.say.lO.tons.of  aach. grade 
of  -bre£tbis. would-be, 40  .or  .50. tons. In. all]  to  the  .Beohtelsvllle.plant;, passing 
it.  through,  at. a.  time  .when  .Mr; Boyd  .could. be.,  there, ;af  ter  .you.bad.made ;your 
.prellminary-experimenis^tjjbe.  resultant  ..concentrate:,  being.,  sold.  to.  the  ;furnaoes;.and 

whatever  .was. received. above.  tbfe;frefgbts;.and::Cost  . of  .concentration:  to  . be:  divided  : 


between .  the .  Cor  nwali-.Or  e  Banks-  Co^and  ;yoursei  f ;  or  -  i  f -.  you  :pref  er  ;pald.  to;  the 
Cornwall  Ore. Banks  Co.  think. this  .woul d. demonstrate . that  iConcentratlon.woul d 
.^ayi; and. at  Cornwall. the  ,process-Oould-be,oarrled.on.on-a.very-large-seale.  At 
you. wi  ll .  let .  me  ..know  .your .  wishes :  in-  the  .matter  .T  .wi  11  .endeavor  .  to  . work,  a  .plan . up  are.  absent.  .You.never to.the 'test  .of .the.Port. Henry .ores 
eUBaobtelsyille.  ^  .,-Xo»rs;4Truly.  ,  i.  \  - 


Wnthe  pail  mill  .lint  Jllim'  CCmiijraug. 

— M^JtT*CTE’^.Ca?T7iaX33aS  OP- 

Speller,  Bar  and  Pig  Lead,  Drop  and  Buck  Shot,  all  sires, 


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Mr.Birkinbtne.  has.  requested;  me.  to-  send  you. a. copy,  of  Mr. Dewey’s  letter,’ 

thich I enclose;;and  say  .  that  .be  wil  1 .  del  ay .  a  reply,  to-,  the.  letter  until  he  .knows 
hat.  you  desire. him. to-,  say.  You .oan;eltberadvlse.hlmat.tbis  office. or. at. the 
ipaulding. House.  Duluth., Minn. 



•Dear  Sir: 


Yours  Respectfully. 

JL'L' ^ 

^  i 


John  Blrkinblne.Esq. 

Philadelphia.  Pa. 

Dear  Sirs 

In  your  artiole  contributed  at  the  February  meeting  to  the  "American 
Institute  of  Mining  Engineers”  you  mention  incidentally  on  page  16^ that. the 
"Edison-  Concentrator ” . "with  a  modification”  has  b:cen  used  in  treating  gold  ores. 
As  a  fellow  member  of  .the  above  .Institute,  and  as,,an  old  "  miner”  I 

take  . the  liberty  of  asking  you  where,  and  .on  what  olass  of  gold  ores,  the  conoentra-' 
tor  was  used.and  also  if  it  proved  successful.  .1  know  at  present  of  but  one  class! 
of  so-  called  gold  ores  where  its  use  might  be  of  advantage,  J  refer  to  the  so-'  | 

called  "black  sand  mines"  found  on and  near  the  sea  coast  of  California.  The  i 

fine  black  sand  on. the  beaok  and  further  in  the  interior  in  layers  from  one  foot  ! 
to  six  feet  in  depth, contains  quite  an  appreciable  quantity  of  very  fine  gold  and  I 
a  large  quantity  of  magnetic  iron.  i  I 

Some  years  ago  I  took  over  from  France  a  machine  called  the  ;"  extractor! 
7arin"  consisting  of  two-  bands,  arranged  one  above  the  other, containing  permanent  i 
uagnets, and  working  much  as. the  Wenstro  Separator, except. that  the  magnetio  and  j 
idhering  particles  were  spwpt  off  the  barrel. by  a  revolving  brush.  Jt  worked  well,! 
but  necessitated  the  i  drying  of.  the  sand.whioh  coat. too-  much . to  make  the  matter  | 

practical..  Edison's .  separator.  Is.  Just,  what  is  . needed  for  that, but  we  have  many  \% 

.  )ther  . ores  whlch-  when  .crushed  .need  separating-.-or-ConoentTating  . before-  being  j 

.  treated, and  as  I  desire  to-. keep  up  with  all  the  latest  inventions  .or  discoveries  j  . 
)f  the  day  in  these  .particulars  I  have  written. this  note  for  a  little  information  L 
from  you  as  to  what  .Class  or ;Charaoter .of  ores  a  .been  applied.  l|> 

I  afi^jj^orarny  in. Europe  .for.  the'  benefit,  of  my  family,  and  whilS  here 
im  looking  into- all  that  is  scientific  and  useful, especially,  in.  the  mining  line,  i- 

Signed.  Yours  Truly.  J 

’  'Vp.  Dewey.  -  ] 

United  Edison  Manufacturing  Company, 

^  cewral  stat|°ns,  65  FIFTH  AVENUE, 

J  tm 



J.uly.,.29, . 1.889..,.. 

Thos-  A.  Edisai,  Esq., 

Llewellyn  Park, 

0 ranee,  N.  J, 

Dear  Sir:  — 

.QjL_  .r[(> 

W  T 
UVA,  (91.  u 

Av  C* 

M  -C 

r*JLC  Uf^Lr  C'-'-V  VL^Ce 

^  r-^.c.e 

iclosed  you  herewith  aOle  tter 
^  C 



liry  frem  one 

;v'f  ***d-rLtA 

about  your  pr3c< 

Av  Q.tra-i  ■— 

complete  information  a3  convenient,  I 

■X,.,  L~ 
"enquiry  frem  orn 

of  oiu  agents,  asking  for  informal 
io  ore  separarion. 

If  you  will  give  n 
will  be  able  to  answer  such  enquiries  without  having  to  refer 
future,  ones  to  you. 

Please  give  me  a  general  idea  as  to  the  process  and  method  of 
handling  the  business  which  you  wish  followed. 

Truly,  yours  , 

Gen'l  Manager. 


The  Edison  United  Manufacturing  Company, 

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Office,  No.  8  South  George  Street, 


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'Vy-sts  -  Ji/-&fcAcS'  < 

. . . Sheets,  No, .  / 

Philadelphia.  October  31st. 1889.-  '(Z 

/  T.  A.  Edison;  Esq.  <jr'1 

Orange.-  N.O!;- 

Dear  .Sir: 

I:. called  . on-  Mr. McLeod  today  in. reference.  to  . the  Putnam  County  propariy- 
of  .the  Philadelphia. &  Reading  Coal  .&  I  ton- Co;  but.  was.  unable  to. see  .him  I:  will  try- 
again1  tomorrow;.- 

I:  enclose  you  notice  . of  a  foreclosure  . sale  of  the  furnace. at-  Cold  Spring 
N.  Y.;.  located,  on -the  Hudson  River  nearly  opposite.  West-.  Point;  and.  about;  6  miles 
.  from  the  Reading. Company ’6  ore  property;  I:  made. some. inquiries  in-  regard,  tq,  the 
matter -from;  those  interested,  but-  find. thatthe. sale  is  .made  .to-.proteot.a'.  claim  of  ■ 
.airout,$S5,000,.and  I:  presume  . if  it:  is-  bid  up.  In- the  neighborhood. of  $50,000  they 
will:  let  .it;  go;:  I:  doubt,  however  very  much:  whether  it  . will- be  bid  . up, and  if  the 
property  .remains,  praotioally  . in-  the  hands,  of  the  present;  ownere;.I:  think  an 
.  arrangement;  made  to- operate  .the  .furnace  .on-  Joint:  account-  or.. possibly  to; 
lease. . it;.and. It ain  , very,  sure  they;. would. not  . refuse  .aiv.of  fer.of  .$50, 000. 
-Ih-  ah-  interview;. with  . Mr; Pullmah-.todajr. he  stated. that  . anthracite  coal 
.  could  .be; delivered,  at-. the.  furnace,  for  .$3.75 . per  ton; donnellsvi lie  coke  $4.75  per  I 
ton;-  I:  think  .tbe  obtained,  to\ralx with your  magnetites  .for 
the-  production-.of.foundry.lron-.  for.  $3.60  per  ton;- Limestone  .costs. 90. cents  a.ton-  j 
ahd.l:  think  at,  present-foundry. .iron-.could  be  made  .there  for  .$1 4; 50. per  ton;: 

T.  have .  written-.. to; Mr;  Lee  In-  regard  toythe  Catoctin-. proper ty. and  as -. soon- 
I;  hear  . .froi]. him-.  I.  will  .advise  you  as  to  . visiting  .it.-  j 





. . Sheets,  No . 

Philadelphia,  November :  2nd.  1-889.  • 


iOrange.  :.n;  j: 

Dear -.  Sir: 

I.' batae:.  just  -.received,  a'.,  letter,  from,  Mr.  Lee,  ahd.tbe:.prograhTre;  we;  could 
.follow., cut;.-in';vlsl ting. .the:.Catoctln-_ Furnace,  property,  would. .be^about.. as-. f ollows.  • 
Leave ; Eb  1  Idde Iph  1  a: abou t a  1 . P ; M ii;  Baltimore;  In;  time1.,  to;  leave,  there 
;at'.4iP;M;;.arrivinp,’  at .  Meobahlostown.aboutL6iP;M.’  Drive  to:  Mr.Walscbef.6-  bouse  wbor 
where;. you;  would..bave:  supper;  and'  stay; all  '  night.;  Leave;  the  . property; afcobt: 4t 30' 
PiMithe  :next  .day;ahd. arrive,  in; Philadelphia. about; 9; Pi M. 

.Yours  Truly.- 

. Philadelphia;.  November  . 5tb.  1889.- 

'  I- 

.Orange.-  ..•Htiv 

Dear  ..Sirs 

.  I.‘:ain  in-.: reoel^t.of.  ai  telegrain:. from.  Mr. tee: stating. that. the., parties. show 

Mfe  would.,  desire  meet.,  at;  tbe.Catoctin;  Maryland.,  iron-,  proper  ty .  are .  not.-,  at:,  hone,.  I' 

.  therefore:  presume.:  it;,  will. be  impracticable- to:,  gov  there,  this  .week. :  II. will. keep 
.  you  .posted,  as;,  to.  what:.  I!:  bear  ..from:  there.  • 

PhIladelphia.-Novembar'.:6tb;1889.  ■ 

r-ln'  re°eipt .  of ’..your  telegram,  asking.;  i  f  .  I.  could,  accompany-  you. .on 
Thursday, or.-. Friday  .to:  Putnam,  County  .New:  York,  ultras  :  I'  am. about  leaving.;  for:  Port. 
Henry;  bad:.  I:,  received  It-.,  earlier  this  corning;  I, 'would  have. changed  my  arrangement 
and:  if  I  ;flnd:  I:  can  .  do:  so-  will  wire  , you  from  New  York;  It  would  suit.  me.  better  .to-, 
go:  on.  Saturday  orvMonday  than- on-.. the  days  you  name, 'for  •  when-  r.  beard.  fro»-.Mr:Lee. 
that  it.  was  unnecessary  to’  make  the  visit  to-  Maryland .  this  week.  I-  made  other 
.-rangements,  but.  I=.  wi-H  -do-my  -best  -to  .meet  . you  -on'. Friday.  .1=. presume  -we  -had  -better 
jmeet  at  -tbe-Grand -Central  -Depot, -and -I  -cah’-ba  -there  as  -early  -as  -7 -o'-block. 

■Yours^Truly.  ^  .  > 

Orange,  NvJ.’ 

■’  Dear.  Sir: 



W.  U 


-jv^^cr5ru>-j^  a"  I^HaZL 

-J?l^-Ml— — ^a^fcXaC.-  gjbh  />ufc —-?&%• 

_  ^r 
Edison  bABeRATORY. 


Thos «  A«'  Edison 

Will  endeavor  to  accortpany  yea  Friday.  Will  te  Is  graph 
definitely  f ran  Port  Henry  to-mor-now. . 

J ohn  Birkinbine.. 

.Sheets,  No,... 

1ST  »//»..  ■ 

P  H  I^L JiDEL  P  H I A .  ^  ^  ^ 

T.  A;  Edison;  Esa.- 

•^.Cy  ^,.^-e. 

•  b  <1/1  ■ 

Orange.  ••  N.-jr.- 

Philadelphia. November  26th.  1889.* 


I:  have:  your  inquiry  concerning  the  mines  of  the  Philadelphia!  &  Reading 
C6al  &  Iron-  Co;:in-  j?uinam  County  , N.T.;  and  in;  reply  would  say  that:  immediately 
after  our  visit:  there,  I:  called  on  Mr.O'Brien;  and  discussed  the  matter  fully- 
with  him.-  He  stated  that.-  the  Company  were:  much  more  anxious,  to:  sell,  than-  to-, 
lease.  •  After  sol  net  over  the  matter  thoroughly  with  him  I:  found  that:  I;  knew  a!  ' 

Meat:  deal  more  about:  the-  property  than-  the  present,  officers,  of  the  Company;  ahd  j 
before  fixing  a!  price  on-  the  property  be  asked. for  time  to-  look  up  the:  matter,  -j 
set.  the  maps,  and  other  data'  which  the  Company  have.-  This  I:  considered  would  be  a:  j 
Rood  plan;  for  it:  would  give  you  more  reliable  information-  than’  we  eould  secure  ! 

in-  any  other  way-.- 

15  oniv  thIs'  A. M. received  an-  answer  from  the  Company  which  is.  as.  follows.  J 
The-  Philadelphia:-  &  Reading  Coal-  &  Iron-  Co;  will  eive-  U8.  the  privilege-  of  .' 
examining  all;  maps,  reports,  etc,  <*hd  place  all  the  information-  it:  has  in-  our  hands  .-j 
After  aoina  over  these  the  Company  will  consider  any  proposition- either  to-,  lease. : 
)r  rent  the  property, but:  have  no-  price-  fixed  either  for  lease  or  rental.- 

Mr. O’Brien-  also-  says  he  will  be  glad.  to:  po<  to-  Orange-  to:  meet:  you,  or 
loin’ us.  in- a:  visit:  to- the- property.  • 

I’  ff0U'ld  ha^  reported  to:  you  in-  full-  laht:  week,  but:  I:  received  a!  telegram 
from  your  Laboratory; asking  where  I:  could  be  communicated  with.and  have  been- 
In-  dolly,  anticipation’  of  hearing  from  you;  or  I:  would  otherwise  have  been-  over  to:  :  •• 
see  you.;  I:  have-  pushed  the  matter  as-, fast.-  as-  was  practicable,  without:  showing’ aby'  | 
indue  anxiety;  which  would  cause  the;  of  ficers  of  the  P  &  R  C'  S,  I:  Co:  to-  Imagine- j 
that  yon  were  in- need  of  the  oropertv. 

'  The  plah'  Bhicb  r’  8»west:  IS  as.  follows,  but;  before  actinp'  upon:  : 

|  it;  I;  desire  to- know:  if  it;  meets/ your  approval.'  j 

1st.  I:  ah,  to;  obtain- /from  the  P  &  R  C  &  I:  Co-,  all  maps,  reports,  analyses,  j 

|  and  other. inAWtlon  eonoer^AiB  the  property, which  tbe.7  have.'  /.! 

2nV'I;  am  to;  sc@ver  these  papers,  thoroughly;  so;  as.  .to;  be  able  to;  '  - 
I  report:  to;  yoAbeir  oontJs,  and  prepare  an-  abstract:  Bivins  the'  extent;  of  the 
I  property,  development,  of y\y,e  ore  upon;  Hi  with  copies,  of  analyses,  etc,  ■ 

Srd.  l;  will  |hen'  come  to>  Orange  at;  such  time  as.  you  wish  brinsinstih'e 
Abstract,  ap  the-  or istial  papers  for  consultation' with  you;  when- we  can- formulate:' 

1  some  sorter  *»  pr<Wiiion<  for  either  the-  purchase,  or  lease,  or  both  of  the: 

JWty^  A  propA.on  such,  that.  lt.„m  be  practically  your  ultimatum, based  j 

|  u^pn' the  ., most- complete  data!  obtainable. 

^C  4tb.  If -you  should  consider  another  visit.-  advisable  I:  can-  arrahRe  to,  | 
J^pve  Mr  oVie^fempahy  you,  and  probably  also-  Mr. Luther,  under  whose  direction-1 
’  the  exj^oltation- of  the  mine  was  carried  forward.' 

^  It  2*  AyMftO'Brien-  reported  that;  Mr. McLeod  was  not;  prepared  to;  fix  a! 
^valu^onWty  property  or  to;  name- a’ price  at- which  it;  could  be  leased,  I:  did 
>WtWnk  lUa  nr  view  of  the  fact  that  he  had  collected  the  maps  and  reports,  i 
V  to*M*r  to*  Blve  any  intimation-  as  to-  what  you  would  probably  do; •  I:  doubt,  if  . 
any  body  .lust;  now  is-  lookinw  at;  the  property  besides  yourself,  ahd  I;  thousht;  it,- 
was-  best,  under  the  circumstances,  to-  take  advantage  of  the  additional  information- 
which  is.  now  obtainable.  Please  advise- me  if  I:  shall  carry  out  the  programme  as.  ' 

above  outlined,  and  also  let  me  know  if  yOU  propose  makins  the  trip  to  Maryland 
shortly.- It  yon  are  throush  with  the-  papers.  concerning  the  Minnesota' property, 

’  Wl11  y0U  ^se' return- them  to-  me;  sc  that  I;  carr  send  them  back  to-  the  proper 

party.  • 

0  ^  •  -  .  ,  *5?  <E^ 

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■  ,  ') 







27  Park  Place.  P.  O.  Box  183.1. 

New  York,  U.  S.  A.,. . Deoember  6th» 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esq., 

Tlie  New  Jersey  &  Pennsylvania  Concentrating  Co., 
Menlo  Park,  N.  J. 

Dear  Sir:- 

I  have  just  noticed  the  organization  of  your  company  for  the 
purpose  of  concentrating  loan^re  that  will  not  pay  for  transpor¬ 
tation  to  such  a  degree  that  it  will  be  a  marketable  product. 

Now  as  there  are  a  great  many  deposits  of  just  such  ore  all  over 
this  country  which  are  being  left  unworked  because  the  cost  of  con¬ 
centration  is  too  great  I  would  like  to  call  your  attention  to  the 
advantages  offered  by  the  Journal  as  an  advertising  medium  through 
which  to  bring  your  company  to  the  attention  of  people  likely  to 
be  interested.  Suppose  you  try  a  card  like  that  of  the  Hubert 
Mining  Company  which  is  a  very  attractive  advertisement  and  costs 
only  $204.  for  a  year,  and  $118.  for  six  months. 

We  will  be  greatly  pleased  if  you  will  send  us  some  partiou- 
lars  about^your  magnetic  ore  separator^ and  if  you  will  give  this 
matter  your  favorable  consideration. 

I  inclose  schedule  of  our  advertising  rates  and  a  little  book 
containing  testimonials. 

Pb  1  la'dalphi  a.  Dacamber  13th .  1839 .  • 

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1889.  Mining  -  Edison  Iron  Concentrating  Company  (D-89-50) 

Tron  co”tains  correspondence  regarding  the  business  of  the  Edison 

Iron  Concentrating  Co.  Most  of  the  letters  are  by  Walter  S.  Mallory,  secretary- 

dfficuSLaat  tfner  u°me  °f  thC  documents  Perkin  to  production 

relaHnl  to  C°£pany  S  Michigan  ore  milling  plant.  There  are  also  letters 
relating  to  the  distribution  of  stock  and  other  financial  matters. 

Approximately  50  percent  of  the  documents  have  been  filmed  The 
following  categories  of  documents  have  not  been  filmed:  routine 
stockStranfferse  regardmg  meetin§  announcements,  stock  assessments,  and 

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I^ERSj  iliJ|!D.EJ?:S;. 

Thomas  A.  Edison,  Esqj 

C/0  Labratory,  Orange  NVJv 

Dear  Sir; 

I  herewith  enclose  you  the  papers  for  your  subscription 
to  capital  stock  of  the  Edison  Concentrating  Co.,  as  per  new 
arrangement  wo  made  in  regard  to  the  stock  when  you  were  here 
during  the  Holidays. 

You  remem'  bor  at  that  time  we  decided  td>  fix  the 
capital  stock  at  $L15ooo.oo  .  You  will  please  sig  n  your  name 
and  shares  wanted  and  then  forward  papors  on  to  E.B. Malory, 
Baltimore,  Maryland  for  his  signature- 

1  understand  from  Walters  last  letter  that  things  are 
working  nicely  at  the  mines,  and  that  he  hopes  very  soon  to  make 
several  car  load  shipments  of  ore  to  customerjs.  He  promises  to 
give  us  considerable  more  business  if  the  concentrate  works  all 


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Thomas  A. Edison,  Esq., 

Orange,  N.J.  V~)  °  '  ^  6  1 _ 

Pear  Brothers  - 

I  ani  in  receipt  of  a  letter  from  W.S.Mallory  advising  me 
that  he  still  fails  to  get  the  satisfactory  results  that  we  must 
have  from  the,  Concentrating  machine-  in  Michigan  in  order"  to 
make  our  product  saleable,  and  profitable  for  us  to  handle. 

•Now;,  as  I  understand  it  from  Mr.  Mallorys'  letter  , 
he  has  carried  out'.to  the  best  of  his  ability  all  the  pointers 

I.  .  :)  **  \ 

that  you  gave  him  'idien  he  was  last  at  your  Labratory  arid  he  has 
fully  done  hi  .s  best  to  produce  a  satisfactory  product  but 
absolutely  fails  to  get  a  concentrate  that  will  reach  an  aver¬ 
age  of  a>  %  which  he  claims  he  must  have  before  me  pan  make  any 
money.  ,  j" 

Now,  the  question  is  with  us  nhether  it  is  really  not 
the  duty  of  the.  Parent  Company  to  send  a  man  up  to  Humbolt  ,  Mich 
igan  and  put  our  machine  in  shape  there  so  that  it  will  produce 
the  result  that  we  must  have  from  it  and  nhioh  the  Parent  Co., 
have  g  uaranteed  could  be  done;  in  other  words,  we  as  a  sub  com¬ 
pany  ,  have  done  our  very  best  to  make  this  process  a  success  in 

T.E.#2. , 

Humbolt  but  have  failed  to  succeed  and  therefore,  we  feel  that 
the  Parent  Co.,  are  duty  bound  to  protect  us  in  making  us  good 
for  our  out-lay  or  send  parties  to  Humbolt  who  can  operate  the 
machine  and  make  it  bring  forth  the  guaranteed  results. 

Walter  is  now  pretty  badly  stuck  and  has  written  us 
whether  he  better  not  shut  down  the  mill  and  discharge  the  men 
until  we  can  get  a  reply  from  you  advising  us  what  to  do. 

We  have  wired  Walter  to  the  aff ett  that  we  would  immed¬ 
iately  write  to  you  and  get  your  advises  and  then  wire  him;  so 
please  let  us  hear  from  you  promptly  on  receipt  of  this  letter 
so  that  we  can  avoid  losing  any  further  time  and  money. 

With  kindest  regards  to  all  the  family,  X  am, 

Yours  truly. 

f  o t 

Oc-U.  0/ r  <y  <  /;  C 


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jjJp^x^er  ^3»~  -Jtvvv^— «  JLovJXZ  ^Xwdl  ^  ^ 

Thomas  A.  Edison, 
Orange,  N.J. 

Dear  Sir:-  Enclosed  I 



analysis  of  that  sifted  iron  c 



showing41.5ffl  iron;  5.48#  silica; 

%0  fi-4*. 

.048X  phosporous;  .391#  manganese;  4.66#  alumina  and  .141#  sulphur. 


I  hardly  understaid  how  this  can  be  correct  and  yet  it.  is  by  an\ 

J  . \J  ^  — K.C.-l — -I  &  -  €• 

established  firm  as  you  will  see  by  the  card._  It  kon'.t  seem  as- 
(J(\A  C,^,.v..C.t-**'C-vA-  O'...  ( 
though  we  had  added  anything  to  the  proportionate  amount  of. iron 

2-J  |  « f>  fe-H 

even  though  we  have  taken  half  of  the  other  material  afay.  Write  / 
me  your  opinion  about  it,  -ji-J 

Yours  resp'y,  ^  JC  ^  W  ^  ^ 


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